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of a magazine which they had at that place. Sir Rowland Hill attacked this corps on the 2d, and drove them from their post with considerable loss, and took possession of the town and magazine. I am sorry to have to report that we lost the Hon. Lieut.-Col. Hood on this occasion, an officer of great merit and promise. In other respects our loss was not severe. I have, &c. The Earl Bathurst. WELLINGTON. Total British loss from Feb. 28 to March 2, - 1814, inclusive. 1 lieutenant-colonel, 2 lieutenants, 1 serjeant, 16 rank and file, 5 horses, killed; 1 general staff, 1 major, 4 captains, 7 lieutemants, 9 serjeants, 2 drummers, 112 rank and file, 11 horses, wounded ; 2 rank and file missing. INames of the Officers Killed to the 2d of March, inclusive. 3d Guards—Lieut.-Col. Hon. Fred. W. Flood, (A. A. G.) 50th Foot, 1st batt.—Lieut. Duncan M“Dounell, 71st Foot, 1st batt-Lieut. James Anderson. Aire, March 13, 1814. The excessive bad weather and violent fall of rain, in the beginning of the month, having swelled, to an extraordinary degree, all the rivers, and rendered it difficult and tedious to repair the numerous bridges, which the enemy had destroyed in their re. treat, and the different parts of the army being without communication with each other, I was obliged to halt. The enemy retired after the affair with Lieutenant-general Sir Rowland Hill, on the 2d, by both banks of the Adour towards Tarbes, probably with a view to be joined by the detachments from Marshal Suchet's army, which left Catalonia in the last week in February. - In the mean time I sent, on the 7th, a detachment, under Major-general Fane, to take possession of Pau; and another on the 8th, under Marshal Sir William Beresford, to take possession of Bourdeaux. I have the pleasure to inform your lordship, that the marshal arrived there yesterday, (the small force which was there having, in the preceding evening, retired across the Garonme,) and that this important city is in our possession.
Lieutenant-general Don Mauuel Frere
joined the army this day, with that part of the 4th army under his immediate command, and I expect that Major-general Ponsonby's brigade of cavalry will join topmorrow. I learn from Major-general Fane, who commands Lieutenant-general Sir Rowland Hill's out-posts, that the enemy have this day collected a considerable force in the neighbourhood of Couchez, and I therefore conclude that they have been joined by the detachment of the army of Catalonia,
which, it is reported, amounts to 10,000 in ein. Nothing important has occurred at the blockade of Bayonne, or in Catalonia, since I addressed your lordship last. - Aire, March 14, 1814. I enclose Marshal Sir William Beresford's private letter to me, written after his ar. rival at Bourdeaux, from which you will see, that the Mayor and people of the town have adopted the white cockade, and deciared for the louse of Bourbon, [Marshal Sir William Beresford's private letter, to which Lord Wellington's dispatch refers, is dated Bourdeaux, 12th March, 1814. It states, in substance, that he entered the city on that day. That he was met a short distance from the town, by the civil authorities and population of the piace, and was received in the city with every demonstration of joy. The magistrates and the city guards took off the eagles and other badges, and spontaneously substituted the white cockade, which had been adopted universally by the people of Bourdeaux. Eighty-four pieces of cannon were found in the city; and an hundred boxes of secreted arms had been produced already.] | HOL LAND. On the 8th of March, the British army sent to assist in expelling the French: from this and the adjoining countries, attempted to take the strong fortress of Bergen-op-Zoom by storin, but failed, with the loss of nearly its whole force, in killed, wounded, and prisoners. The following is the dispatch of the commanding officer, describing this tragical affair. Bergen-op-Zoom, March 10. SIR,--I have now the honour of reporting to your excellency, that the column which made the attack on the Antwerp side got into the place about eleven o'clock on the night of the 8th, by the clock of this town; but at about half-past eleven, by the time we were regulated by, a delay having occurred at Bourgbliet, occasioned by my finding it necessary to change the point of attack, on account of the state of the ice at the first intended spot. Every exertion was made by Lieut.