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Thomas, having formed his men, compelled the enemy to retreat with great loss.
They still continued to hang on his rear, and annoy him with the fire of artillery, assisted by an immense quantity of rockets. From the rapidity of his march the enemy's heavy guns were soon obliged to remain behind, and the rocket and the matchlock men alone continued thepursuit. The day was intensely hot, and the troops suffered severely from a total want of water ; this cause, however, operating in a fimilar manner upon the enemy, prevented the execution of their plans. The service was severe, and in the highest degree fatiguing ; at length after a toilfome march, Mr. Thomas arrived in the evening at a village, where he fortunately met with two wells, containing plenty of excel, lent.water. His men, eager to catch a refreshing draught, crowded so fast upon each other that two fell into the well, by which accident one of them was instantly suffocated, and the other with much difficulty brought out'alive. Care was now taken to prevent a renewal of fimilar accidents, by stationing an armed force to protect the well, till by degrees most of the troops
having received a small supply, the confusion ceased, and order was restored in the camp.
The enemy still followed in the rear, and encamped within two coss. Mr. Thomas determined to renew the attack the ensuing day.
Mr. Thomas, perceiving that his men had lost their accustomed spirits, to encourage them marched himself, on foot, at their head, during the whole of the en:
The enemy frequently appearing inclined to charge, Mr. Thomas directed the commandant of artillery to keep up a constant fire in the rear. This, in some degree checked their ardour, and afforded an opportunity to his own troops to move on. After a second day's march, attended by circumstances of distress similar to the preceding one, though with considerable loss to the enemy, Mr. Thomas arrived at a large town ; in the neighbourhood of which he was gratified with the light of an ample fupply of water, from five wells.
Here the enemy desisting from the pursuit,
Mr. Thomas had time to direct his attention to the situation of his own troops. The sick and wounded were conducted to a place of safety, together with the hostages which had been received from the enemy on the commencement of the late negotiations; and having rested and refreshed his men, Mr. Thomas recommenced hostilities on the enemy's country, and, by a succession of exactions and fines, foon obtained money fufficient to defray his expences, and satisfy his troops for their arrears. .
By this time, the rajah of Jypoor, sensible of the injury which his country would sustain by these depredations, once more sent persons to offer terms to Vavon Row, for the evacuation of his territories. The terms were accepted, a sum of money paid, and hostilities ceased.
On the conclusion of the transactions, Mr. Thomas determined to retaliate on the rajah of Beykaneer, and punish him for the aid which he had afforded the prince of Jypoor the preceding year.
To comprehend, however, the nature of this
expedition, it will be necessary in this place to recur to a geographical and statistical sketch of this remarkable country. .
The province of Beykaneer is bounded on the north by the country of the Batties, west by the desert, south-west by Jeffelmere, and south by Joudpoor ; south-east by Jypoor, and east by the district of Hurrianah. It is one hundred and twenty coss from north to fouth, and from fifty to eighty from east to weft; but is broadest in the centre. The country is elevated; the soil a light brown fand, from the nature of which rain is swallowed up as soon as fallen. This circumstance renders necessary a recourse to the construction of wells in all parts of the country. These, which are made of brick, are in general from one to two hundred feet in depth, though towards the Jesselmere frontier they extend to no less than three hundred feet. For the ordinary purposes of life, and domestic consumption, each family is careful to provide a cistern for the reception of rain water; as a dearth of this precious article frequently compels the inhabitants, by whole families, to migrate to a more favourable soil.
With the exception of a few villages towards the eastern boundary, the cultivation of Beykaneer is precarious ; bajerah, and other forts of Indian pulse, being all that are produced. But horses and bullocks are numerous. From the causes above stated, the inhabitants of Beykaneer are obliged in a great measure to depend upon their neighbours for the necessary supplies of provisions; as even in the few, places most favourable for cultivation the produce of the fields scarcely recompenses the labour of the peasant.
The city of Beykaneer is spacious, well-built, and surrounded by a wall of conker.
One mile south-west of the city is the fort where the rajah resides. It is a place of considerable strength, built in the Indian style, and encompassed by a broad and deep ditch ; but the chief security of both the city and fort is owing to the scarcity of water in the surrounding country.
: The form of government in Beykaneer resembles that of Joudpoor, for here also both