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tacked the village of Althies, which he carried, and was successful during the whole day. At half-past six he took up a position. At seven the enemy made a dash of cavalry, one league in the rear, where the Duke of Reggio had a park of i eserve. The Duke of Ragusa proceeded thither quickly; but the enemy had time to carry off fifteen pieces of caumon. A great part of the troops were saved. On the same day General Charpentier, with his division of the young guard, carried the village of Clacy. On the next day the enemy attacked this village seven times, and were seven times repulsed. General Charpentier lost 400 prisoners. The enemy left the avenues covered with his dead. The emperor's head-quarters were on the 9th and 10th at Chavignon. His Majesty, jadzing that it was impossible to attack the ileights of Laon, fixed his headquarters on the 11th at Soissons. The Duke of Ragusa occupied, on the same day, Bery au Bac. General Corbineau praises the good dispositions of the inhabitants of Rheims. “ (in the 7th, at eleven in the morning, General St. Priest, commanding a Russian division, appeared before Rheims and summoned it to surrender. General Corhineau replied with cannon. General befrauce then arrived with his division of Ghards of Honour; he made a fine charge, and drove off the enemy. General St. Priest set fire to two great manufactories and to fifty houses, which were on the outside of the town; a conduct worthy of a deserter. In all times deselters have been the most cruel enemies of their country. Soissous has suffered Inuch. The inhabitants have conducted themselves in the most honourable mainer. There are no praises too great for the regiment of the Vistula, which formed the garrison; there are no praises which the regiment of the Vistula deems too great for the inhabitants. His Majesty has granted this brave. corps thirty decorations of the Legion of Honour. “The plan of the enemy's campaign appears to have been a kind of general dash upon Paris. Neglecting all the strong places of Flanders, and only observing Bergen-op-Zoom and Antwerp with troops interior by half in number to the garrisons of those towns, the enemy penetrated upon Avesnes. Neglecting the places of the Ardennes, Mezierre, Rocroi, Philippeville, Givet, Charlemont, Montmedy, Marstrecht, Venloo, and Juliers, they passed by impracticable roads to arrive upon Avesnes and Rothel. These places communicate, are not observed, and the garrisons alarm the rear of the enemy considerably. . . Whilst General St. Priest burned Rheims, his brother was arrested by tire inhabitants, and sent off prisoner to Charlemout. Neglectius; all the places of

Public Affairs in March.

[April 1, the Meuse, the enemy advanced by T3ar and St. Dizier. The garrison of Verdun is come quite to St. Mihiel. Near Bar, a Russian general, who remained some moments with fifteen men, after the departure of his troops, was killed, with his escort, by the peasants, in revenge for the atrocities he had ordered. Metz pushes its sorties to Nancy: Strasburg, and the other places of Alsace, being observed but by small parties, there is flee ingress and egress, and provisions arrive in abundance. The troops of the garrison of Mentz go as far as Spires. The departments having hastened to complete the corps of battalions which are in all these places, where they are armed, equipped, and exercised, we may say that there are several armies in the rear of the enemy. His position cannot but become more dangerous daily. We see by the reports that have been intercepted, that the regiments of Cossacks, whose force was 250 men, have lost upwards of 120 men, without having been in action, but only by the hostilities of the peasants. “The Duke of Castiglione manoeuvres on the Rhone, in the department of the Aisne, and in Franche Comté. Generals Desaix and Marchand have driven the enemy from Savoy. Fifteen thousand men are passing the Alps, to reinforce the Duke of Castiglione. The Viceroy has obtained great success at Borghetto, and has driven the enemy upon the Adige. General Grenier, who set out from Placentia on the 2d of March, beat the enemy at Parma, and chased him beyond the Taro. The French troops that occupied Rome, Civita Vecchia, and Tuscany, arq entering Piedmont, to pass the Alps. The exasperation of the population increases daily, in proportion to the atrocities which are committed by those hordes, more barbarous still than their climate; who dishonour the human race, and whose military existence has for its object pillage and crime, instead of honour and renown." - - . “The conferences of Lusigny for “an armistice have failed. We could not agree upon the line of demarcation. ...We were agreed upon the points of occupation to

