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Billingborough, Lincoln, butchere
(Gray (Palmer, London
Isaac I. flopseller, Plymouth.
thero and Phillips James J. Haverfordwest, shopkeeper.
Janoway J. Parliament street, "draper.
Jono M. - London road, St. George's fields,
Jones w. Rownham Wharf, Bristol, coal merchant.
Jones E. Appletree yard, st. James's, wholesale linen dra
per. (Evitt and Nixon £nowles M. Bolton, manufacturer.
*ent A. old Newton, Suffolk, miller and corn merchant.
£emp R. Bury St. Edmunds, leather eutter.
Knight W. Bagshot, milier.
ou'llow H. Plymouth dock, hatter.
Lofthouse J. Durham, chemist. upon-Tyne
+yon and co. Great st. Helen's, merchants.
3.ayton T. Canterbury, draper.
and coffee house keepers. Martin J. Piccadilly, watchmaker.
Mackay C. Liverpool, woollen draper. (Atherton
Miller J. Manchester, cotton manufaāturer.
Pritchard J. Stratford-upon-Avon,
*artidges. Cardiff, Glamorgan, ironmonger.
Abbott P. D. Powis place, Great or-
- (Swain and co. London
Haycock J. wells, Norfolk, merchant.
- - London
(Wayman and Bowden
(Pruen (Bend co, London
- Thompson (Wiltshire and
Wade J. Burntwood, Staffordshire, tauner.
Green W. Chapel street, Grosvenor
Pickworth J. jun.
Payne H. E. Upper street, Islington, paper hanger.
Pickersgill w. George street, Foster lane, glover.
Roberts P. Hereford, wine and brandy merchant-
Shaw w and co, septon, York, clothiers.
Smee J. New Grave lane, shadwell, brewers
Sullis W. Hackney road, baker.
Tesson B. Bennett street, St. James's, vićtualler.
Upton w. Croydon, timber merchant.
Willis J. Rodd lane, broker.
Sutton J. and Bartlett J. High street, Bloomsbury, shoe-
(Loxley and Son
REPORT OF THE PROGRESS OF CHEMISTRY.
- R. BFRZELIUS, of Stockholm, states that the blood of man perfectly resem. bles in composition that of the ox, but the coagulum of human blood is more easily decomposed by water, and the fibrin thus obtained is more transparent. When dried it amounts to no more than 0.75 from 1000 parts. Human fibrin has the same chemical F. with that of the ox, but is more readily incinerated; the white ash consists of the phosphates of lime and magnesia, a little carbonate of lime and soda. The colouring matter of human blood is also chemically the same with that of ox blood, but is much more easily reducible by fire to the same yellow ash, which seems to show that it contains less azote or ammonium. A hundred parts of dried colouring matter of human blood gave 15' parts of ash, of which 3 parts dissolved in water, and were alkaline, and when saturated with acetic acid, and mixed with muriate of barytes, it left a copious precipitate of phosphate of barytes, soluble in an excess of muriatic acid. I found in this acetic solution no trace either of muriatic acid or of potash. It appears, therefore, that soda and phosphoric acid, as well as the earthy phosphates, are products of the combustion. As to the portion of the ash of colouring matter, which was insoluble in water, it consisted of the same substances in nature and in proportion, as that of the ash of the colouring matter of ox blood. The serum of human blood is composed, according to his experiments, of Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 905.0 Albumen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80.0 Substances soluble in alcohol, viz. Muriate of potash and soda . . . . . . . . . . . 6 10,0 Lactate of soda, united with animal matter . . . . . . 4 Substances soluble only in water, viz. Soda, phosphate of soda, and a little animal matter . . . . 4.1 999.1 Human albumen is more easily incinerated than that of the ox, and contains more soda and phosphate of soda, A hundred parts of the dried albumen give twelve parts of calcined ash, The muriates found in human blood are triple the quantity of those in ox blood, owing doubtless to the salt consumed by man in his food. Human blood also contains a larger proportion of muriate of potash. On the whole the great agreement in the composition of human and of ox blood is remarkable, and explaims to us the possibility of the phenomena observed in the experiments in transfusion. The French chemists propose calling iode gas, from ions, violaceous; or violaceous gas. Its properties are singular; combined with hydrogen, with phosphorus, and with oxymuriate op silver, it forms a peculiar acid; it is a simple or uncompounded gas, at a suit. able temperature a permanently elastic fluid, but heavier than any known gas, 100 cubic inches weighing 95.5 grains; it is a non-conductor of electricity, czperiences no change exposed to the action of the Voltaic battery with charcoal, is not inflammable, and does not support combustion. As a simple substance it has many analogies with oxygen, chlorine, and the alkalies: