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A. D. 64.
A.D. 64. to rise from the dead the third day, saith he that is holy, he that is true, 46.
he that hath the key of David, he c For we have not an High Priest that openeth, and no man sbutteth; which cannot be touched with the and shutteth, and no man openeth, feeling of our infirmities; but was in Rev. iii. 7. See also on John viii. all points tempted like as we are, yet ver. 46. without sin, Heb. iv. 15. How much d See on Matt. xxviii. ver. 18. more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered him
VER. 27. self without spot to God, purge your
“ος ούκ έχει καθ' ημέραν ανάγκην, , conscience from dead works to serve ώσπερ οι αρχιερείς, πρότερον υπέρ των the living God, ix. 14. And thou | ιδίων αμαρτιών θυσίας αναφέρειν, έπειτα shalt make a plate of pure gold, and τών του λαού τούτο γάρ εποίησεν εφα grave upon it, like the engravings of a παξ, εαυτόν ανενέγκας. signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD, Exod. xxviii. 36. And he made his Priests, to offer up sucrifice, b first for
a Who needeth not daily, as those High grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had for a this he did once, when he offered up
his own sins, canul then for the people's ; done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth, Isa. liii. 9. And
himself. the angel answered and said unto a And every priest standeth daily her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon ministering and offering oftentimes thee, and the power of the Highest the same sacrifices, which can never shall overshadow thee: therefore also take away sins, Heb. x. 11. And that holy thing which shall be born thou shalt offer every day a bullock of thee shall be called the Son of for a sin offering for atonement: and God, Luke i. 35. And he said unto thou shalt cleanse the altar, when them the third time, Why, what evil thou hast made an atonement for it, hath he done? I have found no cause and thou shalt anoint it, to sanctify of death in him: I will therefore it. Seven days thou shalt make an chastise him, and let him go, xxiii. 22. atonement for the altar, and sanctify And we indeed justly ; for we re- it, and it shall be an altar most holy: ceive the due reward of our deeds : whatsoever toucheth the altar shall but this man hath done nothing amiss, be holy. Now this is that which thou 41. Now when the centurion saw shalt offer upon the altar; two lambs what was done, he glorified God, say of the first year day by day coning, Certainly this was a righteous tinually. The one lamb thou shalt man, 47. And he that sent me is offer in the morning; and the other with me: the Father hath not left lamb thou shalt offer at even : And me alone; for I do always those with the one lamb a tenth-deal of things that please him, John viii. 29. flour, mingled with the fourth part of Hereafter I will not talk much with an bin of beaten oil; and the fourth you : for the prince of this world part of an hin of wine for a drink-ofcometh, and hath nothing in me, xiv, fering, And the other lamb thou shalt 30. But ye denied the Holy One and offer at even, and shalt do thereto the Just, and desired a murderer to according to the meat-offering of the be granted unto you, Acts iii. 14. For morning, and according to the drinkof a truth against thy holy child Jesus, offering thereof, for a sweet savour, whom thou hast anointed, both He- an offering made by fire unto the rod, and Pontius Pilate with che LORD. This shall be a continual burnt. Gentiles, and the people of Israel, offering throughout your generations were gathered together, iv. 27. But at the door of the tabernacle of the with the precious blood of Christ as of congregation before the LORD: where a lamb without blemish and without I will meet you, to speak there unto spot, 1 Pet. i. 19. And ye know that thee, Exod. xxix. 36-42. Command he was manifested to take away our the children of Israel, and say unto sins; and in him is no sin, 1 John them, My offering, and my bread for ji. 5. And to the angel of the church my sacrifices made by fire, for a sweet in Philadelphia write; These things savour unto me, shall ye observe to
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HEB. VII. 27.
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offer unto me in their due season. he kill the goat of the sin-offering.
