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those two bodies, and te give that constitution the following gnarantees: To representative government shall be maintained such as it exists at present, disided into two corps, riz. The senate and a house composed of depoties of departments. The taxes shall be freely imposed. ioublic and private liberty ensured. The liberty of the press respected, with the preciation necessary to the public tranquillity. The fredom of worship guaranteed. Property shall be sacred and inviolable. The stic of national domains shall remain irrevocable. The ministers, responsible, may be proseouted by one of the legislative house", and tried by the other. The judges are irremorable, and the judi*al power independent. The public debt shall be guaranteed. Pensions, ranks, military honours, preserved, as soil as the ancient and new nobility. The legion of hoagur, the decoration of which we will determino, shall be maintained. Every Frenchman shall be admissible io civil and military employmeo. Infine, no individual sho! be disturbed for his opinions and votes. (Signed) Louis. Done at St. Ouen, May 2, 1844. Rothing can be finer than these dealarations, and if they are contravened by any article of the constitution, it is to be regretted that the precise objection Jere iot stated; because we well kno", in England, that the noblest principles in theory may in practice, by the force of regulations and dualifications, be rendered Fo curses, instead of blessings. We ope and trust, however, that nothing more is meant than meets the eye; yet, it forebodes ill, that this demur of the king should be coupled with the intem: perate language and base insinuations of certain London papers, know".” be the agents of that malignity which revels over the miseries of the world, and of that corruption which only thrives during the expenditure of wars. —soNew French constitutio. The following Articles had not been laid before the public at the time wo printed our last Magazine. Civil List. The Civil List (or the Funds of the Annual Expenditure of the King) is fixed at twenty-five millions of francs, exclusive of his private demesnes and those of the crown. The king to support his civil and military household. The maximum in point of number for the latter is deter#ined. The annual expenditure of the brother of the king is calculated at onefourth, exclusive of the private property

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Public Affairs in May. at the sixteenth part. The maintenance of the children of France, in the direct i:

[June 1,

from the king, male and female, wi hereafter Fo for. , will be . The Conscription. The continuance of the conscription is abolished. The peace, and war establishments of the army will be fixed by the law which will in like manner determine the modes and extent of the recruiting service; the military expenditure of each year; the way in which advances shall be made. Similar regulations with respect to the marine establishments. The provision for the army retained in actual service, and that for retired or pensioned officers and soldiers will be taken into serious consideration. The marines will experience a similar attention. - . - Questions of Peuce and War. The rights of peace and of war shall appertain to the legislative bodies conjointly, subject to the following limitation: Two cannot he decided upon but by the special decree of the two chambers, upon the formal and necessary proposition of the *f; and sanctioned by his majesty. The care of the external relations of the kingdom; the maintenance of the rights and possessions of the kingdom; the care of its political relations; the military preparations, with reference to those of neighbour. ing states; and the repelling imminent or incipient hostilities, is entrusted to the king But, in cases of extraordinary movement, of the forces of the state, the king shall without delay, give notice of the same 3 the legislative bodies, and make known the causes and objects thereof. And if the le. gislature be not then sitting, the same shall be immediately convoked by his majesty When the legislative bodies shall deem §: causes and objects legitimate and admissile, war shall be declared by the king in the name of the French nation. It shall then be deemed national, and the necessar supplies shall be provided. If the . chambers shall decide that war ought not to be made, the king shall order his minis. ters, on their responsibility, to adopt, . Out delay, measures for the cessation or prevention of all hostility. It appertains to the king to conclude and sign all treaties of peace, alliance, and commerce, and other conventions with foreign power which he shall deem advautageous for †: state; but such treaties and conventions

shall not take effect until they be ratified,

by the legislative bodies. With however, to the general peace ...; eoncluded in Paris, between the empero and kings in person, and with the minister plenipotenţiary of England, in case the Prince of Wales should not personally assist, as eagerly desired by the French;o

this peace which is so nearly connected.