-Col. Smyth and Capt. . Sir G. Hoste, of the Royal Engineers, in getting on the ladders and planks requisite for effecting the enterprise, and in directing the placing them for the descent into the ditch, and passing the feet in the ice, and ascending the ramparts of the body of the place; during which operation several men were lost by a fire from the rampart. After we were established on the rampart, and had occupied some houses, from whence we might have been much annoyed, and had sent a strong patrole towards the point at which Major-Gen. Skerrett and to: 3
Col. Carleton had entered, I detached J.ieut.-Col. Clifton, with part of the 1st Guards, to secure the Antwerp Gate, and to see if he could get any information of the column under Lieut.-Col. Morrice. Lieut.Col. Clifton reached the gate, but found that it could not be opened by his men, the enemy throwing a very heavy fire up a street scading to it. It was also found they occupied an outwork, commanding the Bridge, which would effectually render that outlet useless to us. I heard nothing more of this detachment, but considered it as Host, the communication having been interrupted by the enemy. Lieut.-Col. Rooke, with part of the 3d Guards, was afterwards sent in that direction, drove the enemy from the intermeviate rampart, and reached the gate, when he found it useless to attempt anything, and ascertained that the outwork was still occupied. We were joined in the course of the night by the 33d, 55th, and 2d battalion of the 69th regt, but the state of uncertainty as to what had passed at other points, determined me not to weaken the force mow collected, by attempting to carry points which we could not maintain, or penetrate through the streets with the certain loss of a great number of men, particularly as I heard that the troops at the Water Port Gate, under Lieut.-Col. Muller, were very seriously opposed. I sent the 33d to reinforce him. The enemy continued a galling fire upon ms, and at one time held the adjoining bastion, from the angle of which they completely commanded our communication with the exterior, and brought their guns at that angle to bear against us. They were charged and driven away by Majors TMuttlebury and Hogg, with the 69th and 65th, in a very spirited and gallant style. Finding that matters were becoming more serious, and being still without any information from other points, excepting that of the failure of Lieut.-Col. Morrice's column near the Nourd Gate, I determined, at the suggestion of Colonel Lord Proby, to let part of the troops withdraw, which was done at the ladders where they entered. About day-light the enemy having again Possessed themselves of the before-mentioned bastion, they were again driven from it by Majors Muttlebury and Hogg, with their weak battalions, in the same gallant amanner. I soon afterwards began sending off some more men, when Lieut.-Col. Jones,
who had been taken prisoner in the night,
came to me, (accompanied by a French officer, who summoned me to surrender) and informed me that Lieut.-Col. Muller, and the troops at the Water Port Gate, had been obliged to surrender, and were marched prisoners into the town; when I also learnt the fate of Lieut.-Col. Clifton's detachment, and of Major-Gen. Skerrett,
Public Affairs in March.
[April 1; Major-Gen. Gore, and Lieut.-Col. Carleton, and that the troops which had followed them had suffered very much, and had been repulsed from the advanced points along the rampart where they had penetrated to. I was convinced that a longer continuance of the contest would be an useless loss of lives, and without a prospect of relief as we were situated. I therefore consented to adopt the mortifying alternative of laying down our arms. J. G. Cooke, Major-Gen. To Gen. Sir Thomas Graham.