the north and east, but the enemy wished

not only to extend his line upon the Saone and the Rhone, but to enclose Savoy in it. We replied to this unjust pretension, by proposing to adopt on this line the status quo, and to leave the Duke of Castiglione

and Count Bubna to settle it upon the

line of their advanced posts. This was rejected. It was then necessary to re. nounce the idea of an armistice for a fortnight, which was likely to be attended with more inconvenience than advantages. The Emperor, besides, did not think he had a right to place a numerous population under the iron yoke foom which they had

- been

been delivered. He would not consent to abandom our communications with Italy, which the enemy had so often and so vainly attempted to intercept, when our troops were not yet united. “The weather has been constantly very cold; the bivouacs are very distressing during this season; but each party has been exposed to the same sufferings. It appears even that sickness makes great havoc in the enemy's army, whilst our's has but few sick.” Paris, March 16.-Her Majesty the Empress Queen and Regent has received the following intelligence of the situation of the armies to the 14th: “General St. Priest, commanding in chief the eighth Russian corps, had been for several days in position at čiaionour Marne, having an advauced guard at Sillery. This corps, composed of three divisions, which ought to have formed eighteen regiments and thirty-six battalions, had actually only eight regiments or sixteen battalions, making about 5 or 6000 men. General Jagow, commanding the last column of the Prussian reserve, and having under his orders four regiments of the landwehr of Prussian Pomerania and the Marks, forming sixteen battalions, or 7000 men, who had been employed in the sieges of Torgau and Wittemburg, joined the corps of General St. Priest, whose force must therefore have been about 15 or 16,000 men, cavalry and artillery included. “General St. Priest resolved to surprise Rheims, in which was stationed General Corbineau, at the head of the National Guard and three battalions of the levy-enmasse, with 700 cavalry and eight pieces pf cannon. General Corbineau had placed General Defrance's division of cavalry at Chalons-sur-Vesle, two leagues from the town. On the 12th, at five in the morning, General St. Priest presented himself at the different gates. He made his primcipal attack on the gate of Laon, which the superiority of his numbers enabled him to force. General Corbineau operated his retreat with three battalions of the levy-en-masse and his 700 cavalry, and fell back upon Chalons-sur-Vesle. The National Guard and the inhabitants behaved very well in these circumstances. “On the 11th, at four o'clock in the evening, the Emperor was on the heights of the Wind-Mill, a league from Rheims. The Duke of Ragusa formed the advanced uard. The General of Division Merlin attacked, surrounded, and took several battalions of Prussian landwehr. General 8ebastiani, cominanding two divisions of cavalry, advančéd upon the town. One hundred pieces of cannon were engaged on the one side and the other. The enemy crowned the heights in front of Rheims. While the attack was making, the bridges BioNTHLY MAG. N9, 253,

of St. Brice were repaired, in order to turn the town. General Defrance made a superb charge with the Guards of Honour, who covered themselves with glory, particularly General Count Segur, commanding the 3d regiment, who charged between the town and the enemy, whom they drove into the suburbs, and from whom they took 100 cavalry and his artillery.

“Meanwhile General Count Krasinski having intercepted the communication from Rheims to Bery au Bae, the enemy abandoned the town, flyiug in disorder on all sides. The results of this day, which did not cost us 100 men, are 22 pieces of cannon, 5000 prisoners, 100 artillery and baggage waggons. The same battery of light artillery which killed General Moreau before Dresden, mortally wounded General St. Priest, who had come at the head of the Tartars of the desert to ravage our beautiful country.

“The Emperor entered Rheims at one in the morning, amidst the acclamations of the inhabitants of that great city, and has established his head-quarters there, The enemy is retreating, partly on Chalons, partly on Rethel, and partly on Laon. He is pursued in all directions. The 10th regiment of hussars, as well as the 3d regiment of the Guards of Honour, particularly distinguished itself. Gen. Count Segur has been severely wounded, but his life is not in danger.”

