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be increased or decreased in their strength, and in the ratio of their elabticity, inasmuch as to gain great resistance by every little motion; or, on the eontrary, to have a considerable motion with but a trifling difference in their propelling action, whether such action be equal to ounces, pounds, or tons.

The method of constructing these springs, with respect to shape and size, is as various as the uses to which they may be applied, without any deviation from the principle; but the most obvious method is the simple cylinder and piston, connected with an air vessel, accompanied by such variations in size and form as the different uses he puts them to may require.

©ther Patents lately granted, of which we solicit the Specifications. Edward STEERs, of the Inner Temple, gentleman; for a method of rendering the stoppers of bottles, jars, &c. air-tight.— Dated March 12, 1814. Rog ER HASLepi Ne, of Great Russellstreet, Bloomsbury-square, in the county

Royal Academy of London.

433

of Middlesex, ironmonger; for a contri. vance for folding screens, adapted to impede the passage of air, smoke, file, and light, applied to fire-places, grates, stoves, windows, and doors, which he denominates “The improved folding screen.”—Dated March 12, 1814. ALExANDER Cook, of the Strand, in the county of Middlesex, gentleman; for an invention for the prevention and cure of the dry rot, and common decay in timber; and for preserving woollen, linen, and other articles from mildew.—Dated March 12, 1814. WILLIAM ALFRED Non LF, of Rileystreet, Chelsea, in the county of Middlesex, engineer; for an improved steam and fireengine, and new means of connecting or joining steam or water pipes together.— Dated March 23, 1814. EMANUE: BEATson, of Birmingham, in the county on Warwick, gun-finisher; for an improvement to the locks and breeches of fire-arms, by rendering the pans of locks and communication between the priming and loading of fire-arms water-proof.-—Dated March 23, 1814. *...* We invite Patentees to favour us with copies of their Specifications.

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THE ROYAL ACADEMY of LONDON. rBTHE Forty-sixTH exhibition of the Royal Academy was opened this

year at the usual period, with 811 origi

nal subjects of painting, drawing, and sculpture. If there are fewer historical pieces than usual, the general degree of excellence is by no means dininished, and many of the portraits would have done credit to the pencils of the first names in the annals of painting. The architectural drawings are particularly splendid, and the sculptures prove the utility of the Townley, Oxford, and Elgin collections. Among the Royal Academicians whose works always bespeak their superior origin: Sir WILLIAM BEEcHEY has five pictures, Hebe, the Duke of Cambridge, Mr. E. Gambler, Mr. Flee, and Sir B. Graham. Mr. Bos E has three, Earl Southampton, a Girl and Puppy, and Lord Fred. Campbell. Mr. Bigg (R.A. elect) has three, a Landscape, an effect of Lightning on an Oak, and a Village Carpenter, in the first style of excellence. Mr. T, DANIELL has three, a Scene Rear Gungarapetta, another on the river

Ganges, and the Entrance of the Isars bour of Muscar, in Arabia. Mr. DAwe has five, Mrs. Cowley and Son, a Sketch near Margate, Mrs. Hodgkinson, the learned Dr. Parr, Mrs. Eardley Wilmot, and a Child. Mr. FUSELI has three, Sigilind roused by the contest of the Good and Bad Geinius, Queen Mab, and Criemhild mourning over Sifrid. Mr. FI.Ax?IAN has five, a Pastoral Apollo, a Model for part of a Monument for Chichester Cathedral, the good Samaritán, a Canadian Indian, and a British volunteer. Mr. How ARD has four, Sunrise, Dr. Anderson, some Swiss peasants, and Mr. Hi, Irvine. oir. LAwRs:NCE has eight, Lord Castlereagh, Lady Leicester, the Duke of York, Lady Grantham, the Marquis of Abercorn, Col. M'Mahon, Lady Emily Cowper, and Miaster Wm. Lock, all in his superior manner. Mr. NoLLEk Fos has five, Mr. Whitbread, the Earl of Charleinont, the IJuke of Grafton, Earl Cowper, and the Earl of Aberdeen. Mr. No Ittico TE has five, Lady Pole, a Lady playing on the Harp, the Judgment of Solomon, Mr. M. J. Brunel, and a portrait of a Lady, Air

