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300 nius were not respectable in the present day, it would not be for want of recom}.’ for the Theatres in Goodman's
Drury Lane and Covent Garden Theatres.
[June 1, acquired his fame and fortune, did not. hold above 200l. and could not therefore . be expected to net to the propriéton
ields and Qld Drury, in which Garrick above 10,000!, per annum.
; : TH is externally substantial and intermally superb and well contrived Theatre, was re-built in 1811, on the ruins of the former building, which had been burnt down in 1809. The architect was . Mr. WYATT, and his skill was powerfully and liberally aided by an intelligent and public-spirited committee, of which Mr. WHITBREAD, the member for Bedford, was the chairman. We fully described jt in our 258th number for November, .1811, and in addition to that description we have now to state, that under the general superintendance of the same committee, the acting managers, Messrs. ARNOLD and RAYMon D, have gratified
the metropolis during two winters with entertainments calculated to elevate the character of the scenie arts, and to improve the capital stock of the company. The unparalleled skill of the architect, filled the house during the first season, and the present season has been rendered highly productive by the judicious ep- . gagement of Mr. KEAN, whose powers of acting have rendered it extremely diffieult to procure a seat in the Theatre on his uights of performance. This house is built to afford sitting room for 2,819 persons, 1,200 in the boxcs, 850 in the pit, 480 in the lower gallery, and 280 in the upper gallery.
ment of Messrs. HARRIs, jun, and Faw- last summer, to improve its internal de*ETT, it is generally well filled with au- corations, than which nothing can be
3itors. The splendour of Drury Lane,
conceived more beautiful and more ap
led the managers of this Theatre, during propriate to its purposes.
qual to the accommodation of the number of Peers, a splendid room was fitted up, which lay between the old House and the House of Commons, and Mr. WYATT, architect to the King, was employed to enlarge and improve the entire building.
He accordingly built a series of offices in front of the old house, and supported them by an elegant colonnade, which connects the external entrance of both houses. Within are found rooms for the great officers of state, and numerous committee rooms for the various business constantly requiring the attention of the Peers,
THE MANUFACTURER. No. I.
NDER the title of THE MANUFAcTURER, I beg leave to offer to your readers, a series of papers on manufactures and the articles employed in their various processes; the plan I propose includes, in the first part, a plain practical acéount of each manufactory, mentioning also the places where it is most - 3. conducted; and in the second, the natural history, and the chemical analysis, of every article, as well as the character and divisions which each has attained amongst commercial men. This part is that in which there is obviously the most novelty; a large portion of information useful to the chemist, the manufacturer, &c. is floating in the com
mercial world, unknown but to compa
ratively a small number of merchants; but which might be highly useful to a wery large portion of the public. It is to
The entire arrangement is deemed ereditable to the architect, considered as a piece of patch-work; but it has for some time past been considered, that the architectural provision for the legislature, is unworthy of the dignity of those bodies, and plans have already been submitted for a new and magnificent public building on nearly the same scite, which should contain a new House of Lords and Commons, on a more extended scale than at present. J
(or Communications from Architects and Committees are requested to this intetesting Department of our Magazine. '
induce general inquiry, discussion, and consequently general improvement, that this part will be particularly attended to; in it the language of the counting-house will be purposely retained, as it seems particularly adapted to commercial relations, whilst it is also sufficiently obvious to the general reader; and as in the progress of such a series many enquiries, objections, and additional portions of information, may be expected from the extensive circle of your readers, I beg leave particularly to solicit their remarks through your pages. . .
You will receive with this, the mercantile account of a dye drug of very considerable importance.
Homerton, John CLENNELL. May 18, 1814.
- . . . INDIGo. "
Of this article there are a variety of qualities; the names and character which each bear in coinmerce are noted below,
together with the foreign markets to 3.
E3 . . . whics
which each are usually exported, or the Particular colours to which they are applied at home. Spanish, Guatimala, terceta, or finest flora; this kind is the purest of the whole; it will work in any spirits, and is employed in this kingdom for Saxon greens. First flora if pure is nearly equal to the above; it generally brings in the market within 1s. perfb of the Guatimala. Second flora very little inferior to the first flora; it is principally used for strong wats. Third flora: this article is of a strong body; and is nearly equal to the foregoing. Sobres is red, and of a strong and good body; this is therefore inost generally in demand. Qoppers or Cortes; this is used principally for cold vats. -, Carraccas, nearly the same as any of Ahe above, but, if a preference can be given, the Guatimala tercetas are superior; in short, a very little difference indeed exists in the qualities of the kinds mentioned above. East India square fine blue; almost equal to terceta Guatinuala, could it be divested of the limey substance obtained in its manufacture; it is used, like the Guatimala, for Saxon greens, and has latterly been preferred. East India square fine purple; a good quality, nearly equal to the above; in foreign markets it has the preference even to tercetas. . East India red violet; always in request for France, Vicnna, Holland, Petersburgh, and indeed throughout the whole of the eontinent of Europe. Fine coppers, or good shipping copper, is of a red strong paste, and in great de‘mand for France, IIolland, and Vienna. Low coppers, are exported principally 'to Sweden, Vienna, and Petersburgh. Pale or shewy coppers are of a weak Thody, and principally bought up by Jews for the Turkey, Petersburgh, and Vienna markets, as well as toost other parts of Europe: this quality is therefore in very general demand. One remark it is necessary to make with regard to all the indigoes from the Toast Indies, which is, that the Persian buyers have the cuising or creaming of the 'Calcutta market prior to our merchants being supplied. There are three other kinds of indigo mentioned below, but they are so very inferior that little of the first, and none ef the two last, are at present to be inet with in the London market. Bourbon; this is now superseded by
2ualities of Indigo.
