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cofs (the rains having overtaken them in their route) fifteen days had elapsed before they reached the northern frontier, Luckwa having by this time been reinforced by the troops which he expected, as also by some from Oudi. poor, peremptorily refused to evacuate the country. He accordingly recommenced hoftilities, and marched against Mr. Thomas, Ambạjees's troops, who were encamped on an extensive plain, were in consequence open to attacks of cavalry; Mr. Thomas with his usual prudence had taken post on the spot of ground surrounded on all sides by nullahs and ravines. In a council of war held on the occasion, it was determined that Ambajee's force should encamp in Mr. Thomas's rear, by which means they would be secure from any attempt of the enemy's horse. Prior to this determination of the council being known, a battalion who had began to dress their victuals, could not be perfuaded to move off until they had finished their meal; the consequence of this delay proved fatal; Luckwa, too late sensible of his error in not possessing himself of the ground occupied by Mr. Thomas, nevertheless attempts ed to take a redoubt that lay in his front; for

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this purpose he advanced with resolution, but being foon compelled to retreat, he directed his infantry to remain on the defensive; and eager to revenge his ill success, at the head of a strong detachment of cavalry, he fell suddenly upon the battalion before mentioned, who in their defenceless state were almost cut to pieces. . Mr. Thomas, leaving two battalions to cover Ambajée, now proceeded with the remainder to the attack of Luckwa’s main body, but a heavy shower of rain falling, and the sudden swelling of the nullahs, prevented further hoftilities on that day. The rain continued without intermiffion for eight days, during which time no opportunity occurred of renewing the contest; frequent skirmishes however took place. It was customary for Luckwa and some of his principal Sirdars, attended by a select body of horse, to pay daily visits to Mr. Thomas : they usually posted themselves between the camp and the town of Shahpoora, from whence he received supplies of grain.

To deceive the enemy on this occasion, Mr. Thomas was accustomed to change the

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uniforms and colours of his own people ; and having by feints got within shot of the enemy, he frequently opened a smart cannonade ; one in particular, the enemy approaching so near, that Luckwa himself could be easily distinguished. Mr. Thomas, by a brisk and welldirected fire, compelled them to a speedy retreat, after a considerable lofs in men and horses. These skirmishes, though harassing to the troops, did not occasion much loss to ei. ther party, who were now in daily expectation of receiving orders from Scindiah to desist from hoftilities. Intelligence now arrived that Per. ron, taking advantage of Mr. Thomas's absence, had invaded the purgunnah of Jyjur, and was moreover committing depredations on other parts of his poffeffions. This intelligence he wished to keep secret, but Luckwa, who had previously received similar intimation, now made Mr. Thomas very handsome offers to induce him to join his standard, but these were resolutely rejected. Mr. Thomas moreover acquainted Luckwa, that though he might poffibly leave the service of Ambajee at the termination of the present campaign, he could never become his enemy, nor connect himself

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GEORGE THOMAS

with those who were. This answer displeased Luckwa; he complained much in his durbar of Mr. Thomas, who he said was a man of a most unaccountable character; 'that although repeated orders had been received from Scindiah to cease hostilities, he could not be prevailed on to obey them; and finally charged him with nothing less than aimning at the expiration of Scindiah's authority, and the establishment of his own.

Not content with the falseness of these accusations, Luckwa privately fent emissaries into Mr. Thomas's camp to fow dissensions among his troops, but they being discovered by his hircarrahs,* were seized, put into confinement, and there detained during the remainder of the campaign.

The arts used by Luckwa on this occasion having failed, Mr. Thomas conciliated the good opinion of his soldiers, by an assurance of speedily reconducting them to their own country. The force of Luckwa at this period

* Messengers.

amounted to nine thousand cavalry, fix thousand regular infantry, two thousand Rohillas, and about five or fix thousand mercenaries, together with ninety pieces of artillery:

Mr. Thomas had only six battalions, by desertion much reduced, one hundred and fifty cavalry, three hundred Rohillas and twentytwo pieces of artillery.

With this force comparatively so small, he was compelled not only to provide for the safety of Ambajee, but the security of the camp, to escort provisions, and procure fupplies of forage for the whole.

Several actions took place, in which Mr. Thomas was usually successful, having frequently driven his antagonist back to his camp. On one occasion Luckwa narrowly escaped a total defeat: he drew out his whole army, and advanced upon Mr. Thomas, who, at the time having only two battalions, was compelled to retire; Luckwa followed in his rear to the fkirts of his encampment, when, being suddenly joined by three additional battalions and a sup

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