436 Mr. Owrx has five portraits, Lord Chief Justice Gibbs, the Duke of Cumberland, the Earl of Ashburnham, Sir T. Nichols, and Miss Hoare. Mr. PHILLIPs has seven, Mr. II. Drummond, Sir T. Banks, the Marquis of Stafford, Lord Byron in the dress of an Albanian, Miss Stanley in the character of Juliet, a Nobleman, and a Family Groupe. Mr. Rossi has two, a Model for a Statue of the Marquis Cornwallis, and Venus persuading Mars to Peace. Mr. Re1 NAGLE has two, a Wandering Stag, and a pleasing picture of Monkey Tricks. Mr. Shee has eight portraits, Colonel Harrison, Capt. Webster, Mr. L. White, Mrs. Gordon, Mrs. Hopkins and Son, Gen. Popham, Mrs. John Reid, and Master Tucker. Mr. Stoth ARD has two, Calypso caressing Cupid, and Euphrosyne. Mr. So ANE has one, a View of a Design for a new House of Lords. Mr. Thompson has three, a Thais, a portrait of Mr. Wm. Smith, and Eurydice hurried back to the Infernal Regions. Mr. TURNER has one, representing IDido and /Eneas. Mr. THEED has two, a Model of a piece of Plate executed for the Prince Regent, and a Bacchanalian Groupe. Mr. WEST, the president, has two beautiful pieces, Cupid stung by a bee, and a fine portrait of the late Duke of Portland. Mr. WooDFor DE bas six, a Cottage Window, Diana reposing after the Chase, and four portraits. M. Wirks E has two in his usual spirit, the Refusal, and the Letter of Introduction, both meriting our warmest praise. Mr. WARD has six, Luke Henry and Kate his wife, a Greyhound, a Shetland Poney, a Straw Yard, a Bittern, and a Heron. Mr. WESTMAcoTT has two subjects, an alto-relievo in marble, and a model for a monument, The associates of the Academy have contributed to this exhibition as follows: Mr. ARN ALD has five subjects, a Morning in September, the October fair at Ambleside, the Castle of Gloom, a Gravel Pit, and a View of Southampton. Mr. BIRD has two pictures in his exisite style, the Cheat detected, and 3. Philippa supplicating King Edward to spare the six burghers of Calais, an old subject treated in a new manner.

- 3

Royal Academy of London.

[June 1,

Mr. CIIALoN has five, a scene from Le Mariage de Figaro, and several portraltS. Mr. W.M. DANIELL has three, Kemaes Head in South Wales, a landscape and cattle, and a view near St. Gowen's Head, Pembrokeshire. Mr. DRUMMOND has eight very fine portraits. Mr. GARRARD has three subjects, a bust of a young lady, another of an infant, and a spirited cast of Cribb and Molineux, as large as life, in the act of striking and defending, one of the happiest exertions of genius in the exhibition. Mr. Howe has but one portrait, the Duke of Devonshire. " Mr. HILtoN has but one picture, a representation of Miranda and Ferdinand bearing a log, executed with his accustomed ability. Mr. Joseph has three pictures, a portrait of a lady, of the daughter of the Vice-Chancellor and her brother, and of Mr. G. F. Percival. Mr. Oliver has seven, a portrait of Mr. Scudamore, of Gen. Sir Wm. Congreve, of Sir C. Nightingale, a pleasing picture of the Idle Girl, and some other portraits. Mr. RAEBURN has four subjects, a portrait of a Gentleman, of Lord Seaforth, of a Lady, and of Gen. Sir D. Baird. Mr. WESTALL has four subjects in his happy manner, a View of Richmond in Yorkshire, an exquisitely finished View in a Mandarin's Garden, another of Oxford, and one of the Statue Gallery at Oxford, combining a variety of excellencies. The number of exhibitors is about 350, and of course it will not be expected that we should attempt to specify their respective merits. It would however be unjust to omit the praise due, to Mr. HoFLAN p for his chaste and effective picture of Stirling Castle; to a fine portrait of Mr. Manning, by Mr. Lonsdale; and to the architectural designs and drawings. of Messrs. Aikin, Busby, Elmes, Laing, Sanders, Woods, and White. On the whole it is our opinion that though there are no particular subjects se striking as have sometimes been seen in former exhibitions, yet the general degree of perfection indicates a common improvement in the taste and execution of our living artists, and a diffusion of power which will astomish the world as often as it is called into exertion by suitable stimulants. THE

