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names over.


estimation; Two. Gen. of Ver., manifestation; ostents, II. viii.
III. i. 85.

47; Hen. V, V. prol. 23.
Nominated, I. iii. 154, IV. i. 274, Other, I. i. 59, refers, like some in
named, stated.

preceding line, to strange fel
Nor .. not, II. i. 50, III. iv. 13, lowes, the singular being com-

IV. i. 64; nor .. none, I. ii. 26; monly so used in Sh., as in Er-
examples of double negatives rors, IV. iii. 6; Sonn. Ixii. 8; Ven.
with a negative meaning, fre- & Ad., 1102; or other may be

quent in Sh. and early writers. the plural of Saxon othere.
Nourished, III. ii. 58, three sylla-Our feast shall be, III. ii. 220,

shall’ was used for 'is to be,'

for futurity, in all three persons;
Obdurate, IV. i. 12, stress on sec- so, also, Il. iv. 42.

ond syllable, ob--rate. Out-dwels (out-dwells), II. vi. 5,
Obliged, II. vi. 9,, plighted,

pledged; used only here. Out .. envies (envy's) reach, IV.
Obscure, II. vii. 53, stress on first i. 14, beyond reach of his malice.
syllable, 6b-scure.

Over-name, I. ii. 35, run their
Occasions, I. i. 148, four syllables,

Over-wither'd (over-weather' d),
Ocean, I. i. 11, three syllables, o- II. vi. 20, weather-beaten.
Of, II. ii. 93, on; II. iv. 25, with; Pageants, I. i. 14, shows;_Mids.
1. iii. 54, about or concerning, as

Night Dr., III. ii. 118; Temp.,
in study of that, Temp., II. i. 85. IV. i. 177. See note, p. 117.
Of feasting forth, II. v. 39, for Part, II. vii. 80, depart; depart'
feasting out; of is often equiva- was used where we should say

lent to 'for' in the time of Sh. 'part'; Cor., V. vi. 90.
Of force, IV. i. 442, of necessity; Parts, IV. i. 98, capacities, em-

Mids. Night Dr., III. ii. 42. ployments.
Of gold, who, II. vii. 5, 'who' Passion, IV. i. 56, used in the

where which would now be original sense of feeling, emo-
used is the Elizabethan custom ; tion; Jul. Cæs., I. ii. 57; pas-
the language not having yet fixed sion, II. viii. 14, an emotional
upon 'which' as the neuter rela- outbreak; Two "Gen. of Ver.,
tive, which was then applied

IV. iv. 169.
to persons, while 'who' was ap- Patch, II. v. 49, a name given to a
plied to things.

jester, which may be derived
old swearing, IV. ii. 19, old is here from his party-colored coat or

an intensive, and the phrase is from the Italian pazzo, foolish,
an example of its perpetual slang insane; Mids. Night Dr., III.
use in a variety of familiar com-

See note, p. 152.
binations, 'good old boy,''high Pattens (patines), f. 1 6g, golden
old time,' etc.

plates used for sacramental
On your charge, IV. i. 272, at your bread; used only here. See note,

p. 201.
Opinion, I. i. II, III. v. 67, four Paund (pawn'd), III. v. 78,
syllables, o-pin-i-on.

staked, wagered; Cymb., I. iv.
Opinion Of, I. i. 100, reputation

Peize, III. ii. 23, to keep in sus-
Opposed, II. ix. 64, three sylla- pense, to delay; from the French

peser, to weigh; Rich. III, V.
Ore-lookt (o'erlook'd), III. ii. 16, iii. 117. See note, p. 165.

bewitched. See note, p. 163. Perfection, V. i. 120, four syllables,
Orpheus, V. i. 91, stress on first per-fec-ti-on.
syllable, Of-fúse.

Perhaps I will returne (return),
Ostent, II. ii. 193, show, obvious II. V. 55, will for 'shall,' appa-

ii. II.



rently, when used with the condi- same sense ; Mids. Night Dr.,
tioning word perhaps, a regular I. ii. 83; Much Ado, V. i. 182.
idiom of the time; Errors, IV. i. Provided of, II. iv. 25, of is often
43; Oth., V. ii. 246.

used of the agent where we use
Perswaded ( persuaded) with, III. by' and 'with,' as here.

ii. 298, used persuasion with; Pursue, IV. i. 313, stress on first
this is the only, place in which syllable.
Sh. joins 'with 'to this verb. Puts, III. ii. 20, a form of the verb
Philhorse (fill-horse), II. ii. 91;

with a plural subject, which is
a provincialism,f'fill' or 'thili common in Sh., Spenser, and
meaning shaft; the word is other Elizabethan writers, some-
familiar in America. See note, times when the subject is singu-
p. 147

lar in thought, sometimes, as here,
Pied, I. iii. 82, spotted ; Temp.,

when not so, also in dealings
IIÍ. ii. 66.

