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Power exercised with violence has seldom been of long duration, but temper and moderation generally produce permanence in all things.


The most imperious masters over their own servants are at the same time the most abject slaves to the servants of other masters. ).



Bleed, bleed, poor country!
Great tyranny, lay thou thy basis sure,
For goodness dares not check thee!

k. Macbeth. Act IV. Sc. 3.

For what is he they follow? truly gentlemen,
A bloody tyrant, and a homicide;
One rais'd in blood, and one in blood estab-

lish'd; One thať made means to come by what he

hath, And slaughter'd those that were the means to

help him; A base foul stone, made precious by the

foil Of England's chair, where he is falsely set; One that hath ever been God's enemy.

1. Richard III. Act V, Sc. 3,

The old human fiends, With one foot in the grave, with dim eyes,

strange To tears save drops of dotage, with long

white And scanty hairs, and shaking hands, and

heads As palsied as their hearts are hard, they

council, Cabal, and put men's lives out, as if life Were no more than the feelings long extin

guish'd In their accursed bosoms. BYRONThe Two Foscari. Act II.

Sc. 1. Think'st thou there is no tyranny but that Of blood and chains ? The despotism of

viceThe weakness and the wickedness of luxuryThe negligence—the apathy-the evils Of sensual sloth-produce ten thousand

tyrants, Whose delegated cruelty surpasses The worst acts of one energetic master, However harsh and hard in his own bearing.

b. BYRON- Sardanapalus. Act I. Sc. 2. Tyranny is far the worst of treasons. Dost

thou deem None rebels except subjects? The prince

Neglects or violates his trust is more
A brigand than the robber-chief.
BYRONThe Two Foscari. Act II.

Sc. 1,

What Are a few drops of human blood?—'tis false, The blood of tyrants is not human; they Like to incarnate Molochs, feed on ours, Until 'tis time to give them to the tombs Which they have made so populous.-Oh

world! Oh men! what are ye, and our best designs, That we must work by crime to punish

crime? d. BYRON- Marino Faliero. Act IV.

Sc. 2. He who strikes terror into others is him. self in continual fear.

CLAUDIANUS. Of all the evils that infest a state, A tyrant is the greatest: there the laws Hold not one common tenor; his sole will Commands the laws, and lords it over them. f. EURIPIDES-Supp. 429.

Necessity, The tyrant's plea, excused his devilish deeds. 9. MILTON- Paradise Lost. Bk. IV.

Line 393. O mighty father of the gods! when once dire lust, dyed with raging poison, has fired their minds, vouchsafe to punish cruel tyrants in no other way than this, that they see virtue and pine away at having forsaken her.


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Man's Unhappiness, as I construe, comes of his Greatness; it is because there is an Infinite in him, which with all his cunning, he cannot quite bury under the Finite. CARLYLE-Sartor Resartus. Bk. II.

Ch. II. The fearful unbelief is unbelief in yourself. f. CARLYLE-Sartor Resartus. Bk. II.

Ch. VII. There is no strength in unbelief. Even the unbelief of what is false is no source of might. It is the truth shining from behind that gives the strength to disbelieve, g. GEORGE MacDONALD The Marquis of

Lossie. Ch. XLII. Unbelief is blind.

h. MILTON— Comus. Line 519.

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Better had they ne'er been born,
Who read to doubt, or read to scorn.

i. Scott— The Monastery. Ch. XII. More strange than true. I never may be

lieve These antique fables, nor these fairy toys. 1. Midsummer Night's Dream. Act V.

Sc. 1.

Two souls with but a single thought,
Two hearts that beat as one.

MARIA LOVELL- Translation of

Ingomar the Barbarian. Act II. Then none was for a party;

Then all were for the state;
Then the great man helped the poor,

And the poor man loved the great:
Then lands were fairly portioned;

Then spoils were fairly sold:
The Romans were like brothers
In the brave days of old.
MACAULAY— Lays of Ancient Rome.

Horatius. St. 32.
The union of lakes-the union of lands-
The union of States none can sever-
The union of hearts--the union of hands--
And the flag of our Union for ever!
GEORGE P. MORRIS-- The Flag of our

Union. So we grew together, Like to a double cherry, seeming parted, But yet a union in partition; Two lovely berries moulded on one stem: So, with two seeming bodies, but one heart; Two of the first, like coats in heraldry, Due but to one, and crowned with one crest. 9. Midsummer Night's Dream. Act III.

Sc. 2. UNKINDNESS, As “unkindness has no remedy at law," let its avoidance be with you a point of honor.

