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The New Translation.

The Old Translation. 4. They have spoken empty They have spoken words, words, and swear falsely in swearing falsely in making a making a covenant; and now, covenant: thus, &c.

5. mourn over him, and his mourn over it; and the priests priests shall be pained for him, thereof that rejoiced on it, for for his glory, because it is the glory thereof, because it is departed.

departed from it. 6. He shall, &c.

It shall, &c. 9. O Israel, thou hast sin

O Israel, thou hast sinned ned more than in the days of from the days of Gibeah: there Gibeah ; there Israel stood in they stood:....did not overarray:did not the war over take them. take them?

10. I came against, and It is in my desire that I chastised the sons of iniquities, should chastise them: ....for

their two furrow's. 11. But I passed the yoke but I passed over upon her upon her fair neck: I will fair neck: I will make Ephraim make Ephraim to be ridden, to ride,

12. Break up the fallow break up your fallow ground: ground of knowledge;

for, &c. 13. Ye have reaped [the ye have reaped iniquity; punishment of] iniquity;

14. like the destruction of spoiled Beth-Arbel in the day Zalmunna, byJerubbaal’shand, of battle; the mother was in the day of battle, the daugh- dashed in pieces upon her chilter and the mother shall be dren. dashed in pieces. 15. So shall it be, O house

So shall Bethel do unto you. of Israel, unto you.

C. xi. v. 2. When I called As they called them, so they them, then they went from me: went from them: 3. taking them up in mine taking them by their arms :

but 4. cheek: and I inclined unto jaws: and I laid meat unto him, I bare with him.

them. 5. He shall return, &c. He shall not return, &c... and the

but the 6. abidegrievously, on&c.- abide on, &c.. ...consume his consume because of him, branches,

arms; and

of a

The New Translation.

The Old Translation. 7. are in doubt because of are bent to backsliding from their backsliding from me; me: though they called them though they called on him to the Most High, none at all because of the yoke, he will not would exalt him. raise it.

8. is changed within me, is turned within me, my remy repentings are kindled at pentings are kindled together. the same time.

9. and not a frequenter of and I will not enter into the cities.

city. 10. shall hasten from the west. shall tremble from the west.

12. of Israel and of Judah of Israel with deceit; but with. deceit: but hereafter Judah yet ruleth with God, they shall be a people of God and a faithful people of saints. and is faithful with the saints. C. xii. v. 1. they have made a

do make a...... .. Egypt [to hire allies.]

Egypt. 3. he had the

power he had power with God: prince with :: 4. power of a prince with

power over the angel, and an angel and prevailed ; and prevailed: he wept and made made supplication, &c.---spake supplication, &c... spake with with him.

it. 5. the Lord is his memorial- the Lord is his memorial. name.

6. and hope in thy God and wait on thy God continualways.

ally. 8. all his labors shall not in all my labors, they shall be found profitable to him, for find none iniquity in me that the iniquity wherewith he hath sinned. 9. as in the days of old. as in the days of the solemn

feast. 10. Yet I have spoken unto I have also spoken by the the prophets.

11. Verily in Gilead [there Is there iniquity in Gilead? is] iniquity;

14. Therefore his Lord therefore shall he leave shall leave his

C. xiii. v. 1. offended in [the offended in Baal matter of] Baal.

were sin.


The New Translation.

The Old Translation. 2. of their silver, by their images of their silver and idols skill, [have they made] idols : according to their own under

standing. 4. thy God, who brought yet I am the Lord thy God thee up out of the land of from the land of Egypt, and Egypt: and thou hast known thou shalt know no God but no God but me;

6. In their pasture they have according to their pasture, so been filled :

were they filled : 9. I have destroyed thee, O O Israel, thou hast destroyed Israel: forwho [will] help thee? thyself; but in me is thine help.

10. Where is thy king ? in I will be thy king: where what place that he may save

is any other that may save, thee in all thy cities.

&c. 12. his sin is laid up in store. his sin is hid.

13. for now he would not for he would not stay long in [else] have tarried in [the place [the place of] the breaking of] the breaking forth of chil of children. dren.