CoLon EL Lowe, the English officer attached to the army of Blucher, sent to his government the following account of the demonstrations and attacks on Laon, which was published in London in an ExTRAoRDINARY GAZETTE, Head-Quarters of the Combined Armies, under. Field-Marshal Blucher, Laon, March 10, 1814, Eight, A.M. SIR-Bonaparte, with his whole force, attacked Field-Marshal Blucher yesterday, in his position at this place, and was repulsed with the loss of forty five pieces of cannon, with tumbrils, baggage, and prisoners, the numbers of which have not as yet been ascertained, as the left wing of the Field-Marshal's army is still in pursuit, The city of Laon is situated on an elevated plateau, with deep shelving banks, which command an extensive plain around; the town covers the greater part of the plateau; the remainder is crowned by an old castle, and by several windmills built on high terrace walls. General Bulow's army occupied this position; the remainder of the Field-Marshal's army was posted on the plain below, to the right and left of the town, fionting towards Soissoms, and tha cavalry was in reserve in the rear. Before day light in the morning the enemy made his attack, and under cover of a thick fog, which concealed all his movements, obtained possession of the villages of Semiily 2 Mi and

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and Ardom, close under the town, and
which may be regarded as its suburbs.
The musketry reached the walls of the
town, and continued without intermission
until about eleven o’clock, when the fog
began to disperse. At this time the enemy
was observed to be in force behind the vil-
lages of Semilly and Leuilly, with columns
of infantry and cavalry on the Chaussee
towards Soissons. He occupied at the
same time, in force, the village of Ardom.
The enemy was instantly repelled from
Semilly, and Field-Marshal Blucher, the
moment he could observe any thing of the
enemy's position, ordered the cavalry from
the rear to advance, and turn his left flank.
General Count Woronzoff, who was on the
right of the Field-Marshal's position, ad-
vanced at the same time with his infantry,
pushed forward two battalions of yagers,
which drove in the enemy's posts, sustained
a charge of cavalry, and maintained them-
selves in an attitude to keep the left of the
enemy in check until the cavalry could ad-
vance. The Field-Marshal, at the same
time, directed the advance of a part of
General Bulow's corps against the village
of Ardon, from which the enemy, after
sustaining a fire for about half an hour, was
compelled to retreat.—Whilst the cavalry
was taking a circuit round from the rear,
and at about two o'clock in the afternoon,
the enemy was observed to be advancing a
column of sixteen battalions of infantry,
with cavalry and artillery, along the chaus-
$ee from Rheims. General D’Yorck was
directed to oppose him, and General Baron
Sacken ordered to General D’Yorck's Sup-
port. It was here the battle became most
general and decisive. The enemy opened
a formidable battery of at least 40 or 50
pieces of artillery, and advanced with a
confidence from which he must have arro-
gated to himself every success. He form-
ed a column of attack, and was moving
forward with a pas de charge to the village
of Althies, when Prince William of Prus-
sia, who was advancing to the village at
the same time, met him half way, and over-
threw him. He then began his retreat,
which soon became a flight. Eight pieces
of artillery, with horses and every thing
belonging to them, were immediately
taken, and successively twenty-two pieces
more. He was pursued as far as Corbeny,
losing baggage, prisoners, &c. by the way,
the details of all which have not yet arrived,
as the pursuit has continued during the
whole of the might, and as it is still going
on.— On the right, no particular advan-
tages were gained beyond the expulsion of
the enemy from the villages lie had gained
possession of in the morning. General
Count Woronzoff, towards the close of the
day, again attacked with the greatest vi-
gour, but he had large masses opposed to
him, and the ground presented difficulties
~against the active co-operation of his caval-
sy.—The promptitude with which Geueral

Public Affairs in March.

