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Host. What's the matter?
Bard. Bid Mistress Tear-Sheet come to my master.
Hoft. O run, Dol, run, run, good Dol. [Exeunt.



The Palace in LONDON.

Enter King Henry in his Night-Gown, with a Page.


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10, call the Earls of Surrey and of Warwick; But, ere they come, bid them o'er-read these

letters, And well consider of them.

Make good speed.

[Exit Page. How many thousands of my poorest Subjects Are at this hour aseep! O gentle Neep, Nature's soft Nurse, how have I frighted thee, That thou no more wilt weigh my eye-lids down, And steep my senses in forgetfulness? Why rather, Sleep, ly'st thou in smoaky cribs, Upon uneasy pallets stretching thee, And hulht with buzzing night-flies to thy Number; Than in the perfum'd chambers of the Great, Under the Canopies of costly State, And lulld with sounds of sweetest melody? O thou dull God, why ly'st thou with the vile In loathsom beds, and leav'st the kingly couch 'A watch-case, or a common larum bell?

Wilc 7 This first scene is not in my nence attending upon an alarumcopy of the first edition.

bell, which he was to ring out in & A watch-cale, &c ] This case of fire, or any approaching alludes to the watchmen set in danger. He had a case or box garrison-towns upon some emic to thelter him from the weather,


Wilt thou, upon the high and giddy malt,
Seal up the ship-boy's eyes, and rock his brains,
In cradle of the rude imperious Surge ;
And in the Visitation of the winds,
Who take the ruffian billows by the top,
Curling their monstrous heads, and hanging them
With deafʼning clamours in the Nip'ry shrouds,
That, with the hurley, death itself awakes ?
Can'st thou, O partial Sleep, give thy repose
To the wet sea-boy in an hour so rude ?
And, in the calmest and the stillest night,
With all appliances and means to boot,
Deny it to a King ? then, happy lowly clown,
Uneasy lyes the head, that wears a Crown.

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Enter Warwick and Surrey. War. Many good morrows to your Majesty! K. Henry. Is it good morrow, lords? War. 'Tis one o'clock, and past. K. Henry.' Why, then, good morrow to you. Well


my lords,



but at his utmost peril he was not Dr. Warburton has not admit. to sleep whilst he was upon duty. ted this emendation into his text: These alarum bells are mentioned I am glad to do it the justice in several other places of Shake- which its authour has neglected. Spear.

HANMER. 1 In the old Edition : 9 then, happy Low! Lee Why then good morrow to you DOWN;) Evidently cor all,


Lords: rupted from happy LOWLY Have you read o'er, &c.] The ciown. These two lines mak- King sends Letters to Surrey and ing the just conclufion from what Warwick, with Charge that they preceded. If sleep will fly a king should read them and attend him. and confort itself with beggars, Accordingly here Surrey and then happy the lowly clown, and Warwick come, and no body kneofy the crown'd head.

else. The King would hardly WARBURTON. have said Good morrow to You



Have you read o'er the letters I sent you?

War. We have, my Liege. K.Henry. Then you perceive the body of our Kingdom, How foul it is ; what rank diseases grow, And with what danger, near the heart of it.

Wor. - It is but as a body yet distemper’d, Which to its former strength may be restor’d, With good advice and little medicine ; My lord Northumberland will soon be coold. K. Henry. Oh heav'n, that one might read the book

of fate, And see the revolution of the tinies Make Mountains level, and the Continent, Weary of solid firmness, melt itself Into the Sea; and, other times, to see The beachy girdle of the Ocean Too wide for Neptune's hips; how Chances mock, And Changes fill the cup of alteration With divers liquors ! 40, if this were seen, The happiest youth viewing his progress through, What perils past, what crosses to ensue, All, to two Peers. THEOBÁLD. much the same as between dif

Sir T. Hanmer and Dr. War- position and habit. burton have received this emen 3 My lord Northumberland dation, and read well for all. The will soon be cool’d.] I believe reading either way is of no im- Shakespear SCHOOL'D; portance.

tutord, and brought to submit It is but as a body yet dif- fion.