- [June 1, the East India; this last being divested of the heavy weight of sand and limey substance which in general is attached to indigo of that inferior quality.
Carolina rose is now imported from thence.
Mississippi, same as Carolina.
To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. SIR, Oo in your last magazine
some animadversions, by Mr. Capel Lofft, on a bill now pending in Parliament, to prevent the contagion of the small-pox, which appear to be founded in a misapprehension of the purpose of that bill, and therefore calculated to make an unfavorable impression on the public mind respecting it; I have been induced to send you a few observations thereon, considering them due to a subject of such private and public importance.
It is not a bill to prohibit all inoculation for the small-pox, as he supposes. It very properly, in my opinion, prohibits church-wardens, overseers, &c. from inoculating the poor maintained by parishes, at the parish expence, because they do not possess the same right of judging in the case of poor children, as the parents do; and because it is very possible, a child of a poor man might have the small-pox communicated by this means contrary to the parents' judgment, and death might ensue. Parents, both poor and rich, are still at liberty to have their children inoculated with the small-pox virus, under certain regulations and restraints, to prevent the contagion being communicated, which latter regulation
Mr. Lofft seems to approve. Having rectified so material a mis-statement of the object of the bill, I shall avail myself of the present opportunity to make a few remarks on Mr. Lofft's assertion, that a bill to “prohibit the small-pox, neither can, nor will, take place.” I think this question, which is an important one, is not to be determined entirely by abstract, theoretical reasoning, but also by the circumstances of the case, which are these. In every nation of Europe, except England, inoculation for the small-pox is absolutely prohibited, and when the disease appears naturally, seclusion from intercourse is rigorously enforced by magisterial: authority; the consequence of which has been, that this heretofore prevalent and very destructive disease has almost disappeared, and I ain authorised to assert, that such is the disparity of mortality by small-pox, between
between England and the continent, that where one person dies by the small-pox on the continent, in a given number, there are ten deaths in England, notwithstanding the number of deaths in England are not half what they were twenty years ago. Such being the facts, is it to be wondered at, that the legislature should behold with great uneasiness the lamentable, the unnecessary, annual loss of from 12 to 15,000 valuable lives above the mortality of other countries? And, as the strength and even wealth of nations fo depend-on their population, does it not become a political as well as moral duty to endeavour, by every justifiable meåus, to prevent such a waste of human life? . Let us now consider the question, Whether in a free &ountry the law may not prohibit a mortal-disease? What are the quarantine laws Their propriety and necessity has been universally admitted; they are a prohibition of the plague; they are a restraint on the personal liberty both of the infected and the uninfected; and if it has been necessary to interpose a restraint on the liberty of the subject, regarding the plague and yellow fever, Why, let me-ask, should they not equally take coghizance of the small-pox, which is a plague The three diseases mentioned are all highly dangerous, mortal, and infectious; the smallpox so much so, that it is computed to destroy one-third of those attacked by it in the natural way. And until Mr. Lofft can point out where it essentially differs from the plague and yellow fever, as an object of legislative interference, otherwise than in the degree of mortality it occasions, it will be too much to say that the legislature would not be authorised to prohibit it, or that such an act “ neither can, nor will, take place.” Through a very great tenderness and condescension to a supposed right of private judgment, and knowing the strong influence of long-established usages and customs, the legislature have not at present proposed altogether to prohibit the small-pox, by the bill now pending in parliament, but I am persuaded from no other reason. That such a measure may be ultimately necessary to get rid of this hideous disease, I think very probable; for so long as inoculation for the smallpox is tolerated, there is little chance of its extinction, it being well known, that persons inoculated are the greatest disseminators of the contagion, from their
ability to walk about, while those who have it naturally and more severely are confined at home. And, however inoculation for the small-pox may have been beneficial to individuals, by lessening the chance of death from 1 in 3 to 1 in 300, yet I am bold to assert it has been no benefit to the community at large, but the reverse; which is evident, both by the bills of mortality and the writings of respectable medical men, which concur in proving, that the disease of small-pox has increased in England since the introduction of inoculation, in the proportion of 19 in évery 100.
I hope I aun as much a friend to real beneficial liberty as Mr. Lofft can be, and would as strenuously resist every attempt to infringe that best of privileges; but then it must be a privilege to do good, and not, as is pleaded for in this case, a privilege to do mischief. The question will bear to be treated theoretically as well as practically. Mr. Lofft, as a lawyer, need not be reininded, that man, in entering into society, must necessarily relinquish some private rights for the public benefit; neither can he be unacquainted with the standard maxim of the law, that “salus populi suprema ler.” - - J. L. - s - To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.
SIR, A PQOR man (under the loss of sight) has some time been employed in
studying arithmetic; he makes use of the palpable Notation, invented by Dr. Moyes, of Manchester, as inserted in several Encyclopædias; the description of pegs the Dr. used for letters and signs in Algebra are not mentioned. The person is now pursuing Algebra, but is at a loss to proeeed for want of some palpable representation of letters and signs. He supposes the Dr. had some kind of pegs to denote them, in addition to those which served him for co-efficients. If any of your readers are acquainted with them, and would be kind enough to communicate it through the medium of your valuable Magazine, it would be esteemed a favour, and greatly facilitate the progress of the person for whose use it is solicited.
As the pegs the Dr. invented for the digits are so easy and preserable to any *ther method we are acquainted with, it is not improbable the Dr’s invention for letters and symbols would be as excellent. ..
Wisbech, May 1, 1814.
394. Mr. Blenkinsop's Steam Carriage. [June 1,
To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. a description, of the Patent Steam C*SI R, riage, which gives great facility to the ERMIT me to lay before the pub- conveyance of coals, minerals, and 6ther lic, through the medium of your articles, and is attended with a material. very valuable publication, a sketch, with saving in the expense. . . ... "