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ment: to his no small furprise, that chief appeared in perfect health, but of this Mr. Thomas took no notice. The discourse concerning the Bramin was renewed ; and shortly after Appa rising from his feat, told Mr. Thomas he intended taking a flight repast, and would then return. Scarcely had he quitted the room in which they sat before Mr. Thomas was surprised by the appearance of several armed men. He now began to suspect some treacherous attempt against his person might be intended; but with that presence of mind which on trying occasions never forfook him, he continued firm on his seat, convinced that if on this occasion he had retired it would have afforded matter of triumph to his enemies.

In this situation he remained until Appa returned to an adjoining room; from thence he fent Mr. Thomas a written order immediately to deliver up the persons in question. Mr. Thomas perceiving matters were advancing to a crisis, and preferring death to dishonour, rose from his seat, and resolutely told the person who had delivered the order that he would never perform what was now required; with

out further discussion he entered the apartment of Appa, his sword being in his hand, but as yet undrawn: the Mahratta chief, on Mr. Thomas's approach, appeared hesitating, and as if he was uncertain how to act; Mr. Thomas perceiving his confusion took this opportunity of paying him the customary compliment, and retiring unmolested, though fully determined to visit him no more. .

On his arrival in the camp, Mr. Thomas difpatched his Dewan to Appakandarow with the following message :-“ That compelled by is a juft indignation against the treachery of his “ proceeding, he would no longer serve him." In making this declaration, Mr. Thomas had the satisfaction to find he was supported by the troops ; who, fired at the insult offered to à man whom they so highly respected, had declared with unanimous consent that they would remain no longer in the service of Appakandarow. Intimidated by this spirited resolution, Appa now wished to compromise the matter : he sent excuses to Mr. Thomas in mitigation of his treachery, and to ensure confidence came the next day in person to the camp. Willing

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to forget the past, Mr. Thomas received his chief with respect; and matters having once more been placed on an amicable footing, Appa told Mr. Thomas that he had received letters from Bappoo Farnevese, requesting the delivery of the persons who had occasioned the differences, as a personal favour to himself. They were accordingly sent off to Muttra in the manner proposed. :

Mr. Thomas was now directed to repair to the Mewatty country, to collect the tribute that had become due. Taking leave of Appa, he in a few days arrived at Mewat ; his presence at this juncture was the more necessary, perpetual quarrels having arisen between the collectors of Appakandarow and those who had been recently nominated by the Mahratta commanders. Mr. Thomas, however, by his active and spirited conduct on this occasion, by punishing some and conciliating others, at last brought matters into a favourable train of settlement. In the course of these transactions he had been under the necessity of taking one of the forts by storm, in which were found several pieces of artillery, and an abundant supply of bullocks and other carriage-cattle. Appakandarow, hearing of this capture, claimed as his right the artillery that had been found in the fort. Mr. Thomas as strenuously insisted on its being the property of the captors. Repeated altercations ensued, till at length Appakandarow having secretly gained over a body of Ghosseins, who were proceeding to their annual pilgrimage at Hurdwar, instigated them to the attack of Mr. Thomas's camp:

CHAPTER III.

Descriptive account of the Hurdwar, and of the

annual pilgrimage--Mr. Thomas defeats the Ghoffeins--the distri&ts of Panniput and Soneput are added to Mr. Thomas's pofleffions account of the city of Panniput, and of the canal of Ali Merdan Khan.

THE mountains through which the Ganges

flows at Hurdwar, present the spectator with the view of a grand natural amphitheatre ; their appearance is rugged, and deftitute of verdure; they run in ridges and blunt points, in a direction east and west; at the -back of the largest range, rise, towering to the clouds, the lofty mountains of Himmalayah, whose tops are covered with perpetual snow, which on clear days present a most sublime prospect. The large jagged masses, broken into a variety of irregular Thapes, added to their stupendous height, impress the mind with an idea of antiquity and grandeur coeval

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