THE SOCIETY OF PAINTERS IN WATER COLOURS. TH is society, which was formed, as we understand, for the purpose of giving due emphasis to an interesting branch of art that was lost in the blaze of Somerset House, where water-colours, however beautiful, harmonized so badly with paintings in oil, has this year deviated from its original and legitimate object, and has mixed with its own exquisite productions various pictures in oil. We intend this as no reflection on the paintings of Mr. HAYDoN and other artists; but we should have preferred to have seen them in the great competition of that branch of art at Somerset House, Had there been any difficulty, in the Water-Colour Society, in covering their walls with fine subjects in their own line, then some arrangement with Mr. CRA1G, who divides the public by a separate exhibition of his own rare productions, would have given to the collection in Spring Gardens a more appropriate claim to the attention and admiration of the public. This tenth annual Exhibition of drawings in water-colours is as brilliant and interesting as any former one, and will afford unmixed pleasure to every visitor. The interiours of Messrs. MACKENzie and PUGIN are so exquisitely finished, and convey so accurate a notion of their originals, that an American need not make a voyage to Europe to see the beauties of our cathedral architecture. Mr. Uwi Ns has also recorded the ceremonials of the commemoration at Oxford in a drawing which commands general admiration. Our commercial glory is honoured by the pencil of Mr. CRISTALL, and our naval prowess by that of Mr. Pocock; while Messrs. Glover, Varley, Fielding, Smith, Barrett, Clenhell, Dinsdale, Hills, and Scott, delight every eye of taste, not less by the perfection than the variety of their powers. We think Mr. HAYDoN's great picture of the Judgment of Solomon out of its proper place in this room; yet as a performance it ranks among the best pictures of the British school, and proves that Mr. Haydon ought forthwith to be enrolled among the Royal Academicians. We avoid particular criticisms, because many of our readers cannot see the objects, and those who can, will and ought to judge for themselves. In regard to Mr. Haydon's picture, we confess we never saw a design of this subject which pleased us; and the cause is perhaps to be referred to some association connected with the subject itself, for the drama is £yidently worthy of pictorial powers. - Monthly MAG, No. 255,

The difficulty of relieving or disposing of the front or central figure of the stiff magisterial person of Solomon, is probably

one of the causes; and if we might sug.

gest to the next artist who paints this

subject, we would advise that instead of

placing Solomon in the front and centre,

they would place the child and mothers

in the centre, and the judge on either

hand. Mr. Northcote has the same sub

ject in the exhibition of this year, une

qual in all respects to Mr. Haydon's

picture, and he too has placed the judgs

in the same ungraceful and unpictorial

position.

•-tonroe

BRITISH INSTITUTION FOR PROMOTING THE FINI, ARTS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM.

THIS useful and public spirited establishment, founded June 4, 1805, and opened January 18,1806, and of which the King is patron, the Prince Regent vicepatron and president, and the Marquis of Stafford deputy president, was founded for the purpose of exhibiting the works of masters to the rising generation of painters, for their emulation and imitation. In pursuance of the plan which they originally proposed, the directors have adopted those measures which appeared to them best calculated to facilitate the improvement, and lead to the advantage of the British artist; and with this view, they have set before him many examples of painting of the foreign schools which appeared to them capable of af. fording instruction in the various branches of art; but in offering specimens for study, they have not forgotten the works of the eininent men whom the British school has produccd. Those of SIR Josh UA REYN olds displayed last year at the British Gallery, gratified every lover of the art; they exhibited the most brilliant glow of colouring, and the most fascinating combination of fancy and of taste; and proved that England is a soil in which the polite arts will take root, flourish, and arrive at a very high degree of perfection. If further proof were waiting, it would be found in the varied productions of the masters whose works are exhibited at this time to admiring multitudes. Hogart II adopted a new line of art, purely English; his merits are known to the public more from his prints than from his paintings: both deserve our attention. His pictures often display beautiful colouring as well as accurate drawing: his subjects generally convey useful lessons

