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possess great personal bravery; they are expert in the use of arms, particularly in the exercise
, the patient, but the part remaining degenerates into an in- curable ulcer. The time necessary for extracting this worm
is longer or shorter, according to its size, but it is seldom taken out entire before the expiration of ten days. It sometimes lies dispersed above a muscle, at other times it is found in the interstices of the muscles of the legs and arms, or convoluted; it is laid hold of with an armed needle. A few days from the time in which it begins to maturate it may be extracted without pain or any considerable discharge of matter, except when it is withdrawn by a first attempt. From the thighs and arm-pits it makes - an easy exit within a few days : when it appears among the
tendons of the feet, great delay is experienced. It takes , up twenty days in the operation, which is moreover attend
ed with a copious discharge of matter, and severe pain to the patient. : . .
The general mode adopted in India for the extraction of this worm, is by means of a small round piece of bamboo, to which is attached a thread. This being fixed to the worm, so much of the thread is wound round the body as to prevent its retiring again within the flesh. In this state it remains until the ensuing day, when a little more is added to the former, until the whole is extracted. By this curious process, it is easy to be perceived the extreme care that is necessary to prevent its breaking.
Travellers have at various times been afflicted with this disorder ; for myself I never experienced it, though it was
of the lance, sabre, and the matchlock ;* but though brave, they are in disposition cruel, treacherous, and vindictive; and when engaged in domestic quarrels, fcruple not to kill their antagonist on the flightest and most trivial occasions.
For his capital, Mr. Thomas selected the town of Hansı;t this place is situate ninety
common to the inhabitants of Persia, during my residence in that country, many years since. The spirited and intelligent Bruce got it after his return from Abyssinia to Grand Cairo. In like manner this worm is extracted from the negroes on the coast of Africa, who attribute the cause of this complaint to the badness of the water.
* Mr. Thomas adduced several instances of their despea · rate resolution, and almost invincible courage, once against
the celebrated Ismaul Beg, at the town of Bhowanny, and a second time against the attacks of Gopaul Row, the Maha ratta general. The army of the latter was defeated at Sanghee, after an unsuccessful siege of forty days.
In an assault against the fort of Deighle, Appakändarow, though attended by a select and well-appointed army, was repulsed with considerable loss.
+ The subjoined schedule contains an account tolerably accurate of the country held by Mr. Thomas, including the
miles north-west of Delhi, and nearly in the centre of his newly-acquired domains. The town standing upon a hill is peculiarly well adapted to a permanent residence.
No water can be procured within seven cofs, but the garrison have an ample supply of that
names of the separate pergunnahs, the number of villages formerly inhabited, compared with its present state; the revenues, bearings, and distances of each pergunnah being taken from Hansi, the capital.
Former Number number of of villages villages, now inha.
Coss : bearing and distance from Hansi.
32 2,50,000 60,000 Coss, Benwala,
11 63,000 11,000 14 N. Tohana,
1,20,000! - 25,000 34 N. Jemaulpore,
1,10,000 70,000 36 N. N. W. Augrowa,. •
3 70,000 2,000 24 N. W. Hassar, }
13 3,00,000 10,000 12 W. Bahra,
40,000 12,000 30 W. S. W. Seedmuck,
30,000 6,000 24 S. W. Sevance,
50,000 14,000 24 S.W.by S. Tesam,
70,000 16,000 12 S. * Maheem,
50,000 23,000/16 E. S. E. Safydoo,
30,0001 10,000 36 E. N. E. Jaind, .
66 2,00,000 70,000 18 E. N. É. Casohan,
50,000. 16,000 24 N. E.
950 25314,30,000 2,86,000 Held by Mr.GThomas
of the Mahrattas. Jiger,
250 90 3,00,000) 80,000/40 E. S. F. Byree,
24 16 30,000 14,000 35 E, S. Niaundotee,
24 Il 1 30,000 10,000 44 E. Pathoda,
1,00,000 10,000 51 S. E. Badlee,
2 30 1,20,000 1,20,000 48 E.S. E. Total! 374 | 151 5,80,000 1,44,000
Grand Total 1324
404 120,10,000 4,50,000
necessary article from several wells within the fort. This circumstance renders difficult an attack, except at the season of the periodical rains. “ Here,” says Mr. Thomas, with that energy and spirited animation which diftinguished him throughout the scenes of his extraordinary life," I established my capital, “ rebuilt the walls of the city, long since fallen “ into decay, and repaired the fortifications. “ As it had been long deserted, at first I found « difficulty in procuring inhabitants, but by “ degrees and gentle treatment I selected “ between five and fix thousand persons, to “ whom I allowed every lawful indulgence.
“ I established a mint, and coined my own “ rupees, which I made current in my army “ and country; as from the commencement 6 of my career at Jyjur, I had resolved to “ establish an independency, I employed work“ men and artificers of all kinds, and I now “ judged that nothing but force of arms could « maintain me in my authority. I therefore « increased their numbers, cast my own artil“ lery, commenced making musquets, match“ best preparations for carrying on an offen“ five and defensive war; till at length having “ gained a capital and country bordering on “ the Seik territories, I wished to put myself “ in a capacity, when a favorable opportunity “ should offer, of attempting the conquest of as the Punjab, and aspired to the honour of « planting the British standard on the banks os of the Attock."*
nd, in short, made the
* To carry his plans into effect, and for the support of his troops, Mr. Thomas appropriated a part of the revenue arising from the lands granted by the Mahrattas, and with much judgment and discernment, naturally inherent in liberal minds, endeavoured to conciliate the affections of his men by granting pensions to the widows and children or nearest relations of those soldiers who fell in his service. These pensions, amounting to 40,000 rupees per annum, were regularly paid to the respective claimants, a mode which reflects the highest credit on Mr. Thomas's character, but which had long since been anticipated by the wisdom of the British government in rewarding their veteran sepoys. The payments were made every six months, and the nearest relation of the deceased, whether officer or soldier, received the half pay of his rank. This and the expence of casting cannon, the fabrication of small arms, and purchase of warlike stores, consumed that part of Mr. Thomas's revenues which he derived from the districts granted him by the Mahrattas, as detailed in the força going schedule.