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History of England;
Of all the
original Manuscripts, scarce Speeches and
By SEVERAL Hands.
Α Ν D
William Sandby, against St. Dunstan's Church,Fleet-street,
E N N G A N D.
N the Demise of Henry VII. his The Acceffion of
Qualities ; fuch a natural Difpofition to do Good; and so many Advantages for reigning happily; insomuch, that no Perlon in England could doubt but that he would efface the Glory of the most illustrious of his Predecessors. He began his Reign at a Time, also, when the most happy Circumstances concurred to make it easy to himself and favourable to his people. Besides his indifputable Title to the Crown, he found the Kingdom peaceable, his Treasury immensely rich ; his Subjects engaged to him in Love and Efteem ; the neighbouring Princes divided, and oblig'd to seek to him, as an Arbitrator of Peace, or War; in short, to hold the Balance between the two great Houses of Bourbon and Austria, who were then extreamly jealous of each other's Power. But, tho' he retained VOL. III.
KingHenry VIII. his Grandeur, he soon dissipated his Riches; for all
the Treasure his Father amafled, in several Years, to the Value, as Authors attest, of 1,800,000 l. he prodigally squandered away in three ; as if, says Bishop Burnet, the Son's Expence was to vie with the Father's Industry and Thriftiness. (a)
After the Coronation, which was performed, A Parliament
with great Ceremony, at IVestminster, Jurie 25,
1509, Writs were issued out for calling a ParliaAnno Regni 1.
ment, dated at the fame Place, OEtober 17th, to 1509.
meet on the 21st of January following, The first At Westminster. Writ, to the Peers, being directed to his most dear
Cousin, Edward Duke of Buckingham, &C. The
William, Lord Coniers,
Thomas Fennys,Lord Dacre,
William, Lord Stourton,
bam, Edward Sutton, Lord Thomas Grey, Lord Ferrers, Dudley,
The like Writs of Summons were sent to the fol-'King Henry VIII,
Deum timete, Regem honorificate. Pet. 2. Which the Prelate divided into two parts ; to the The Lord Chan
cellor's Speech first, he said, “That Fear was essential in many Pro
at opening the ceedings; and that it particularly required Kings and Parliament. great Men to fear God, above all others; by the Nego lect of which, not only Kings and their Subjects, but even Cities, Commonwealths and Kingdoms, were afflicted, chastised, or, almost, totally fub
verted. For this Cause, only, that the Fear of ' God was not before their Eyes.
To the second Part he argued, “That Kings ought to be honoured by their Subjects; and that to honour the King is to chule Judgment or Understanding. In enlarging upon which, he thewed many Sorts or Kinds of Judgınent ; concluding,
that the abovefaid Honour was the most powerful . when the King's Subjects governed themselves • well ; and, when there was occafion, reformed
themselves also. And, when the Judges, acting by the Royal Authority, administer such Judgment as is both just and right, humane and natural. Saying, how neceflary good Laws are for the
right (c) The following Speech and Proceedings, in this first Parliament of Henry VIII. and all the subsequent ones, from this Time, are tranNared and extracted from a Manuscript Copy of the Journals of the House of Lords ; lately belonging to the Earl of Oxford ; purchased by Mr. 05borne, Bookseller in Gray's-inn,