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GEORGE THOMAS. but when the force was inferior in numbers, by uniting, they proved victorious. With cavalry, likewise, they committed depredations in every direction. These excelles naturally rendered the Mahratta chief anxious of trans. ferring the districts to any person who would exert himself to prevent their plundering the industrious peasants. Mr. Thomas's agree. ment with Appakandarow was, that he should balance accounts every six months. These terms having been agreed on, as an assurance of confidence, he presented Mr. Thomas with two guns, fome ammunition, and a few bul. locks.
The necessary arrangements having been made, Mr. Thomas prepared to march, and take possession of the lands aforementioned. He was however stopped by accounts, difpatched by Mr. Person, announcing the death of Scindiah.
The march thus postponed, Appakandarow repaired to Delhi to guard against an apprehended commotion in that capital. On their arrival at court, Appakandarow, and other chiefs, among whom was Mr. Thomas, were honoured with Khilluts, similar presents were likewise given for Dowlut Row Scindiah, who had now succeeded to the possessions of his deceased uncle.
The mention of Delhi affords an opportunity of presenting the reader with an account of some remarkable buildings, which stand without the precincts of the new city, and have hitherto escaped the observation of travellers. They were obtained by the compiler of these Memoirs during a visit to this celebrated city, in 1793,
We come next to the tomb of Humaioon, the fon of Baber, second of the imperial House of Timoor, and memorable for a chequered life of alternate prosperity and misfortune. He died Anno Hejirah 963, and the mausoleum was erected by his son, the famous Akbar, on the western bank of the Jumna, in the city of old Delhi.
The building is situated in the centre of an
ample terrace, of red stone, two thousand feet. in circumference.
Upon this terrace rises the mausoleum of solid red stone. It is of a circular form, furmounted by a stupendous dome of white marble. Conspicuous from its dimensions, this dome is seen at a great distance. Four mina-, rets, of red and white marble, support the extremities of the building. These are crowned with octagon pavilions of red stone, having marble cupolas. I judge the height to be about a hundred and twenty feet. A winding stair-case,' of red stone, leads to a terrace, which encircles the exterior of the dome; hence you have a noble prospect, both of the old and new Delhi.
The principal room below, is paved with large slabs of white marble. It contains the sepulchre of Humaioon, of the common size, but elegantly decorated with chisel work : it bears no inscription. Adjoining to this room, are other apartments, in which are interred several princesses of the House of Timoor.
Upon the terrace aforementioned are the graves of five princes of the royal family, viz, Darah Shekoah, who was put to death by order of his brother Aurungzebe. 2d. Mooizaddeen or, Jehandar. 3d. Shah Furrukseir, put to death by the Seyuds. 4th. Beedar Bukht. 5th. Azim Shah, son of Aurungzebe. Near them is the grave of the late Emperor, the second Aulum
About two hundred yards from the mausoleum of Humaioon, is that of the famous Khan Khanan, prime minister of Jehangeer, and son of the renowned Byram Khan, memorable for contributing, in fo great a degree, during the fuccessive reigns of Humaioon, Akbar, and Jehangeer, to establish the House of Timoor on the throne of Hindoftan. The tomb resem bles, both in shape and size, that of the Na. waub Sufdar Jung. The fine marble covering however of the dome, as well as the inlayings of the minarets, and the gateways, have been dilapidated.
The generous mind cannot without indignation perceive the ravages which the diffe
rent invaders of Hindoftan have perpetrated upon these magnificent remains of departed grandeur. But what shall we say of those now living* who, for the paltry consideration of a few thousand rupees, strip the venerable shrines of the servants of their departed ancestors, and, by robbing the dead of what gra. titude or affection had bestowed as a parting, testimony, acquire thereby a partial, and difgraceful opulence ?
.. A mile to the southward of the new city are the remains of the fort, palace, and mosque of the Patan emperor, the first Feroze. These ruins embrace a considerable extent. The walls of the fort are of immense thickness, and the prodigious quantity of granite, with other stones, spread in heaps over the whole of the interior of the inclosure, denote it to have been a grand and splendid edifice.
This fort was built Anno Hejirah 755, and was destroyed by the Mogul conqueror Timoor;
* To every one at Delhi, it is notorious that a Prince of the House of Timoor now living, has actually sold the marble of this tomb, for twenty five thousand rupees.