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peace, in short, so long desired, concluded after too long an interval of tyranny, shall be definitively concluded and signed by the king, with the different powers, without the necessity of affy ratification by the legislative bodies. This legitimate homage is rendered to the wisdom, the equity, and the magnanimity of the emperors, kings, and princes.” In our last Magazine, we gave place to the other articles of this admirable eonstitution, which may serve as a model for all nations, and we then entertained no doubt but it would be cheerfully accepted by the Bourbons, as a peaceoffering due to France and to Europe: We were, therefore, deeply concerned on perusing the ill-timed proclamation from St. Ouen's, which, at least, served to greate doubts in regard to the bonā fide intentions of the Bourbons, and to place at hazard the satisfactory conclusion of those discussions which have caused the waste of so much blood. If nothing be intended, why suspend, at a crisis of such agitation, that gracious acquiescence in the wishes of all people which would instantly have terminated further animosities And if much be intended by the delay, then we fear that the troubles of France are not yet at an end, nor those of the European nations, should their governments, in the teeth of all experience, persist in seeking to regulate the internal affairs of France, and in making war against the unaltel able principies of Truth and Liberty. Bonaparte's last general Order of the Day; published at Fontainbleau. Fontainbleau, April 4. The emperor thanks the army for the attachment it has shewn to him, and, above all, because it acknowledges that France resides in him, and not in the people in the capital. The soldier follows the fortune of his general, his honour, and conscience. The Duke of Ragu a has not inspired his brethren in arms with those feelings; he is gone over to the allies. The emperor cannot approve the conditions on which he has taken this step; he cannot accept his life and liberty as a boon from a subject. The senate has allowed itself to dispose of the government of France; it has forgotten that it is indebted for the power which it now abuses to the emperor alone; that he saved a part of its members out of the storms of the revolution, raised another part from nothing to greatness, and protected them against the hatred of the nation. The senate appeals to the articles of the constitution in order to overthrow it. It does not blush to make reproaches on the enoperor, without reflecting, that the scnate itself, as the first body in the state, has had a share Month LY MAG, No. 235,

in every event. It has gone so far as to
dare to reproach the emperor with having
fals:#ed the official documents in the pul;2
lication ; the whole world knows he had no.
occasion for such a tifices: a hint from him
was a command ior the sei;afe, which al-
wavs did more than was required of it.
The emperor has cver been ready to at-
tend to the well founded advice of his ini-
misters, and he expected from them, un-
der present circumstances, the failest ap-
probation and support of his measures. If,
out of zeal, exaggeration has slipped into
the public addresses and speeches, the
emperor may certainly have been deceiv-
ed, but ought not those who have held such
language to him, to reproach themselves
for the consequences of their own flattery 2
The senate is not ashamed to speak of
libels against foreign powers, and forgets
that they were composed in its own bosom.
As long as fortune remained faithful to their
sovereign, these people never iet a syllable
qf complaint about the abuse of power es-
cape their lips, if the emperor had de-
spised mankind as he is upbraided with
having done, the would must now acknow-
ledge that lie had some reason to despise
them. -
He has received his dignity from God
and the nation; they alone can take it from
him. He has always considered this dig-
nity as a burthen, and when he took it up.
on himself, it was from the conviction that
he alone was able to stipport it in a becom-
ing manner. His fortune seemed to be his
destiny. Now that fortane has declared
against him, nothing but the express will
of the nation could prevail upon him to re-
main any longer on the thronc.
If he must consider himself as the only
obstacle to peace, he most willingly makes
to France his last sacrifice. He has ac-
cordingly sent the Prince of Moscow, and
the Dukes of Vicenza and Tarentum, to
Paris, to open a negotiation. The army
may be assisted that its honour and the hap-
piness of France siza.. icycr be opposed to
each other.

Ti Li Tiks witH FI:ANCE. sig NEP AT
PARIS, THE 23p C F APRII, 1814.
In the Name of the most holy and tindi,
vided Trinity. -
THE Allied Powers, arxious to termi.
nate the laisfortunes of Europe, and to lay
the foundation of its repose oil a just divi-
sion of power between the states of whicil
it is composed; desi of afiording to
France, (now that she is reinstated under
a Government whose oples offer the
necessary guarantees for the maintena::ce
of Peace, proofs of their disposition to
place themselves in the of friend.
ship with her; and wishing at the same
time that France should enjoy the blessings
of peace as much ; possible, even before
... *