like oxygeu, it rapidly unites with the metals; mercury, tin, lead, zinc, and iron, are converted by it, in a moderate temperature, into salts of orange, yellow, and brown tints, which are soluble in spirits, ether, and water, and form beautiful pigments, and most probably may be equally serviceable in the dye-house. Exposed to a moderate cold it condenses into solid plumbago-coloured crystals. Combined with hydrogen, it forms what the French call hydroionic gas. Ilike the alkalies, it unites with oxygen, from which it can be expelled by heat. The existence of this substance confirms the opinion that acidity and alkalescence do not depend on any specific principle, but on certain modifications of matter. DR. CRICHTON conceives that there is a continual, waste of vitality during life, and therefore that a regular supply is necessary. He thinks that this vitality is furnished by the food, and believes that the food contains particles endowed with vitality, and that this vitality is neither destroyed by the destruction of the organic texture, nor by the heat to which the food is exposed. He made decoctions of camomile, feverfew, nut. galls, &c. in distilled water, put the decoctions into glass jars inverted over distilled mercury, and introduced into them oxygen gas obtained from black oxide of manganese. Numerous confervas made their appearance in these decoctions, and considerable ortions of the gas were absorbed. From these experiments he concludes that there are two kinds of particles of matter, namely, organic particles and inorganic particles; and that the vitality of the first is not destroyed by boiling water. In general he - - 4 B 3 found
552 Monthly Agricultural Report.—Meteorological Report. [July 1,
found that vegetation commenced soonest when the decoction of flowers is used, and latest when that of roots.
MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT:
-om- WEDISH and the few yellow Scotch turnips which are sown have been well got in. The common turnip culture proceeding with activity. The potatoe crop huxuriant and forward, and, contrary to former opinion, an equal breadth with last year planted. Grass very light upon poor lands; on superior soils heavy, and improving under the present rains. Very little yet cut, and that chiefly in the vicinity of the metropolis. Tares, rapc, &c. a most luxuriant crop, and clover very good. The spring corn looks well, and as yet healthy; but the long continuance of the easterly winds, the alternations since, and want of the solar heat, have retarded the progress towards maturity, and, as far as at present can be judged, the harvest must be late; and should the cool weather continue there must be considerable defect both in the quantity and quality of the grain. The process of flowering has not yet commenced on the wheats, even of the best soils. A very heavy interest depends on the success of that process. The pea crop wears a very indifferent appearance from its extreme backwardness. . Of hops no particular report. The fruit received an early blight, as in last year, and it is to be feared that succession of warm sums, so absolutely necessary to its recovery, will not come in time. The quantity of spring wheat sown this season unusually small, but the breadth of the wheat crop in general upon the most extensive scale; and if productive its quantity will in all probability considerably overtop the annual consumption of this country, from which, and other considerations, the exportation bill is wise and judicious. In wool no alteration. Cattle markets universally heavy, and the dealers fully aware of a still farther and considerable decline. Milch cows fetch a fair price. Smithfield: Beef 5s. to 6s.-Mutton 6s, to 7s.-Veal 6s. to 8s.-Lamb ditto.— Pork ditto.—Bacon 8s.-Irish ditto 6s. to 6s. 6d.--Skins 50s.-Fat 5s. 4d.—Potatoes 4!. to 71.-Oil-cake 161. Corn Exchange: Wheat 40s. to 73s.—Barley 25s. to 36s–Oats 14s. to 30s.-The * loaf 11.3d.—Hay 41, to 5l. 10s.-Clover ditto 6l. to 71.7s.-Straw 11. 10s. to 21, 28. Middlesea’, June 20, 1814.
METEOROLOGICAL REPORT. -o- Observations on the State of the Weather, from the 20th of May to the 20th of June, 1814, inclusive, Four Miles N. N.W. of St. Paul's. ' -
- Barometer. Thermometer. * Highest 29.82. June 18. Wind N.W. Highest 77°. June 14. Wind S.W. Lowest 29:26. May 24. — N.W. Lowest 36°. May 23. — N.W. * - - This great variation occurred between the G | This trifling i. and *. . of Breatest o variation has - ume, on the former variation o 3-tenths occurred seve- Greatest the hottest part of the
24 hours - 2 month. 24 hours, whereas at the same hour on the 14th the thermometer stood at 779. - * *
The quantity of rain fallen this month is equal to 5% inches in depth.
