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and a mail-coach and a coach in transit between comprised a considerable district around the whole Dublin and Limerick. A considerable quantity of town, and possibly extended three miles north ward agricultural produce is sold at the weekly markets and three miles southward, they have now, for a on Monday, Thursday, and Saturday; and fairs are long period, been practically unknown. held on Jan. 16, Feb. 16, March 17, April 15, May ration, according to charter, was styled, “ The Sove25, June 5, July 11, Aug. 10, Sept. 20, Oct. 20, reign, Provosts, Burgesses, and Commonalty of Nov. 22, and Dec. 14.

Naas;" and consisted of one sovereign, two provosts, Poor-law Union.— The Naas Poor-law union ranks and an indefinite number of burgesses and freemen. as the 16th ; and was declared on Feb. 12, 1839. It In 1833, no burgess and only'2 freemen were resicomprises parts of the counties of Kildare, Dublin, dent within the borough, only 8 burgesses and 7 and Wicklow, comprehending an area of 199,335 freemen were anywhere in existence, and 6 of these acres, with a pop., in 1831, of 51,731. Its electoral burgesses and 3 of the freemen were members of divisions, together with the number of valued tene- Lord Mayo's family, while even the remainder were ments in each, are Kill, 376; Bodenstown, 181; all his nominees and creatures. No instance was Naas, 1,033 ; Rathmore, 209; Killishee, 198; Car- known, at the date of the Municipal Corporation nalway, 1:27; Giltown, 258; Kilcullen, 530; Usk, Enquiry, of a Protestant dissenter, or a Roman Ca280; Clane, 454; Timahoe, 323; Downings, 303; tholic having been admitted to the burgesship or the Carragh, 196; Kilmeague, 498; Old-Connell, 173; freedom. Two members were sent, nominally, from Newbridge, 376; Ratharnan, 282; Kildare, 638; the borough, but actually from Lord Mayo, to the Ballysax, 364; Moorfield, 266; Ballymore-Eustace, Irish parliament; and the £15,000 of compensation for 614; Blessington, 463 ; and Boystown, 428. The disfranchisement at the Legislative Union, were paid baronies and portions of baronies, together with the to the Earl of Mayo and the Hon, and Rev. Richard number of valued tenements in each, included within Bourke, to be applied upon the trusts of his lordthe union, are Uppercross, I; Clane, 1,276 ; Con- ship's marriage-settlement. A borough court was nell, 1,489; Kilcullen, 611 ; East Narragh and Rhe- at one time in existence, but has now been very long ban, 171; North Naas, 1,423; South Naas, 1,225; | in desuetude. Naas is the seat of the spring assizes East Ophaly, 1,023 ; West Ophaly, 85; South Salt, for the county of Kildare, of a half-yearly court of 376; and Lower Talbotstown, '890. The total quarter-sessions, and of a weekly court of petty-sesnumber of valued tenements is 8,570; and of these, sions. The public peace is maintained by a party 5,087 were valued under £5,-1,138, under £10,- of the county constabulary. “ The streets,” says 587, under £15, - 300, under £20, — 239, under an official report in 1833, are in a bad state of re.

