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Almighty! Thine this universal frame
2. — [ADORATION OFFERED BY THE ANGELS.] – Milton.
Thee, Father, first they sung, omnipotent,
[AGAINST WARREN HASTINGS.] — Burke. “ By the order of the House of Commons of Great Britain, I impeach Warren Hastings of high crimes and misdemeanors.
“ I impeach him in the name of the Commons of Great Britain in Parliament assembled, whose parliamentary trust he has abused.
“I impeach him in the name of the Commons of Great Britain, whose national character he has dishonored.
“I impeach him in the name of the people of India, whose laws, rights, and liberties he has subverted.
“I impeach him in the name of the people of India, whose property he has destroyed, whose country he has laid waste and desolate.
"I impeach him in the name of human nature itself, which he has cruelly outraged, injured, and oppressed, in both sexes. And I impeach him in the name and by the virtue of those eternal laws of justice, which ought equally to pervade every age, condition, rank, and situation, in the world.”
2.- Oratorical Apostrophe and Interrogation.
[FROM CICERO's ACCUSATION OF VERPES.] “O Liberty!—0 sound once delightful to every Roman ear! O sacred privilege of Roman citizenship! — Once sacred, now trampled upon. But what then? Is it come to this? Shall an inferior magistrate, a governor, who holds his whole power of the Roman people, in a Roman province, within sight of Italy, bind, scourge, torture with fire and red hot plates of iron, and at last put to the infamous death of the cross, a Roman citizen? Shall neither the cries of innocence expiring in agony, nor the tears of pitying spectators, nor the majesty of the Roman commonwealth, nor the fear of the justice of his country, restrain the licentious and wanton cruelty of a monster, who, in confidence of his riches, strikes at the root of liberty, and sets mankind at defiance?"
3. — Vehement Oratorical Address.
[From PATRICK Henry's War SPEECH.] " They tell us, sir, that we are weak, unable to cope with so formidable an adversary. Sir, we are not weak, if we make a proper use of those means which the God of nature hath placed in our power. Three millions of people, armed in the holy cause of liberty, and in such a country as that which we possess, are invincible by any force which our enemy can send against us.
“ But, sir, we shall not fight our battles alone. There is a just God, who presides over the destinies of nations, and who will raise up friends to fight our battles for us. The battle, sir, is not to the strong alone: it is to the vigilant, the active, the brave.
Besides, sir, we have no election. If we were base enough to desire it, it is now too late to retire from the contest. There is no retreat but in submission and slavery. Our chains are forged. Their clanking may be heard on the plains of Boston. The war is inevita
and let it come! I repeat it, sir, let it come! “ It is in vain, sir, to extenuate the matter.
Gentlemen may cry, Peace, peace! - but there is no peace : the war is actually begun! - The next gale that sweeps from the north, will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms ! Our brethren are already in the field ! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have ? --- Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery?- Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death !
II. - "Impassioned Expression."
1.- Poetic Invective : Epic Style.
[Moloch's ADDRESS.] – Milton.
2. — Poetic Apostrophe. [FROM COLERIDGE'S HYMN TO MONT BLANC.) “ Ye ice-falls ! ye that from the mountain's brow Adown enormous ravines slope amain, Torrents, methinks, that heard a mighty voice, And stopped at once amid their maddest plunge! Motionless torrents! silent cataracts ! Who made you glorious as the gates of heaven Beneath the keen full moon? Who bade the sun Clothe
you with rainbows? Who with living flowers Of loveliest blue, spread garlands at your feet? God! let the torrents, like a shout of nations, Answer! and let the ice-plains echo, God! And they, too, have a voice, — yon piles of snow, And in their perilous fall shall thunder, God!
"Ye living flowers that skirt the eternal frost !
3.- Poetic Invective : Lyric Style.
4. — Ecstatic Poetic Apostrophe. [THE RESURRECTION OF CHRIST.] — Young. “ Hear, 0 ye nations ! hear it, 0 ye dead ! He rose, He rose, - he burst the bars of death. The theme, the joy, how then shall men sustain ? Oh! the burst gates! crushed sting! demolished throne ! Last
gasp of vanquished Death! Shout, earth and heaven,
Man, all immortal, hail !
Shouting. CITIZENS, (AFTER ANTONY'S ORATION OVER THE BODY OF CÆSAR.] —
Shakspeare. “ Come, brands, ho! fire-brands ! — To Brutus’! to Cassius'! burn all! Some to Decius' house, and some to Casca's ; some to Ligarius': - away! go !”
WILLIAM TELL, [TO THE MOUNTAINS, ON REGAINING HIS LIBERTY.)
J. S. Knowles.
“ Ye guards of liberty,
1. — Anger, excited to Rage.
[FROM THE LORD OF THE Isles.] — Scott.
6. Talk not to me
2. - Wrath and Scorn.
[FROM THE LADY OF THE LAKE.] — Scott. Roderick Dhu, (to Malcom Græme.] « Back! beardless boy!
Back! minion! – Holdst thou thus at naught
Anger and Defiance. Ma.com. Perish my name, if aught afford
Its chieftain safety, save his sword !
Indignant Rebuke. Douglas. Chieftains, forego !