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A. D. 60.
A. D. 60. Voice; Surely they shall not see the but teach them thy sons and thy sons' land which I sware unto their fathers, sons, 9. But your eyes have seen all neither shall any of them that pro- the great acts of the LORD which he voked me see it, 22, 23. And at did, xi. 7. And Moses called unto Taberah,, and at Massah, and at all Israel, and said unto them, Ye Kibroth-battaavah, ye provoked the have seen all that the Lord did before LORD to wrath. Likewise when the your eyes in the land of Egypt unto LORD sent you from Kadesh-baméa, Pharaoh, and unto all his servants, saying, Go up and possess the land and unto all his land, xxix. %. And which I have given you ; then ye re ye have seen all that the LORD your belled against the commandment of God hath done unto all their nations the LORD your God, and ye believed because of you ; for the LORD your him not, nor hearkened to his voice. God is be that hath fought for you, Ye have been rebellious against the Josh. xxiii. 3. And when they cried Lord from the day that I knew you, unto the LORD, he put darkness beDeut. ix. 22–24." Yet they tempted tween you and the Egyptians, and and provoked the most high God, and brought the sea upon them, and coverkept not his testimonies, Psal. lxxviü. ed them; and your eyes have seen 56.
what I have done in Egypt: and ye c And he called the name of the dwelt in the wilderness a long season, place Massah, and Meribah, because xxiv. 7. Then Jesus answering said of the chiding of the children of Israel, unto them, Go your way, and tell and because they tempted the LORD, John, what things ye have seen and saying, Is the LORD among us, or heard ; how that the blind see, the not? Exod. xvii. 7. Ye shall not lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, tempt the LORD your God, as ye the deaf hear, the dead are raised, to tempted him in Massah, Deut. vi. 16. the poor the Gospel is preached, And they tempted God in their heart Luke vii. 22. by asking meat for their lust, Psal. b And your children shall wander Ixxviü. 18. But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness forty years, and bear in the wilderness, and tempted God your whoredoms, until your carcases in the desert, cvi. 14. Neither let us be wasted in the wilderness, Numb. tempt Christ, as some of them also xiv. 33. And thou shalt remember tempted, and were destroyed of ser- all the way which the LORD thy God pents, 1 Cor. x. 9.
led thee these forty years in the wil
derness, to humble thee, and to prove VER. 9.
thee, to know what was in thine heart, ου επείρασάν με πατέρες υμών έδο
whether thou wouldest keep his comriparáv je, kai sidor tá ippa, joU TEC- mandments orno, Deut. viii. 2. Thy σαράκοντα έτη:
raiment waxed not old upon thee, When your fathers tempted me, proved neither did thy foot swell, these forty me, a and saw my works b forty years.
years, t. For the children of Israel a Ye have seen what I did unto the walked forty years in the wilderness, Egyptians, and how I bare you on till all the people that were men of war, eagle's wings, and brought you unto which came out of Egypt, were conmyself, Exod. xix. 4. And the LORD sumed, because they obeyed not the said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say voice of the LORD : unto them the unto the children of Israel, ye have LORD sware that he would not shew seen that I have talked with you from them the land, which the LORD sware heaven, xx. 22. Your eyes bave
seen unto their fathers that he would give what the LORD did because of Baal us, a land that floweth with milk and peor : for all the men that followed honey, Josh. v. 6. Also I brought Baal-peor, the LORD thy God hath you up from the land of Egypt, and destroyed them from among you, led you forty years through the wilderDeut. iv. 3. Only take heed to thy ness, to possess the land of the Amoself, and keep thy soul diligently, rite, Amos ii. 10. He brought them lest thou forget the things which thine out, after that he had shewed wonders eyes have seen, and lest they depart and signs in the land of Egypt, and from thy heart all the days of thy life : l in the Red Sea, and in the wilderness
A. D. 64.
A. D. 64. forty years, Acts vii. 36. And about | into the world, and men loved darkness the time of forty years suffered he rather than light, because their deeds their manners in the wilderness, were evil. For every one that doeth xiii. 18.
evil hateth the light, neither cometh
to the light, lest his deeds should be VER. 10.
reproved, John iii. 19, 20. And beΔιo προσώχθισα τη γενεά εκείνη, και cause I tell you the truth, ye believe sincero 'A e Tavārmai rõ napdią. 'auto di me not, viii. 45. And even as they ουκ έγνωσαν τας οδούς μου:
did not like to retain God in their Wherefore a 1 was grieved with that knowledge, God gave them over to a generation, and said, They do alway reprobate mind, to do those things err in their heart, and they have not
which are not convenient, Rom. i. 28. known my wuys.
