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The attention of the reader is further called to two marked features of the Cyclopædi

1. The italic letters a, b, c, d, etc. These refer to corresponding letters in the page, a enable any person to locate the proper passage with the least possible delay.

2. The asterisk * indicates that the quotation is from Shakespeare, and this will also se time and trouble. The selections from that master of English thought and language 1 much more numerous than in any other volume of this character.

It will be observed that no one standard of English orthography or composition has be followed. Each author's peculiarities have been respected, as this seemed to be the only s way to avoid almost insuperable difficulties. In Shakespeare, Knight's text has be adopted, with some slight and seemingly justifiable variations, and in nearly all cases 1 latest edition of each of the several authors has been taken. The name " Shakespeare”] been given as it has been written for nearly three hundred years. When antiquarians a critics unite upon another orthography, we will use it in a future edition.

A few quotations have been purposely retained under more than one head, where ti seemed especially adapted to do double duty, and might be of actual service. In the me thousands of others these would hardly be noticed, even by the persevering critic, with this reference. For other things that may be discovered as actual faults---for sins of co mission or omission--the editors beg kindly indulgence. With care and assiduity they h aimed at perfection-but to attain it, in the first edition of a work of this size, is next to impossibility.

Thanks to those friends whose valuable aid has been a constant joy and sustain power, through these long years of anxious labor. Their names would be gratefully m tioned, but for the reason that they are so numerous. The value to be set upon the w itself will determine our own and their honor.

NEW YORK, December, 1881.





ABILITY, The self-same thing they will abhor

Men who undertake considerable things, One way, and long another for.

even in a regular way, ought to give us ground a. BUTLER— Hudibras. Pt. I. Canto i. | to presume ability.

Line 220. h. BURKE- Reflections on the Revolution Justly thou abhorr'st

in France. That son, who on the quiet state of men Such trouble brought, affecting to subdue

As we advance in life, we learn the limits

of our abilities. Rational liberty ; yet know withal,

i. FROUDE-Short Studies on Great Since thy original lapse, true liberty Is lost.

Subjects. Education. MILTON -Paradise Lost. Bk. XII.

Line 79.

Every person is responsible for all the good

within the scope of his abilities, and for no He will come to her in yellow stockings, more, and none can tell whose sphere is the and 'tis a colour she abhors ; and cross gar

largest. tered, a fashion she detests.

j. GAIL HAMILTON- Country Living and c. Twelfth Night. Act II. Sc. 5.

Country Thinking. Men and Women. Shall they hoist me up,

Conjugal affection And show me to the shouting varletry

Prevailing over fear and timorous doubt,
Of censuring Rome? Rather a ditch in

Hath led me on, desirous to behold

Once more thy face, and know of thy estate, Be gentle grave unto me, rather on Nilus' If aught in my ability may serve

To lighten what thou suffer'st, and appease Lay me stark naked, and let the water-flies

Thy mind with what amends is in my powerBlow me into abhorring!

Though late, yet in some part to recomd. Antony and Cleopatra. Act V. Sc. 2

pense Therefore I say again,

My rash but more unfortunate misdeed. I utterly abhor, yea from my soul,

k. MILTON --Samson Agonistes. Line 739. Refuse you for my judge ; whom yet once more,

Whose skill was almost as great as his I hold my most malicious foe, and think not honesty ; had it stretched so far, would have At all a friend to truth.

made nature immortal, and death should e Henry VIII. Act II. Sc. 4.

have play for lack of work.

I. All's Well That Ends Well. Act I. Whilst I was big in clamour, came there in a

So. 1. man, Who having seen me in my worst estate,

Who does the best his circumstance allows, Shunn'd my abhorr'd society.

Does well, acts nobly ; angels could no more. f. King Lear. Act V. Sc. 3.

m. YOUNG-Night Thoughts. Night II. For, if the worlds

Line 91. In worlds enclosed should on his senses burst,

ABSENCE. He would abhorrent turn. 9. THOMPSONThe Seasons. Summer. Absence makes the heart grow fonder.