teaches them, I. iii. 166; the
Pild, I. iii. 87, peeled. See note, form may be a survival of the
P. 136.

northern Early English third per-
Placed, II. vi. 64, two syllables. son plural inflection in 's'; Ham.,
Pleasure me, I. iii. 8, nouns were III. ii. 225; Errors, V. i. 78.

changed to verbs at will by the Pyrats (pirates), pronounced as

spelled in the Folio, py-rats, to
Poésie (poesy), V. i. 168, a motto signify this kind of water-rat or

in verse ; Ham., III. ii. 173. thief; Tw. Night, V. i. 69.
Port, I. i. 133, III. ii. 298, state. Pythagoras, IV. i. 140, stress on
Portia, Pór-sheah, last two sylla- second syllable.

bles generally elided, but some-
times pronounced, Þór-she-ah; Quaint, III. iv. 72, ingenious,
II. vii. 45, 49, V. i. 125, 214.

elaborate; Two Gen. of Ver., II.
Possest (possessed), I. iii. 65, IV.

i. 40, informed; Cor., II. i. Quaintly, II. iv. 6, tastefully,

gracefully; III. iv. 72; Two
Post, v. i. 56, messenger; Tw. Gen. of Ver., II. i. 119.
Night, I. v. 285.

Quarrellng (quarrelling) with oc-
Pray God, Ill. iii. 40, subject casion, Ill. v. 52, quibbling on

omitted, as in 'would to God? every opportunity
Prefer'd (preferr'd) thee, II. ii. Question, IV. i. 76, debate, argue,

140, promoted or recommended hold controversy; it often means
for promotion.

dialogue; Wint. Tale, IV. ii. 49.
Preparation, II. iv. 4, five sylla- Quit, IV. i. 399, remit.

bles, prep-ar-a-ti-on.
Presages, 1. i. 184, the relative Raisd (raised), II. viii. 6, roused.

which' is omitted, as frequently Reason'd, II. viii. 30, conversed,
in Sh.; Jul. Cæs., I. ii. 334.

talked. See note, p. 157.
Presence, III. ii. 57, dignity of Reddest, II. i. 12, the superlative

for the comparative was used at
Prest, I. i. 169, ready, from the Old pleasure where but two objects
French prest (now prêt).

were compared; i Hen. VÍ, II.
Prevented, I. i. 68, primitive sense

of 'anticipated'; Ham., II. ii. Regreets, II. ix. 94, greetings; used

as a noun but once again, John,
Prize, III. ii. 148, contest.
Proclamation, IV. i. 457, five syl. Renowned, 1. i. 178, II. i. 25,
lables, proc-la-ma-ti-on.

three syllables.
Proper mans picture, I. ii. 69, a Reproach, II. v. 23, Launcelot's

man who is as he should be; blunder for approach.'.
often a “handsomeʼman; Sh. uses Respective, V. i. 176, mindful.
‘proper' and 'properest' in the Respect upon the world, I. i. 82, re-

i. 119

iv. 15-20.

III. i. 253.

gard for the world; an excep

Elizabethan writers to denote tional use of 'upon.'

mere futurity. Rest, II. ii

. 98, the highest stake Should appeare (appear), III. ii. ventured was called the rest.' 289, would appear; the old use of See note, p. 147.

shall' instead of 'will’is comRichly left, 1. i. 170, left rich, as is mon in Sh.; Jul. Cæs., II. ii. 50.

still commonly said, 'left well. Shrewd, III. ii. 257, bad, evil. off.'

Shrive me, I. ii. 128, absolve me, Ripe wants, I. iii. 64, urgent wants, give me confession.

not to be delayed, but, like ripe Sits downe (dowr.), II. vi. 11, in fruit, gathered.

Sh. the ellipsis of a preposition Riping, II. viii. 43, ripeness or which has been expressed before maturity of the time.

the relative is common; so the Rode (road), V. i. 314, harbor,port; meaning implied is 'sits down rodes, I. i. 22.

with'; IV. i. 407;

Meas. for Round hose, I. ii. 71. See note, p. Meas., II. ii. 146. 128.

Skarfed (scarfed), II. vi. 17, two Ruine (ruin), II. ix. 50, refuse, syllables. rubbish.