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462 the whole of their arrangements can be completed, have resolved to proceed, comjointly with his Royal Highness Monsieur, Son of France, Brother of the IXing, Lieutenant-General of the Kingdom of France, to a suspension of hostilities between their respective forces, and to the re-estabiishment of the relations of friendship which formerly sobsist, 3 between them. His Mosty the King of the United Kingdom of Great loitain and Ireland, for himself and his Allies of the one part, and his Royal Highness Monsieur, Isrother of the Most Christian King, Lieutenant-General of the Kingdom of France, on the other part, have, in consequence, named Plenipotentiaries to agree to an act, which, without prejudging the terms of peace, contains suipulations for a suspension of hostilities, and which shall be succeeded, as soon as may be, by a Treaty of Peace; to wit:—His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Right Honourable Robert Stewart Viscount Castlereagh, his principal Secretary of State for Forcign Affairs; aud his Royal Highness Monsieur, Brother of the King, j,ieutenant-General of the Kingdom of I’, ance, Łe Sieur Charles Maurice de Tallex i and Perigord, Prince of Benevento, {}rond Eagle of the Legion of Honour, Senator, and President of the Provisional Goveinment; who, after the exel:ange of their full powers, have agreed to the following 3rticles: I. All hostilities by land and sea are, and shall remain, stisperided between the Allied Powers and France, that is to say: ---for the land forces, as soon as the commanding officers of the French armies and fortified places shall have site fict to the allied troops opposed to them, that they have recognized the authority of the Lieutenant-General of the iSingdom of France; and in like manner upon the sea, as far as regards plajitime places and stations, as soon as the shipping and ports of the kingdom of Frailee, or those occupied by Fre;ich forces, shall have manifested the sa;;ze suboission. is. For the purpose of effecting the reestablish: sent of ti:e relation; of friendship between it:e Allied Powo is airti for:tece, gold to gård to the 13tier before!;&#d, as touch as possible, the enjoyitoni of the blessinos of peace, the A'ited Powels will gait, o their arries to evac: , ‘e the i'rcheh territoro, as it existed on the 1st of January 1:09, upon ecolitic; that the places still in the possession of the French armies beyo:3 tito e iimits, goali he evacitated and deliver: up to the Allies. f : 1. ‘A’he ficate;iant-General of tijekingdam of France will accordingly instruct the edian:ndants cf. those places to dei, ver tho up in the following manoer, viz. The places situated upon the Rhine, act comproheeded within the limits of France on ilo 1st of January 1792, and those between

Public Affairs in May.

[June 1, the Rhine and the said limits, in the space of ten days, to be calculated from the day of the signature of the present act; the places in Piedmont and in other parts of Italy which belonged to France, in fifteen days; those in Spain in twenty days; and all other places occupied by French troops, without exception, in snch manner as that they shall be entirely delivered up by the 1st of June next. The garrisons of such places shall depart with their arms and baggage, and with the private property of the military, and of the civil agents of every description. They shall be allowed to take with them field artillery in the proportiou 40f three pieces to each one thousand men, the sick and wounded therein comprised. The property of the fortresses, and every thing which is not private property, shall remain untouched, and shall be given over in full to the Allies without anything being removed. In the property are comprised not only the depots of artillery and animunition, but also all other supplies of every description, as well as the archives, inventories, plans, maps, models, &c. Immediately after the signature of the present Convention, Commissaries on the part of the Allied Powers and of France shall be named and dispatched to the fortresses, in order to ascertain the state in which they are, and to regulate together the execution of this article. The garrisons shall be regulated in their return to France according to the magazines upon the different lines which shall be agreed upon. The blockades of otified places in France shall be raised immediately by the allied armies. The Freiich troops making a part of the army of Italy, or occupying the fortified places in that country or in the Mediterramean, shall be lecalled immediately by his Royal Highness the Lieutenant-General of the kingdom. IV. The stipulations of the preceding article shall be equally applicable to mari. time fortresses, the Contracting Powers. reserving, however, to themselves to regulate in the definitive treaty of peace, the fate of the arsenals, vessels of war, armed and unarmed, which are in those places. V. The fleets and ships of France shall remain in their respective situations, vessels only charged with particular missions shall be allowed to sail, but the immediate ef. feet of the present act in respect to the French ports, shall be the raising of all blockade by land or sea, the liberty of fishing, that of the coasting trade, particularly of that which is necessary for supplying Paris with provisions; and the re-establishment of the relations of commerce conformably to the internal regulations of each country; and the immediate effect in respect to the interior shall be the free provisioning of the cities, and the free passage of all means of military of commercial