£25,- 141, under £30, — 233, under £40,- 168, pair, although they form portions of the county
under £50,- and 677, at and above £50. The roads, and should be kept in order by the trustees of
total nett annual value of the property rated is the turnpikes. They are not often cleansed by the
£134,695 9s. 6d. ; the total number of persons rated authorities, who, at the same time, prevent the in-
is 8,570; and of these, 2,556 were rated for a val- habitants from doing so, as one of the portreeves
uation not exceeding £1,– 1,043, not exceeding claims the sweepings, which are valuable for manure.
£2,-683, not exceeding £3,-525, not exceeding To such a length has this been carried, that persons
£4,- and 379, not exceeding £5. The work have been fined for removing heaps of filth which
house was contracted for in July, 1839,-to be com- had remained for days opposite their houses. No
pleted in Dec., 1840,—to cost £5,550 for building attempt has been made to introduce the provisions
and completion, and £950 for fittings and contin of the 9 Geo. IV., c. 82, for the purpose of lighting
gencies,-to occupy a site of 5 acres, 1 rood, 14 and paving the town." A considerable extent of
perches, obtained for an annual rent of £26 12s. 74d., property formerly belonged to the corporation; and
--and to contain accommodation for 550 paupers. the report now quoted says, in reference to a portion
The date of the first admission of paupers was Aug. of this property which still remains: “Great poverty
4, 1841 ; the total expenditure thence till Feb. 6, exists in this district, which might be materially
1843, was £6,690 128. 11d.; and the total previous alleviated by the application to public purposes of
expenditure was £586 5s. ld. The number of pau- the property yet remaining to the corporation; and,
per inmates on Dec. 2, 1843, was 347. The medical if the management of that property were submitted
charities within the union are the county infirmary to an efficient public control,' a very considerable
at Kildare, fever hospitals at Naas and Kilcullen, fund would be produced from it.”
and dispensaries at Blessington, Kilcullen, Naas, Statistics. ]-Area of the town, 188 acres. Pop.,
Newbridge, and Robertstown; and, in 1839_40, they in 1831, 3,808; in 1841, 3,571. Houses 590. Fam-
received £477 9s. 6d. from subscription, £2,110 198. ilies employed chiefly in agriculture, 14; in manu-
from public grants, and £25 11s. from other sources, factures and trade, 211; in other pursuits, 462.
expended £518 ls. 10d. in salaries to medical officers, Families dependent chiefly on property and profes-
£132 0s. 5 d. for medicines, and £1,293 15s. 6 d. for sions, 37; on the directing of labour, 318; on their
contingencies, and administered to 873 intern and own manual labour, 331 ; on means not specified, 1.
7,924 extern patients. In 1839-40, the Naas fever Males at and above 5 years of age who could read
hospital expended £364 12s. 6d., and admitted 234 and write, 727; who could read but not write, 261;
patients; and the Naas dispensary served for an area wbo could neither read nor write, 473. Females at
of 8,814 acres, with a pop. of 5,712, expended £33 and above 5 years of age who could read and write,
17s. 6d., and administered to 2,012 patients.

632; who could read but not write, 398; who could
Municipal Affairs.]— Naas is a borough of great neither read nor write, 667.
antiquity, and probably by prescription; and it has History. ]-Naas was a place of considerable im.
charters of 2 Henry V., il' Elizabeth, and 7 James portance in the early ages of Irish history, and con-
1... The borough limits, according to the charter of stituted a seat of the kings of Leinster. The town
Elizabeth, include all the lands, tenements, rents, itself and the country around it formed, at the date
and services, and all and singular other hereditaments of the Anglo-Norman invasion, the toparchy or sub-
wbich then were known, accepted, or reputed as ordinate principality of the chief sept MacCallan ;
part and number of the town of Naas, or within the and, after the Anglo-Norman conquest, it first was
precincts thereof;" but they neither define the in- granted to William Fitzgerald, the son-in-law of
cluded lands, nor indicate how far they extend from Earl Strongbow, and then passed to successively the
the centre of the town; and though they certainly / families of De Londres and De Preston. Soon after

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the arrival of the English, the town was fortified; I such comparative rapids as afford sites for three at various subsequent dates it was made the site of four-mills and several grist-mills. The water of the private embattled or military dwellings; in 1419, it stream has been reported peculiarly suitable for the was the scene of a meeting of parliament; in 1534, purposes of bleaching. it was taken by the Lord-deputy Skeffington froin NANTENANE. See NATENANE. Lord Thomas Fitzgerald, who was then in open re NANTINAN, or NANTENANT, a parish in the bellion ; in 1577, it was to a great extent reduced to barovies of Shanid and Lower Connello, 24 miles ashes, by an irruption of Rory-Oge-O'More, dynast south-east by south of Askeaton, co. Limerick, Manof Leix ; in 1650, it was captured for Cromwell, by ster. Length, 24 miles; breadth, 2. Area of the Colonels Hewson and Reynolds; and, in 1798, at the Shanid section, 1,330 acres; of the Lower Connello very outset of the rebellion of that year, it sustained section, 6,592 acres. Pop. of the whole, in 1831, an attack from a body of insurgents, headed by a 2,869; in 1841, 3,018. Houses 480. Pop. of the farmer of the name of Reynolds, but was success Lower Connello section, in 1841, 2,669. Houses 429. fully defended, at great loss to the assailants, by a The entire surface, in a general view, consists of body of the king's troops, un der the command of inferior land; the uplands being rocky, and the lowLieutenant-general Dundas, - Naas gives the title lands boggy and wasteful. Yet a considerable ag. of Viscount to the Earl of Mayo.