[April 1, Count Woronzoff conducted his advance in the morning, and the bravery and determination with which his troops attacked, were the admiration of every one.—The losses on either side it is as yet impossible to ascertain, but I have myself seen some hundred prisoners brought in here already. P.S. Ten A.M.–The prisoners say that Bouaparte is still in frout of Laon, and resolved on pursuing his attack this day. The cannonade and musketry is already violent in the direction of Semilly aud Leuilly. P.S. Laon, Ten A.M. March 11, 1814.— The attack continued during the whole of yesterday. The plain below the city of Laon is interspersed with villages and small woods, which became the scene of very warm and obstimate contests. A wood mear the village of Clacy, on the right of the position, was taken and re-taken four or five different times, and remained finally in possession of the Allied troops. The infantry of General Winzingerode's corps, under the command of General Count Woronzoff, were the troops engaged there; in the centre and left of the position the enemy maintained himself; and at about half an hour before sunset, he threw forward a body of skirmishers, supported by two battalions of infantry (the rest of his army remaining in reserve), and attacked the village of Semilly close under the walls of the town; but a battalion of Prussians, of General Bulow's corps, threw itself in the road, and, supported by the fire of the troops on each flank, compelled him to retire in disorder and with loss. This was the last operation attempted during the day. The fires of his bivouac were apparent along a very extended line at the be. ginning of the night; but in the morning it was observed he had retired, and the cavalry of the advanced guard are at this moment in pursuit of him, towards Chavignon, on the road to Soissons. Thus, during two days of successive attacks, the enemy has experienced nothing but defeat and discomfiture. The efforts of all his force have been broken against and recoiled from the bulwark which this fine position had afforded. The absence of the corps of D’Yorck, Kleist, and Sacken, which were in the morning pursuing the remainder of the troops that had advanced from Rheims, and which could not be recalled in time, prevented any active offensive operation being undertaken yesterday. But success had crowned the efforts of these corps in other respects, by the capture of between 3000 and 4000 prisoners, besides a great quantity of ammunition and baggage, and 45 pieces of cannon have already been brought in. The intended future operations of this army have not yet been promulgated, but I apprehend they will be altogether of an of feusive nature. I have the honor to be, &c.,

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The Marquis of Wellington's accounts of the events near Bayonne, are as follow : Downing-street, March 20, 1814. Major Freemantle has arrived at this Office, bringing dispatches from the Marquis of Wellington, addressed to Earl Bathurst. St. Sever, March 1, 1814. My Lord, I returned to garrison the 21st, and ordered the 6th and light divisions to breakup from the blockade of Bayonne, and General Don Manuel Freyre to close up the cantonments of his corps towards Irun, and to be prepared to move when the left of the army should cross the Adour. On the 24th, Lieutenant-General Sir Rowland Hill passed the Gave d'Oleron at Willemave. Marischal de Campo Don Pablo Murillo drove in the enemy's posts near Noverrens, and blockaded that place. Field-Marshal Sir William Beresford likewise attacked the enemy on the 23d, in their fortified posts at Hastingues and Overgave, on the left of the Gave de Pau, and obliged them to retire within the tete-dupont at Peyrehorade. The 6th and light divisions crossed the Adour on the morning of the 27th at daylight, and we found the enemy in a strong position near Orthes, with his right on the heights on the road to Dax, and occupying the village of St. Boes, and his left the heights above Orthes and that town, and opposing the passage of the river by Sir Rowland Hill. Marshal Sir William Beresford carried the village, of St. Boes with the 4th division, under the command of LieutenantGeneral Sir Lowry Cole, after an obstinate resistance by the enemy: but the ground was so narrow that the troops could not deploy to attack the heights, notwithstanding the repeated attempts of Major-General Ross and Brigadier-General Vasconcello's Portuguese Brigade; and it was impossible to turn the enemy by their right, without an excessive extension of our line. I therefore so far altered the plan of the action, as to order the immediate advance of the 3d and 6th divisions, and I moved forward Colonel Baruard's brigade of the light division, to attack the left of the height on which the enemy's right stood. This attack, led by the 52d regiment, under Lieutenant-Colonel Colborne, and supported on their right by Major-General Brisbane's and Colonel Kean's brigades of the 3d division, and by simultaneous attacks on the left by Major-General Anson's brigade of the 4th division, and on the right by Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Picton, with the remainder of the 3d division and the 6th division under Lieutenant-General * Sir Henry Clinton, dislodged the enemy from the heights, and gave us the victory. ... In the mean time Lieutenant-General Sir

