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in his invasion of Hindoftan. Toward the centre of the place is a building of an ancient style, flanked with round pillars, and crowned with turrets of three stories. At the top of this building, on an ample terrace of stone, about forty feet in height, is a column of brown granite. On this column is an inscription, in the ancient character beforementioned, as discernible on the pillar in the fort of Alla. habad, and composed of the same materials. This pillar is called, by the natives, Feroze Cotelah, the staff of Feroze, and from the construction of the building on which it is placed, I should conjecture it has been a monument of Hindoo grandeur, prior to the irruptions of the Mussulmans. Adjoining to the cotelah, is a very large building differing in the style of its architecture from those mosques built subsequent to the establishment of the Moguls. This mosque is square, has four extensive aisles or cloisters, the roofs of which are stone, and supported by two hundred and fifty columns of stone, about sixteen feet high. The length of the cloisters gives a grand appearance to the building. An octangular dome, of stone and brick work, about twenty-five feet high, rises from the centre of the mosque. In the western cloister is a kibla, or niche, in the wall, in the direction of Mecca. Of this mosque the emperor Timoor took a model, and carrying it with him on his return to Sa
marcand his capital, accompanied at the same · time by artificers and workmen of every de
scription, he shortly after his arrival built a magnificent temple...
In the northern aisle of this mosque, at the upper end, is a small window, from which was thrown the body of the late emperor the fecond Allumgeer, who had been affaffinated at the instigation of his vizier Gaziodeen Khan. The assassins were two Mahomedan devotees, whom he had visited under the pretext of their working miracles. The body of this unfortunate prince, unburied, for two days lay on the sands of the Jumna. At last it was taken up by permission of Gaziodeen, and interred in the sepulchre of Humaioon. To me it appears that the style of building in this mosque, refers to a period in the architecture of Hindoftan prior to the Mogul conquests. The mosque at Paniput, erected by the emperor Baber, may be looked upon as the model of all the succeeding Mogul buildings.
COOTTUB MINAR. Nine miles south of Delhi is the celebrated column, designated Coottub Minar, situated near, and deriving that name from the tomb of Khaja Cuttubadeen. His disciple, Shemsadeen, of the family of Ghazi, erected this column, Anno Hejirah 770. Shemsadeen designed that this pillar and another similar one should have marked the entrance of a magnificent mosque. It was begún upon the ruins of a Hindoo temple. Having finished this pillar, and parts of the buildings adjacent, Shemfadeen's premature death prevented the completion of a work which would have been one of the most magnificent in the world. The whole was intended as a inonument to perpetuate to posterity the triumph of Mahomedan faith over that of Brimha. The ca lumn has a most stupendous appearance. Conceive a shaft of fixty feet diameter, composed partly of red stone, partly of white marble, rising to the height of two hundred and fifty feet.
- Ascending this pillar, relief is afforded by four projecting galleries of red stone. Tapering toward the summit, it was crowned with an octagon pavilion. I imagine this pavilion would have contained at least, a dozen persons. Each of the galleries are most richly tho' differently ornamented. The column is relieved, and rendered strikingly bold, by convex and angular projections.
Within this grand tower, is a circular flaircase of three hundred and eight steps of red stone. There are, at intervals, landing places which communicate with windows. From the octagon, on the summit, the view is strikingly grand. Looking from such a height, the mind is impressed with sensations of admiration and of awe. Inscriptions in several parts, twelve inches in breadth, embrace the column. These contain verses from the Koran, in the Arabick character. The galleries are supported by sculptured ornaments,
of which the richness is greatly heightened by a profusion of frieze work.
This description of the Coottub Minar, with the engraving* fhewing the vestiges of the ruins which surround it, will I doubt not incline the reader to think with me that they are objects to a traveller, perhaps, equally interesting as any in the world; and through the east are not to be found more impressive memorials of its ingenuity, its magnificence, and its grandeur.
*. For this I am indebted to the kindness of Lieutenant Macdougal, of the engineers, from whose sketch, on the spot, it has been engraved.