transport. VI, fa


* VI. In order to anticipate every subject of complaint and dispute which may arise respecting the captures which might be made at sea after the signature of the present Convention, it is reciprocally agreed that vessels and effects which may be taken in the Channel, and in the North Seas, after the space of twelve days, to reckon from the exchange of the ratifications of the present act, shall be restored on both sides, that the term shall be one month within the Channel and North Seas to the Canary Islands and to the Equator, and five months in every other part of the world, without any exception or other particular distinction of time, or of place. VII. On both sides, the prisoners, officers and soldiers, of land or sea, or of any other description whatever, and particularly hostages, shall be immediately sent back to their respective countries, without ransom and without exchange. Commissaries shall be named reciprocally in order to carry this general liberation into effect. VIII. The administration of the departments or cities actually occupied by the forces of the Co-belligerents shall be given over to the magistrates named by his Royal Highness the Lientenant-General of the Kingdom of France. The royal authorities shall provide for the subsistence and wants of the troops to the moment when they shall evacuate the French territory, the Allied Powers wishing, as an act of friendship towards France, to discontinue the military requisitions, as soon as the restoration of the legitimate authority shall have been effected. Every thing which rekates to the execution of this article sha}} be regulated by a particular Convention. IX. A mutual understanding shall take place respecting the terms of the second article, as to the routes which the troops of the Allied Powers shall follow in their march, in order to prepare the means of subsistence, and Commissaries shall be named to regulate all matters of detail, and to accompany the troops till the moment of their quitting the French territory. Additional Article. The term of ten days, agreed on in virtue of the stipulations of the Third Article of the Convention of this day for the evacuation of the for tified places upon the Rhine, and between that river and the ancient frontiers of France, is extended to the fortified places and military establishments of whatsoever description in the United Provinces of the United States.



Declaring the Cessation of Arms as well by

Sea as by Lund, agreed upon between his

Majesty and his Most Christian Majesty, and enjoining the observunce thereof.


Whereas a Convention for the suspension

of hostilities between his Majesty and the

Kingdom of France, was signed at Paris the 23rd day of April last, by the Plenipotentiary of his Majesty, and the Plenipotentiary of his Royal Highness Monsient, brother of the Most Christian King, Lieutenant General of the Kingdom of France: and whereas, for putting an end to the calamities of war, as soon, and as far as may be possible, it hath been agreed between his Majesty and his y!ost Christian Majesty as follows; that is to gay, that as soon as the Convention shall be signed and ratified, friendship should be established between his Majesty and the kingdom of France by Sea and land, in all parts of the world : and in order to prevent aii causes of complaint and dispute which might aise with respec to prizes that might be made at sea after the signature of the said Convention, it has also been reciprocally agreed, that the vessels and effects which Inight be taken, in the English Channel and in the North Seas, after the space of twelve days, to be reckoned from the exchange of the ratifications of the said Convention, should be/restored on both sides; that the term should be che month within the British Channel and Noi th Seas to the Canary Islands, and to the Equator, and five months in every other part of the world, without any exception or other particular distinction of time or of place. And whereas the ratifications of the said Convention were exchanged by the respective Plenipotentiaries above-mentioned, on the third day of this instant May, from which day the several terms above-mentioned, of twelve days, of one noonth, and five months are to be computed : Now in order that the several epochs fixed as aforesaid be. tween his Yajesty and his Most Christian Majesty should be generally known and observed ; We have thought fit, in the name and on the behalf of his Majesty, and by and with the advice of his Majesty's Privy Council, te notify the same to his Majesty's loving subjects; and We do hereby, in the name and on the behalf of his Miajesty, strictly charge and command all his Majesty's officers both by sea and land, and all other his Majesty's subjects whatsoever, that they foibear all acts of hostility, either by sea or land, against the kingdom of France, her allies, her vessels or subjects, under the penalty of incurring his Majesty's highest displeasure. Given at the Conrt at Carlton house, the 6th day of May, in the 54th year of his Majesty's reign, and in the year of our Lord 1814. : COD save the King,

The following are the official accounts of the affairs before Toulouse and Bay.

onne, mentioned in our last. Downing-street, April 26. Major Lord William Russel arrived last night at this office, bringing a Dis3 Q 3 patch