And with all deceivableness of un
righteousness in them that perish ; a And it repented the Lord that he because they received not the love of bad made man on the earth, and it the truth, that they might be saved. grieved him at his heart, Gen. vi. 6. And for this cause God shall send And they put away the strange gods them a strong delusion, that they from among them, and served the should believe a lie: That they all LORD: and his soul was grieved for might be damned who believe not the the misery of Israel, Judg. X. 16. How truth, but bad pleasure in unrighteoft did they provoke him in the wilder ousness, 2 Thess. ii. 10–12. ness,
and grieve him in the desert, • That thy way may be known upon Psal. Ixxviii. 40. But they rebelled earth, thy saving health among all and vexed his holy Spirit : therefore nations, Psal. lxvii. 2. Forty years he was turned to be their enemy, and long was I grieved with this genehe fought against them, Isa. Ixiii. 10. ration, and said, It is a people that do And when he had looked round about
err in their heart, and they have not on them with anger, being grieved known my ways, xcv. 10. He has for the hardness of their hearts, be not dealt so with any nation : and as saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine for his judgments, they have not known hand. And he stretched it out: and them. Praise ye the Lord, cxlvii. 20. his hand was restored whole as the For my people is foolish, they have other, Mark iii. 5. And grieve not not known me; they are sottish the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye children, and they have none underare sealed unto the day of redemption, standing : they are wise to do evil, Eph. iv. 30.
but to do good they have no know'b Take heed, brethren, lest there be ledge, Jer. iv. 22. And the way of in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, peace they have not known, Rom. in departing from the living God, iii. 17.
And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious ge
VER. 11. neration; a generation that set not their Ως ώμοσα εν τη οργή μου: Εί είσιheart aright, and whose spirit was not | λεύσονται εις την καταπαυσίν μου stedfast with God, Psal. lxxviii. 8. But
So a I sware in my wrath, .They shall they also have erred through wine, and not enter into b my rest.) through strong drink are outofthe way; the priest and the prophet have erred
•Gr. If they shall enter. through strong drink, they are swal a And to whom sware he that they lowed up of wine, they are out of the should not enter into his rest, but to way through strong drink; they err in them that believed not? So we see vision, they stumble in judgment, Isa. that they could not enter in because xxviii.7. My people ask counsel at of unbelief, ver. 18, 19. For we their stocks, and their staff declareth which have believed do enter into unto them : for the spirit of whore- rest, as he said, As I have sworn in doms hath caused them to err, and my wrath, if they shall enter into my they bave gone a whoring from under rest : although the works were finishtheir God, Hos. iv, 12. And this ised from the foundation of the world, the condemnation, that light is come iv. 3. And the LORD said, I have
A. D. 64.
A. D. 64. pardoned according to thy word : Buttion see that good land, which I sw are as truly as I live, all the earth shall to give unto your fathers, Deut. i . 34, be filled with the glory of the LORD. 35. And the space in which we came Because all those men which have from Kadesh-barnea, until we were seen my glory, and my miracles, come over the brook Zered, was thirty which I did in Egypt and in the and eight years; until all the genera. wilderness, have tempted me now tion of the men of war were wasted these ten times, and have not heark- out from among the host, as the Lord ened to my voice ; Surely they shall sware unto them, ii. 14. not see the land which I sware unto See on chap. iv, ver. 9. their fathers, neither shall any of them that provoked me see it, Numb. siv.
VER. 12. 20-23. Now the Amalekites and the Βλέπετε, αδελφοί, μη ποτε έσται έν Canaanites dwelt in the valley. To τινι υμών καρδία πονηρά απιστίας, εν τω morrow turn you, and get you into the | αποστήναι από Θεού ζώντος. wilderness by the way of the Red Sea, 25. How long shall I bear with
a Take heed, brethren, lest there be in this evil congregation, which murmur any of you. ban evil heart of unbelief, against me? I have heard the mur.