List of the Officers Killed, Wounded, and Missing in the Attack upon Bergen-opZoom, by Storm, on the Night of the 8th. Killed.—Staff—Brigadier-Gen. Gore, 33d regt. 1st l'oot Guards—Lieut.-Col. the Hou, J. Macdonald. 3d Ditto—Lieut.-Col. Mercer. 4th batt, Royal Scotts—Captains M-Ni. col and Wetheral; and Lieutenant Henry Miles. 37th regt. 2d batt.—Ensign Sandes. 44th regt. 2d batt.—Lieut.-Col. the Hon. G. Carleton; and Ensign James Maxwell. 91st foot, 2d batt. – Ensign Hugh M“Dougald. Royal Sappers and Miners—Sub-Lieut. Adamson. Wounded.—Royal Artillery–Capt. E. Michell (B.M.), severely. Royal Engineers—Lieut. Abbey, severely, since dead. 1st Foot Guards—Lieut.-Col. Clifton, severely, since dead; Capts. Lindsey, Dukenfield, and Trclawny, severely, not dangerously, prisoners; Capt. Bulteel, severely, since dead; Ensign Pardoe, severely, not dangerously, prisoner. Coldstream Guards—Capt. Shawe,severely, not dangerously. 3d Foot Guards—Capt. Stothert (B.M.), severely, not dangerously. Royal Scots, 4th batt.—Capt. Purvis, severely, prisoner; Lieuts. Stoyte, Robertson, and W. Midgley, severely. 21st Foot, 2d batt—Major Robt. Henry (Lieut.-Col.) severely, not dangerously; Capt. Darrah, severely, not dangerously; Capt. Donald M'Kenzie, severely, leg amputated; First Lieutenants the Hon. F. H. Morris, slightly, H. Pigou, slightly; Second Licutenants John Bulteel, severely, since dead; D. Moody, severely, prisoner; D. Ramkin, severely, prisoner; Ensign Sir W. Crosby, severely. 33d regt.—Lieut.-Col. Elphinstone, severely, not dangerously; Capt. Guthrie, ditto; Lieut. M'Quarrie, slightly; Lieut. Kerr, severely; Lieut. Buck, slightly; Lieut Pode, severely, prisoner; Ensiga Bannatyne, severely; Ensign Canning, ditto ; Ensign Howard, slightly; Adj. Priestley, ditto. . 37th regt, 2d, batt-Lieut. Dyer, see . werelys
"verely, prisoner; Ensign W. Ralph, slightly; Ensign T. Butler, ditto; Adj. John Lang, severely. 44th regt. 2d batt.—Major George Harding (Brevet Lieut.-Col.) severely, not dangerously, prisoner; Capt. J. C. Guthrie, slightly; Capts. D. Power and J. Ballard, severely, prisoners; Capt. J. Dudie, severcly; Lieut. G. C. Beatty, slightly, prisoner; Lieuts. John O'Reilly and O. Tomkins, severely, prisoners; Ensigns H. Martin and Gilbert Dunlevie, severely; Adjutant Meade and Ensign Whitney, severely, risoners, 55th regt.—Capt. Campbell, severely, prisoner; Capt. M*Donald, slightly, ditto; £ieut. Friend, slightly, prisoner; Lieuts. Gardner, Adams, and Sinclair, severely, prisoners: Lieut. and Adj. Delgairns, severely, prisoner; Ensigns Marshall, Revely, Goodall, and Ring, severely, prisoners. 69th regt. 2d batt.—Lieut.-Col. Morrice, severely, not dangerously; Ensign Ryan, severely, prisoner. 91st regt. 2d batt.—Lieut.-Col. Ottley, severely, not dangerously, prisoner; Capt. Arch. Campbell, slightly, prisoner; Lieut. John Campbell, severely, not dangerously. Lieut. John M*Donald, slightly; Lieut. and Adjutant Scott, slightly, prisoner; Ensign D. V. Machen, slightly, prisoner; Ensigns J. Briggs, Horseley, and Gage, severely, prisoners; Quarter-master Ferguson, severely, not dangerously, prisoner. General Staff—Major-Gen. Skerrett, severely, prisoner; Capt. Desbrow, aid-decamp, slightly, prisoner. Missing.—1st Foot Guards—MajorGen. Cooke; Lieut.-Col. Jones; Ensigns Masters and Honyman; Surgeon Qurtis: Royal Scots, 4th batt.—Lieut.-Col. Muller; Lieut. Macartney. 44th Foot, 2d batt.—Capt. George Crozier; Lieuts. Fred. Hemming, R. J. Turnbarrow, J. S. Sinclair. 33d Foot, 2d batt.—Capt. G. Colclough, Aid-de-Camp to Brig.-Gen. Gore. 55th Foot–Major Hogg.
69th Foot, 2d batt—Major Muttlebury; Surgeon G. Reeeve.
91st Foot, 2d batt-Surgeon W. Young; Assistant-Surgeon H. J. O'Donnell.
Capt. Cuyler, Aid-de-Camp to MajorGen. Skerrett. A. MACDoNALp.
Lieut.-Col. Deputy Adj. Gen.
N.B. Those returned missing are all prisoners in Bergen-op-Zoom.
