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estimation; Two. Gen. of Ver., manifestation; ostents, II. viii.
47; Hen. V, V. prol. 23.
preceding line, to strange fel
IV. i. 64; nor .. none, I. ii. 26; monly so used in Sh., as in Er-
quent in Sh. and early writers. the plural of Saxon othere.
shall’ was used for 'is to be,'
for futurity, in all three persons;
ond syllable, ob-dú-rate. Out-dwels (out-dwells), II. vi. 5,
Over-name, I. ii. 35, run their
Over-wither'd (over-weather' d),
Night Dr., III. ii. 118; Temp.,
lent to 'for' in the time of Sh. 'part'; Cor., V. vi. 90.
Mids. Night Dr., III. ii. 42. ployments.
where which would now be original sense of feeling, emo-
IV. iv. 169.
jester, which may be derived
an intensive, and the phrase is from the Italian pazzo, foolish,
See note, p. 152.
plates used for sacramental
staked, wagered; Cymb., I. iv.
Peize, III. ii. 23, to keep in sus-
peser, to weigh; Rich. III, V.
bewitched. See note, p. 163. Perfection, V. i. 120, four syllables,
Perhaps I will returne (return),
rently, when used with the condi- same sense ; Mids. Night Dr.,
used of the agent where we use
ii. 298, used persuasion with; Pursue, IV. i. 313, stress on first
with a plural subject, which is
lar in thought, sometimes, as here,
when not so, also in dealings
teaches them, I. iii. 166; the
northern Early English third per-
changed to verbs at will by the Pyrats (pirates), pronounced as
spelled in the Folio, py-rats, to
in verse ; Ham., III. ii. 173. thief; Tw. Night, V. i. 69.
bles generally elided, but some-
elaborate; Two Gen. of Ver., II.
i. 40, informed; Cor., II. i. Quaintly, II. iv. 6, tastefully,
gracefully; III. iv. 72; Two
Quarrellng (quarrelling) with oc-
omitted, as in 'would to God? every opportunity
140, promoted or recommended hold controversy; it often means
dialogue; Wint. Tale, IV. ii. 49.
which' is omitted, as frequently Reason'd, II. viii. 30, conversed,
talked. See note, p. 157.
for the comparative was used at
were compared; i Hen. VÍ, II.
of 'anticipated'; Ham., II. ii. Regreets, II. ix. 94, greetings; used
as a noun but once again, John,
man who is as he should be; blunder for approach.'.
III. i. 253.
gard for the world; an excep
Elizabethan writers to denote tional use of 'upon.'
mere futurity. Rest, II. ii
. 98, the highest stake Should appeare (appear), III. ii. ventured was called the rest.' 289, would appear; the old use of See note, p. 147.
shall' instead of 'will’is comRichly left, 1. i. 170, left rich, as is mon in Sh.; Jul. Cæs., II. ii. 50.
still commonly said, 'left well. Shrewd, III. ii. 257, bad, evil. off.'
Shrive me, I. ii. 128, absolve me, Ripe wants, I. iii. 64, urgent wants, give me confession.
not to be delayed, but, like ripe Sits downe (dowr.), II. vi. 11, in fruit, gathered.
Sh. the ellipsis of a preposition Riping, II. viii. 43, ripeness or which has been expressed before maturity of the time.
the relative is common; so the Rode (road), V. i. 314, harbor,port; meaning implied is 'sits down rodes, I. i. 22.
with'; IV. i. 407;
Meas. for Round hose, I. ii. 71. See note, p. Meas., II. ii. 146. 128.
Skarfed (scarfed), II. vi. 17, two Ruine (ruin), II. ix. 50, refuse, syllables. rubbish.
Slubber, II. viii. 42, to do imper
fectly, to slur over, to do careSalarino, stress on first syllable, lessly; it may also mean to soil Sál-ahr-ee-no.
or obscure; used only here and Salerio, stress on second syllable,
in Oth., I. iii. 252. Sah-léy-ree-o;
Smug, III. i. 43, spruce, trim; Sand-blinde (blind), II. ii. 34, Lear, IV. vi. 213; 1 Hen. IV, dim of sight. See note, p. 145.
III. i. 112. Satisfied Öf, V. i. 324-5, satisfied So, I. iii. 174, often used, as here, about or concerning.
as a particle of affirmation or Say you by, I. ii. 52, about, con- assent; i Hen. IV, V. iv. 159. cerning;
Solanio (Salanio), sometimes SaScant, III. ii. 118, V. i. 161, mod- lanio in Folios, but Sol. is more erate, cut short.
often distinct from Sal., which Scanted, II. i. 22, restricted.
stands for Salarino ; stress on Scrubbed, V. i. 182, two syllables, second syllable, So-láh-nee-o.
small, ill-favored; used here Some men there are love not, IV. only. See note, p. 210.
i. 52, the relative who' is omitted Seald (sealed) under for another, here, as in I. i. 184 'which' was I. ü. 78, became his surety for
left out. another.
