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from motives of religious veneration to the memory of Shaick Fereed, an eminent Mahomedan saint, who flourished about the eighth century of the Hijerah.
· This veneration is carried so far as to claim protection in his name. Though deaf to the voice of mercy in other respects, and cruel from their natural disposition, yet in this in stance the Batties restrain themselves with a moderation truly singular.
Such is represented by Mr. Thomas to be a faithful portrait of the mixed character of this extraordinary people; and if the leading features of it be considered attentively by a reflecting observer, a comparison with their barbarism, and the happy result arising from the advan. tages of civilised life in other parts of the world, may be made to advantage, though it still affords an impressive lesson of the mutability of human nature, and the caprice and instability of all human institutions.
The chiefs of the Batties were originally Rajpoots, but are now Mahomedans. About fix hundred years ago their ancestors migrated from the province of Jesselmere; and after feveral vicissitudes of fortune, at length settled as cultivators of the soil in the district at present called the Battie country.
The majority of the present inhabitants, who acknowledge the authority of the defcendants of the chiefs aforementioned, were originally Jauts, inhabiting the western banks of the Sutledge, in the 29th degree of north latitude. They embraced the Mahomedan religion, and about one hundred years since were invited by the ancestors of the present rajah to cross the Sutledge, and settle in the vicinity of Batnier, where their descendants still continue to reside.
Resuming our narration, after this digreffion, it must now be remarked, that the local advantages possessed by the rajah of Beykaneer had induced him to erect a fort six coss to the south-west of Batinda, the capital of the Battee tribe, which served in some measure to overawe those desperate marauders, or at least to check their predatory incursions into his own
country. In this fort, exclusive of the garrifon, he stationed a large body of cavalry, who so annoyed the Batties by frequent sallies, in which they took such numbers of cattle, that the inhabitants entertained thoughts of emigrating from their own country altogether. .
· When Mr. Thomas reached the frontiers of., Beykaneer, the chiefs of the Batties, hearing of his arrival, were desirous of entering into a treaty with him; and, in order to secure him in their interests, offered the sum of 40,000 rupees, if he would reduce the fort abovementioned, and liberate them from their unpleafant situation.
The offer being accepted, after a march of ten days, Mr. Thomas reached the city of Batnier, the most western habitation in that part of India. *
This city, occupied by the troops of Bey
* In this sense at least it is understood at present, there being no habitation west of it until you pass the Sutledge, from whence commences the country of the Balooches, who are at present tributaries to Zemnaun Shah, king of Cabul.-Consult the map.
kaneer, was, from its natural position, almost inaccessible to an enemy, there being no water to be procured nearer than twelve miles. The garrison being numerous, Mr. Thomas thought it most eligible to batter in breach, which he did, and was making the necessary preparations for storming, when the enemy capitulated.. He allowed them to march out with the honours of war, and immediately put the Battie chiefs in poffeffion of the place.
Several other places were then taken pofsession of, and various actions took place, by which, and the unhealthiness of the climate, Mr. Thomas's troops were reduced to one third only of their original strength. This was the more unpleasant, as the brother of one of the chiefs abovementioned, who was at variance with him, commenced hoftilities against Mr. Thomas, who, on account of the deficiency of his force, from the causes above stated, being scarcely equal to the encounter, was compelled to fortify his camp.
· By night the enemy made frequent attacks;
but, unsuccessful in all attempts, at length · gave up the point, and withdrew their army.
GEORGE THOMAS. -Mr. Thomas then marched and took pofsefsion of the town of Futtahbad, which with several others he burnt, and would now, in all probability, have got poffeffion of the whole country, had not the enemy at this time received assistance from their neighbour, the Seik chief of Puttialah. That chief, having sent one thousand cavalry to their aid, and concluded a treaty of alliance, Mr. Thomas did not deem the present moment favourable for a prosecution of hostilities. He therefore returned to Jyjur, in order to afford fome relief to his people from the distempers they had contracted in the course of the campaign
About this time, Luckwa, through the intrigues of Mr. Perron at Scindiah's durbar, had been again superseded in his command. To hasten his downfall, and if possible take him prisoner, Perron marched against him with his whole force.
But Luckwa, leaving his camp and baggage a prey to the enemy (who on their arrival were too much taken up in plundering to follow in the pursuit), and having previously sent