Line 313. n. THOMAS HAYNES BAYLY—Isle of Beauty.

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I spread my books, my pencil try,

Moving accidents by flood and field. The lingering noon to cheer,

· m. Olhello. Act 1. Sc. 3. Brit miss thy kind approving eye, Thy meek, attentive ear.

The accident of an accident.

n. LORD THURLOW---Speech in reply to But when of morn or eve the star

Lord Grafton. Beholds me on my knee, I feel, though thou art distant far,

ACTION. Thy prayers ascend for me. a. BISHOP HEBER -Journal.

Let's meet and either do or die.

0. BEAUMONT and FLETCHER- The In the hope to meet

Island Princess. Act II. Sc. 2. Shortly again, and make our absence sweet. b. BEN Jonson-- Underwoods.

Laws and institutions are constantly tendMiscellaneous Poems, LVIII, ing to gravitate. Like clocks, they must be

occasionally cleaned, and wound up, and set Ever absent, ever near ;

to true time. Still I see thee, still I hear ;

p. HENRY WARD BEECHER—Life Thoughts. Yet I cannot reach thee, dear! C. FRANCIS KAZINCZI -- Separation.

Think that day lost whose (low) descending

Sun What shall I do with all the days and hours

Views from thy hand no noble action done. That must be counted ere I see thy face? 9. ВовАВт. How shall I charm the interval that lowers Between this time and that sweet time of

Fundamentally, there is no such thing as grace?

private action. All actions are public-in d. FRANCES ANNE KEMBLE -- Absence.

themselves or their consequences.

T. BOVEE-Summaries of Thought. Since yesterday I have been in Alcalá.

Actions. Ere long the time will come, sweet Preciosa,

Let us do or die. When that dull distance shall no more divide

Thos. CAMPBELL—Gertrude of us;

Wyoming. Pt. III. St. 37. And I no more shall scale thy wall by night To steal a kiss from thee, as I do now.

BURNS— Bruce's Address to his Army e. LONGFELLOW The Spanish Student.

at Bannockburn. St. € Act I. Sc. 3.

Our grand business is, not to see what lies Conspicuous by his absence.

dimly at a distance, but to do what lies clear f. LORD John RUSSELL, Quoted from ly at hand.

Tacitus. Annals, III., 76. t. CARLYLE-Essays. Signs of the Times, All days are nights to see till I see thee,

Every noble activity makes room for itself And nights bright days when dreams do show A great mind is a good sailor, as a great i thee me.

heart is. SHAKESPEARE --Sonnet XLIII.

U. EMERSON — Voyage to England. How like a winter hath my absence been Our acts, our angels are, or good or ill,

From thee, the pleasure of the fleeting year! | Our fatal shadows that walk by us still. What freezings have I felt, what dark days v. JOHN FLETCHER-- Upon an Honest seen!

Man's Fortune. Line 37 What old December's bareness everywhere. h. SHAKESPEARE-Sonnet XCVII.

The doing right alone teaches the value o

the meaning of right; the doing it willingly I dote on his very absence, and I wish if the will is happily constituted ; the doin them a fair departure.

it unwillingly, or under compulsion, if per i. Merchant of Venice. Act I. Sc. 2. suasion fails to convince.

10. FROUDE --Short Studies on Great

Subjects. On Progress. Pt. III ACCIDENTS. Chapter of accidents.

A fiery chariot, borne on buoyant pinions, 3. EARL OF CHESTERFIELD--Letter,

Sweeps near me now! I soon shall ready b February 16, 1753.

To pierce the ether's high unknown

dominions, Nothing with God can be accidental.

To reach new spheres of pure activity. k. LONGFELLOW-Christus. The Golden

2. GOETHE-Faust. Legend. Pt. VI.

That action is best which procures th I have shot mine arrow o'er the house

greatest happiness for the greatest number And hurt my brother.

HUTCHINSON- Inquiry; Concerning l. Hamlet. Act V. Sc. 2.