On the 10th Lieut.-Col. Jones and Major James Hamilton Stanhope agreed to a suspension of hostilities for three days, with Lieut.-Col. Le Clerc, commander of French engineers, and M. Hugot de Neufville, town-major, as also for settling the exchange of prisoners, and particularly for paying due attention to the wounded: the terms are liberal to our brave little army, and consoling to the friends of the sufferers. The conditious were approved of by Major-Gen. Cooke and the French general Bizanet. The chief article expresses that “all prisoners of war, wounded and others, of his Majesty's forces, shall be restored, by giving their parole of honour not to serve against France, or her allies, in Europe, until they shall have been regularly exchanged.”
The King of Naples, the brother-ins law of Napoleon, having joined the allies against France; the Viceroy, Beauharnois, who commands the French armies, has been compelled to fall back on Milan, though by the last accounts he still maintained himself near Mantua, and claimed some advantages. Part of the armies in Italy are, however, said to be crossing the Alps, to join Augereau, in Burgundy, in which case it is probable the Milanese will be evacuated.
The British Parliament met on the 21st, after an adjournment of three months.
INCIDENTS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS, IN LONDON, MIDDLESEX, AND SURREY. With Biographical Memoirs of distinguished Characters recently deceased.
HE corporation of London, with its usual respect to the public interest, has printed an able report of the committee appointed by the court of common council, to examine into the cause of the late high price of bread. They are of opinion, that the high price of bread, in the months of August and September last, arose from a variety of causes, which operated to keep up the price of flour, notwithstanding the abundant harvest. In the months of July and August, aud great part of the month of September, many of the mills could not work for want of water, on account of the
dryness of the summer; and several of the mills about town which could work, were engaged in answering the demands of government, for the army abroad, and the prisoners of war in this country. The cause of the average price of wheat being so much lower than that of flour in the month of August, arose from an influx of foreign wheats upon the markets, of an inferior quality, a great part not fit for the purpose of making flour for bread used in the metropolis, which was returned as for mealing, and taken into the average, and there being but little Euglish wheat sold at that to: ;
the chief of the foreign wheat was purchased for ship biscuit, and for bread for the army and the prisoners of war, and a part only to mix with good English wheat for the purpose of making flour for the bakers. They had particular reference to the Act of Parliament of the 37th Geo. III. for setting the assize of bread; and lament the deficiencies therein, the sellers of flour being almost entirely left out of the said Act of Parliament; and although the cornfactors are required by that Act, to make a return of all wheat sold, and to whom,
and for what purposes, yet the returns of
Hour are required to be made by the bakers. The profit of the baker being fixed by the Act, and always the same, whether the price of flour is high or low, he does not now go to market to chdeavour to procure his flour at as cheap a rate as he can, and of course no price can be calles a market price, which is fixed by the schers without the article being sold in the market; this market, or top price, is regulated by the seljets of tion r to the bakers, who meet together on the Monday, and six the same, and the price then determined on, is general throughout the trade, and is published in the newspapers; so that the Court of Aldermen and Lord Miayor, in setting the assize of bread by the present Act, are completely regulated by the sellers of four! It appeared in evidence, that several millers, or dealers in flour, are also concerned in the profits arising from bakers' shops, which are chiefly those called underselling shops, independent of others who hold the leases of regular and cstablished houses, and compel the bakers therein to take their four of them exclusively. The Corn Market, though called an open market, yet is private property, and managed by a Committee of Proprietors, who are all, or chiefly, corn-factors, or dealers in that article; and that they let the stands not only to factors, but to dealers and jobbers, and frequently prefer the latter; that very few farmers attend the market to sell their own corn, and that almost the whole is sold by factors. It appeared also, that almost all the persons calling themselves flour-factors, are totally dealers and jobbers in flour; for, although they may be the brokers or agents to the persons consigning their flour to the London market, they are the principals in the sale of it to the bakers. Having maturely considered all the evidence produced, they are decidedly of opinion, that various alterations are necessary, not only as regards the setting of the Assize of Bread, but as regurds the corn and flour trade in general; and that the whole of the Acts of Parliament now in force, relative to bread, should be consolidated, with the following additions and ulterations: The Corn Market should be a frce and open market in every respect, both as to buyers and sellers; as all the corn and flour factors are brokers, they should be made subject
Incidents in and near London.