14. O death, where is thy O death, I will be thy overthrow ? O grave, where is plague. O grave, I will be thy destruction? Repenting is thy destruction : .. repentance hidden from mine eyes.

shall be hid from mine eyes. 15. was fruitful

be fruitful, &c. a mighty wind shall come up the wind of the Lord shall from.... [as to] him, the trea :.... he shall spoil the sure of all [his] pleasant vessels treasure of all pleasant vessels. shall be spoiled. C. xiv. v. 1. turn

return · 2. let us receivegood, thatwe feceive us graciously: so will we may render the fruit of our lips. render the calves of our lips. 3. And we will no more say,

Neither will we say any [ye are] our Gods, to the work more to the work of our hands, of our hands; for

ye are our Gods; 5. and he shall strike his and cast forth his roots as roots as Lebanon.

Lebanon. 8. I have heard Chim]; and I I have heard him, and obhave seen him as a florishing served him; I am like a green.







On the first peopling of the earth...... Æneas, surveying the rising city and colony of Carthage,

Jamque ascendebat collem qui plurimus urbi
Imminet, adversas que aspectat desuper arces.
Miratur molem vastam, magalia quondam.
Instant ardentes Tyrii: pars ducere muros,
Molirique arcem, et manibus subvolvere saxa ;
Pars aptare locum tecto, et concludere sulco.
Hìc portus alii effodiunt; hic alta theatris
Fundamenta locant alii, immanesque columpas

Rupibus excidunt, scenis decora alta futuris. To make a Lord Anson's voyage round the world, while it was gradually peopling, and half settled ; to wander, like Ulysses, from shore to shore, from continent to continent, in pursuit, not of a contemptible Ithaca, but of the earliest Aborigines, the planters of this earth; and, as the curtain rises, and leisurely discovers them, to describe, like a second Americus-Vesputius, or Cortez, their simplicity of manners, and their ignorance of the arts; to see human nature in a condition most surprisingly differing from, and the sciences in a state most astonishingly inferior to,--the sciences and the polished life so universal in modern Europe ; to draw a comparison by those mediums between rude and civilised society ; between the habits of the enlightened Christian, and of the dark Barbarian; between the self-instructed Mexican, and the school-taught Chinese ; between the Patriarchs, roving with their herds, and the royal gardeners in Homer, tilling their own grounds; to visit the monarchs of the primitive ages, sitting under an oak, with the prince, or great chief of Otaheite, or


to listen to a royal orator, like a Canadian Sachem, haranguing a neighbouring clan of savage warriors ;-thus to coast around a world then new to man, by the assisting genius of a Camoens, or a Du Halde; of Captain Cook, or Abbé Lafitau ; of Hesiod, Herodotus, Diodorus, and the grand guides of the remoter geography ; Vyasa, the collector of the Vedas, and Moses, the inspired collector of the post-diluvian traditions this inquiry into the origin of the nations, must awaken, and probably may somewhat gratify, our nation of readers. Antiquam exquirite matrem, added the wise oracle, which I may be allowed to translate, “ Seek the parental country of the human race, the mother of nations, the metropolis of the world.” Res quidem ardua, (as Pliny observes,) vetustis novitatem dare, obsoletis nitorem, obscuris lucem, dubiis fidem. Yet guided by the hundreds of specimens, which in this age we fortunately possess of the mother-tongues, and the thousand forms of their dialects; guided by these thousand speeches of the babbling earth, as Theseus by the clue of Ariadne, though involved in a dark labyrinth ; by these speeches which are witnesses and interpreters to the parental tribes, which originally peopled the centre of Upper Asia, and which attest and explain their similarity of origin, and their affinity of race ;-guided by these varied languages, and their diversified dialects, I will modestly attempt to aid my readers to trace a mother-tribe through all her colonies, a mother-tongue through all her ramifications of change; as the botanist detects the resemblance in vegetable nature, however numerous the branches, or devious the roots. My readers may then follow in fancy the first tribes of the “ family of man,” roving from the central ridge, or its contiguous plains in Upper Asia, through all their successive separations, and all their diffused emigrations towards the four winds of heaven, even to South America, the Antipodes of Siberia, and to New South Wales, the nearest continental Antipodes to Britain. He may also ascertain, by the means of the eclipses, and the comets which are recorded in the Greek, Persian, Hindoo, and Chinese Histories, their very eras and precise dates; and thus he may as easily attend the several parent-nations and congenial clans in their several routes and journeyings, as the heart of Elijah went with his servant

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