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8th. This nation, so obscure as hardly to be mentioned even as a tribe, at the beginning of the present century, have, within these last thirty years, raised themselves in such reputation as not only to attract the notice, but excite the alarm of their neighbours on both sides of their government.

They possess the whole of the Punjaub, and it is very probable will one day or other have an eye to a participation of the Vizier's provinces. I propose, therefore, to obtain every possible information of their tribe, manners, customs, and spirit of government, and, should we be able, to penetrate into the Punjaub, to describe the face of that country, and the natural and commercial productions.*

gth. The desiderata of Major Rennel, which from a perusal of his most excellent memoir I

* See the History of Shah Aulum, and present work.

find to be, first, the ascertaining the existence of one of the grand designs of the Emperor Feroze; which was, to have cut a canal from the Sutledge to the Jumna, which would have opened a communication by water from Cabul to Affari. Major Rennel observes, he takes it for granted this canal was never completed, as no farther intimation has been obtained on that head. The remains * of fuch a magnificent work, if any still exist, must doubtless be difcovered by an inspection on the spot.

10th. I have in my poffeffion a history of the celebrated Timoor or Tamerlane, said to be written by himself. This work contains the whole of Timoor's expeditions, from an early period of his life until near his death. The Indian expedition in particular is detailed in a very accurate manner.


: I have been the more induced to present to the public the above prospectus, as an evidence

* See the 14th chapter of the present work.

that the leisure allowed to officers in the hours of relaxation from their professional duties, has not altogether been thrown away; and also in the entertaining a confident hope that the honest pursuit of laudable studies will ever meet with public approbation and support.


General Statement of the Forces of several of the

Natives Princes and States in the western
Parts of the Peninsula.

THE present force of Dowlut Row Scin

1 diah may be stated under the following heads.

ist. Cavalry, Marhatta, and Hindoostany, including the cavalry stationed with the different collectors that might be brought to act in a war 20,000

Ambajee's cavalry in the district of Gualior

4,000 Mr. Perron might muster in Hindoostan, that is, Delhi, Agrah, Jauts, Bạpoo Scindia, and Madhoo Row's cavalry, exclusive of Seiks or Rajepoots 7,000

Entire force of Scindiah’s cavalry 31,000

Scindiahs Infantry.

2d. The number of battalions at present under the command of Mr. Perron amount to forty ; each battalion generally consists of five hundred men, gunners and fighting men of every description included. Each battalion is provided with four field-pieces, a carronade, or howitzer, and some pieces of ordnance of large caliber, for the purpose of throwing grape,

A brigade consists of eight battalions; it has generally a separate park of ten pieces of artiliery attached to it. This park is composed of battering guns and spare field-pieces. ..

The strength of each brigade will consist as follows.

Strength in officers and fighting men of every description

4,150 Pieces of artillery - Strength of five brigades

20,750 Pieces of artillery it !

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