HOSEA BALLOU-- MSS. Sermons. Unkind language is sure to produce the fruits of unkindness,--that is, suffering in the bosom of others.

Hard Unkindness' alter'd eye,
That mocks the tear it forced to flow.
t. GRAY--Eton College. St. 8.

Unkindness may do much;
And his unknindness may defeat my life,
But never taint my love.

Othello. Act IV. Sc. 2. In nature there's no blemish but the mind; None can be call'd deform'd, but the unkind.

Twelfth Night. Act III. Sc. 4

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UNITY. By uniting we stand, by dividing we fall.

k, JOHN DICKINSON The Liberty Song. Our two lives grew like two buds that kiss At lightest thrill from the bee's swinging

chime, Because the one so near the other is. 1. GEORGE ELIOT- Brother and Sister.

Pt. I. St. 1. Our Union is river, lake, ocean, and sky: Man breaks not the medal, when God cuts

the die! Though darkened with sulphur, though

cloven with steel, The blue arch will brighten, the waters will

HOLMES Brother Jonathan's Lament

for Sister Caroline,


Rich gifts wax poor when givers prove unkind.

Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 1.

She hath tied Sharp-tooth'd unkindness, like & vulture

here. b. King Lear. Act II. Sc. 4,



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Apollo has peeped through the shutter,
And awaken'd the witty and fair;
The boarding-school belle's in a futter,
The twopenny post's in despair;
The breath of the morning is flinging
A magic on blossom and spray,
And cockneys and sparrows are singing
In chorus on Valentine's day.
h. PRÆD-14th of February.

Saint Valentine is past; Begin these wood-birds but to couple now? i. Midsummer Night's Dream. Act IV.

Sc. 1. To-morrow is Saint Valentine's day

All in the morning betime, And I a maid at your window, To be your Valentine.

Hamlet. Act IV. Sc. 5. The fourteenth of February is a day sacred to St. Valentine! It was a very odd notion, alluded to by Shakespeare, that on this day birds begin to couple; hence, perhaps, arose the custom of sending on this day letters containing professions of love and affection. k. Noah WEBSTER.

Now all Nature seem'd in love And birds had drawn their Valentines. 1. WOLTON.

VALOR. Deep vengeance is the daughter of deep silence.


No popular respect will I omit
To do the honour on this happy day,
When every loyal lover tasks his wit
His simple truth in studious rhymes to pay,
And to his mistress dear his hopes convey.
Rather than know it I would still outrun
All calendars with Love's, whose date alway
Thy bright eyes govern better than the sun,
For with thy favour was my life begun:
And still I reckon on from smiles to smiles,
And not by Summers, for I thrive on none
But those thy cheerful countenance compiles.
Oh! if it be to choose and call thee mine
Love, thou art every day my Valentine!
HOOD-Sonnet. For the 14th of




Oh! cruel heart! ere these posthumous

papers Have met thine eyes, I shall be out of

breath; Those cruel eyes, like two funereal tapers,

Have only lighted me the way to death. Perchance thou wilt extinguish them in

vapours, When I an gone, and green grass covereth Thy lover, lost; but it will be in vainIt will not bring the vital spark again.

HooD - A Valentine.

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O friends, be men, and let your hearts be

strong, And let no warrior in the heat of fight Do what may bring him shame in other's

eyes; For more of those who shrink from shame

are safe Than fall in battle, while with those who flee Is neither glory nor reprieve from death. BRYANT's Homer's Iliad. Bk. V.

Line 607. There is always safety in valor.

EMERSON—The Times." Valor consists in the power of self-recovery, P. EMERSON- Essays. Circles.

In vain doth valour bleed, While Avarice and Rapine share the land. 9. MILTON- Sonnet. To the Lord

General Fairfax.


Hail to thy returning festival, old Bishop Valentine! Great is thy name in the rubric. Like unto thee, assuredly, there is no other mitred Inther in the calendar.





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He's truly valiant, that can wisely suffer
The worst that man can breathe; and make

his wrongs His outsides; wear them like his raiment,

carelessly: And ne'er prefer his injuries to his heart, To bring it into danger.

Timon of Athens. Act III. Sc. 5. Methought, he bore him in the thickest

troop As doth a lion in a herd of neat: Or as a bear, encompass'd round with dogs; Who, having pinch'd a few, and made them

cry, The rest stand all aloof, and bark at him.

b. Henry VI. Pt. III. Act II. Sc. 1. Muster your wits: stand in your defence; Or hide your heads like cowards, and fly

Love's Labour's Lost. Act V. Sc. 2.

What's brave, what's noble,
Let's do it after the high Roman fashion,
And make death proud to take us.
d. Antony and Cleopatra. Act IV. Sc. 13.