WARBURTON. temper'd,) What would he Cool'd is certainly right. have more? We should read, 4-0, if this were leen, &c.] It is but as a body slight dif- These four lines are supplied from temper'd. WARBURTON. the Edition of 1600.

WARB. The present reading is right. My copy wants the whole Dijemper, that is, according to scene, and therefore these lines. the old physick, a disproportio There is some difficulty in the niate mixture of humours, or in- line, equality of innate heat and radi What perils post, what crosses to dical humidity, is less than actu erfue, al d'lease, being only the fate because it seems to make part peo which foreruns or produces dif- rils equally terrible with ensuing eases. The difference between crojes. dijemper and d fiofe, seems to be Vol. IV.




Wou'd shut the book, and sit him down and die.
'Tis not ten Years gone,
Since Richard and Northun berland, great Friends,
Did feast together; and in two years after
Were they at wars. It is but eight years since,
This Percy was the man nearest my foul ;
Who, like a brother, toild in my affairs,
And laid his love and life under my foot ;
Yea, for my fake, ev'n to the eyes of Richard
Gave him detiance. But which of you was by?
(You, cousin Nevil, as I may remember) (To War.
When Richard, with his eye brim-full of tears, ..
Then check’d and rated by Northumberland,
Did speak these words, now prov'd a prophecy.
· Northumberland, thou ladder by the which
My cousin Bolingbroke ascends my Throne :'
Though then, Heav'n knows, I had no such intent ;
But that Necessity so bow'd the State,
That I and Greatness were compellid to kiss:
The time will come, thus did he follow it,
"The time will come, that foul fin, gathering bead,
Sball break into corruption :' so went on,
Foretelling this same time's condition,
And the division of our amity.

War. There is a history in all men's lives,
Figuring the Nature of the times deceas’d;
The which observ'd, a man may prophesy,
With a near aim, of the main chance of things
As yet not come to life, which in their feeds
And weak beginnings lie intreasured.
Such things become the hatch and brood of time;
And by the necessary form of this, 6
King Richard might create a perfect guess,

s He refers to King Richard, 6 And by the nece tary form of act 5. scene 2. But whether the this, ) I think we might King's or the authour's memory better read, fails him, so it was, that War. The necessary form of things. quick was not present at that con

The word this has no very rerfauon.

dent antecedent.



That great Northumberland, then false to him,
Would of that seed grow to a greater falseness, ,
Which should not find a ground to root upon,
Unless on You.

K. Henry. Are these things then necessities ? *
Then let us meet them like necessities;
And that same word even now cries out on us.
They say, the Bishop and Northumberland
Are fifty thousand strong.

War. It cannot be:
Rumour doth double, like the voice and echo,
The numbers of the fear'd. Please it

Please it your Grace
To go to bed. Upon my life, my lord,
The Pow'rs, that you already have sent forth,
Shall bring this prize in very easily.
To comfort you the more, I have receiv'd
A certain instance that Glendower is dead.
Your Majesty hath been this fortnight ill,
And these unfeason'd hours perforce must add
Unto your sickness.

K. Henry. I will take your counsel;
And were these inward wars once out of hand,
We would, dear lords, unto the Holy Land. '[Exeunt.

Are these things then necef- through the first edition, and fities?

there is therefore no evidence Then let us meet them like necef- that the division of the acts was

fities;] I am inclined to made by the authour. Since then tead,

erery editor has the same right Tben let us meet them like necef to mark the intervals of action fity.

as thie players, who made the preThat is, with the resifless vio- fent distribution, I should propose lence of necesitg ; then comes that this scene may be added to more aptly the following line : the foregoing act, and the reknd ibat same word even now

move from London to Gloucestercries out on us.

Jhire be made in the intermediate That is, the word necessity.

time, but that it would shorten - unto the Hely Lant. ] the next act too much, which has This play, like the former, pro not even now its due proportion ceeds in one unbroken tenour

to the rest.


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