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And telling me, the sovereign'st thing on earth
Was Parmacity, for an inward bruise ;
And that it was great pity, so it was,
This villainous salt petre should be digg'd
Out of the bowels of the harmless earth,
Which many a good tall fellow had destroy'd
So cowardly: And but for these vile guns,
He would himself have been a soldier.
This bald, unjointed chat of his, my lord,
Í answer'd indirectly, as I said ;
And I beseech you, let not this report
Come current for an accusation,
Betwixt my love and your high Majesty.

Blunt. The circumstance consider'd, good my lord,
Whatever Harry Percy then had said,
To such a person, and, in such a place,
At such a time, with all the rest retold,
May reasonably die; and never rise
* To do him wrong, or any way impeach
What then he said, so he unsay it now.

K. Henry. Why, yet he doth deny his prisoners,


3 To do him wrong, or any

“Whatever Percy then fail way impeach

may reasonably die, and neWhat then he said, so he unsay ver rise to do him wrong or it now.] Let us consider

any ways impeach him. For the whole passage, which, ac “ see, my Liege, what he then cording to the present reading, “ laid, he now unfays.” And bears this literal sense. “What- the King's answer is pertinent

ever Perry then said may reaso- to the words, as so emended. “nably die and never” rise to why, yet he doth deny his prisoners,

impeach what be then said, so but with proviso, &c. implying, " he unsay it now.” This is you are mistaken in saying, the exact sense, or rather non Jee he now unsays it." But fense, which the passage makes the answer is utterly impertinent in the present reading. It should to what preceeds in the common therefore, without question, be reading,

WARBURTON. thus printed and emended,

The learned commentator has To do him wrong, or any way perplexed the patlage. The conimpeach.

itruction is, Let what he then said What then he said, see, be never rise to impeach him so he UNSAYS il now.

unsay it now.

But with proviso and exception,
That we at our own charge shall ransom straight
His brother-in-law, the foolish Mortimer ;
Who, on my foul, hath wilfully betray'd
The lives of those, that he did lead to fight
Against the great magician, damn'd Glendower ;
Whose daughter, as we hear, the Earl of March
Hath lately marry'd. Shall our coffers then
Be empty'd, to redeem a traitor home?
Shall we buy treason ? + and indent with fears,
When they have lost and forfeited themselves ?
No; on the barren mountains let him starve;
For I shall never hold that man my friend,
Whole tongue shall ask me for one penny

cort To ranfom home revolted Mortimer.

Hot. Revolted Mortimer ? s He never did fall off, my sovereign Liege,


4 and indent with fears.] land, and young Perry, who by The reason why he says, bargain disobedience have lojt and forand article with fears, meaning feited their honours and themwith Mortimer, is, because he jelves. supposed Mortimer had wilfully s He never did fall off, my fabetrayed his own forces to Cli vereign Liege, dower out of fear, as appears

But By the chance of war ; -] from his next Speech. No need A poor apology for a soldier, therefore to change fears to joes, and a man of honour, that he as the Oxford Editor has done fell off, and revolted by the WARBURTON.

chance of war. The Poet cerThe difficulty seems to me to tainly wrote, arise from this, that the King is But 'Bides the chance of war. not desired to article or contract i.e. he never did revolt, but ewith Mortimer, but with ano bides the chance of war, as a ther for Mortimer. Perhaps we prisoner. And if he ftill en

dured the rigour of imprison. Shall we luz treofon? and in- ment, that was a plain proof he

was not revolted to the enemy When they bu ve left and for. Hor-fpur says the same thing affeired ihemselives?

terwards, Shall we purchase back a traytor ? Suffer'd his kinman March Shall we desced to a composi

-10 be encag'd in Wales. tion with Worcefier, Northumber- Here again the Oxford Editor


may read,

dent unih peers,



But by the chance of war; prove That true,
Needs no more but one tongue ; for all those wounds,
Those mouthed wounds, which valiantly he took,
When on the gentle Severn's sedgy bank,
In lingle opposition, hand to hand,
He did confound the best part of an hour
In changing hardiment with great Glendower ;
Three times they breath'd, and three times did they

Upon agreement, of swift Severn's flood ;
: Who then affrighted with their bloody looks,
Ran fearfully among the trembling reeds,
And hid his crispe head in the hollow bank,
Blood-stained with these valiant Combatants,
Never did bare and rotten Policy

makes this correction his own, at for the wounds a tongue was reedthe small expence of changing ful, and only one tougue. This 'b des to bore. WAR BURTON. is harsh. I rather think it is a

The plain meaning is, he came broken sentence. 70 prove the not into the enemy's power but by leyaliy of Mortimer, says Hotibe chance of war.