Jesus Christ once for all. And every . And if the whole congregation of priest standeth daily ministering and Israel sin through ignorance, and the offering oftentimes the same sacrithing be hid from the eyes of the as. fices, which can never take away sembly, and they have done somewhat sins : But this man after he had ofagainst any of the commandments of fered one sacrifice for sins, for ever the LORD concerning things which sat down on the right hand of God, should not be done, and are guilty; X. 6–12. Yet it pleased the LORD When the sin which they have sinned to bruise him; he hath put hin to against it, is known, then the con- grief : when thou shalt make his soul gregation shall offer a young bullock an offering for sin, he sball see his for the sin, and bring him before the seed, he shall prolong his days, and tabernacle of the congregation. And the pleasure of the LORD shall prosthe elders of the congregation shall per in his hand. He shall see of the lay their hands upon the head of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisbullock before the LORD: and the fied: by his knowledge shall my righbullock shall be killed before the teous servant justify many; for he LORD. And the priest that is anoint- shall bear their iniquities. Thereed shall bring of the bullock's blood fore will I divide him a portion with to the tabernacle of the congregation, the great, and he shall divide the Lev. iv. 13-16. And he brought the spoil with the strong ; because he bath people's offering, and took the goat, poured out his soul unto death; and which was the sin-offering for the he was numbered with the transgrespeople, and slew it, and offered it sors; and he bare the sin of many, for sin, as the first, ix. 15. Then shall I and made intercession for the trans
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A. D. 64. gressors, Isa. liii. 10–12. For in that I and by whom are all things, in bringbe died, he died unto sin once : but in ing many sons unto glory, to make that he liveth, he liveth unto God, the captain of their salvation perfect Rom. vi. 10. And walk in love, as through sufferings, Heb. ii. 10. And Christ also hath loved us, and hath being made perfect, he became the augiven himself for us an offering and a thor of eternal salvation unto all them sacrifice to God for a sweet smelling that obey him, v.9. And he said unsavour, Eph. v. 2. Husbands, love to them, Go ye, and tell that fox, Beyour wives, even as Christ also loved hold, I cast out devils, and I do cures the Church, and gave himself for it, to-day and to-morrow, and the third 25. Who gave himself for us, that day I shall be perfected, Luke xiii. 32. he might redeem us from all ini. When Jesus therefore bad received quity, and purify unto himself a pe- the vinegar, he said, It is finished: culiar people, zealous of good works, and he bowed his head, and gave up Tit. ii. 14. See also on Matt. XX. ver. the ghost, John xix. SO. 28. clauses 3, 4.
CHAP. VIII.-VER, 1.
Κεφάλαιον δε επί τοϊς λεγομένοις, τοιούΟ νόμος γαρ ανθρώπους καθίστησιν αρ- τον έχομεν αρχιερέα, δς εκάθισεν εν δεξιά χιερείς, έχοντας ασθένειαν· ο λόγος δε της του φρόνου της μεγαλωσύνης εν τοίς ουραορκωμοσίας της μετά τον νόμον, υιον εις | νούς, τον αιώνα τετελειωμένον.
Now of the things which we have spoFor a the law maketh men High ken this is the sum : a We have such an Priests which have infirmity; but b the High Priest, b who is set on the right word of the oath, which was since the hand of the throne of the Majesty in law, C maketh the Son, d who is con the heavens ; secrated for evermore.
a See on chap. vii. ver. 26, 27. * Gr. perfected.
bSee on chap. i. ver. 3. clauses 6,7. a See on chap. v. ver. 2. clause 3. b See on chap. v. ver. 6.
VER. 2. c Hath in these last days spoken
Τών αγίων λειτουργός και της σκηνής της unto us by his Son, whom he hath ap- aanduvñs, iv imčev o Kúgios, nai oús árpointed heir of all things, by whom also spestros. he made the worlds, Heb. i. 2. But A a minister of the sanctuary, and Christ as a son over his own house ; of b the true tabernacle, which the Lord whose house are we, if we hold fast the pitched, and not man. confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end, iii. 6. Seeing then
• Or, of holy things. that we have a great High Priest, a The Holy Ghost this signifying, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus that the way into the holiest of all the Son of God, let us hold fast our was not yet made manifest, while as profession, iv. 14. So also Christ the first tabernacle was yet standing : glorified not himself to be made an Which was a figure for the time then High Priest; but he that said unto present, in which were offered both bim, Thou art my Son, to-day have I gifts and sacrifices, that could not begotten thee, v. 5. Though he were make him that did the service perfect, a Son, yet learned he obedience by as pertaining to the conscience; Which the things which he suffered, 8. See stood only in meats and drinks, and also on ver. 3.