e in departing from d the living God. murings of the children of Israel, • Therefore we ought to give the which they murmur against me. Say more earnest heed to the things which unto them, As truly as I live, saith the we have heard, lest at any time we LORD, as ye bave spoken in mine should let them slip. For if the word ears, so will I do to you: Your car. spoken by angels was stedfast, and cases shall fall in this wilderness; every transgression and disobedience and all that were numbered of you, received a just recompence of reward, according to your whole number, from How shall we escape, if we neglect twenty years old and upward, which 80 great salvation ; which at the first have murmured against me, Doubt began to be spoken by the Lord, and less ye shall not come into the land, was confirmed uoto us by them that concerning which I sware to make you hear him, Heb. ii. 1-3. Looking dwell therein, save Caleb the son of diligently lest any man fail of the Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun, grace of God ; lest any root of bitter27—30. I the Lord have said, I will ness springing up trouble you, and surely do it unto all this evil congre- thereby many be defiled, xii. 15. And gation, that are gathered together Jesus answered and said unto them, against me : in this wilderness they Take beed that no man deceive you, shall be consumed, and there they Matt. xxiv. 4. But take heed to yourshall die, 35. And the Lord's anger selves: for they shall deliver you up was kindled the same time, and he to councils ; and in the synagogues sware, saying, Surely none of the men ye shall be beaten ; and ye shall be that came up out of Egypt, from brought before rulers and kings for twenty years old and upward, shall my sake, for a testimony against them, see the land which I sware unto Mark xiii. 9. But take heed: behold, Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob; I have foretold you all things, 23. because they have not wholly followed | Take ye heed, watch and pray, for me: Save Caleb the son of Jephun- ye know not when the time is, 33. neh the Kenezite, and Joshua tbe And he said, Take heed that ye be son of Nun: for they have wholly fol not deceived: for many shall come in lowed the LORD. And the Lord's my name, saying, I am Christ; and the anger was kindled against Israel, and time draweth near ; go ye not therebe made them wander in the wilder-fore after them, Luke xxi. 8. For if ness forty years, until all the genera- God spared not the natural branches, tion that had done evil in the sight of take heed lest he also spare not thee, the LORD was consumed, xxxii. 10 % Rom. xi. 21. Wherefore let him that 13. And the LORD heard the voice thinketh he standeth take heed lest of your words, and was wrath, and he fall, 1 Cor. x. 12. sware, saying, Surely there shall not b And the LORD smelled a sweet one of these men of this evil genera. I savour, and the LORD said in his
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A. D. 51. heart, I will not again curse the ground them, Prov. i. 32. In transgressing any more for man's sake; for the ima- and lying against the Lord, and degination of man's heart is evil from parting away from our God, and Þis youth ; neither will I again smite speaking oppression and revolt, conany more every thing living as I have ceiving and uttering from the heart done, Gen. viii. 21. At that time words of falsehood, Isa. lix. 13. Thus they shall call Jerusalem the throne saith the LORD, Cursed be the man of the LORD; and all the nations shall that trusteth in man, and maketh flesh be gathered unto it, to the name of the his arm, and whose heart departeth LORD to Jerusalem; neither shall from the LORD, Jer, xvii. 5. The bethey walk
any more after the imagi- ginning of the word of the Lord by nation of their evil heart, Jer. üi. 17. Hosea. And the LORD said to Hosea, But they hearkened not, nor inclined Go take unto thee a wife of whoretheir ear, but walked in the counsels doms, and children of whoredoms, and in the imagination of their evil for the land hath committed_great heart, and went backward, and not whoredom, departing from the Lord, forward, vii. 24. Yet they obeyed Hos. i. 2. not, nor inclined their ear, but walked d See on John v. ver. 26. every one in the imagination of their evil heart: therefore I will bring
VER. 13. upon them all the words of this cove
'Αλλά παρακαλείτε εαυτούς καθ' εκάnant, which I commanded them to do; stny nuépar, ăxpes ou to chuspor xaheites but they did them not, xi. 8. And ye ένα μη σκληρυνθη τις εξ υμών απάτη της have done worse than your fathers; for åpeastias. behold, ye walk every one after the But a exhort one another b daily, while imagination of his evil heart, that it is called To-day; lest any of you be they may not hearken unto me, xvi. hardened through Cthe deceitfulness of 12. The heart is deceitful above all sin. things, and desperately wicked: who a And let us consider one another to can know it, xvii. 9. And they said, provoke unto love and to good works ; There is no hope : but we will walk Not forsaking the assembling of ourafter our own devices, and we will selves together, as the manner of some every one do the imagination of his is; but exhorting one another ; and so evil heart, xvii. 12. For from within, much the more, as ye see the day apout of the heart of man, proceed evil proaching, Heb. x. 24, 25. Who when thoughts, adulteries, fornications, he came, and had seen the grace of murders, thefts, covetousness, wick- God, was glad, and exhorted them all, edness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil that with purpose of heart they would eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness, cleave unto the Lord, Acts xi. 23. Mark vii. 21, 22.
