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OF [4. D. 1793. the rebel stated that the real amount of the revenues were much larger than what had been acknowledged by Appakandarow, and paid by him to Scindia as his lord paramount. Appa being apprised of this treacherous corres, pondence, directed Mr. Thomas without delay to march and attack the rebel. He, on dil, closure of his treachery, fled to the mountain. ous part of the Mewatty country, and there fortified himself. The orders for the march had been kept a profound secret in Mr. Thomas's camp. Arriving suddenly before the place, by a successful stratagem Mr. Thomas took Gunga Bilhen prisoner, whom he sent to Appa. The fort was still maintained by his nephew, and a garrison of one thousand men; they had abundance of provisions, ammunition, and stores of all kinds ; the only inconvenience sustained by the inhabitants was a scarcity of water. This article was not to be , procured within two miles of the place. Mr. Thomas, in the hope of compelling them to surrender, commenced a blockade ; and the better to ensure success he constructed a chain of redoubts round the fort.

: Whilft employed in the erection of these posts he had a narrow escape for his life. Retired to snatch an hour of Neep and refreshment from the toils of the preceding day, Mr. Thomas was suddenly awakened in the night by the noise and shouts of the enemy. Repairing to an eminence in the neighbourhood, he had the mortification to perceive that his own people had given way, and the enemy were become masters of a newly-finished redoubt, together with the arms and ammunition contained within: to add to his distress he perceived a party advancing to the place where he stood, unarmed and defenceless, (the hurry of his being awoke not giving him time to fecure either pistols or fide-arms): fortunately however for him, a faithful servant had followed him with his sword, which taking from the man's hand he prepared for his defence.

From various quarters spears were thrown, and matchlocks fired at him but without effect.

Perceiving a stand of colours which his,own had left behind, he stooped to pick them up, which the enemy observing, concluded by the motion of his body that he had been

wounded; they rushed on him in numbers; and wounded him in several places. This compelled him to relinquish the colours and attack the enemy, whom he foon obliged to retreat. Mr. Thomas then ascended an eminence, in order to discover, if poffible, the direction his own troops had taken in their pufillanimous 'flight, but in vain. Faint from the wounds he had received in the late encounter, he now retired within his trenches and got them dressed. The siege of the place advanced apace, and two mines having been sprung with considerable effect the garrison capitulated.


During this fiege Mr. Thomas and his people had undergone great hardship. Whilft the grain remained on the ground he was enabled to procure supplies from the neighbouring country, but the harvest being got in they were reduced to a scarcity of provisions. His own tent, the only one in the camp, was converted into an hospital for the fick and wounded ; and the season being severe Mr. Thomas humanely, sold his own horses to procure blankets for the men.

Mr. Thomas next marched to Jyjur : on his arrival at that place, the zemindars who had revolted, not chusing to contest the point, paid their rents, and the troops received their arrears.

Gopaul Row, the Mahratta general, was about this time superseded in his office of lieutenant-general of the possessions of Scindia in Hindostan. Luckwah Dadah and Jigwah Bapoo were appointed to succeed him. In this state of Mr. Thomas's affairs, the army of these chiefs arrived in the vicinity of Appa's country. That chief determined to pay his respects, and for this purpose repaired to their camp; at first he was well received, but had not long remained when a sum of money was. required of him under pretext of payment of an old tribute due to Scindia. He was moreover informed, that until this was paid he would be detained in the camp: ,


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Unable to raise the sum demanded, Appakandarow was under the necessity of resigning the best part of his country into the hands of Bapoo Farnevese, who had been appointed


by the express orders of the Poona government, Although the sum required was less than two lacks of rupees, and many persons in Appa's family could easily have afforded him assistance in his distress, not a man was to be found who would now part with a rupee. The districts were therefore made over in mortgage ; and the sum required by the Mahratta commanders was advanced by Bapoo Farnevese.

It was moreover stipulated, that the troops kept up by Bapoo, for the purpose of collection, should be paid from the treasury of Appakandarow. “ In short (says Mr. Thomas in terms of indignation) it was plainly to be feen, that whoever might hereafter, by chance of war, obtain possession of the districts in question, it was evident that by these conceffions, Appa had for ever done away his own right."


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Among these pergunnahs were three in the Mewatty country which belonged to Mr. Thomas. The loss to him was severe ; but, as he observes with a consideration highly to his credit as a soldier, “ I had no cause for

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