To 'bide the pur, one speaking witness is Jupā. chance of evar may well enough cient, for his wounds proclaim fignify to jiard the hazard of a his loyalty, woje mouthed wounds, barrie, but can scarcely mean to &c. endure the feverities of a pilin. 7 Who then affighted, &c.] The King charged Mort mer that This paffage has been centured ke wilt.dly betra

ed his army, and, as founding nonsense, which reas he was then with the enemy, presents a Itream of water as cacalls him rev:lted Mortimer. Hot- pable of fear. It is misunderspur replies, that he never fell of, stood. Severn is here not the that is, fell into Glendower's food but the tutelary power of hands, but by the chance of war. the flood, who was frighied, and I hould not have explained thus hid his head in the kollow tank. tediously a paffage so hard to be 8 Never did bare and r.tien miltaken, but that two Editors pobry.] All the quarto's have already mistaken it.

which I have seen read baie in

this place. The first folio, and all more but one congue, the subsequent editions, bave For all th fe wounds, &c.] bafe. I believe b re is right: This passage is of obscure con never did policy lying open to do fruction, The later editors tection si colour its workin;s. point it, as they understood that Vol. IV.




to prove

that true,

Needi 1.0

Colour her working with such deadly wounds;
Nor never could the noble Mortimer
Receive so many, and all willingly;
Then let him not be slander'd with Revolt.
K. Henry. Thou dost belie him, Percy, thou beliest

him ;
He never did encounter with Glendower;
He durit as well have met the Devil alone,
As Owen Glendower for an enemy.
Art not asham'd ? ' but, firrah, from this hour
Let me not hear you speak of Mortimer.
Send me your prisoners with the speedieft means,
Or you shall hear in such a kind from me
As will displease you.—My Lord Northumberland,
We licence your departure with your son.
--Send us your prisoners, or you'll hear of it.

[Exit K. Henry. Tot. And if the devil come and roar for them, I will not fend them. I'll after strait, And tell him fo; for I will ease my heart, · Although it be with hazard of my head. North. What, drunk with choler ? stay, and pause

a wliile; Here comes your uncle.

Enter Worcester.

Hot. Speak of Mortimer?
Yes, I will speak of him ; and let my foui
Want mercy, if I do not join with him.
In his behalf, l’ll empty all these veins, ,

9 —but, firrah, from this hour.] for all just to have taken notice The O fort Editor is a doal more of.

WARBURI ON. courtly than his old plain Eliza 'Although it be with bazard, beth au hor. He changes firrah &c.] So the first folio, and all therefore to Sir: And punctilios the following editions.

The of this kind he very carefully quarto's rad, discharges throughout his edition: Alll.cugh I make a hazard of which it may be encugh once


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And shed my dear blood drop by drop in duft, - But I will lift the down-trod Mortimer As high i'th’Air as this unthankful King, As this ingrate and cankred Boling broke. North. Brother, the King hath made your Nephew mad.

[To Worcester. Wor. Who strook this heat up, after I was gone ?

Hot. He will, forsooth, have all my prisoners ;
And when I urg'd the ransom once again
Of my wife's brother, then his cheek look'd pale,
And on my face he turn’d an 'eye of death,
Trembling ev'n at the name of Mortimer.

Wor. I cannot blame him ; was he not proclaim'd, By Richard that dead is, the next of blood ?

North. He was ; I heard the Proclamation ; And then it was, when the unhappy King (Whose wrongs

in us, God pardon !) did set forth Upon his Irish expedition, From whence he, intercepted, did return To be depos'd, and shortly murthered. Wor. And for whose death, we in the world's wide

mouth Live scandaliz'd, and foully spoken of.

Hot. But soft, I pray you. Did King Richard then Proclaim my brother Mortimer Heir to the Crown?

North. He did : my felf did hear it.

Hot. Nay, then I cannot blame his cousin King,
That wilh'd him on the barren mountains starv'd.
But shall it be, that you, that set the Crown
Upon the head of this forgetful man,
And for his fake wear the detefted blot

? But I will lift the downfall’n folios read downfall.

Mortimer] The quarto of 3 An eye of death.] That is, 1599 reads down-trod Mortimer : an eye menacing death. Hot-spur which is better. WARB. seems to describe the King as

All the quartos that I have trembling with rage rather than seen read down-trod, the three fear.

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