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hur, in order to raise by contribution the neceffary supplies. :

es. ; ' iii . .

• In his route, the small villages were found to be deferted and the large ones increased with numbers of armed persons. By this time, Mr. Thomas's troops, thinned by frequent desertions, amounted only to 300 men ; but these, had they been soldiers accuftomed to discipline, would still have been sufficient to answer the purpose of completing the reduction of the rebellious Zemindarş. . . . .

· Arriving at Mundaka, the Zemindars, of which place had been the original cause of the misunderstanding betwixt Appakandarow and Mr. Thomas, were found ready for the combat; Mr. Thomas therefore, though with a force so inconsiderable, hesitated not in making an immediate attack : in this he was successful, and having defeated the enemy, he found in the place plunder to the amount of four thoufand rupees.

During these transactions, the Begum Sumroo, and the Mahratta governor of Delhi, jealous of the ascendancy Mr. Thomas had acquired, sent a force to watch his motions : for the present he thought the most prudent method to escape observation would be by removing to a distance, and his new levies being now complete, he marched directly back to the town of Tejára. lis... ii

At this place Mr. Thomas received a letter from Appakandarow, who was still detained in the fort of Kotepootly by the mutinous state of his troops. His situation had been rendered thus unpleasant by the intrigues of Gopaul Row, Scindia's commander in chief. That chief had written letters to the principal firdars in the army, promising them payment of their arrears provided they would deliver up Appa as a prisoner. He further observed, that he had but too much reason to imagine the firdars would yield a ready acquiescence to this offer;.' that, distressed for provisions, and having his family with him, if Mr. Thomas could not come to his assistance, he must ultimately be compelled to throw himself on the mercy of his enemies.

THOMAS

On receipt of this letter, although it rained heavily and the day was far advanced, Mr. Thomas, without hesitation, set off: he marched all that night and the best part of the ensuing day and night through a constant and heavy rain. About two o'clock in the morning he arrived at the fort of Kotepootly. The inceffant rain prevented his having any oppo-. sition from the enemy without, and he encamped under the walls of the fort. The communication was thus happily opened, and provisions being sent in, plenty succeeded to the scarcity before experienced.

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Mr. Thomas, aware that the force of the mutineers would daily become augmented, recommended to Appakandarow to evacuate the fort, and retreat to Kanoond. In the mean time he advised that letters should be written to Scindia, to deprecate the resentment of that chief. Approving of Mr. Thomas's proposal, Appakandarow appointed the ensuing day for the accomplishment of his purpose, and the business was conducted with so much secrefy and address, that until the moment of departure every one seemed ignorant of the intend- ., ed movement. At the appointed hour, Appakandarow, attended by a few persons who ftill adhered to him, came out of the fort of Kótepootly with his family and effects ; he was received by Mr. Thomas, and placed in the centre of a strong detachment, who formed around him, and commenced their march,

- In order to protect the baggage, Mr. Thomas, with the remainder of his force, remained behind for a short time, but the enemy now appearing prepared to pursue the detachment with determination to rescue Appakandarow, Mr. Thomas, without further delay, joined that chief. They had not proceeded far.when the van of the enemy made their appearance. Mr. Thomas, as the only means of inspiring confidence; recommended to Appakandarow to mount an elephant, and shew himself to the troops. The measure was instantly adopted, and attended with the happiest effect ; for the enemy perceiving this resolute conduct thought it most prudent to retire, and Mr. Thomas, without further opposition, conducted his chief in safety to Kanoond. Appakandarow, released from his embarrassment, was desirous of making

a grateful return for the services that had been rendered. He adopted Mr. Thomas as his son, presented him with the sum of three thousand rupees to purchase an elephant and palankeen suitable to the dignity of his station, ordered him to encrease his force two hundred'infantry and as many cavalry; and finally, made over to him, in perpetuity, the districts of Jyjur, Byrce, Mandoté, and Phatoda, which yield an annual revenue of a lack and fifty thousand rupees,

He was then dismissed by Appakandarow, and directed to complete the arrangement of the remaining districts in the Mewatty country. '

· This was become more necessary; a principal Zemindar, by name Gunga Bilhen, and of the tribe called Aheer,* had not only openly rebelled, but had made offers to Gopaul Row of surrendering up the district to Scindia; as an additional inducement for his acceptance,

* This tribe can bring into the field a body of fourteen thousand men.

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