Moral Good and Evil. Sec. :

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Attack is the reaction; I never think I have Rightness expresses of actions, what hit hard unless it rebounds.

straightness does of lines ; and there can no a. SAM'L JOHNSON— Boswell's Life of more be two kinds of right action than there Johnson, An. 1775. can be two kinds of straight line.

9. HERBERT SPENCER-Social Slatics, I have always thought the actions of men

Ch. XXXII. Par. 4, the best interpreters of their thoughts. b. LOCKE- Human Understanding. Bk. I.

Theirs not to make reply,
Ch. 3.

Theirs not to reason why,

Theirs but to do and die. Let us then be up and doing,

TENNYSONThe Charge of the Light With a heart for any fate;

Brigade. Št. 2. Still achieving, still pursuing, Learn to labour and to wait.

A slender acquaintance with the world c. LONGFELLOW-- Psalm of Life.

must convince every man, that actions, not

words, are the true criterion of the attach- Trust no future howe'er pleasant!

ment of friends; and thut the most liberal Let the dead past bury their dead !

professions of good-will are very far from Act,-act in the living present!

being the surest marks of it. Heart within and God o'erhead !

S. GEORGE WASHINGTON-Social Maxims. d. LONGFELLOW-Psalm of Life.

Friendship. So much one man can do,

Action is transitory, a step, a blow, That does both act and know.

The motion of a muscle-this way or that. e MARVELL- Upon Cromwell's return

t. WORDSWORTH-The Borderers. Act III. from Ireland.

All may do what has by man been done. Awake, arise, or be for ever fall’n.

u. "Young—Night Thoughts. Night VI. f. MILTON- Paradise Lost. Bk. I.

Line 606. Line 830. How my achievements mock me!

ADMIRATION. I will go meet them.

No nobler feeling than this, of admiration g. Troilus and Cressida. Act IV. Sc. 2.

for one higher than himself dwells in the If it were done, when 'tis done, then 'twere

breast of man. It is to this hour, and at all

hours, the vivifying influence in man's life. It were done quickly.

v. CARLYLEÎleroes and Hero Worship. h. Macbeth Act I. Sc. 7.

Lecture 1. In such business

Green be the turf above thee, Action is eloquence, and the eyes of the

Friend of my better days! ignorant

None knew thee but to love thee, More learned than the ears.

Nor named thee but to praise. i. Coriolanus. Act III. Sc. 2.

2. FITZ-GREENE HALLECK- On the death

of Joseph R. Drake. So smile the Heavens upon this holy act That after-hours with sorrow chide us not! Few men are admired by their servants. j. Romeo and Juliet. Act II. Sc. 6.

2. MONTAIGNE—Essays. Bk. III. Ch. 2. Suit the action to the word, the word to the We always like those who admire us, we action.

do not always like those whom we admire. k. Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 2.

y. ROCHEFOUCAULD-Maxim 294. The blood more stirs

What you do To rouse a lion, than to start a hare.

Still betters what is done. When you speak, 1 Henry IV. Pt. I. Act I. Sc. 3.

sweet, Things done well,

I'd have you do it ever. And with a care, exempt themselves from fear;

1 2. Winter's Tale. Act IV. Sc. 3. Things done without example, in their issue Are to be fear'd.

ADVERSITY. m. Henry VIII. Act I. Sc. 2.

And these vicissitudes come best in youth ; We may not think the justness of each act

For when they happen at a riper age, Such and no other then event doth form it.

People are apt to blame the fates forsooth, 1. Troilus and Cressila. Act II. Sc. 2.

And wonder Providence is not more sage.

Adversity is the first path to truth :
We must not stint

He who hath proved war, storm or woman's Our necessary actions, in the fear

rage, To cope malicious censurers.

Whether his winters be eighteen or eighty, 0. Henry VIII. Act I. Sc. 2.

Has won the experience which is deem'd so

weighty. Heaven never helps the men who will not act. aa. BYRON— Don Juan Canto XII. · P. Sophocles. Fragment 288.

