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cup bolding somewhat less than half a

pint of chocolate, was his dinner. Neiot ther did he drink any thing after it " but water; then rincing his mouth “ and washing his hands. Such TemPERANCE ís“ universal amongst the

They have their falt in “ lumps, like loaf sugar, which, at “ meals, they stamp on their rice every “ now and then, as a perfon ftamps a " letter.”


Men are not a

at all aware what a very Small quantity of food and drink is fufficient for the support of the human body, and therefore few, very few persons have the least idea of what may justly be deemed TEMPERANCE The learned Sir Francis Walfingham, however, seems to have been sensible of what it really is.

1. The Greek word for TEMPERANCE IS $7Xg&TEIX, a compound off-in, and meatos 4


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STRENGTH,denoting the real exercise of strength or fortitude, which is absolutely necessary to all persons who propole to resist fenfual indulgences; fo that our care and strength, to guard over our appetites must be exercised even in every ordinary meal we eat, that we may not exceed what is merely sufficient for necessary: refreshment; for whatever is more than this, tends to disorder both the body and mind.

TEMPERANCE is, therefore, in Scripture, ranked with the highest Christian virtues. The fruit of the spirit is love, " joy, peace, long fuffering, (or forbearance).“ gentleness," (or rather kindness)

goodness, meekness, TEMPERANCE,

against such there is no law. And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh " with the affections and lufts,(or defires), If. we live in Spirit, let us' walk in Spirit.'? (: (Gal. v. 22. 25.) This

" Fruit

Fruit of the Spirit,TEMPERANCE,
is therefore indispensably necesary to man,
and happy are they who learn what it is,
and endeavour to maintain it in them-
felves. But to return to Sir Francis
Walfingham. - He also very properly
ranked TEMPERANCE' with FORTI-
TUDE; nay, rather as being the PER-
". Anatomizing of Honesty, Ambition, and
“ FORTITUDE," written in 1590, and
printed in 1672, with the Posthumous
Works of Sir Robert Cotton, in 8vo.
See page 329. His “ Anatomy of Forti-
so tude" (the last head which clofes this
little tract) deserves to be copied at
length; but that would draw me too
far from the present topic, Tempe-
RANCE. However, he here fums


only true means of obtaining, and main-
Jaining all necessary virtues.-"The per-

fection of happiness" (says he) - con-
fifts in the fove of GOD which is


only able to fill up all the corners of the Joul with most perfect joy; and conse:

quently to fix all its desires upon those celestial joys that Mall never be taken from it. But this, as it cannot be obtained by discourse, but by UNFEIGNED

PRAYER, and the assistance and illu. mination of God's GRACE ; so it is not my purpose to prick at it. And for " that part of felicity which is attained

to. by moral virtue, I find that every
Virtue gives a man perfection in force
kind, and a degree of felicity too, viz,
- HONESTY, gives a man a good re-

Justice, estimation and authority; “ PRUDENCE, respect and confidence;

COURTESY, and LIBERALITY, affection, and a kind of dominion over

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« other men;




“ FORTITUDE, a quiet mind, not to * be moved by any adversity, and a con* fidence not to be circumvented by any

So that all other vir. tues give a man but an outward bappinefs, as receiving their reward from others; only TEMPERANCE doth pretend to make the body a stranger to pain; both in taking from it the occasion of diseases, and making the outward inconveniences of want, as hunger and « cold, if not delightful, at least suffer. able."



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