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THE FIRST PART OF
KING HENRY THE FOURTH
SCENE I. London. The palace.
Enter KING HENRY, LORD JOHN OF LANCASTER,
King. So shaken as we are, so wan with care,
Shall daub her lips with her own children's blood;
4. stronds, strands, shores.
thy brother's blood from thy hand.'
9. those opposed eyes, the eyes of contending armies; the intent gaze of two forces as they rush together being vividly put for the forces themselves.
Which, like the meteors of a troubled heaven,
Shall now, in mutual well-beseeming ranks,
Whose soldier now, under whose blessed cross
To chase these pagans in those holy fields
But this our purpose now is twelve month
And bootless 'tis to tell you we will go :
Therefore we meet not now. Then let me hear
West. My liege, this haste was hot in question,
And many limits of the charge set down
13. furious close, fierce hand
14. mutual, combined.
30. Therefore, etc., it is not for this that we are met.
33. this dear expedience, this momentous enterprise.
34. hot in question, being warmly debated.
35. limits of the charge, express and definite instructions.
Whose worst was, that the noble Mortimer,
Upon whose dead corpse there was such misuse,
King. It seems then that the tidings of this broil
Brake off our business for the Holy Land.
West. This match'd with other did, my gracious lord;
For more uneven and unwelcome news
38. the noble Mortimer. Two historical Edmund Mortimers were confused by Holinshed, and hence by Shakespeare. The
Elizabeth, m. H. Percy (Hotspur).
following table shows their relationship to one another and to Lady Percy :
Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March.
Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl
Anne, m. Richard, Earl of Cambridge (Hen. V. ii. 2. 11).
In the play the Mortimer who had a title to the crown is identified with Glendower's captive; he is inconsistently spoken of as brother to Hotspur and his wife (1 i. 3. 142, ii. 3. 78), and as their nephew (1 iii. 1. 196). In i. 3. these two Mortimers are further identified with Roger Mortimer,
Sir Edmund Mortimer (1376-1409)
(def. by Glendower).
That ever-valiant and approved Scot,
At Holmedon met,
Where they did spend a sad and bloody hour,
And shape of likelihood, the news was told ;
King. Here is a dear, a true industrious friend,
Ten thousand bold Scots, two and twenty knights,
On Holmedon's plains. Of prisoners, Hotspur took 70 Mordake the Earl of Fife, and eldest son
biguous word 'shot.' In another account of the battle, however (Hist. of Scotland, ii. 254, quot. Stone, p. 132), Holinshed speaks expressly of the 'incessant shot of arrows.' It is probable that Shakespeare understood perfectly that Holinshed meant arrows, and chose himself to mean the more impressive discharge of cannon.
62. industrious, active.
69. Balk'd, lying in 'balks' or level ridges dividing the furrows.
71. Mordake the Earl of Fife, and eldest son, etc. This was
Murdoch Stewart, eldest son
To beaten Douglas; and the Earl of Athol,
It is a conquest for a prince to boast of.
King. Yea, there thou makest me sad and makest me sin
In envy that my Lord Northumberland
A son who is the theme of honour's tongue ;
Of this young Percy's pride? the prisoners,
West. This is his uncle's teaching: this is
Malevolent to you in all aspects;
Which makes him prune himself, and bristle up
King. But I have sent for him to answer this;
96. Worcester, Thomas Percy, Earl of Worcester, younger brother of the Earl of Northumberland.
97. in all aspects, (like a malignant planet) in every 'position' and through every 'influence.'