464 patch from the Marquis of Wellington, of which the following is an extract: Toulouse, April 12. I have the pleasure to inform your lordship that I entered this town this morning, which the enemy evacuated during the night, retiring by the road of Carcassone. The continued fall of rain, and the state of the roads, prevented me from laying the bridge till the morning of the 8th, when the Spanish corps, and the Portuguese artilTery, under the immediate orders of Lieut.Seneral Don Manuel Freyre, and the head-quarters, crossed the Garonne. Marshal Beresford crossed the Ers, and sormed his corps in three columns of lines in the village of Croix d’Orade, the 4th division leading, with which he immediately carried Montblane. He then moved up the Ers in the same order, over most difficult ground, in a direction parallel to the enemy's fortified position; and as soon as he reached the point at which he turned it, he formed his lines and moved to the at: tack. During these operations, Lieut.General Don Manuel Freyre moved along the left of the Frs to the front of Croix d'Orade, where he formed his corps in two lines, with a reserve on a height in front of the left of the enemy's position, on which height the Portuguese artillery was placed; and Major-Gen. Ponsonby's brigade of ca. valry of reserve in the rear. As soon as it was seen that Marshal Beresford was ready, Lieut.-General Freyre moved forward to the attack. The troops marched in good order under a heavy fire of musquetry and artillery, and shewing great spirit, the General and all his staff being at their head; and the two lines were soon lodged under some banks immediately under the cnemy's entrenchments; the reserve and Portuguese artifiery, and Bri. tish cavalry continuing on the heights on which the troops had first formed. The enemy, how cver, repulsed the movement of the right of General Freyre's line round their left flank, and having followed up their success, and turned our right by both sides of the high road leading from Toulouse to Croix d'Orade, they soon compelled the whole corps to retire. It gave me great satisfaction to see, that although they suf. fered considerably in retiring, the troops rallied again as soon as the light division, which was immediately on their right, moved up ; and I cannot sufficiently appland the exertions of Lieut.-General Freyre, the officers of the staff of the 4th Spanish army, and the officers of the General Staff, to rally and form them again. Lieut.-General Mendizabel, who was in the field as a volunteer, General Espeletta, and several officers of the staff and chiefs of corps were wounded upon this occasion;

but General Mendizabel continued in the.


in the mean time Marshal Beresford,

Public Affairs in May–Battle of Toulouse,

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with the 4th division, under the command of Lieut.-General Sir L. Cole, and the 6th division, under the command of Lieut.-Ge: neral Sir H. Clinton, attacked and carried the heights on the enemy's right, and the redoubt which covered and protected that flank. While the operations above detailed were going forward on the left of the army, Lieut.-General Sir R. Hill drove the enemy from their exterior works in the suburb, on the left side of the Garonne, within the ancient wall. Lieut.-General Sir T. Picton likewise, with the 3d division, drove' the enemy within the tete-du-pont on the bridge of the canal nearest to the Garonne; but the troops having made an effort to carry it, they were repulsed, and some loss was sustained. The army being thus established on the three sides of Torilouse, I immediately detached our light cavalry to cut off the communication by the only road practicable for carriages which remained to the enemy, till I should be enabled to make arrangements to establish the troops between the canal and the Garonne. , The enemy, however, letired last night, leaving in our hands Generals d'Harispe, Burrot, and St. Hilaire, and 1600 prisoners.-One piece of cannon was taken on the field of battle; and others, and large quantities of stores of all descriptions, in the town. Lieut.-General the Earl of Dalhousie crossed the Garonne nearly about the time that Admiral Penrose entered the river, and pushed the enemy's parties under General L'Huillier beyond the Dordagne. He then crossed the Dordagne on the 4th, near St. Andre de Cubzac, with a detachment of the troops under his command,” with a view to the attack of the fort of Blaye. His Lordship found Generals L'Huillier and Des Barreaux posted near Etauliers, and made his dispositions to attack them, when they retired, leaving 300 prisoners in his hands. WELLINGTON, Total Loss, in Killed, Wounded, and Mis

sing. -" B RITIs H. | Portuguese. Officers. Priv. Total Offi. Pri. Total Killed - 16 996 312 3 75 78 Wounded 134 1661 1795 23 506 529

Missing - 3 14 17 0 0 ()
2124 60?
$PAN is ti, -
Officers. Priv. Total. GrandTotal,
IZilled - 12 193 205 || 2124
Wounded - 91 1631 1722 || 607
Missing - 0 1 1 | 1928
1928 || 4659

British Officers Killed.—10th Royal Hus.

sars, Captain C. Gordon, Artillery, Gers .

man illegion, Lieut, Blumenbach.-11th

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