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Hence arises the impolicy of the rajah, who has of late years introduced into commands in his army, servants, mechanics, and even slaves. These men, destitute of talents or conduct, cannot be supposed to poffefs that independancy of spirit which alone excites to the performance of great actions. In justification of the rajáh's measures in this instance, it has however been afferted by some, that the difference of cast and condition makes none in respect to courage : which Mr. Thomas observes may hold good with respect to European troops, or even Indian troops disciplined and conducted by European officers, as, in that instance, they may be confidered as a machine actuated and animated by the voice of the commander ; but in an Indian army, where discipline never exifted, little can · be expected from chiefs who in their actions are not stimulated by a sense of personal honour.
The Rajpoots, therefore, who composed the greater number of the troops in the Jypore army, deeming these commanders inadequate to perform the duties of their station, became consequently indifferent in their acknowledge
ment of authority: these men, moreover, from a constant residence at the court of a gay and luxurious prince, for such is the character of the reigning sovereign, have assumed the manners of courtiers, and indulge in too frequent ridicule on the plain and honest fimplicity of Rajpoot manners; while the latter, from their haughtiness of spirit, and the disgust conceived at this treatment, never fail, on the nightest
token of disrespect, to revenge the insult, by i putting the aggressor to instant death..
Among the recreations of the Kutch wah Rajpoots, the exercise on horseback forms a distinguishing feature. If ever, by chance, they Thould be neceffitated to combat on foot, it is only in defence of their houses and families. Their arms consist of a lance and sabre ; and though the rajah, of late years, has introduced the musquet and matchlock, they make but little use of these weapons. They have, in common with other Rajpoots, a thick quilted jacket, which, like armour, will resist with effect the stroke of a scymeter.
The country of Jypore is capable of yielding
an anual revenue of one hundred and twenty lacks of rupees ; though from the nature of its government, the amount paid into the rajah's-, treasury now seldom exceeds fixty lacks. This may be accounted for by considering that the, feudal system prevailing throughout the dominions of Jypore lessens thereby the actual reyenue of the state. The respective chieftains. hold their lands in Jâiedad, and for the express, purpose of affording a body of troops in times of emergency, which cannot be dispensed with.
To this certain expençe are to be added the occasional exactions of the sovereign upon particular chiefs, and consequent diminution of the effective military force.
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The chiefs of the district termed Sheckhawathy, in particular, who in former times could contribute their quota towards the exigencies of the state, by bringing ten thousand men into the field, and who from great military experience and length of service, were justly confidered as the best soldiers in the Jypore army, can now with difficulty muster three thousand men. Of late years these troops have become not only extremely disgusted with the service,
occafioned by the caufes already detailed, but have evinced a spirit of discontent and dissatisfaction, which in the event of civil discord threatens to prove highly detrimental to the general interests of the community.
The Rajpoot princes of Jypore are of the tribe called Kutchwa, and tracing their origin from a remote antiquity, this illustrious family in the annals of the empire are called Beni Suruj, or children of the fun. They originally settled in the fouthern parts of the province of Gualior, and drew their lineage from rajah Ramchunder, a prince of high celebrity.
It appears from the Hindoo books called Ramayoon and Muhubhârat, that rajah Ramchunder had two sons, the one named Nubh, and the other Koosh. The descendants of the former are denominated Burhagoojer, and those of the latter Kutch wayah. "Pirthi Raj* the
* Pirthi Sing, aforementioned, was the founder of a dynasty, denominated Duazdah Kutchoory, or the twelve partitions ; so called from the number of his sons, among whom, to prevent animosities, he during his lifetime die vided his dominions into as many separate parts.
first sovereign who mounted the throne of Jypore, in the æra of Bekermajeet,* 1559, died in 1584.
The descendants of the Rajahs of Ambeer having established themselves in the fineft parts of the peninsula, for a series of years were pof sessed of high authority and extensive dominion. Among these Maun Sing, a prince renowned in the annals of the empire, assumed a leading part; others, following his example, in fuccefsion contributed to the permanent establishment of their family, by acts of no less wisdom than benevolence.
The dry and uninteresting matter contained in a genealogical detail can be gratifying to none; it will therefore be sufficient to remark, that the succession of the Rajpoot princes from their founder continued for several centuries to fill the throne of Jypore; and our present detail will conclude by observing, that in the records of the royal family of Ambeer, there
* For the æra of Bekermajeet consult Mr. Gladwin's Ayeen Akbery.