Soone (soon) at, II. iii. 6, about. Sealed, II. viii. 20, two syllables. Sore, V. i. 335, from Anglo-Saxon Searecloath (cerecloth), II. vii. sáre, related to the German sehr,
53, a cloth dipped in melted wax very, hence severely, grievously. to be used as a shroud; used here Sort, 1. ii. 100, lot; Tro. & Cres.,
only. See note, p. 154:. Seasons, IV. i. 208, 111. 'ii. 82, tem- Speake (speak) me faire (fair) in pers.
death, IV. i. 290, speak well of Selfe (self) way, I. i. 157, same me after my death.
way: 3 Hen. 'VI, III.'i. 13; Spend, I. i. 162, waste; Mids. Rich. II, I. ii. 25.
Night Dr., III. ii. 77: Sencible (sensible), II. viii. 51, here Spet, I. iii. 116, for ‘spit,' an obso
I. iii. 390.
equivalent to substantial '; II. lete form occasionally used by ix. 94, palpable to the senses; Sh.; spets, II. vii. 47. generally
'sensitive'; Squandred (squandered), I. iii. 22, Love's Lab., IV. iii. 356.
scattered. See note, p. 132. Shall seeke (seek) all day, I. i. Stephano, stress on first syllable,
125, shall and 'should' are often Stéf-ah-no. See note, p. 200. used in all three persons by Sterv'd, IV. i. 147, from the Anglo
Saxon steorfan, Old English cedent is markedly denoted by
oughly,' as best suits the rhythm;
and 'thoroughfare' only in
issue outcome, denoting Throughfares.
modern meaning; Jul. Cæs.,
Well, I. i. 162; Lear, IV. vii. 11; Towards my rest, II. v. 20,
against my peace of mind.
Transformed, II. vi. 46, three syl-
the infinitive is often left out, as Truth, IV. i. 225, honesty ; Meas.
for Meas., IV. ii. 42; Mids.
Uncheckt (unchecked), III. i. 4)
jectives for adverbs was frequent Undertooke (undertook), II. iv. 7,
Undervalued, I. i. 174, lower in
pains; Sh. uses both expres- Unfurnisht (unfurnish’d), III. ii.
for-nothing in respect to riches;
V. iv. 56; used only in these two
Upon more advice, IV. ii
. 8, on
Upon my power, IV. i. 110, on my
amples of the use of an archaic Urge, V. i. 228, insist upon; Jul.
I. i. 52.
Vailing, I. i. 32, bending, lower- | With imagin'd (imagined) speed, ing. See note, p: 119.
III. iv. 54, all imaginable speed. Varnisht (varnish'd), II. v. 35, Without respect, V. I. 111, without II. ix. 51, painted.
regard to circumstances. Vaste (vasty), II. vii. 43, two syl. With so good heart as, I. ii. 124,
lables, vas-ty, waste, desolate. the Elizabethans used, as here, Verie (very) friends, III. ii. 233, so with as, instead of .as .. as.'
true, real; from the Old French Would, I. iii. 66, used here absoverai (vrai), in turn from the lutely for ' wish,' require.' Latin veracus, derived from ve- Would grant continuance, I. i. rus; Rom. & Jul., III. i. 114; 134, ellipsis of 'of' before conHam., II. ii. 56.
tinuance is common to Eliza
Writ, II. iv. 14, writ and 'wrote: Waft, V. i. 15, wafted; Errors, II. for the past tense, and 'writ,'
written,' and 'wrote for the Waste, III. iv. 13, spend; As You, participle, are all used by Sh.
II. iv. 102. Wealth, V. i. 274, weal, welfare. Yet I have not, II. ix. 96, I have We have not spoke us yet of, not yet; the Elizabethans often
II. iv. 5, we have not yet be- used yet, meaning till now,' bespoken.
fore a negative where in modern Where, IV. i. 27, whereas; Two usage this order is reversed. Gen. of Ver., III. i. 77.
You and I, III. ii. 336, a negliWhiles, I. ii. 129, the genitive sin- gence in the inflections of the
gular of 'while (originally a pronoun common in Sh.'s time; noun), used as an adverb.
I. ii. 32; Oth., IV. ii. 5. Who love I, II. vi. 36, the inflec-You are sped, II. ix. 75, done for;
tion of who' is often neglected; Tam. of Shr., V. ii. 185. directly after a preposition, Your selfe (yourself), II. i. 25,
whom is usually found; Love's 'myself,' thyself,' often used in Lab., II. i. 5.
Sh.'s day as the subject of the Wis, II. ix. 71, know, from the verb.
Old English verb wissen, used You shall hence, III. ii. 329, for by Sh. as a verb always, not as you shall go hence'; the ellipsis the adverbial ywis, certainly,'; of the verb, especially after Tam. of Shr., I. i. 67; Rich. ‘will,' was common in Sh.'s
III, I. iii. 107; Per., II. prol. 2. time; II. ii. 203. Wit,' II. i. 23, used here in the You should refuse, I. ii. 89, should
original sense of wisdom or fore- is here used in the sense of sight.