gregate of good and even ornate ground exists; and NACHORE, a hill in the parish of Ardelinis, the three seats of Nantinan, Thos. H. F. Royse, barony of Lower Glenarm, co. Antrim, Ulster. It Esq., Stoneville, J. Massy, Esq., and Ballinvirigb, extends in ward from the beetling promontory of are situated in respectively the north, the south, and Garron Point; forms a small ridge; and attains an the east. The road from A dare to Shanagolden, and extreme altitude of 1,179 feet above sea-level. that from Askeaton to Rathkeale, intersect each

NACUNG, a lake in the parish of Tullagbobeg. other in the interior,- This parish is a rectory, and a ley, barony of Kilmacrenan, co. Donegal, Ulster. perpetual curacy, in the dio. of Limerick. The recIt measures 3 miles by 3 furlongs, has a surface, tory is part of the benefice of LOUGHILL: which see. elevation of 188 feet above sea-level, and is nearly | Tithe composition, £461 10s. 91d. The perpetual dissevered into two parts, called Upper Nacung and curacy is a separate benefice. Glebe, £3 15s. Gross Lower Nacung; yet it almost strictly forms one lake income, £103 15s.; nett, £102 4s. 6d. Patron, the with Lough Dunlewy, which extends 14 mile away precentor of Limerick cathedral. The church was to the east; and, viewed as including this lake, it built in 1817, by means of a loan of £738 9s. 2 d. stretches westward from the base of Errigal moun from the late Board of First Fruits. Sittings 150; tain to the source or rather formation of the Clady attendance 100. The Methodist meeting-house bas river.

an attendance of about 110. In 1834, the ProtesNAFFOY, or Nafooby, a lake in the parish and tants amounted to 425, and the Roman Catholics to barony of Ross, co. Galway, Connaught. It lies 2,564; and a daily school was salaried with £5 among the mountains of Joyce-Country, 8} miles a-year from subscription, and had on its books 22 west-north-west of Cong. Length, eastward, 2 boys and 11 girls, miles; breadth, h; area, 630 acres, 1 rood, 7 perches; NAPPAGII, an islet, immediately west of the surface-elevation above sea-level, 96 feet. Its super- island of Lettermullen, barony of Moycullen, co. fluent waters are carried off by the Finny rivulet, 2 Galway, Connaught, miles eastward to an arm of Lough Mask; and on NARIN, a post and fishing hamlet, on the north its shores are the hamlets of Shanafaraghaunmore coast of the parish of Inniskeel, barony of Boylagh, and Shanafaraghaunbeg.

00. Donegal, Ulster. It stands opposite the island NAGLES MOUNTAINS, a range of mountains of Inniskeel, 5 miles north of Ardara, 13 northon the mutual border of the barony of Barrymore on north-west of Inver, and 118 north-west of Dublin. the south, and the baronies of Fermoy and Condons “Narin, if we can assign it a locality,” says Mr. and Clangibbon on the north, co. Cork, Munster. | Fraser, “consists of a few wretched cabins, inhabit. They extend about 9 miles westward from the im-ed by poor fishermen, along the east coast of Gweemediate vicinity of the town of Fermoy; they form barra bay, near to the Island of Inniskeel, on which part of the south screen of the valley of the Black- there are some monastic remains. There is a church, water, and of the great backbone mountain-range a glebe-house, and a Methodist chapel in the neighof co. Cork; and their chief summits, named from bourhood, The ocean sets in with great force in east to west, are Rathcormack mountain, Knookin- this part of the coast, and from the extent of drifted skea, Sechane, and Nagles, The loftiest of these sand mingling with the rocks and moor-land, the summits is Knockinskea, which has an altitude of shores have a wild and desolate appearance." Pop. 1,388 feet above sea-level. A large portion of the returned with the parish. Nagles mountains was formerly sheeted with forest ; NARRAGH AND RHEBAN (East), a barony and a considerable extent of their declivities is still of the county of Kildare, Leinster. It is bounded, beautifully wooded.