When valour preys on reason, It eats the sword it fights with. Antony and Cleopatra. Act III. Sc. 2.

VANITY. Vanity is as ill at ease under indifference As tenderness is under the love which it cannot return. GEORGE ELIOT-Daniel Deronda.

Bk. I. Ch. XI. Those who live on vanity must not unreasonably expect to die of mortification. 9. Mrs. ELLIS- Pictures of Private Life.

Second Series. The Pains of

Pleasing. Ch. III. What is your sex's earliest, latest care, Your heart's supreme ambition? To be fair.

h. LORD LYTTLETON- Advice to a Lady. Not a vanity is given in vain. i. POPE- Essay on Man. Ep. II.

Line 290. Light vanity, insatiate cormorant, Consuming means, soon preys upon itself.

j. Richard II. Act II. Sc. 1. Where doth the world thrust forth a vanity That is not quickly buzz'd into his ears?

k. Richard 11. Act II. Sc. 1.

The groves of Eden, vanish'd now so long, Live in description, and look green in song: These, were my breast inspir'd with equal

flame, Like them in beauty, should be like in fame. Here hills and vales, the woodland and the

plain, Here earth and water seem to strive agaid; Not chaos-like together crush'd and bruis'd, But, as the world, harmoniously confus’d, Where order in variety we see, And where, though all things differ, all

agree. p. Pope--- Windsor Forest. Line 13.

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Variety's the very spice of life,
That gives it all its tlavor.
1. COWPER— The Task. Bk, II.

Line 606.
Variety's the source of joy below,
From which still fresh revolving pleasures

flow; In books and love, the mind one end pur

sues, And only change the expiring flame renews.


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Lash the vice and follies of the age. SUSANNAH CENTLIVRE-- Prologue to the

Vaid Bewitched. Ne'er blush'd unless in spreading vice's

snares, She blunder'd on some virtue unawares.

b. CHURCHILL--The Rosciad. Line 137. Vice stings us, even in our pleasures, but virtue consoles us, even in our pains.

C. C. COLTON--Lacon.

Self conquest is the greatest of victories. p.

PLATO. We conquer'd France, but felt our Captive's

charms; Her Arts victorious triumph'd o'er our Arms. 9 POPE--Second Book of Horace. Ep. I.

Line 263. Hail to the Chief who in triumph advances. SCOTT- Lady of the Lake. Canto II.

St. 19. With dying hand, above his head, He shook the fragment of his blade,

And shouted "Victory!Charge, Chester, charge ! on, Stanley, on!" Were the last words of Marmion.

SCOTT--Marmion. Canto VI. St. 32.


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A victory is twice itself when the achiever brings home full numbers.

Much Ado About Nothing. Act I. Sc. 1.

I came, saw, and overcame.

u. Henry IV. Pt. II. Act IV. Sc. 3.

The heart resolves this matter in a trice, "Men only feel the Smart, but not the Vice." d. POPE-Second Book of Horace. Ep. II.

Line 216. Vice is a monster of so frightful mien, As, to be hated, needs but to be seen; Yet seen too oft, familiar with her face, We first endure, then pity, then embrace. POPE- Essay on Man. Ep. II.

Line 217. We do not despise all those who have Vices, but we despise all those who have not a single Virtue.

f. ROCHEFOUCAULD. Why is there nó man who confesses his Vices? It is because he has not yet laid them aside. It is a waking man only who can tell his dreams. g. SENECA.

0, dishonest wretch! Wilt thon be made a man out of my vice?

h. Measure for Measure. Act III. Sc. 1. There is no vice so simple, but assumes Some mark of virtue on his outward parts.

i. Merchant of Venice. Act III. Sc. 2. Vice repeated is like the wand'ring wind, Blows dust in others' eyes, to spread itself.

. Pericles. Act I. Sc. 1.

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VICTORY. He who surpasses or subdues mankind, Must look down on the hate of those below. k. BYRON-Childe Harold. Canto III.

St. 45. And though mine arms should conquer twenty

worlds, There's a lean fellow beats all conquerors.

1. Thos. DEKKER-- Old Fortunatus. Then all shall be set right, and the man

shall have his mare again.
DRYDEN - Love Triumphant. Act III.

Sc. 2.

And thus I clothe my naked villainy
With odd old ends, stol'n forth of holy writ
And seem a saint when most I play the devil

aa. Richard III. Act I. Sc. 3.


O villainy!-How? Let the door be lock'd; Treachery! seek it out. Sc. 2.

bb. Hamlet. Act V.

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