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Reflections.—Mr. Thomas resolves to invade the
Jypoor territory. Geographical and statistical account of that country.--Revenues, history, manners and customs of the inhabitants.
TTAVING accompanied Mr. Thomas Il through a series of services, as interesting in their nature as singular in their result; having beheld him from the situation of a fugitive, a friendless and deserted object, now by the force of his own exertions, and an intrepidity of spirit scarcely to be paralleled, obtain a situation seldom equalled by the moft fortunate; we must next proceed to trace the causes and describe the progress of those events which led to a decline of his authority, and in the end, as the only means of safety and escape from the persecution of numerous and inveterate foes, compelled him to seek an afylum in the terrie tories of his native sovereign..
Not however to anticipate the order of events, it will now be necessary to recur to Mr. Thomas's situation when in possession of his newly acquired country. His mind having been long intent on the reduction of the Punjab, he would now have set out on this interesting expedition, but on a review of his troops made for the purpose, he found his force insufficient to the talk, and was therefore induced to have recourfe to an excursion into the Jypore dominions, which had hitherto afforded a never-failing supply to his necessities, and whose ruler was in consequence become his bitter enemy.
The situation of the Jypore dominions, and their relative importance among the states of Rajpootana, will justify a detail of the strength and internal resources of this interesting country. The dominions of Jypore are nearly one hundred coss, from north to south, and fifty from east to west;, they are bounded on the north by the district of Hurrianah, on the north-east by Alvar, east by Karolee and Bhurtpoor, south by Kota, Boondee and Mewar, fouth-west by Kishenghur, west by Ajmere, and Joud-pore, and on the north-west by the country of Beykaneer.
The eastern, north-eastern, fouthern and south-western parts of Jypore produce wheat, cotton, tobacco, and in general whatever is common to other parts of India; to which may be added, excellent cattle, and abundance of good copper:
The country in general is watered from the wells: the northern and north-western districts being fandy are not so well supplied with this necessary article as the midland parts ; but in that part of Jypore which is mountainous, the streams that ifsue from thence are of the highest advantage to the cultivation of the foil. .
The Rajpoots of Jypore are not esteemed fo brave as those of Joudpore, for which Mr. Thomas imagines three causes may be ascribed :first, the encroachments of the prince on the feudal system, which obtained formerly in this country, and which has contributed to render the people abject and Navish ; fecond, that their armies are commanded by people whom they neither love, fear, or respect; and thirdly, the difference of climate, which is particularly obfervable in a comparison with the stature and personal comeliness of the Rhatores with those of Jypore, the inhabitants of the former being by far more robust in their make.
No Rajpoot engages in trade, or any mechanical occupation whatsoever : they are all, without exception, either soldiers or husbandmen.
· They are of a high and unconquerable spirit, and do not think poverty any dishonour : on the contrary they will often affert in conversation, that provided a person shall conduct himself with propriety towards his neighbours, he, whether possessed of riches or not, is, in all respects, to be considered as a man of perfect honour,
. Among other customs peculiar to the Rajpoots the preservation of female honour holds with them a superior station ; scandal uttered against the wife or daughter of a Rajpoot is never forgiven, and death alone can expiate the offence.
This high sense of honour has, however, ren.. dered them of all other people most circumspect in conversation, and they are careful of giving offence; should a Rajpoot suspect a person inclined to flight him, he will not only forego every prospect of advantage to be derived from the usual mode of reconciliation, by the mutual exertion of common friends, but will even make a circuitous route to avoid passing by the habitation of his antagonist. This severity of manners may appear to strangers, at a first view, to be prohibitory; but a long residence in the country, and intimate acquaintance with the manners and customs of this extraordinary people, have long since convinced Mr. Thomas that a person of upright manners cannot associate with a better companion than a Rajpoot.
In their marriages. they pay the strictest attention to cast, and will never unite themselves with people of inferior condition ; this is so unavoidably necessary, that were a man to enter into an alliance with a family of ignoble blood, the children of such marriage would in consequence be deprived of their right of inhe