on the north, by Kilcullen ; on the east, by co. NALLENROE, an alias name of Lough Carrow, Wicklow; on the south, by Kilkea and Moone; more, barony of Erris, co. Mayo, Connaught, and on the west, by West Narragh and Rheban and NALTEEN. See NILTEEN.

West Ophaly. Length, south by westward, 64 miles; NANNY WATER (THE), a rivulet of the extreme breadth, 6); area, 21,374 acres, 10 perches. county of Meath, Leinster. It rises about 3 miles. The surface consists, in the aggregate, of good east-south-east of the Boyne at the town of Navan, champaign land; and its three loftiest grounds have and Aows 13 miles east by northward, along the altitudes above sea level of respectively 574, 489, boundary between the baronies of Lower Navan and and 389 feet. This barony contains part of the parLower Duleek on the north, and the baronies of ishes of Fontstown, Moone, Narraghmore, and TanSkreen and Upper Duleek on the south, to the Irish kardstown, and the whole of the parishes of Davidssea, at a point 34 miles south by east of the mouth town, Timolin, and Usk. The chief villages are of the Boyne. In the course of its progress, it suc Timolin and Ballytore. The Act 6 and 7 William cessively flows along the romantic glen of the Dia. IV., cap. 84, transferred one townland of Narragh. mond-Rock, curves along the base of a pleasant more, containing a population of 13, from East amphitheatre of hills, expands into a beautiful lake Narragh and Rheban to West Narragh and Rhebun, within the ornate demesne of Somerville, and makes Pop., in 1831, 7,386 ; in 1841, 7,049. Houses 1,149

.

Families employed chiefly in ag.iculture, 905; in the East Narragh and Rheban section, in 1831, 2,579;. manufactures and trade, 218; in other pursuits, 143. in 1841, 2, 120. Houses 337. The old forts of CarFamilies dependent chiefly on property and profes- men or Mullamast, whose loftiest summit has an sions, 35; on the directing of labour, 369; on their altitude of 563 feet above sea-level, are situated in own manual labour, 830; on means not specified, 32. the south : see CARMEN. Part of the extreme west Males at and above 5 years of age who could read is a portion of the bog of Monavullagh ; and a small and write, 1,217; who could read but not write, portion of the northern border also is unreclaimed 576; who could neither read nor write, 1,357. bog. Excepting these districts and some moor Females at and above 5 years of age who could and cut-out bog, jointly amounting to about oneread and write, 757; who could read but not write, fourth of the whole area, the parochial surface 755; who could neither read nor write, 1,565.- consists wholly of good, flat, arable land. The old East Narragh and Rheban is distributed among the demesne of Narraghmore, on the north border, and Poor-law unions of Athy, Baltinglass, and Naas. in the vicinity of the church, is now part of the The total number of tenements valued is 1,129; and estate of Robert Latouche, Esq. The other seats of these, 664 were valued under £5,-137, under are Skerries-house, Youngstown-house, Kilmead. £10,—72, under £15,446, under £20,—28, under house, Ghassely-house, Ballindrum-house, Mulla£25,—26, under £30,450, under £40,—26, under mast-house, Boakefield-house, Prospect, Treepark, £50,and 80, at and above £50.