Rowland Hill had forced the passage of the Gave above Orthes, and seeing the state of the action, he moved immediately with the 2d division of infantry under Lieutenant. General Sir William Stewart, and MajorGeneral Fame's brigade of cavalry, direct for the great road from Orthes to St. Sever, thus keeping upon the enemy's left. The enemy retired at first in admirable order, taking every advantage of the mumerous good positions which the country afforded. The losses, however, which they stistained in the continued attacks of our troops, and the danger with which they were threatened by Lieutenant-General Sir Rowland Hill's movements, soon accelerated their movements, and the retreat at length became a flight, and their troops Were in the utmost confusion. Lieutenant-General Sir Stapleton Cotton

took advantage of the only opportunity.

which offered to charge with Major-General Lord Edward Somerset's brigade, in the neighbourhood of Sault de Navailies, where the enemy had been driven from the high road by Lieutenant-General Sir Rowland Hill. The 7th hussars distinguished themselves upon this occasion, and made many prisoners. We continued the pursuit till it was dusk, and I halted the army in the neighbourhood of Sault de Navailies. I cannot estimate the extent of the enemy's loss: we have taken six pieces of canmon and a great many prisoners, the numbers I cannot at present report. The whole country is covered by their dead. Their army was in the utmost confusion when I last saw it passing the heights near Sault de Navailles, and many soldiers had thrown away their arms. The desertion has since been immense. Lieutenant-General Sir Rowland Hill has moved upon Aire, and the advanced posts of the centre are at Casares. The enemy are apparently retiring upon Agen, and have left open the direct road towards Bourdeaux. Whilst the operations, of which I have above given the report, were carrying on the right of the army, Lientenant-General Sir John Hope, in concert with Rear-Admiral Penrose, availed himself of an opportunity which offered on the 23d of February to cross the Adour below Bayonne, and to take possession of both banks of the river at its mouth. The vessels destined to form the bridge could not get in till the 24th, when the difficult, and at this season of the year dangerous operation of bringing them in, was effected with a degree of gallantry and skill seldom equalled. Lieuteuant-Ge. meral Sir John Hope particularly mentions Captain O'Reilly and Lieutenant Cheshyre, Lieutenant Douglas, and Lieutenant Col. lins of the royal navy, and also Lieutenant Debenham, agent of transports; and I am 2 M : intuitely

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254

infinitely indebted to Rear-Admiral Penrose for the cordial assistance I received from him in preparing for this plan, and for that which he gave Lieutenant-General Sir John Hope in carrying it into exeČlli1011. The enemy, conceiving that the means of crossing the river, which Lieutenantgeneral Sir John Hope had at his command, viz, rafts made of pontoons, had not enabled him to cross a large force in the course of the 22d, attacked the corps which he had sent over on that evening. This corps consisted of six hundred men of the 2d brigade of guards, under the command of Majorgeneral the Honourable Edward Stopford, who repulsed the enemy immediately. The rocket brigade was of great use upon this occasion. Three of the enemy's gun-boats were destroyed this day, and a frigate lying in the Adour received considerable damage from the fire of a battery of eighteenpounders, and was obliged to go higher up the river to the neighbourhood of the bridge. Lieutenant-general Sir John Hope inwested the citadel of Bayonne on the 25th, and Lieutenant-general Dom Manuel Freyre moved forward with the fourth Spanish army, in consequence of directions which I had left for him. On the 27th the bridge having been completed, Lieutenantgeneral Sir John Hope deemed it copedient to invest the citadel of Bayonne more closely than he had done before; and he attacked the village of St. Etienne, which he carried, having taken a gun and some prisoners from the enemy; and his posts are now within minc hundred yards of the outworks of the place. The result of the operations which I have detailed to your lordship is, that Bayonne, St. Jean Pied de Port, and Navarrems are invested, and the army having passed the Adour, are in possession of all the great communications across the river, after having beaten the cnemy and taken their magazines. Total loss from the 14th to the 17th of Feb. 1814, inclusive. British–1 lieutenant, 2 serjeants, 22 rank and file, killed; 1 general staff, 1 major, 7 captains, 8 lieutenants, 1 staff, 8 serjeants, 3 drummers, 126 rank and file, wounded; 4 rank and file missing. Portuguese–1 drummer, 5 rank and file, killed; 1 lieutenant-colonel, 1 lieutenant, 2 ensigns, 4 serjeants, 1 drummer, 25 rank and file, wounded; 3 rank and file missing. (Signed) E. M. PAKEN HAM. - Adt. Gen. Names of the Officers Killed. - British Hilled. 15th February.—Royal Artillery—Lieut. £eorge Moore. 26th February, 1814, inclusive—2 caps