divers washings, and carnal ordinan. (For those priests were made ces, imposed on them until the time of without an oath; but this with an reformation. But Christ being come oath by him that said unto him, The an High Priest of good things to come, Lord sware, and will not repent, Thou by a greater and more perfect taberart a priest for ever after the order of nacle, not made with hands, that is to Melchisedec, ver. 21. But this man, say, not of this building, Heb. ix. 8because he continueth ever, hath an 11. And having an High Priest over unchangeable priesthood, 24. For it. the house of God, x. 21. And take thou became him, for whom are all things, I unto thee Aaron thy brother, and his
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A. D. 64. Sons with him, from among the child- | όντων τών ιερέων των προσφερόντων κατά ren of Israel, that he may minister Tòy rójcy tê dõçao unto me in the priest's office, even
For if he were on earth, a he should Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and
not be a Priest, seeing that there are Ithamar, Aaron's sons, Exod. 28. 1. priests that offer gifts according to the And it shall be upon Aaron to minis- law: ter: and his sound shall be heard when he goeth in unto the holy place
*Or, they are Priests. before the LORD, and when he cométh a If therefore perfection were by the out, that he die not, 35. And I will Levitical priesthood, (for under it the sanctify the tabernacle of the congre- people received the law,) what furgation, and the altar: I will sanctify ther need was there that another priest also both Aaron and his sons, to min- should rise after the order of Melchiister to me in the priest's office, xxix. sedec, and not be called after the or44. Now I say that Jesus Christ was der of Aaron? For the priesthood bea minister of the circumcision for the ing changed, there is made of necestruth of God, to confirm the promises sity a change also of the law. For he inade unto the fathers, Rom. xv. 8. of whom these things are spoken per
b But Christ being come an High taineth to another tribe, of which no Priest of good things to come, by a man gave attendance at the altar. greater and more perfect tabernacle, For it is evident that our Lord sprang not made with hands, that is to say, out of Juda; of which tribe Moses not of this building, Heb.ix. 11. It was spake nothing concerning priesthood. therefore necessary that the patterns And it is yet far more evident : for of things in the heavens should be that after the similitude of Melchisepurified with these ; but the heavenly dec there ariseth another Priest, Heb. things themselves with better sacri- vii. 11–15. To be a memorial unto fices than these. For Christ is not the children of Israel, that no stranger entered into the holy places made with which is not of the seed of Aaron, hands, which are the figures of the true; come near to offer incense before the but into heaven itself, now to appear LORD; that he be not as Korah, and in the presence of God for us, 23, 24. as his company: as the Lord said to
€ For he looked for a city which him by the hand of Moses, Numb. xvi. hath foundations, whose builder and 40. And the children of Israel spake maker is God, Heb. xi. 10. For we
unto Moses, saying, Behold, we die, know that if our earthly house of this we perish, we all perish. Whosotabernacle were dissolved, we have a ever cometh any thing near unto the building of God, an house not made tabernacle of the Lord shall die: shall with hands, eternal in the heavens, we be consumed with dying! xvü. 2 Cor. v. i: In whom also ye are cir- 12, 13. And ye shall keep the charge cumcised with the circumcision made of the sanctuary, and the charge of without hands, in putting off the body the altar: that there be no wrath any of the sins of the flesh by the circum
more upon the children of Israel, cision of Christ, Col. ü. 11.
xviii. 5. VER. 3.