to the same regulations as all other brokers on the Royal Exchange, or elsewhere; alk factors should be compelled to make a return to the proper officer, or place in the market, of all corn and flour sold, stating for whom, to whom, and at what price; all farmers and masters of vessels, selling their own corn, or millers selling their own flour, should be compelled also to make a returne to the same officer or place, stating to whom sold, and at what price; no person whatsoever should be allowed, under at heavy penalty, to sell any corn or flour for another, by way of agency or commission, except a regular factor; a heavy penalty should be inflicted upon persons meeting together for the purpose of fixing a price upon flour; no miller, mealman, or factor, should be allowed, directly or indirectly, to be concerned in the carrying on the business of a haker. The late Fland on the Stock Exchange has been investigated by a Sub-Committee, appointed to enquire into the late nefarious business relating to the reported death of Bo. naparte, who made their report to the Stock Foxchange at large. The evidence contained in the report stated, that the pretended Colonel du Bourgh, after leaving the postchaise, was driven in a hackney-coach to No. 13, Green-street, Grosvenor-square : which house was let furnished to Lord Cochrane, the IIon. Cochrane Johnstone, and Mr. Butt, who came in on the 13th of February, and occasionally met there several times previous to the Colonel's arriving. Mr. Fearn, a stock-broker, stated, that he latterly had been in the habit of doing business in the funds for Lord Cochrane, Cochrane Johnstone, and Mr. Butt; that he always understood that what business He did for Mr. Butt was to be placed to Lord Cochrane's account: that on the 21st of February, the day the fiaud was put in practice, he sold for Lord Cochrane. . . . . .36139,000 Omnium. Cochrane Johnstone. . 120,000 Omnium. For ditto . . . 100,000 Consols. Mr. Butt . . . . . . . . . . 124,000 Omnium. For ditto . . . . . . . . 168,000 Consols. These parties have since denied their participation! The British Navy consists at present of 1010 ships of different descriptions, of which 760 are in commission. Of these 161 are of the line, 34 from 50 to 44, 155 frigates, 130 sloops, 9 fire-ships, 183 brigs, 41 cutters, and 57 schooners. On the 7th of March, Lord Somerville's Spring Show of Cattle, in Goswell-street, commenced. This establishment, as a ge. neral repository for the inspection and sale of useful agricultural implements, seems also to have given a new impulse to mechanical ingenuity, the number of instruments forming a very interesting part of this year's exhibition. At five o'clock, on the 8th, more than 300 persons sat down in Freemasons' Hall to a dinner, his *. susp, ship in the Chair, supported by Earl Mansfield, Earl Conyngham, Earl Rothes, Earl Tyrconnel, the Count de la Gardie, Earl Hardwicke, Earl Chichester, Earl Harewood, Earl Darnley, Lord Hinton, Sir John Sebright, Sir Watkin W. Wynne, &c. &c. Twelve LARGE Silver Cups, of different patterns, were then brought into the room in procession, and placed on the table before his Lordship, who having broken the seals of the judges' awards, announced the names of the successful camdidates.—For Live Stock. John Thorp, esq. of Chippenham Park, Somersetshire; Mr. Thomas Drewitt, grazier, of Ripley, in Surrey; Mr. Martin Webber, grazier, of Esher, Surrey; Mr. Thomas Dalby, of Grub-street, London; and Mr. W. Elphick, of Cobham, Surrey.—For Shepherd's Preaniums. Thomas Joyce, esq. of Freshford Hall, Somersetshire; and R. Astley, esq. of Odstone Hall, Leicestershire.—For Wool. Mr. Frederick Smith, Mr. Heath, and Mr. Whittington.-His Lordship them read the award of the judges, of a cup to himself, for his pair of six-year-old Devon oxen.