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I hold the first who strikes, my foe.
Madmen! forbear your frantic jars !”

3. - Scorn and Defiance."

[FROM PARADISE Lost.) - Milton. Satan, (to Death.] 66 Whence and what art thou, execrable shape !

That dar’st, though grim and terrible, advance
Thy miscreated front athwart my way
To yonder gates? Through them I mean to pass,-
That be assured, — without leave asked of thee :
Retire ! or taste thy folly; and learn by proof,
Hell-born! not to contend with spirits of heaven.”

Wrath and Threatening!
Death, [in reply.] “Back to thy punishment,

False fugitive! and to thy speed add wings;
Lest with a whip of scorpions I pursue
Thy lingering, or, with one stroke of this dart,
Strange horror seize thee, and pangs unfelt before !”

4.-Infuriate Anger. THE DOGE OF VENICE, (ON THE EVE OF HIS EXECUTION, IN THE CON

CLUDING WORDS OF HIS CURSE ON THE CITY.] — Byron's Marino Falieri.

“ Thou den of drunkards with the blood of princes !
Gehenna of the waters ! thou sea Sodom !
Thus I devote thee to the infernal gods !

Thee and thy serpent seed !
[To the executioner.) Slave, do thine office !

Strike as I struck the foe! Strike as I would
Have struck those tyrants ! Strike deep as my curse !
Strike and but once!"

5. — Courage.
[BOZZARIS, TO HIS BAND OF SULIOTES.]— Halleck.

“ Strike till the last armed foe expires !
Strike for your altars and your fires !
Strike for the green graves of your sires,

God and your native land!”

1 The fierceness of emotion, in some instances, adds “ aspirated quality" to korotund."

EXERCISES IN "ASPIRATED QUALITY."

UTTERANCE.

I. — “ EFFUSIVE 1. — Awe, in its gentlest form, with moderate Aspiration."

(“Pectoral Quality.”) Note. The effect intended here is but the slightest approach to a whisper, - a barely perceptible breathing sound accompanying the utterance, not unlike, in its effect, to a slight hoarseness.

[JACOB'S EXCLAMATION AFTER HIS DREAM.] " How dreadful is this place! This is none other than the house of God, and the gate of heaven!”

2.- The same emotion deepened.

[FROM THE BOOK OF Psalms.] “ Of old hast Thou laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the work of Thy hands. They shall perish, but Thou shalt endure; yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment ; as a vesture shalt Thou change them, and they shall be changed: but Thou art the same; and Thy years shall have no end.

“ Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever Thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, Thou art God.

“ Thou turnest man to destruction; and sayest, 'Return, ye children of men.' For a thousand years, in Thy sight, are but as yesterday, when it is past, and as a watch in the night.

“ Thou carriest them away as with a flood; they are as a sleep: in the morning, they are like grass which groweth up. In the morning it flourisheth and groweth up: in the evening, it is cut down, and withereth."

3.- Awe, still deeper in " expression," and stronger in " aspiration."

[NATURE, SHRINKING FROM DEATH.] - Campbell.
" Yet half I hear the parting spirit sigh,
• It is a dread and awful thing to die!'.
Mysterious worlds, untravelled by the sun,
Where Time’s far-wandering tide has never run,
From your unfathomed shades, and viewless spheres,
A warning comes, unheard by other ears.
'T is Heaven's commanding trumpet, long and loud,

Like Sinai's thunder pealing from the cloud !
While Nature hears, with terror-mingled trust,
The shock that hurls her fabric to the dust;
And, like the trembling Hebrew, when he trod
The roaring waves, and called upon his God,
With mortal terrors clouds immortal bliss,
And shrieks, and hovers, o'er the dark abyss !

0 4. — Awe, extending to Fear : with still stronger - aspiration.

[From A RUSSIAN HYMN.] — Bowring.
" It thunders! Sons of dust, in reverence bow !
Ancient of days! thou speakest from above :
Thy right hand wields the bolt of terror now;
That hand which scatters peace and joy and love.
Almighty! trembling like a timid child,
I hear Thy awful voice, - alarmed, afraid,
I see the flashes of Thy lightning wild,
And in the very grave would hide my head !”

