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NAAS (NORTH), a barony of the county of Kil- roe and Bishop's-hill, with altitudes of respectively dare, Leinster. It is bounded, on the north, by 1,094 and 935 feet above sea-level ; and all the other North Salt; on the east, by South Salt; on the districts are prevailingly low, flat, and rich, and comsouth-east, by co. Wicklow ; on the south, by paratively free from bog. The Liffey runs across South Naas ; and on the west, by Connell and the interior. This barony contains part of the parClane. Length, southward, 7 miles; breadth, from ishes of Kill and Killishee, and the whole of the 2 to 64; area, 25,579 acres, 2 roods, 5 perches, parishes of Ballybought, Ballymore-Eustace, Bren-of which 65 acres, 14 perches are in the river nontown, Carnaway, Coghlanstown, Gilltown, Jago, Liffey. The surface consists of, for the most part, and Tipperkerin. The towns are Ballymore-Eustace a low, flat, rich, and pleasant portion of the east and part of Kilcullen-Bridge. The Act 6 and 7 side of the basin of the Liffey; and is traversed by William IV., cap. 84, transferred the whole of the both the Grand Canal itself and one of its branches. parishes of Ballybought, Ballymore-Eustace, and The Act 6 and 7 William IV., cap. 84, transferred Tipperkerin, from Uppercross, co. Dublin, to South two townlands of the parish of Rathmore, and part Naas, co. Kildare,-pop., in 1841, 3, 138; and two of a townland of Killishee, from South Naas to townlands of Rathmore, and part of a townland of North Naas ; pop., in 1841, 32.—North Naas con Killishee, from South Naas to North Naas,-pop. tains part of the parish of Killashee, and the whole 32. Pop. of the barony, in 1831, 4,377; in 1841, of the parishes of Bodenstown, Johnstown, Kardiffs- 7,608. Houses 1,219. Families employed chiefly town, Naas, Rathmore, Sherlockstown, Tipper, and in agriculture, 800; in manufactures and trade, 210; Whitechurch. The towns and chief villages are in other pursuits, 310. Families dependent chiefly Naas, Sallins, and Johnstown. Pop., in 1831, on property and professions, 22; on the directing of 8,602; in 1841, 8,081. Houses 1,313. Families labour, 492; on their own manual labour, 767, on employed chiefly in agriculture, 588; in manufac means not specified, 39. Males at and above 5 years tures and trade, 301; in other pursuits, 575. Fam- of age who could read and write, 1,625; who could ilies dependent chiefly on property and professions, read but not write, 633 ; who could neither read nor 53 ; on the directing of labour, 615; on their own write, 1,212. Females at and above 5 years of age manual labour, 779 ; on means not specified, 17. who could read and write, 982 ; who could read but Males at and above 5 years of age who could read not write, 891 ; who could neither read nor write, and write, 1,616; who could read but not write, 718; 1,388.–South Naas lies wholly within the Poorwho could neither read nor write, 1,171. Females law union of Naas. The total number of tenements at and above 5 years of age who could read and valued is 611; and of these, 308 were valued under write, 1,250 ; who could read but not write, 964; £5,—73, under.£10,--5k, andes: £10,--28, under who could neither read nor write, 1,437.—This bar- £20,-17, undár £25,--}4, under £80,228, under ony lies wholly within the Poor-law union of Naas. £40,-11, und2 £50-and 8), at and above £50. The total number of tenements valued is 1,423; and NAAS, a parish įr the barony of North Naas, co. of these, 790 were valued under £5,–187, under Kildare, Leinsters. It contains the town of Naas, £10,—126, under £15,-60, under £20,-56, under and part of the village of SA LUNs: see these articles. £25,—26, under £30,—36, under £40,—23, under Length, south ward. 34 miles ; ex teine breadth, 2; £50,-and 119, at and above £50.