And ye know how we exhorted and • Now the just shall live by faith ; comforted, and charged every one of but if uny man draw back, my soul you, as a father doth his children, shall have no pleasure in him, Heb. x. 1 Thess. ii. 11. Wherefore comfort 38. See that ye refuse not him that one another with these words, iv. 18. speaketh. For if they escaped not Wherefore comfort yourselves together who refused him that spake on earth, and edify one another, even as also ye much more shall not we escape, if we do, v. 11. Preach the word; be inturn away from him that speaketh from stant in season, out of season ; reheaven, xii. 25. Therefore they say prove, rebuke, exhort with all longunto God, Depart from us; for we de suffering and doctrine, 2 Tim. iv. 2. sire not the knowledge of thy ways,
b See on ver. 7. clause 2. Job xxi. 14. Which said unto God, cHe that trusteth in his own heart Depart from us: and what can the is a fool : but whoso walketh wisely, Almighty do for them, xxii. 17. For he shall be delivered, Prov. xxviii. I have kept the ways of the Lord, 26. He feedeth on ashes : a deceived and have not wickedly departed from heart hath turned him aside, that he my God, Psal. xviii. 21. For the turn cannot deliver his soul, nor say, Is ing away of the simple shall slay them, there not a lie in my right band, Isa. and the prosperity of fools shall destroy xliv. 20. The pride of thine heart hath
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HEB. JII. 13-16.
A. D. 54.
deceived thee, thou that dwellest in as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferthe clefts of the rock, whose habita- | ings; that, when his glory shall be tion is high; that saith in his heart, revealed, ye may be glad also with Who shall bring me down to the exceeding joy, 1 Pet. iv. 13. The elground, Obad. 3. For sin, taking ders which are among you I exhort, occasion by the commandment, de- who am also an elder, and a witness ceived me, and by it slew me, Rom. of the sufferings of Christ, and also a vii. 11. That ye put off concerning partaker of the glory that shall be rethe former conversation the old man, vealed, v. i. That which we have which is corrupt according to the de- seen and heard declare we unto you, ceitful lusts, Epli. iv. 22. But every that ye also may have fellowship with man is tempted, when he is drawn us; and truly our fellowship is with away of his own lust, and enticed, the Father, and with his son Jesus Jam. i. 14.
Christ, 1 John i. 3.
b And we desire that every one of VER. 14.
you do shew the same diligence to Μέτοχοι γαρ γεγόναμεν του Χριστού, the full assurance of hope unto the iárase thy ápxày răsimooráceas Méxps end, Heb. vi. 11. See also on ver. 6. τέλους βεβαίαν κατάσχωμεν·
clause 3. a For we ure made partakers of Christ,
VER. 15. bif we hold the beginning of our confi
'Εν τω λέγεσθαι: Σήμερον εάν της φωνής dence stedfast unto the end ;
αυτού ακούσητε, μη σκληρύνητε τας καρ
δίας υμών, ώς εν τω παραπικρασμώ. a Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider
While it is said, a To-day if ye will the Apostle and High Priest of our hear his voice, harden not your hearts as profession, Christ Jesus, ver.
in the provocation. For it is impossible for those who
a See on ver. 7, 8. were once enlightened, and have tast
VER. 16. ed of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, νι. αλλ' ού πάντες οι εξελθόντες εξ Αιγύπτου
Τινές γαρ ακούσαντες παρεπίκραναν, , 4. For they verily for a few days did Mwciws. chastened us after their own pleasure: but he for our profit, that we might be
For a some, when they had heard, did partakers of his holiness, xii. 10. And proroke : howbeit b not all that came out if some of the branches be broken off, of Egypt by Moses. and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert a See on ver. 9, 10. graffed in among them, and with them b But my servant Caleb, because partakest of the root and fatness of he had another spirit with him, and the olive tree, Rom. xi. 17. Bat of hath followed me fully, him will I him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of bring into the land whereinto he went, God is made unto us wisdom, and and his seed shall possess it, Numb. righteousness, and sanctification, and xiv. 24. Doubtless ye shall not come redemption, 1 Cor. i. 30. And this I into the land, concerning which 1 do for the Gospel's sake, that I might sware to make you dwell therein, save be partaker thereof with you, ix. 23. Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and For we being many are one bread, and Joshua the son of Nun, 30. But one body: for we are all partakers of Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the that one bread, x. 17. That the Gen- son of Jephunneh, which were of the tiles should be fellow-heirs, and of the men that went to search the land, same body, and partakers of his pro- lived still, 38. Save Caleb the son mise in Christ by the Gospel, Eph. iii. of Jephunneh; he shall see it, and 6. And they that have believing mas to him will I give the land that he ters, let them not despise them, be. hath trodden upon, and to his children, cause they are brethren; but rather because he hath wholly followed the do them service, because they are faithLord, Deut. i. 36. But Joshua the son ful and beloved, partakers of the be- of Nun, which standeth before thee, nefit. These things teach and exhort, he shall go in thither; encourage him, 1 Tim. vi. 2. But rejoice, inasmuch for he shall cause Israel to inherit it,