5 Horror and Fear : the effect transcending that of Awe; the

aspirationnearly a whisper. MACBETH, (MEDIT

DITATING THE MURDER OF DUNCAN.] — Shakspeare.

66 Now o'er the one half world
Nature seems dead; and wicked dreams abuse
The curtained sleep; now witchcraft celebrates
Pale Hecate's offerings; and withered murder,
Alarumed by his sentinel, the wolf,
Whose howl 's his watch, thus with his stealthy pace,
Towards his design
Moves like a ghost. — Thou sure and firm-set earth!
Hear not my steps, which way they walk; for fear
The very stones prate of my whereabout,
And take the present horror from the time,
Which now suits with it."

UTTERANCE.

II. -" EXPULSIVE 1.-Horror and Amazement : aspirationincreased by expulsion.

(“ Pectoral Quality.”)
HAMLET, (TO THE GHOST OF HIS FATHER.] Shakspeare.

" What may this mean,
That thou, dead corse, again, in complete steel,

Revisit’st thus the glimpses of the moon,
Making night hideous; and we fools of nature,
So horridly to shake our disposition
With thoughts beyond the reaches of our souls ? "

2. - Horror and Terror: effect still farther increased.

CLARENCE, [RELATING HIS DREAM.) - Shakspeare.
“Oh! I have passed a miserable night,
So full of fearful dreams, of ugly sights,
That, as I am a Christian faithful man,
I would not spend another such a night,
Though 't were to buy a world of happy days;
So full of dismal terror was the time!

My dream was lengthened after life :
Oh! then began the tempest to my

soul !
“With that, methought, a legion of foul fiends
Environed me, and howled in mine ears
Such hideous cries, that, with the very noise,
I trembling waked, and, for a season after,
Could not believe but that I was in hell ;
Such terrible impression made my

dream!

3. — Fear.

(Whispering Voice: “Guttural Quality.”) CALIBAN, (CONDUCTING STEPHANO AND TRINCULO TO THE CELL OF PROS.

PERO.] — Shakspeare.
“Pray you tread softly, — that the blind mole may not
Hear a foot fall : we are now near his cell.

Speak softly!
All's hushed as midnight yet.

See'st thou here?
This is the mouth o' the cell: no noise ! and enter."

4. — Fear and Alarm.

(Forcible Half-Whisper : “Pectoral Quality.”) ALONZO, [WHO, WITH GONZALO, IS SUDDENLY AWAKENED BY THE INTER

VENTION OF ARIEL, AND FINDS THE CONSPIRATORS, SEBASTIAN AND ANTONIO, WITH THEIR SWORDS DRAWN.) - Shakspeare.

“Why, how now, ho! - awake? - Why are you drawn?

Wherefore this ghastly looking ?

Gonzalo. What's the matter?

Sebastian. Whiles we stood here, securing your repose,
Even now, we heard a hollow burst of bellowing
Like bulls or rather lions : did it not wake you?
It struck mine ear most terribly.

Antonio. Oh! ’t was a din to fright a monster's ear:
To make an earthquake ! sure, it was the roar
Of a whole herd of lions !”

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("Guttural and Pectoral Quality.”)

1.- Hatred.
SAYLOCK, [FIEGARDING ANTONIO.]
“How like a fawning publican he looks !
I hate him for he is a Christian;
But more, for that, in low simplicity,
He lends out money gratis, and brings down
The rate of usuance with us here in Venice.
If I can catch him once upon the hip,
I will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him!
He hates our sacred nation ; and he rails,
Even there where merchants most do congregate,
On me, my bargains, and my well-won thrift,
Which he calls interest. — Cursed be my tribe,
If I forgive him!

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(“Guttural and Pectoral Quality.") MASANIELLO, (IN REPLY TO THE BASE SUGGESTIONS OF GENUINO.)

6 I would that now
I could forget the monk who stands before me;
For he is like the accursed and crafty snake!
Hence! from my sight! – Thou Satan, get behind me
Go from my sight! --I hate and I despise thee !
These were thy pious hopes; and I, forsooth,
Was in thy hands a pipe to play upon ;
And at thy music my poor soul to death
Should dance before thee!

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