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GEORGE THOMAS. evils, several of his own districts perceiving the disastrous situation of his affairs, joined their efforts to those of his enemies.

A part of Mr. Perron's forces was commanded by Captain Smith, whom we have before had occasion to notice, while a second divifion was led by Mr. Lewis.

On his arrival at Hansi, Mr. Thomas loft no time in completing his ammunition and other stores ; his intention was first to attack Mr. Lewis, but Captain Smith having lately invested the fort of George Ghur, by which means the collections in that district were interrupted, he resolved to proceed to its relief.

George Ghur* is a small fort erected by Mr. Thomas, when he first took possession of the pergunnahs made over to him by Appakandarow; it is situated four coss south of Jyjur, and thirty distant from Delhi. The unquiet state of the pergunnahs had induced Mr.

* For this account of the position of George Ghur, I åm indebted to the kindness of my friend Captain Salkeld of the cavalry.

Thomas to erect this fort with a view to overawe the neighbouring villages, and when finished he placed a strong body of troops in it for its defence.

Mr. Thomas having left a body of Rohillas to defend Hanfi, advanced towards Captain Smith, and after a march of eleven coss, en camped at the town of Mahim; Mr. Lewis at this time being feventeen coss to the northWeft of that place.

Here he was informed that Captain Smith, who had got imperfe& intelligence of his advance, had withdrawn his guns from the bat teries and struck his camp.

Mr. Thomas having ordered the cavalry to proceed with all expedition, continged his march with the infantry towards George Ghur, where, on bis arrival late in the evening, he learnt that Captain Smith had retreated.

Early on the enfuing morning Mr. Thomas commenced the pursuit, but Murtuza Khawn, the commandant of his second regiment, who

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had received orders to proceed in advance, and cut off the retreat of Captain Smith, most unaccountably lost his road, and the foldiers being fatigued, did not come up with their colours ; with the only battalion that remained Mr.

Thomas, on reaching the rear of Captain Smith's line of march, commenced the attack. Capa tain, Smith in order to cover the retreat of his artillery and baggage, drew up to receive Mr. Thomas, and after a flight cannonade continued his route ; at this time Mr. Thomas's second regiment made its appearance, of which, from the causes before stated, not more than seventy men had yet..come up, and they advancing incautioully into a field of joar* on the right, without having previoufly reconnoitred, were suddenly attacked by a battalion of the enemy; his men being so few in number made but a feeble resistance, and before they had time to unlimber, the enemy took poffeffion of four of their guns.

Mr. Thomas hearing of this disaster, immediately advanced to the relief of his troops ; he

* A grain very common in India.

was attended on this occasion by Asalut Khawn, a native officer, formerly in the service of the East India Company; they charged the enemy with vigour sword in hand, and after a severe conflict, in which the commandant of the enemy was taken prisoner, gave them a complete defeat.

: Mr. Thomas's men, thinned in their numbers, and exhausted with fatigue, were unable to continue the pursuit; he sent his cavalry however after the fugitives, who picked up several stands of colours and small arms, which had been thrown away in the retreat.

In this encounter the enemy lost seven hundred men, while that of Mr. Thomas did not exceed one hundred; and had it not been for the soldier-like precautions taken by Captain · Smith in sending forward his artillery and

baggage, while he made head against Mr. Thomas with his infantry, the whole would inevitably have been captured ; as it was, he loft the greater part of his ammunition and baggage.

Captain Smith on his defeat returned to Jyjur, and Mr. Thomas pitched his camp about two miles distant from that place.

In the morning he was preparing for a fecond attack, when his hircarrahs, who had been on the look-out, brought intelligence of the approach of Mr. Lewis from an opposite direction, and his own troops being not only fatigued, but many of them dispersed in search of plunder, he did not think it advisable at that time to hazard an engagement.

Mr. Thomas now returned to George Ghur, but had scarcely reached that place when he received intelligence of Mr. Perron's army having arrived at Byree, three coss from his own encampment. .

On the ensuing morning the enemy prepared to attack him. His situation was at this time critical; the battalions who had before retreated from George Ghur now came back, and took post within cannon fhot to the eastward of his encampment; the force under Mr. Lewis was stationed to the south-west ;

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