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tains, 1 ensign, 2 serjeants, 16 rank and file, 1 horse, killed; 1 major, 1 captain, 6 lieutenants, 4 ensigns, 1 staff, 9 serjeants, 3 drummers, 110 rank and file, 4 horses, wounded; 1 lieutenant, 1 serjeant, 27 rank and file, missing. Names of the Officers Killed. British Officers Killed. Feb. 23.−Royal Engineers.--Capt. T. Pitts. 68th Foot.—Capt. James W. M. Leith. Total loss on the 27th of February. British–1 major, 6 captains, 7 lieutenants, 1 staff, 21 serjeants, 3 drummers, 169 rank and file, killed; 2 general staff, 2 lieutenant-colonels, 7 majors, 30 captains, 49 lieutamants, 14 ensigns, 1 staff, 1 quartermaster, 17 serjeants, 11 drummers, 1203 rank and file, 83 horses, wounded; 1 captain, 2 serjeants, 1 drummer, 27 rank and file, 1 horse, missing. Portuguese–1 lieutenant-colonel, 2 majors, 4 serjeants, 59 rank and file, killed; 2 lieutenant-colonels, 2 majors, 5 captains, 6 lieutenants, 11 ensigns, 20 serjeants, 6 drummers, 452 rank and file, wounded; 3 serjeants, 36 rank and file, missing. British Officers Killed. Royal German Artillery–Capt. 'Fred. Lympher (Major). Royal Engineers—Capt. Parker. 5th Foot, 1st batt-Lieut. H. L. Hopkins. 6th Foot, 1st batt.—Lieuts. W. Pattulo and Henry Scott. 20th Foot–Major James Bent; Capt. J. St. Aurim. 42d Foot, 1st batt.—Adj.-Lieut. John W. Innes. 45th Foot, 1st batt.—Lieutenant John Metcalf. 87th Foot, 2d batt.—Lieut. James Fitzgerald. 88th Foot, 1st batt.—Capt. H. M“Der. mott; Lieut. Jas. Moriarty. Chasseurs Britannique— Capt. Charles Millins. Brunswick Light Infantry—Capt. Ernest de Brexeim ; Lieut. Ernest Koshenahr. Portuguese Officers Killed. 21st regt. of the Line—Capt. Samuel . Germin, 11th Caçadores—Lieut.-Col.-Kilshawi Capt. Antonio Re du Silva. St. Sever, March 4, 1814. MY LoRD,--The rain which fell in the afternoon of the 1st swelled the Adour, and all the rivulets falling into that river, so considerably, as materially to impede our further progress, and to induce me on the next day to halt the army till I could repair the bridges, all of which the enemy had destroyed. The rain continued till last might, and the river is so rapid that the pontoons. cannot be laid upon it. The enemy had collected a corps, at Ayre, probably to protect the evacuation.

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