— The judges mext adjudged two cups to Mr. John Ellman, jun. for two pens of Southdown eve hogs.-The next award was a cup to his Lordship, for his pen of MerinoRyeland ewe hogs.-A cup was next adjudged to Christopher T. Towers, esq. for his pen of 2-year old Merino-down sheep.– A cup to Mr. William Giblett, of Mickleford Hall, for his breeding sow and her pigs—A cup to Mr. Richard Hudson, jun. for his 5-year old Hereford ox.—The award of the shepherds' premiums, for encouraging attention to the rearing of lambs, was to Stephen Payne, shepherd to the Earl of Bridgewater, six pounds, for raising from 448 South-down eves, 545 lambs; to Charles Payne, shepherd to Mr. John Ellman, sen. four pounds, for raising from 552 South-down eves, 662 lambs; to Benjamin Greenshill, shepherd to Lord Somerville, five pounds, for raising from 150 Merino crossed ewes, 155 healthy lambs,The award respecting wool was next read, and one cup, was given to Mr. William Walton, and another for Mr. Richard Lees, of Gallashields. The Merino Society's Sheep Show was opened in Goswell-street, for exhibiting the pens of Spanish, or Spanish-crossed sheep, on the 11th of March. One of the sheep, from a pen of five wethers, exhibited by J. Cawston, esq. 35 months old, which weighed, alive, 19 stone, was shown in the yard, and its produce of wool, weighed before the company, was 8%lb. after which the same sheep was slaughtered, dressed, and weighed as follows: Carcase and head, 12st. 2lb.-Loose fat, 1st. 7#lb.—About twelve packs of wools arrived from New South Wales, and have been sold at prices averaging 5s. per lb. Monthly MAG, No. 253.
IMARRIED. At Epsom, F. C. O'Neil O'Hanlon, of Newry, esq. to Eliza Georgiana, fourth daughter of S. Hawkins, esq. of Mead House. Mr. Cottle, of Fleet-street, to Miss E. Cathcart, daughter-in-law of J. Dutton, esq. of Hare Hatch. Lieut. S. Kentish, of the Royal Navy, to Miss Barnes, only daughter of P. B. esq. of Surrey-place, Kent-road. Mr. E. Read, of Streatham, to Eliza, youngest daughter of J. D. esq. of South Lambeth. Henry, son of the late R. Barnewall, esq. of London, to Jane, eldest daughter of the late J. Nugent, esq. of Clay-hill, Epsom. At St. Antholin's Church, Watling-street, J. H. Bourne, esq. of Partney, to Miss Budden, of Canterbury. Mr. G. Vermon, seventh son of the Archbishop of York, to Miss Eyre, eldest daughter of Colonel E. The Rev. J. J. Conybeare, Professor of Poetry in the University of Oxford, to Mary, only daughter of the Rev. C. Davies. Mr. T. Smart, surgeon, of Wandsworth, Surrey, to i,ouisa, youngest daughter of S. Fearn, esq. of Spital-square, Edmond Hambrough, esq. of Abbs Court, to Miss Joynson, of Hayes. D. Ker, esq. of Portavo and Montalto, to Lady Selina Stewart, daughter to the Earl of Londonderry. At Streatham, the Rev. J. Bamnister, of Brampton, to Miss Shuttleworth, of Uppes Tooting. Mr. Newman, of Little Caen-Hoo-Cottage, Bedfordshire, to Miss Knowlys, of London. . At St. Saviour's Church, Southwark, Mr. T. Saunders, of Upper Thames-street, solicitor, to Susanna, only child of J. Goulding, esq. of Bankside. J. H. Tapley, esq. of Newington Mote, Kent, to Miss M. Coveney, second daughter of W. C. esq. of Sunny Hill. Mr. Woodbridge, of Twickenham, to Miss H. Brightly, of Laxfield. At Guildford, Mr. J. Vanner, to Mary, eldest daughter of Mr. J. Earl. At Albury, Mr. J. Cooke, of Guildford, to Miss Ryde, only surviving daughter of Mr. W. R. At Epping, Mr. Thos. Samuel Mott, attorney-at-law, to Miss Pollett. J. Inglis, esq. of Mark-lane, to Miss Brandreth, of Houghton Regis. Captain J. Prevost, R. N. to the only daughter of the late L. Teissier, esq. of Woodcote Park, Surrey. E. Wigan, esq. late of the East India. Company's Service, son of the late R. W. esq. of Abbots Bromley, to Eliza, only daughter of the late Rev. S. Webb. & N At