« PreviousContinue »
GEORGE THOMAS. · This impolitic measure has not only caused a decrease in the present breed, but has also deterred the inhabitants from extending the traffic; though, on the contrary, if the breeders of the horses were allowed a fair and equitable market, and they were to be exempted from those vexatious drawbacks, the commerce might again flourish, and the proprietors of land in the Lacky Jungle and its' vicinity would have a certain preference in supplying the neighbouring states with plenty of the finest horses in India.
The prices of the horses are variable, and obtain according to the quality of the animal ; they are in general from two hundred to one thousand rupees in value, which latter sum is feldom exceeded.
It is remarked that the breeders are averse to dispose of their brood mares; and if prevailed upon to do so, will exact double price : though in general with regard to foreigners, they cannot be persuaded to part with a brood mare for any price.
While breeding, the mares and foals are kept apart from the horses. The women and children look after them during the day-time. At the season of the periodical rains they are allowed. to graze, and are brought home at night; but in the cold and dry seasons they are fed upon hay, which is dried in the same manner as in Europe ; a custom common throughout the west of India.
One thing only diminishes the excellence of this breed, which is a disease of the most diftressing nature. A species of musquitoes, called by the natives Dunkh*, and sometimes Fetha, are not only very troublesome to the animals, by annoying them with their stings, but in a short time degenerating into an incurable cancer, the horses die,
This disorder prevails chiefly in the neigh.
* This is remarkable, and it would no doubt amply re. compense the labour any gentleman of science might bestow in investigating the causes of this extraordinary distemper, and pointing out a remedy; more especially, as it secms peculiar to the district called the Lacky Jungle.
bourhood of the Cuggur river, more particularly about the towns of Futtiahbad, Seerfah, and Runyah ; and it is computed that in these places, and the interior parts of the Lacky Jungle, the yearly loss sustained by the ravages of this pernicious infect is estimated at onefourth of the horses* that are produced.
Returning from our geographical excursion, we now resume the thread of our narrative. When resolved on the invasion of Beykaneer, Mr. Thomas, with great precaution and foree fight, had prepared a number of water-bags for the use of his army; a measure which the scarcity of water in that country rendered indispensably necessary.
With this aid, and a reinforcement of troops,' he on the commencement of the rainy season began his march. The rajah, who had received
* In addition to the foregoing it may be observed, that though the best horses are said to be produced within the boundaries of the Lacky Jungle, Mr. Thomas affirms that equally good horses may be procured many coss distanti from thence; a circumstance which may possibly have cona founded the real Jungle with some other place.
intimation of the intended attack, was prepared to repel it. Being in want of artillery, and knowing he could not stand against Mr. Thomas on the plain, he stationed large bodies of infantry in each of the frontier towns.
The first attack was made on the village of Jeitporé, in which were three thousand men. Mr. Thomas resolved on an immediate assault; and carried the place, though with the loss of two hundred of his troops. The lives and property of the survivors were then ransomed for a sum of money; and successful in this first onset, Mr. Thomas met with but little resistance during the remainder of the campaign. Intimidated by these repeated defeats, the rajah's followers deserted in crowds; a few Rajpoots alone remained faithful to his cause.
Under circumstances so unfavorable, the rajah dispatched a vakeel to Mr. Thomas, to request
a cessation from hoftilities, and consent to an · adjustment of former differences. The rajah agreed to pay the sum of two lacks of rupees, part of which was delivered on the spot; and for the remainder bills were given upon mer
chants in Jypore, the amount of which Mr. Thomas never received.
It has before been remarked that Luckwah and his colleague had been superseded in their command, and made prisoners. This circumstance afforded Mr. Thomas an opportunity of regaining possession of the districts belonging to the deceased Appakandarow, and which, as above related, had been made over in form to Furnaveese. Mr. Thomas now possessed himself of the districts in question, with an intent to present them to Appa's heir ; but Ambajee and Mr. Perron, who had been lately nominated to the chief command in Hindooftan, hearing of his intentions, united in requesting Mr. Thomas to abstain from interfering in the affair. Consulting with Vavon Row on the subject, he was advised by that chief to comply, and at length afsented. In recompence for this concession, the Marhattas gave him the pergunnah of Badhli, which he added to his other acquisitions.
Mr. Thomas next marched to Jeind, a town on the frontiers of Hurrianah and Punjab, be