area, 5,526 acres, 3 roods, 17 neriches; -of which 15 NAAS (South), a barony on the east border of acres, 3 roods, 2 perenes are in the river Liffey. the county of Kildare, Leinster. It is bounded, on Pop., in 1831, according to the Census, 4.891, but the north, by North Naas ; on the east and south, according to the Ecclesiastical Authorities, 5,228 ; by co. Wicklows and on the west, by Kilcullen and in 1841, 4,863. Houses 809. Pop. of the rural disConnell

. Length, southward, 74 iniles ; extreme tricts, in 1841, 1,053. Houses 185. The surface breadth, 5); area, 27,478 acres, 1 rood, 12 perches, is low and flat; and the land is, in general, above -of which 178 acres, 3 roods, 7 perches are in the medium quality. The highest ground is on the

east river Liffey. A small district in the east is moun border, and has an altitude above sea-level of 365 tainous, consists of spurs from the vast alpine region feet. The Liffey flows along part of the western of Wicklow, and contains the two summits of Slieve- boundary ; and a branch of the Grand Canal, and the

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roads from Dublin to Waterford, New-Ross, Cork, | character far beneath the tone of its great advantages and Limerick, traverse the interior. The seats are of situation; and the rows of cabins in the outskirts Jegginstown-house, Bluebell-house, Millview-house, are poor, miserable, and to a great extent ruinous. Roseborough-house, Maryfield-house, Osberstown Public Buildings.]-A priory for canons regular hill, Barstown-house, and Coolmoonan-house.—This of the order of St. Augustine, was founded at Naas parish is a vicarage, and a separate benefice, in the in the 12th century; and its possessions were granted, dio. of Kildare. Vicarial tithe composition, £164 at the general dissolution, to Richard Mannering. 1s. 9d. ; glebe, £98 2s. Id. Gross income, £401 193. ; | An abbey for Dominican friars was founded about nett, £3-28 10s. Patron, Thomas Burgh, Esq. of the year 1355, by the Eustace family, near the Oldtown, The incumbent holds also the benefice centre of the town; and, together with its appurand prebend of Tipper in St. Patrick's cathedral, tenances, it was granted at the dissolution to Sir Dublin, and the oflice of sequestrator and curate of Thomas Lutterell, and was afterwards sold by Lord Heinstown and Forenaughts adjoining Naas, in the Carhampton, Sir T. Lutterell's descendant, to Mr. dio. of Kildare. The rectorial tithes of Naas are Finlay of Dublin. A monastery for friars-eremites impropriate, and have been purchased as an endow- of the order of St. Augustine, was founded at Naas ment for the perpetual curacy of Upper Falls, in the in 1484; and a lease of it was granted in the 26th dio. of Connor. A curate receives a salary of £75. year of Queen Elizabeth to Nicholas Aylmer. Some The church is of very ancient but unknown date; remains of the Augustinian morastery still exist. and was enlarged first in 1822, and again about 3 or The old church, now incorporated with additions or 4 years ago. Sittings, previous to the latter enlarge- enlargements, and constituting the parochial church ment, 300 ; attendance 400. The chapel in the gaol of Naas, is an uninteresting editice;

and its unfinished is under the care of the vicar of Bodenstown, per- steeple was erected by one of the Earls of Mayo. A petual curate of Sherlockstown, and stipendiary pyramidal monument of black and white marble, curate of Killishee. The Independent chapel has an situated within the walls of the church, was “erected attendance of from 50 to 60. The Roman Catholic by John, fourth Earl of Mayo, in memory of his chapel has an attendance of 2,300. In 1834, the grandfather, John, first Earl of Mayo, and his father, parishioners of Naas—including the inhabitants of Joseph Deane, Lord Archbishop of Tuam and Earl the parish or denomination of Osberstown, amount of Mayo, who died in 1794.” A small almshouse, ing to 518_consisted of 593 Churchmen, 4 Presby- for four poor widows, was founded in Naas by the terians, 6 other Protestant dissenters, and 5,050 family of Lattin. The large modern workhouse and Roman Catholics; 14 daily schools had on their the fever hospital will be noticed in connection with books 300 boys and 157 girls ; and 3 other daily the Poor-law union. A strong square tower near schools were in operation, but made no proper re the church, is called the Castle of Naas, belongs to tums of their attendance. Two of the schools were the Burgh family of Oldtown, and was constituted salaried with respectively £21 and £24 from the the parsonage house of Naas. A large moat at the produce of some seats in the Roman Catholic chapel; upper end of the town is a remarkable object. A one was aided with an unreported sum from the large new barrack stands in the western outskirts of bishop and clergy of the diocese ; and one had at the town ; and the gaol and court-house stand betached to it the office of parish clerk, and a salary tween the town and the barrack. The gaol is a new from subscription of £40.

