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History of England;

Being a

Of all the
Most remarkable TRANSACTIONS

From the earliest TIMES,

Restoration of King CHARLES II.

From the JOURNALS of both Houses, the RECORDS,

original Manuscripts, scarce Speeches and
TRACTS; all compared with the several Cotem-
porary Writers, and connected, throughout, with
The History of the Times.


From the Accession of King Henry VIII. to the
Fifth Year of Queen Elizabeth.

Printed, and Sold by Thomas Osborne, in Gray's Inn;


William Sandby, against St. Dunstan's Church,Fleet-street,


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E N N G A N D.

N the Demise of Henry VII. his The Acceffion of
only Son, Henry, succeeded to the Henry VIII,
Throne, by the Name of Henry the Anno 1509.
VIIIth. Never did Prince come to
that Dignity with more shining

Qualities ; fuch a natural Difpofition to do Good; and so many Advantages for reigning happily; insomuch, that no Perlon in England could doubt but that he would efface the Glory of the most illustrious of his Predecessors. He began his Reign at a Time, also, when the most happy Circumstances concurred to make it easy to himself and favourable to his people. Besides his indifputable Title to the Crown, he found the Kingdom peaceable, his Treasury immensely rich ; his Subjects engaged to him in Love and Efteem ; the neighbouring Princes divided, and oblig'd to seek to him, as an Arbitrator of Peace, or War; in short, to hold the Balance between the two great Houses of Bourbon and Austria, who were then extreamly jealous of each other's Power. But, tho' he retained VOL. III.




KingHenry VIII. his Grandeur, he soon dissipated his Riches; for all

the Treasure his Father amafled, in several Years, to the Value, as Authors attest, of 1,800,000 l. he prodigally squandered away in three ; as if, says Bishop Burnet, the Son's Expence was to vie with the Father's Industry and Thriftiness. (a)

After the Coronation, which was performed, A Parliament

with great Ceremony, at IVestminster, Jurie 25,

1509, Writs were issued out for calling a ParliaAnno Regni 1.

ment, dated at the fame Place, OEtober 17th, to 1509.

meet on the 21st of January following, The first At Westminster. Writ, to the Peers, being directed to his most dear

Cousin, Edward Duke of Buckingham, &C. The
rest we subjoin in their Order. (6)
Thomas, Marquess of Charles Somerset, Lurd

State of the Henry, Earl of Northum. Thomas, Lord Darcy,

William, Lord Coniers,
Thomas, Earl of Arundel, William Blount, Lord
John, Earl of Oxford, Mountjoy,
Thomas, Earl of Surrey, John, Lord Zouch,
Richard, Earl of Kent, John Bourchier, Lord
Henry, Earl of Elex, Fitz-Warin,
Thomas, Earl of Derby, Thomas Ormond, Lord
George, Earl of Shrews- Rochford,

Thomas Fennys,Lord Dacre,
Henry, Lord Clifford, Ralph Ogle, Lord Ogle.
George, Lord Nevile, of John Bourghchiere, Lord

Gcorge, Lord Hastings, Edmund Grey, Lord Wil-
Thomas Well, Loid Dela-

William, Lord Stourton,
Richard, Lord Lumley, Thomas, Lord Dacre,
Jahn Brooke, Lord Cob: Henry, Lord Scrcope, of

bam, Edward Sutton, Lord Thomas Grey, Lord Ferrers, Dudley,

of Groby,
Richard Nevile, Lord La- Walter Devereux, Lord

William, Lord Willoughby, George, Lord Fitz-Hugh,

(a) BURNET's History of the Reformation. Vol. I. P.2.
(6) DUGDALE's Summons to Parliament. Anno 1. Hen. VIII.




The like Writs of Summons were sent to the fol-'King Henry VIII,
lowing Judges, &c.
Sir Robert Rede, Knt. William Grevile,
Robert Brudenell, Lewis Pollard,
Humphry Conyngsby,

Richard Elyott
Sir John Fisher, Knt. John Ernley, the King's
John Butler,

Attorney General.
On the Day appointed, being Monday, January
21, the Parliament met, in the great Chamber of
the Palace at Weftminster, near the Royal Chapel,
or Oratory; and the King sitting on his Throne,
William Wbarham, Archbishop of Canterbury,
Lord High Chancellor of England, by the King's
Command, declared the Cause of the Summons
under this Text. (c)

Deum timete, Regem honorificate. Pet. 2. Which the Prelate divided into two parts ; to the The Lord Chan

cellor's Speech first, he said, “That Fear was essential in many Pro

at opening the ceedings; and that it particularly required Kings and Parliament. great Men to fear God, above all others; by the Nego lect of which, not only Kings and their Subjects, but even Cities, Commonwealths and Kingdoms, were afflicted, chastised, or, almost, totally fub

verted. For this Cause, only, that the Fear of ' God was not before their Eyes.

To the second Part he argued, “That Kings ought to be honoured by their Subjects; and that to honour the King is to chule Judgment or Understanding. In enlarging upon which, he thewed many Sorts or Kinds of Judgınent ; concluding,

that the abovefaid Honour was the most powerful . when the King's Subjects governed themselves • well ; and, when there was occafion, reformed

themselves also. And, when the Judges, acting by the Royal Authority, administer such Judgment as is both just and right, humane and natural. Saying, how neceflary good Laws are for the

right (c) The following Speech and Proceedings, in this first Parliament of Henry VIII. and all the subsequent ones, from this Time, are tranNared and extracted from a Manuscript Copy of the Journals of the House of Lords ; lately belonging to the Earl of Oxford ; purchased by Mr. 05borne, Bookseller in Gray's-inn,

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