of inorality, and are calculated to in

3 Is prove

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prove the man as well as the artist; and he teaches with effect, because he delights, while he instructs. It has been said of him, that in his pictures he composed comedies; his humour never fails to excite mirth, and it is directed against the fit objects of ridicule or contempt. The powers of his pencil were not perverted to the purposes of personal attack; the application of his satire was general, and the end at which he aimed was the reformation of folly or of vice. Many of the works of Wilson will be contemplated with delight—few artists have excelled him in the tint of air, perhaps the most disficult point of attainment for the landscape painter; every object in his pictures keeps its place, because each is seen through its proper medium. This excellence alone gives a charm to his pencil, and with judicious application may be turned to the advantage of the British artist. The merit of his works is now justly appreciated; and we may hope that since the period of his decease, the love and knowledge of the art have been so much diffused through this country, that the exertion of such talents may newer again remain unrewarded during the life of him who possessed them. The pictures of Garssborough, as well as those of slogarth, were drawn entirely from English nature. Among his portraits, some will be found in this exhibition to possess considerable merit, but his faine with rest chiefly upon his other works; in his fancy pictures, his choice was peculiarly happy—the characteristic air of his cottage children, the truth and spirit with which his animals are touched, his just representation of rustic scenery, the force of his colouring, and the skilful management of his light and shade, give a most captivating effect to his works, and place him indisputably upon the highest eminence among this class of painters. Zof FAN I has been thought to merit the attention of the public on this occasion, by the industry with which he has sultivated an interesting branch of portrait painting; he may be called the historian of the stage of Garrick. Those who remember that inimitable actor will be grateful to Zoffani, for the accuracy with which he has recordcq all that it was possible to catch of his exquisite but evanescent art. These works will shew the young artist, that if so much may be done by care, industry, and a resolute attention to nature, without any peculiar degree of taste, or power of imagination, $ow much may be accomplished by the *

British Institution.

[June 1, active exertion of minds more bountifully gifted. It is not proposed to point out particus larly the various beauties displayed in the works of these eminent artists. It is sufficient to touch upon the most prominent; the painter who studies them will discover many other excellencies which he, may turn to his advantage: neither ars the productions of these masters selected as objects of servile imitation, but as affording hints, and encouraging attempts, which are likely to lead to improvement. The present exhibition of those four masters, while it gratifies the taste and feeling of the lover of the art, may tend to excite animating reflections in the mind of the artist—if at a time when the art received little comparative support such works were produced, a reasonable hope may be entertained that we shall see productions of still higher attainment, under more encouraging circumstances. The directors flatter themselves that their endeavours have not been unavailing even in the short period which has elapsed since the commencement of this establishment. The annual exhibition of the present year evinces considerable improvement among the junior artists: they trust that improvement will be progressive. It is the anxious wish of the directors to give publicity to the eminent works of the British artist—to be justly appreciated, such works must be generally seen; their introduction into our public halls would be highly desirable; and the admission of proper scriptural subjects into our churches, would surely, while it promoted the art, advance the purposes. of religion. The fame of the deceased. artist would thus be perpetuated, and theo living artist would be prompted to make, in Ore strenuous exertions. PRIZE PICTURES. - " The directors of the British Institution, give notice, that the three following premiums are proposed to be given for pictures by artists of, or resident in the united kingdom, painted in the present year, and sent to the British Gallery on or before the 17th of January next. 1st, For the best picture in historical or poetical composition, two hundred guineas. 2d. For the next best picture in historical or poetical composition, one hundred guineas. 3d. For the best landscape, one hundred guineas. - " The directors reserve to themselves the power of withholding either of the premiums, if they think proper. A picture's being paiuted by commii- tion,