structure; and contains 18 cells large enough, and

heated with hot air from a stove or furnace, for NAAS,

separate confinement : its entire accommodation com

prises 44 cells, and 8 beds in 4 other rooms; and, in A market and post town, one of the two assize towns 1843, the average number of prisoners was 51, the of the county of Kildare, and formerly a parliament- greatest number was 83, the total number, including ary borough, in the parish of Naas, barony of North debtors, was 330, and the total expenditure was Naas, co. Kildare, Leinster. It stands on a branch £1,364 9s. 83d. The old market-house stood in the of the Grand Canal, and on the mail-roads from Dub- centre of the main street; but the present marketlin to Carlow, New Ross, Kilkenny, Waterford, house, much to the damage of the retail trade, is Cork, and Limerick, 41 miles south by east of Clane, situated at the extremity of the town, toward the 5 west-north-west of Blessington, 54 east-north-east Canal. of Newbridge, 5} north-north-east of Kilcullen Trade.]—Naas has by no means prospered in proBridge, 74 south-west of Rathcoole, 99 east-north- portion to the number and value of its advantages east of Kildare, and 15, south-west of Dublin. for trade ; but, on the contrary, has experienced

General Description.]— The country immediately, some decline, while the nearest markets, possessed around Naas is fertile and well-cultivated part of of no kindred advantages, have been improving, an extensive champaign district; and while suffi. The cut from the Grand Canal at Osberstown and ciently interpatched and prnamneyted with demesne- Callan-Bridge to Naas, a distance of about 2 statute land, it is not a little.ticlf.iv. tbe coody of its agri- miles, was completed in 1789, at the cost of £12,300. cultural produce.. Jeggingtojen-house in the imme- The Grand-Trunk line of railway, as projected by diate southern.yicinity of the town, is the ruin of the Public Commissioners, passes within 24 miles of one story of a domestic: pile;. commenced on an the north-west outskirt of the town. The public enormous scale by:theainfortunate Earl of Stratford. conveyances in 1838 were a car to Ballymore-EusThe town consists principally. of an main street, ex- tace, a caravan to Dublin, a car to Newbridge, a tending of mile soutb:westivarä along the road caravan in transit between Dublin and Kilcullan, from Dublin: toʻ Wilkemy; a cross street, of 540 three coaches in transit between Dublin and Kilyards in length, intersecting the main street at right kenny, a coach in transit between Dublin and Birr, angles; a street of about ::50 yards in length, ex a coach and a mail-coach between Dublin and Watertending along the road to Sallins; and various sub-ford, a coach in transit between Dublin and Thurles, ordinate streets and lanes, all of very brief extent. a caravan in transit between Dublin and Roscrea, a The main street, in consequence of its forming the coach in transit between Dublin and Clonmel, two place of junction of the leading roads from Limerick, mail-coaches in transit between Dublin and Cork, a Cork, Waterford, New Ross, and the many inter- caravan in transit between Dublin and Mountrath, a mediate towns, to Dublin, has a stirring and lively caravan in transit between Dublin and Mountmelappearance; but the towii, as a whole, presents a lick, a coach in transit between Dublin and Carlow,

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