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to Britain, groves and trees were held sacred by the worshippers of the stars; and hence the frequent allusions to these symbols in scripture. But the Amorites may have more particularly indicated the worshippers of Ammon, or of the Sun in Aries. This sign was called Ox Amor, the Lamb, by the Chaldeans.
17917, The Perizites. These are said to have been inhabitants of villages. But this was no crime. Could it then be on this account, that they were to be driven out and extirpated ? I strongly suspect, that this word has been misunderstood. In Chaldaic, Ethiopian, and Egyptian, in signifies cabbala, mystery, &c. The word, then, may have come from Egypt, and being preceded by the Egyptian article », might not have been understood. If I be right, the Perizites were Cabbalists, whose mummery was all originally founded on the idolatry of the Tsabaists. Razael, or Rizael, literally the Cabbala of God, was feigned to have been an angel, under whose protection Adam was placed by these mysterious triflers.
99771, The Hivites. It is said in the Onomasticon, that the Hivites were so called, because they dwelt in caves like serpents. But this is no reason for their being exterminated. I rather think, that the Hivites were worshippers of the serpent, who are known more generally by the name of Ophites. The idolatry of these Ophites was extremely ancient. The great constellation which we call Hydra, was named ,711, or 29977, by the Chaldeans.
'DI', Jebusites. According to Rumelin, the Jebusites signified Conculcationes. The Jebusites are said (in Chron. b. i. c. 11.) to have been the inhabitants of Jerusalem, then called Jebus, when David took the castle of Zion, (see also Joshua, c. xv. v. 63.) But whence is the name? Let us observe, that the people who bore it were not Hebrews, and that, therefore, the samech may have been easily pronounced for the shin. We should then read the name in Hebrew wa', Jebushites; for it is really difficult to believe, that any people were called Jebusites, Conculcationes. Now the Jebushites may have been so called
, , by the Hebrews and Chaldeans. This was no other than the Busta of the Egyptians, called Bubastis by the Greeks. The name of this idol may be traced to wa, and the indecency of
,בסת or ,בשת from the worship of an idol of the Moon
the emblem may
be inferred from the word, to which the name is referred. But consult Jablonski, 1. 2. Kircher, Ed. 1. and Parkhurst and Castelli, in voce 02.
It appears then to me, that by Israel's taking the place of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizites, Hivites, and Jebusites, is typified the establishment of the true religion, on the ruins of the various systems of idolatry, which then prevailed in the world.
I am, Sir,
vi sævos inter comites probitatis et æqui
Hospitii immemorem, malè dignum Ixiona cælo,
Anne igitur mirum, tanti quum pandere laudes
apem huc illuc volitantem copia lassat?
Ergò etiam studiis juveniles fingere alumnos
Sic etiam Antilochus nequaquam ignobilis illum Præceptorem habuit, patrem qui Nestora plena
Imbuerat sophiâ; quo præceptore disertus
Ipse etiam docilem Chironi præbuit aurem
Eia age, si quis honor Pelidem impellere ad arma,
Attamen hunc tandem, qui clarum extollere lumen
Ille quidem, immisso jam corda dolore subactus, Supplice voce Jovem implorat, quæ mortis ademta est Conditio, ut reddat, vitæ neque damnet amaræ.
Hisce favens precibus summi moderator Olympi
H. H. JOY,
Ex Æde Christi, Oxon.
Remarks on the Preface to “ Musæ CANTABRIGIENSES, seu
carmina quædam numismate aureo Cantabrigiæ ornata, et Procancellarii permissu edita. Lond. In Æd. Valp. prid. Id. Jan. 1810. veneunt apud Lunn," &c. &c.
This Preface, which is written throughout in a style of singular elegance, is, notwithstanding, reprehensible both on the score of imperfection, and of incorrectness. What particularly comes within the reach of our attention at present, is the theory (if we may so term it) of the sapphic stanza, as far as concerns Greek composition in that metre.