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hillas, three thousand Ghosseins, and six thoufand irregular infantry, commanded by the chiefs of their respective districts, advanced at the same time with hasty strides and loud fhouts, to take possession of the city, the loss of which, by cutting off the supply of water, would have been attended with the most ferious consequences.
Their third, or main body, was composed of ten battalions of infantry, twenty-two pieces of artillery, and the fillah posh, or body guard, of the rajah, consisting of sixteen hundred men armed with matchlocks and fabres, and coma manded by Rajah Roorojee Khavies, as generalisfimo of the army. Notwithstanding this immense force, Mr. Thomas derived great advantage from the position in which his troops were drawn up; his front and flanks being secured by the fortified camp, and his rear by the city of Futtahpore.
The enemy's cavalry now advancing in close and compact order, the Mahrattas, who were posted in the rear, sent to require a reinforcement; and accordingly Mr. Thomas, though
he could ill spare it, ordered four companies and two of the guns which had been left for the protection of the camp, to march out and join him; while, witḥ three guns and five companies of infantry, he advanced to repel the attack of the enemy's horse. His main body was commanded by John Morris, an Englishman, “who, though a brave man (says “ Mr. Thomas), was better adapted to con* duct a forlorn hope than to direct the mos « tions of troops in a field of battle.” Mr. Thomas having taken possession of a very high sand-bank, the enemy were thus placed between two fires, and could neither charge him or attack the camp; they consequently began to draw off: but perceiving he had but few cavalry, and those being in his rear, on a sudden made a furious charge upon them, by which the person who commanded, and several other brave men, were instantly cut to pieces; and it was not until the advance of two companies of grenadiers, who, after hav, ing given their volley, charged with bayonets, that the enemy, thus exposed, were compelled to retreat; and had the other divisions of their army behaved with equal spirit, the day would
have been their own. It was not, however, until their cavalry retreated, that the body def. tined to take poffeffion of the city thought proper to advance a second time, having alseady once been driven back with considerable loss. Within the city Mr. Thomas had posted the Hurrianah infantry, and one hundred Rohillas, who, having fortified the highest and the strongest of the houses, could maintain themfelves against all attacks, excepting those of artillery of this circumstance the enemy were aware; and accordingly now detached fix pieces of cannon against the city, with orders to renew the combat. Mr. Thomas, on feeing their cavalry draw off from the field, was thereby enabled to fuccour those. He attacked the enemy instantly, and with so much vigour, that he compelled them to withdraw the artillery, and retreat. Their main body had by this time become a confused mass, without order, regularity, or method. The enemy, notwithstanding, was determined to risk the issue of the day on a general charge on Mr. Thomas's main body. But their general was not met on this occafion with equal ardour by his troops; and Mr. Thomas, perceiving them at a stand, commenced a heavy fire of grape shot from his guns, when, after sustaining much loss, the enemy retreated, and Mr. Thomas at this time ordered his battalions that had suffered the least in the late conflict to advance in the pursuit. This, however, could not now be effected: the bullocks attached to the artillery, having been stationed behind a sand-bank in the rear, could not be brought up with the expedition the emergency of the case required. At this time the Mahratta ca
valry, who, during the preceding part of the · conflict, had stood aloof, came forward with
their services in this pursuit. After some delay, Mr. Thomas, having procured a fufficient number of bullocks for one of his guns, advanced with that and a battalion of infantry against the enemy; while the Mahratta horse, to wipe off the disgrace they had before suffered by their inactivity, joined in the pursuit.
The enemy were retreating in all directions; and Mr. Thomas prepared to take poffeffion of a pair of twenty-four pounders, which re, mained near the spot where he stood, and dia rected some of his people to carry them into • the rear. At this instant a large body of Raj
poot cavalry advanced sword in hand to rescue the guns, when the cowardly Mahrattas, without sustaining a single assault, quitted the field, Mr. Thomas, perceiving the enemy continued to advance, drew up his troops as well as the Shortness of time permitted; but before he was completely formed, the Mahratta horse, in their pufillanimous flight, had broken through his left wing, and were followed closely by the Rajpoots, who began to cut down a great number of his men. These gallant soldiers made a brave resistance; many of them, even in the agonies of death; seized hold of the bridles of the enemy's horses. The moment was critical; and to Mr. Thomas pregnant with future mischief. With the only gun that remained, which he loaded up to the muzzle, and about one hundred and fifty of his followers, who bravely determined to conquer or die with him, he waited the event with fortitude. After permitting the enemy to approach within forty yards, he gave his fire, '. accompanied at the same time by a volley of musquetry, with such considerable effect, that great numbers of the enemy were instantly