St. 50.



Adversity is scmetimes hard upon a mn; but for one man who can stand prosperity, there are a hundred that will stand adversity. å. CARLYLE-Heroes and Hero Worship..

Lecture V.
Aromatic plants bestow
No spicy fragrance while they grow ;
But crush'd or trodden to the ground,
Diffuse their balmy sweets around.

b. GOLDSMITH The Captivity. Act I.
Thou tamer of the human breast,
Whose iron scourge and tort'ring hour
The bad affright, afflict the best!

C. GRAY— Ode to Adversity. St. 1.

In the adversity of our best friends we of. ten find something which does not displease us. d. ROCHEFOUCAULD--Reflections. XV.

Bold adversity Cries out for noble York and Somerset, To beat assailing death from his weak legions. And whiles the honourable captain there Drops bloody sweat from his war wearied

limbs. e. Henry VI. Pt. I. Act IV. Sc. 4. His overthrow heap'd happiness upon him ; For then, and not till then, he felt himself,' And found the blessedness of being little.

f. Henry VIII. Act IV. Sc. 2.
Sweet are the uses of adversity ;
Which, like the toad, ugly and venomous,
Wears yet a precious jewel in his head.

9. As You Like It. Act. II. Sc. 1.

Be loving and you will never want for love; be humble, and you will never want for guiding.

m. °D. M. MULOCK - Olive. Ch. XXIV. Be niggards of advice on no pretense; For the worst avarice is that of sense.

n. POPE-Essay on Criticism. Line 578. Direct not him, whose way himself will

choose ; 'Tis breath thou lack'st, and that breath wilt

thou lose. 0. Richard II. Act II. Sc. 1. Here comes a man of comfort, whose advice Hath often stillid my brawling discontent.

p. Measure for Measure. Act IV. Sc. 1. I pray thee cease thy counsel, Which falls into mine ears as profitless As water in a sieve. 9. Much Ado About Nothing. Act V.

Sc. 1. When a wise man gives thee better counsel, give me mine again.

r. King Lear. Act II. Sc. 4.

Then know, that I have little wealth to lose; A man I am cross'd with adversity. h. Two Gentlemen of Verona. Act IV.

Sc. 1. They can be meek that have no other cause, A wretched soul, bruis'd with adversity, We bid be quiet, when we hear it cry.

i. Comedy of Errors. Act II. Sc. 1.

AFFECTION. Affection is the broadest basis of a good life. S. GEORGE ELIOT—Daniel Deronda.

Bk. V. Ch. 35. As for murmurs, mother, we grumble a little now and then to be sure. But there's no love lost between us. 1. GOLDSMITH-She Stoops to Conquer.

Act IV Talk not of wasted affection, affection neve

was wasted ; Ifit enrich not the heart of another, its waters

returning Back to their springs, like the rain, shall fil

them full of refreshment; That which the fountain sends forth return

again to the fountain. U. LONGFELLOW--Evangeline. Pt. II. St. 1 Affection is a coal that must be cool'd ; Else suffer'd it will set the heart on fire. v. SHAKESPEARE - Venus and Adonis.

Line 387 So loving to my mother, That he might not beteem the windsc

heaven Visit her face too roughly.

w. Hamlet. Act I. Sc. 2. Such affection and unbroken faith As temper life's worst bitterness.

x. SHELLEYThe Cenci. Act. III. Sc. 1


The worst men often give the best advice : Our deeds are sometimes better than our

thoughts. j. BAILEY-Festus. Sc. A Village Feast. She had a good opinion of advice,

Like all who give and eke receive it gratis, For which small thanks are still the market

price, Even where the article at highest rate is.

k. BYRON— Don Juan. Canto XV. St. 29.

Let him go abroad to a distant country ; let him go to some place where he is not known. Don't let him go to the devil where he is known. Sam’L JOHNSON Boswell's Life of



AFFLICTION. Affliction, like the iron-smith, shapes as smites. y. BOVEE-Summaries of Thought.


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