Slubber, II. viii. 42, to do imper

fectly, to slur over, to do careSalarino, stress on first syllable, lessly; it may also mean to soil Sál-ahr-ee-no.

or obscure; used only here and Salerio, stress on second syllable,

in Oth., I. iii. 252. Sah-léy-ree-o;

Smug, III. i. 43, spruce, trim; Sand-blinde (blind), II. ii. 34, Lear, IV. vi. 213; 1 Hen. IV, dim of sight. See note, p. 145.

III. i. 112. Satisfied Öf, V. i. 324-5, satisfied So, I. iii. 174, often used, as here, about or concerning.

as a particle of affirmation or Say you by, I. ii. 52, about, con- assent; i Hen. IV, V. iv. 159. cerning;

Solanio (Salanio), sometimes SaScant, III. ii. 118, V. i. 161, mod- lanio in Folios, but Sol. is more erate, cut short.

often distinct from Sal., which Scanted, II. i. 22, restricted.

stands for Salarino ; stress on Scrubbed, V. i. 182, two syllables, second syllable, So-láh-nee-o.

small, ill-favored; used here Some men there are love not, IV. only. See note, p. 210.

i. 52, the relative who' is omitted Seald (sealed) under for another, here, as in I. i. 184 'which' was I. ü. 78, became his surety for

left out. another.

Soone (soon) at, II. iii. 6, about. Sealed, II. viii. 20, two syllables. Sore, V. i. 335, from Anglo-Saxon Searecloath (cerecloth), II. vii. sáre, related to the German sehr,

53, a cloth dipped in melted wax very, hence severely, grievously. to be used as a shroud; used here Sort, 1. ii. 100, lot; Tro. & Cres.,

only. See note, p. 154:. Seasons, IV. i. 208, 111. 'ii. 82, tem- Speake (speak) me faire (fair) in pers.

death, IV. i. 290, speak well of Selfe (self) way, I. i. 157, same me after my death.

way: 3 Hen. 'VI, III.'i. 13; Spend, I. i. 162, waste; Mids. Rich. II, I. ii. 25.

Night Dr., III. ii. 77: Sencible (sensible), II. viii. 51, here Spet, I. iii. 116, for ‘spit,' an obso

I. iii. 390.

equivalent to substantial '; II. lete form occasionally used by ix. 94, palpable to the senses; Sh.; spets, II. vii. 47. generally

'sensitive'; Squandred (squandered), I. iii. 22, Love's Lab., IV. iii. 356.

scattered. See note, p. 132. Shall seeke (seek) all day, I. i. Stephano, stress on first syllable,

125, shall and 'should' are often Stéf-ah-no. See note, p. 200. used in all three persons by Sterv'd, IV. i. 147, from the Anglo





Saxon steorfan, Old English cedent is markedly denoted by
sterven, meaning to die; in the the, which being indefinite.
latter part of the 16th cen-Throughfares, II. vii. 44, Sh.
tury it was used in the sense of

either 'thorough'
perishing through hunger or 'through,” “throughly' or 'thor-

oughly,' as best suits the rhythm;
Strait (straight), II. ix. 2, straight- throughfare' is found only here

and 'thoroughfare' only in
Substance, IV. i. 345, the amount. Cymb., I. iii. 10.
Successe (success), III. ii. 253, the Throughly, IV. i. 181. See

issue outcome, denoting Throughfares.
sequence;. Sh.. often uses the Time, I. i. 138, youth ; Two Gen.
word with this etymological of Ver., II. iv. 63.
meaning; Wint. Tale, I. ii. 455; | To night (to-night), II. v. 21, last
2 Hen. IV, IV. ii. 5o; All's night; usually in Sh. it has its
Well, III. vi. 39.

modern meaning; Jul. Cæs.,
Suited, I. ii. 70, dressed; All's III. iii. 2.

Well, I. i. 162; Lear, IV. vii. 11; Towards my rest, II. v. 20,
Tw. Night, V. i. 248.

against my peace of mind.
Supposed, III. ii. 100, three sylla- Tranect, III. iv. 55, probably an
bles, false, counterfeit; Mer. error for the French traject, a
Wives, IV. iv. 66; Tam. of ferry. See note, p. 178.
Shr., II. i. 435-6.

Transformed, II. vi. 46, three syl-
Suspect, I. iii. 166, the 'to' of lables.

the infinitive is often left out, as Truth, IV. i. 225, honesty ; Meas.
here before suspect.

for Meas., IV. ii. 42; Mids.
Suted (suited), III. v. 61, suited Night Dr., IV. ii. 31.
to each other, fitted together; Turned, I. iii. 84, two syllables.
Much Ado, V. i. 232; Tro. &
Cres., prol. 25.