. The temperature for the month has been low; the average being not greater than 52°. But once has the mercury stood as high as summer heat, and on that day, viz. the 14th, the heat for several hours seemed almost suffocating; the day was remarkably gloomy, and in the course of the following might there was a very severe storm of thunder and lightning, accompanied with much rain. The average height of the barometer for the month is equal to 29.585. There have been 11 brilliant days, and 9 on which there has been rain; of the remainder 7 may be reckoned fair and 4 cloudy...The wi
has again blown chiefly from the east, the weather has been extremely cold for the
STATE OF PUBLIC
AFFAIRS IN JUNE.
Including official Papers and authentic Documents. -ose
Gre AT BRITAIN•
TY ENEATH we introduce the articles - of that treaty which will henceforth be known in history under the name of the TREATY of PARIs. It is sufficient to recommend it to our approbation, that it puts an end to the senseless slaughter of our species, and restores the nations of Europe to those relations of amity which ought never to have been disturbed. People who have for twentyfour years been deluded by the artifices of weak or wicked politicians, may perhaps console themselves for the enormous sacrifices of Britain, in the terms of this treaty; but, for our parts, as we do not measure advantages by mere names, so we do not think that the acquisition even of all the colonies in the world could compensate for the expences of the late war; while in a moral sense they are not worth the blood of the meanest man that has been shed in attaining them. It ought always to be remembered, that the advantages of wars are problematical and illusory; while their cost, their mischiefs, and their miseries, are certain and inevitable. It is true that war may, sometimes, be unavoidable, but, as we judge only on the evidence of authentic documents, and on the simple lights afforded by truth and reason, we confess we are unable to discover any such necessity for those wars which, in our times, have
produced such frightful effects. Most sincerely do we rejoice in the return of Peace, because War never did, nor ever can, produce any beneficial or rational results; yet, in the actual state of affairs, those rejoicings in which we lately took part have been greatly qualified on seeing that vile debasement of religion, reason, and humanity—The slav E TRADE, recognized and legitimized, for the first time, as part of the public law of ‘Earope, in a solemn treaty between those two powers which, above all others, ought to have united in supporting the cause of civilization and justice, and in extirpating so execrable a traffic—by hearing of the re-establishment of The peteSTABLE IN QUIsition in Spain, and of the overthrow of all those securities of liberty which the PATR rotic Cortes had so nobly established—by witnessing the measures pursued against Norway, and the continuance of the war against AMERICA–by observing the overbearing
policy pursued towards the kings of Saxony and DENMARK, and the persevering deterinination to extinguish Pol AND from the map of Europe—and by discovering that the FREE constituTron of France, which promised so much benefit to her king and people, and under which the counter-revolution was effected, has been injudiciously subverted, and the sacred name of constitution applied to arrangements which serve only to give colour to unlimited and arbitrary power !
If such acts are the means of disturbing the unaniinity of mankind at au auspicious moment—if they excite the abhorrence of all thinking men at a time when general satisfaction was desired—and if they prove the cause of a revival of those controversies which it would have been so easy, so advantageous, and so wise, to have buried in eternal oblivion—who is it that merits censure ?
TREATY OF PEACE. In the Name of the most Holy and Undividc? Trinity.
His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and his Allies, on the one part, and his Majesty the King of France and of Navarre, on the other part, animated by an equal desire to terminate the long agitations of Europe, and the sufferings of mankind, by a permament peace, founded upon a just repartition of force between its states, and containing in its stipulations the pledge of its durability; and his Britannic Majesty, together with his Allies, being unwilling to require of France, now that, replaced under the paternal government of her Kings, she offers tile assurance of security and stability to Europe, the conditions and guarantees which they had with regret demanded from her former government; their said Majesties have named plenipotentiaries to disguss, settle, and sign a treaty of peace and amity; namely,
Article I.-There shall be from this day forward perpetual peace and friendship between his Britannic Majesty and his Ailies on the one part, and his Majesty the King of France and Navarre on the other, their heirs and successors, their dominions and subjects respectively.
The high contracting parties shall devote their best attention to maintain, not only between themselves, but, inasmuch as depends upon them, between all the states of Europe, that harmony and good understanding which are so necessary for their tranquillity.