VER. 5. Πώς γαρ αρχιερεύς εις το προσφέρειν Οίτινες υποδείγματα και σκιά λατρεύουδώρα τε και θυσίας καθίσταται· όθεν σαι των επουρανίων, καθώς κεχρημάτισται αναγκαίον έχειν τι καιτούτον και προσενέγκη. Μωσής, μέλλων επιτελεϊν την σκηνής: “Όρα
Fm every High Priest is ordained to | γας, φησί, ποιήσης πάντα κατά τον τύπων offer gifts and sacrifices : 6 wherefore it rò deixoértá coz év tm opei. is of necessity that this man have some Who serve unto a thé erample and what also to offer.
shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was a See on chap. vii. ver. 27.
admonished of God when he was about to b See on Matt. xx. ver. 28. clauses 3,4. make the tabernacle : for, See, saith he,
that thou make all things according to VER. 1.
the pattern shewed to thee in the mount. Ei muiy gap ñ ini yñs, ova' ay nv lagtve, a Whic was a figure for the time
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A. D, 64. then present, in which were offered isters of the new testament; not of both gifts and sacrifices, that could the letter, but of the spirit : for the not make him that did the service letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life. perfect, as pertaining to the con- But if the ministration of death, writscience, Heb. ix. 9. It was therefore ten and engraven in stones, was glo. necessary that the patterns of things rious, so that the children of Israel in the heavens should be purified with could not stedfastly behold the face of these; but the heavenly things them. Moses for the glory of his counteselves with better sacrifices than these. nance; which glory was to be done For Christ is not entered into the holy away; How shall not the ministraplaces made with bands, which are the tion of the spirit be rather glorious ? figures of the true ; but into heaven For if the ministration of condemna. itself, now to appear in the presence tion be glory, much more doth the miof God for us, 23, 24. For the law nistration of righteousness exceed in having a shadow of good things to glory. For even that which was made come, and not the very image of the glorious had no glory in this respect, things, can never with those sacrifices by reason of the glory that excelleth. which they offered year by year con- For if that which was done away was tinually make the comers thereunto glorious, much more that which reperfect, X. 1. Which are a shadow maineth is glorious, 2 Cor. iii. 6--11. of things to come ; but the body is of See also on chap. vii. ver. 11. clause 1. Christ, Col. ii. 17.
b And for this cause he is the meb And look that thou make them diator of the new testament, that by after their pattern, which was shewed means of death, for the redemption of thee in the mount, Exod. xxv, 40. And the transgressions that were under the thou shalt rear up the tabernacle ac- first testament, they which are called cording to the fashion thereof which might receive the promise of eternal was shewed thee in the mount, xxvi. inheritance. For where a testament 30. Hollow with boards shalt thou is, there must also of necessity be the make it : as it was shewed thee in death of the testator. For a testathe mount, so shall they make it, ment is of force after men are dead : xxvii. 8. And this work of the candle- otherwise it is of no strength at all stick was of beaten gold, unto the shaft while the testator liveth. Whereupon thereof, unto the flowers thereof, was neither the first testament was dedicatbeaten work: according unto the pated without blood. For when Moses tern wbich the LORD had shewed Mo had spoken every precept to all the ses, so he made the candlestick, Numb. people according to the law, he took viii. 4. All this, suid David, the LORD the blood of calves and of goats, with made me understand in writing by his water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, hand upon me, even all the works of and sprinkled both the book, and all the this pattern, 19. Our fathers had the people, Saying, This is the blood of tabernacle of witness in the wilder- the testament which God hath injoinness, as he had appointed, speaking ed unto you, Heb. ix. 15—20. Whereunto Moses, that be should make it fore then serveth the law? It was addaccording to the fashion that he had ed because of transgressions, till the seen, Acts vii. 44.
seed should come to whom the proVER. 6.
mise was made; and it was ordained by ow sai speittovós boto deabruns pecíons, God is one,
Gal. iii. 19, 20. See also Νυνί δε διαφορατέρας τέτευχε λειτουργίας, angels in the hand of a mediator. Now
a mediator is not a mediator of one, but ήτις επί κρείττοσιν επαγγελίαις νενομοθέ
on chap. vii. ver. 22.
c For this is the covenant that I will But now hath he a obtained a more make with the house of Israel after excellent ministry, by how much also he those days, saith the Lord; I will put is b the Mediator of a better * covenant, my laws into their mind, and write which was established upon better pro- them in their hearts : and I will be to miscs.
them a God, and they shall be to me * Or, testament.
a people : And they shall not teach a Who also hath made us able min. I every man his neighbour, and every