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ARCHEOLOGY. LLUSTRATIONS of Northern Antiquities, from the earlier Teutonic and Scandinavian Romances, being an Abstract of the Book of Heroes, and Nibelungen Lay; with Translations of Metrical Tales, from the old German, Danish, Swedish, and Icelandic Languages; with Notes and Dissertations, royal 4to. 31. Ss. Number I. of the History and Antiquities of the Cathedral Church of Salisbury; illustrated by a Series of Engravings of Views, Elevatious, Plans, and Architectural Details of that Edifice: also belineations of the Ancient Monuments and Sculpture; by John Britton, F.S.A. In medium 4to. 12s. imp. 4to. 11. to correspond with the Architural Antiquities; a few copies in crown lio, 11. 11s. 6d. and super-royal folio 21. 2s. to class with the new edition of Dugdale's Monasticon. - 131 BLOGRAPHY. . The First Number of Barry and Son's oatalogue of Rare, Curious, and Valuable Books, now on Sale at No. 21, High-street, Bristol. A Catalogue of Books for 1814; containing many scarce and curious Articles, which are now on Sale, for Ready Money, at the Prices affixed, by John Raw, bookseller, *Ipswich. Part I. 1s. - Biog RAPHY. Literary Anecdotes of the Eighteenth Xentury; comprising Biographical Memoirs of Wm. Bowyer, printer, F.S.A. and many of his Learned Friends; an incidental View of the Progress and Advancement of Lite‘rature in this Kingdom during the last Century; by John Nichols, F.S.A. Vol. VIII. 11. 7s. with Seven Portraits. Portraits of Illustrious Personages of Great Britain, with Biographical and Historical Memoirs of their Lives and Actions; by Edmund Lodge, esq. Lancaster Herald, F.S.A. Part I. folio. A Translation of the First Part of the Memoirs, &c. of Baron de Grimm, for the Years 1753 to 1770. 2 vols. 8vo. 11. 8s. chEM 1st RY. . The Chemical Guide, or Complete ComRanion to the Portable Chest of Chemistry; £ontaining full Directions for making and i. all the different Tests or Reagents

employed in the Analysis of artificial and natural Products ; by iteece and Co., 8vo, 7s. 6d. COMMERCE. Waters' Calculator, or the Baltic and American Merchant, Ship-owner, and Captain's Assistant ; third edition, corrected and considerably enlarged, by J. Schofield. 4s. 6d. Compendium of Laws recently passed for regulating the Trade with the East Indies; by Thos. Thornton. 8vo. 7s. The Value and Utility of the Freedom of the Hanse Towns; by J. L. v. Hess. I'rom the German, by B. Crusch, 8vo. 6s. CRITICISM. The History of Fiction; being a Critical Account of the most celebrated Prose Works of Fiction, from the earliest Greek Romances to the Novels of the present Age ; by John Dunlop. 3 vols. post 8vo. 11. 11s. 6d. DRAMA, Old English Plays: being a Selection of such Plays of the early Diamatic Writers as are not to be found in Dodsley, or any later Collection; containing the I ragedy of Dr. Faustus, by Marlowe; the 'Fragedy of Lust's Dominion, by the same; the Comedy of Mother Bombie, by Lyly; and the Comedy of Midas, by the same; with Notes and Biographical Prefaces. Vol. I. 8vo. 12s-royal paper 11, Arminius, or the iXeliverance of Germany : a Tragedy; by Chas. Knight, foolscap 8vo. 4s. The Woodman's Hut; a Melo-Dramatic Romance, 8vo. 2s. F. DUCATION. The Expeditious Arithmetician, or Pre. ceptor's Arithmetical Class Book: containing Six separate Sets of Original Ques

tions to exemplify and illustrate an impor

tant Improvement in the Practice of teaching the first Five Rules of Arithmetic; by B. :)anby and J. Leng, of Hull. 7 Parts. 12nuo. 78. Proceedings of the Glasgow Lancasterian Schools Society, at a Meeting held on the 31st of Jamuary, 1814; with Illustrations and Renaiks; by Jos. Fox. 8vo. 3s. The Promoter of Expedition and Ease; a Copper plate Cyphering Book, with the $3.3 Suga

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