554 Art. II.-The kingdom of France retains its limits entire, as they existed on the 1st of January, 1792. It shall further receive the increase of territory, comprised within the line established by the following article: Art. III. On the side of Belgium, Germany, and Italy, the ancient frontiers shall be re-established, as they existed on the 1st of January, 1792, extending from the North Sea, between Dunkirk and Nieuport, to the Mediterranean, between Cagnes and Nice, with the foliowing modifications: 1. In the department of Jemappes, the Cantons of Dour, Merbes-le-Chateau, Beaumont, and Chinay, shall belong to France; where the line of demarkation comes in contact with the Cantom of Dour, it shall pass between that canton and those of Boussu and Paturage, and likewise further on it shall pass between the Cantom of Merbes-le-Chateau and those of Binck and *Thuin. 2. In the department of Sambre and Meuse, the cantoms of Walcourt, Florennes, Beauraing, and Gedinne, shall belong to France; where the demarkation reaches that department, itshall follow the line which separates the said cantons from the department of Jemappes, and from the remaining cantons of the department of Sambre and Meuse. s. In the department of the Moselle, the new demarkation, at the point where it diverges from the old line of frontier, shall be formed by a line, to be drawn from Perle to Fremersdorff, and by the limit which separates the canton of Tholey from the remaining cantons of the said department of the Moselle. 4. In the department of La Sarre, the eantons of Saarbruck and Arneval shall continue to belong to France, as likewise the portion of the canton of Lebach which is situated to the south of a line drawn along the confines of the villages of Herchenbach, Ueberhofen, Hilsbach, and Hall (leaving these different places out of the French frontier) to the point where, in the neighbourhood of QKerselle, (which place belongs to France, the line which separates the cantons of Armeval and Ottweiler reaches that which separates the cantons of Arneval and Lebach. The frontier on this side shall be formed by the line above described, and afterwards by that which separates the canton of Arneval from that of Bliescastel. 5. The fortress of Landau having before the year 1792, formed an insulated point in Germany, France retains beyond her frontiers a portion of the departments of Mount Tonnerre and of the Lower Rhine, for the purpose of uniting the said fortress and its radius to the rest of the kingdom. The new demarkation from the point in the neighbourhood of Obersteinbach (which place is left out of the limits of France) where the boundary between the
Public Affairs in June.
[July 1, department of the Moselle and that of . Mount Tonmerre reaches the department of the Lower Rhine, shall follow the line which separates the cantons of Weissenburgh and Bergzabern (on the side" of France,) from the cautons of Pirmasens Dahn, and Anweiler (on the side of Germány,) as far as the point near the village of Volmersheim, where that line touches the ancient radius of the fortress of Landau. From this radius, which remains as it was in 1792, the new frontier shall follow the arm of the river de la Queich, which on leaving the said radius at Queichheim (that place remaining to France) flows near the villages of Merlenheim, Knittelsheim, and Bellieim, (these places also belonging to France) to the Rhine, which from thence shall continue to form the boundary of France and Germany. The mainstream (Thalweg) of the Rhine, shall constitute the frontier; provided, however, that the changes which may here. after take placé in the course of that river, shall not affect the property of the islands. The right of possession in these islands shall be re-established as it existed at the signature of the treaty of Luneville. 6. In the department of the Doubs, the frontier shall be so regulated as to commence above the Rançonnière near Locle, and follow the Crest of Jura between the Cerneux, Pequignot, and the village of Fontenelles, as far as the peak of that Mountain situated about seven or eight
... thousand feet to the north-west of the vil
lage of La Brevine, where it shall again fall in with the ancient boundary of France. 7. In the department of the Leman, the frontiers between the French territory, the Pas de Vaud, and the different portions of the territory of the republic of Geneva, (which is to form part of Swisserland,) remain as they were before the incorpora. tion of Geneva with France. But the cantoms of Frangy and of St. Julien, (with the exception of the districts situated to the north of a line drawn from the point where the river of La Laire enters the ter. ritory of Geneva, near Chancy, following the confines of Sesequin, Laconex, an Seseneuve, which shall remain out of the limits of France,) the canton of Reignier, with the exception of the portion to the east of a line which follows the confines of the Muraz Bussy, Pers, and Cornier, which : shall be out of the French limits) and the cantom of La Roche (with the exception of the places called La Roche, and Armanoy, with their districts,) shall remain to France. The frontier shall follow the limits of these different cantons, and the line which separates the districts continuing to belong to France, from those which she does not retain. In the department of Montblanc, France acquires the sub-prefecture of Chambery, with the exception of the cantons of L'Hô