Uncheckt (unchecked), III. i. 4)
Swift, ífi. ii. 204, the use of ad- uncontradicted.

jectives for adverbs was frequent Undertooke (undertook), II. iv. 7,
in the time of Sh.; Tam. of Shr., undertaken; the form of the par-
ind., I. i. 99; Ant. & Cleo., II. ticiple had not become fixed in

Sh.'s time.

Undervalued, I. i. 174, lower in
Table, II. ii. 152, used as a term in worth, inferior.
_palmistry. See note, p. 148. Undeserved, II. ix. 42, four sylla-
Take paine (pain), II. ii. 181, take bles, un-de-serv-ed.

pains; Sh. uses both expres- Unfurnisht (unfurnish’d), III. ii.
sions, this more rarely; Mids. 133, destitute of its fellow, un-
Night Dr., I. i. 264, V. i. 87; mated. See note, p. 169.
2 Hen. IV, IV. v. 241. See Unthrift, V. i. 22, unthrifty, good-
note, p. 149.

for-nothing in respect to riches;
Teaches, I. iii. 166, this form of the Tim. of Ath., IV. iii. 340.
verb with a plural, subject is Untread, II. vi. 12, retrace: John,

V. iv. 56; used only in these two
Terme in grosse (term in gross), instances.
III. ii. 165, to sum up:

Upon more advice, IV. ii

. 8, on
That men, III. iv. 78, so that, further consideration, reflection;
a common omission; jul. Cæs., Meas. for Meas., V. i. 515.

Upon my power, IV. i. 110, on my
The which, I. iii. 5, IV. i. 370, ex- authority, by virtue of my power.

amples of the use of an archaic Urge, V. i. 228, insist upon; Jul.
equivalent, corresponding to the Cæs., IV. iii. 304.
French le quel, where a sin- Usance, I. iii. 45, I. ii. 145, in-
gling out of one particular ante- terest. See note, p. 135.

ii. 115

I. i. 52.

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Vailing, I. i. 32, bending, lower- | With imagin'd (imagined) speed, ing. See note, p: 119.

III. iv. 54, all imaginable speed. Varnisht (varnish'd), II. v. 35, Without respect, V. I. 111, without II. ix. 51, painted.

regard to circumstances. Vaste (vasty), II. vii. 43, two syl. With so good heart as, I. ii. 124,

lables, vas-ty, waste, desolate. the Elizabethans used, as here, Verie (very) friends, III. ii. 233, so with as, instead of .as .. as.'

true, real; from the Old French Would, I. iii. 66, used here absoverai (vrai), in turn from the lutely for ' wish,' require.' Latin veracus, derived from ve- Would grant continuance, I. i. rus; Rom. & Jul., III. i. 114; 134, ellipsis of 'of' before conHam., II. ii. 56.

tinuance is common to Eliza

bethan writers.

Writ, II. iv. 14, writ and 'wrote: Waft, V. i. 15, wafted; Errors, II. for the past tense, and 'writ,'

written,' and 'wrote for the Waste, III. iv. 13, spend; As You, participle, are all used by Sh.

II. iv. 102. Wealth, V. i. 274, weal, welfare. Yet I have not, II. ix. 96, I have We have not spoke us yet of, not yet; the Elizabethans often

II. iv. 5, we have not yet be- used yet, meaning till now,' bespoken.

fore a negative where in modern Where, IV. i. 27, whereas; Two usage this order is reversed. Gen. of Ver., III. i. 77.

You and I, III. ii. 336, a negliWhiles, I. ii. 129, the genitive sin- gence in the inflections of the

gular of 'while (originally a pronoun common in Sh.'s time; noun), used as an adverb.

I. ii. 32; Oth., IV. ii. 5. Who love I, II. vi. 36, the inflec-You are sped, II. ix. 75, done for;

tion of who' is often neglected; Tam. of Shr., V. ii. 185. directly after a preposition, Your selfe (yourself), II. i. 25,

whom is usually found; Love's 'myself,' thyself,' often used in Lab., II. i. 5.

Sh.'s day as the subject of the Wis, II. ix. 71, know, from the verb.

Old English verb wissen, used You shall hence, III. ii. 329, for by Sh. as a verb always, not as you shall go hence'; the ellipsis the adverbial ywis, certainly,'; of the verb, especially after Tam. of Shr., I. i. 67; Rich. ‘will,' was common in Sh.'s

III, I. iii. 107; Per., II. prol. 2. time; II. ii. 203. Wit,' II. i. 23, used here in the You should refuse, I. ii. 89, should

original sense of wisdom or fore- is here used in the sense of sight.


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