Willowbrook, Battlemount-house, Oakfield, PoplerNARRAGH AND RHEBAN (West), a barony hall, and Blackrath - house. The chief antiquity of the county of Kildare, Leinster. It is bounded, additional to the forts of Mullamast, is Blackrath on the north, by West Ophaly; on the east, by East castle. — This parish is a rectory, and a separate Narragh and Rheban; on the south, by Kilkea and benefice, in the dio. of Dublin. Tithe composition, Moone, and by Queen's county; and, on the west, \ £646 3s. 1d. ; glebe, £24. Gross income, £670 3s. by Queen's county. Length, southward, 54 miles; 1d.; nett, £525 16s. 6d. Patron, the diocesan. The extreme breadth, 5); area, 22, 126 acres, 3 roods, incumbent holds also the archdeaconry of Dub20 perches,—of which 139 acres, 1 rood, 29 perches lin, and the united benefices which constitute its are in the river Barrow. A considerable district in corps; and he is resident, during half the year, in the north is part of the great bog of Monavullagh. Narraghmore. A curate receives a salary of £75. The rest of the surface consists, in general, of good The church is of unknown date ; and was not long champaign ground. The Barrow river and naviga- ago repaired and put into excellent order by means tion pass through the interior.—This barony con of parochial assessment. Sittings 160; attendance tains part of the parishes of Narraghmore, St. John's 70. The Roman Catholic chapels at Crookstown of Athy, and St. Michael's of Athy, and the whole and Kilmead have an attendance of respectively of the parishes of Churchtown and Kilberry. The 1,000 and 500; and, in the Roman Catholic par. only town is Athy. Pop., in 1831, 8,389; in 1841, ochial arrangement, are mutually united. In 1834, 9,033. Houses 1,468. ' Families employed chiefly the parishioners consisted of 246 Churchmen, 9 Proin agriculture, 638; in manufactures and trade, 341*; testant dissenters, and 2,938 Roman Catholics; and in other pursuits, 754. Families dependent chiefly two daily schools—one of which was aided with an on property and professions, 63; on the directing of unreported sum from subscription—were usually atlabour, 640; on their own manual labour, 933; on tended by about 102 children. In 1842, a National means not specified, 97. Males at and above 5 years school at Old Grange had on its books 42 boys and of age who could read and write, 1,646 ; who could 19 girls. fead but not write, 694; who could neither read nor NARROW-WATER (THE), a river, partly of write, 1,566. Females at and above 5 years of age Leinster, but chiefly of Ulster. It is only 54 miles who could read and write, 1, 108; who could read in length; consists of the lower portion of the but not write, 1,033 ; who could neither read nor Newry river; runs south-south-eastward from the write, 1,927.-West Narragh and Rheban lies wholly town of Newry to the head of Lough Carlingford within the Poor-law union of Athy. The total at Warrenpoint; and Aows wholly on the boundary number of tenements valued is 1,582; and of these, between the county of Down on the left and the 1,015 were valued under £5,–202, under £10,-112, counties of Armagh and Louth on the right. It is under £15,-60, under £20,-40, under £25,-27, all tidal, comprises a considerable area of tideway, under £30,-28, under £40,–24, under £50,—and and connects the Newry Canal navigation with the 74, at and above £50.

Irish sea.

A rapid about 14 mile above WarrenNARRAGHMORE, a hamlet in the parish of point obstructed the navigation of Narrow - water Davidstown, barony of East Narragh and 'Rheban, and injured the trade of Newry for centuries; but co. Kildare, Leinster. It has a police barrack; and this was completely removed in 1831. stands 24 miles north-north-west of Ballytore, and NARROW-WATER, a seat and an old castle, the same distance south-south-west of Calverstown. in the parish of Warrenpoint, l} mile north-west Pop. returned with the parish.

of the village of Warrenpoint, and on the banks of NARRAGHMORE, à parish, partly in the bar- the Narrow-Water river, barony of Upper Iveagh, onies of West Narragh and Rheban and Kilkea and co. Down, Ulster. The mansion is the residence Moone, but chiefly in the barony of East Narragh of the Hall family, and is a large modern edifice. and Rheban, 2 miles north-north-west of Ballytore, The attached demesne comprises nearly 400 acres, co. Kildare, Leinster. Length, westward, 74 miles; extends into the parish of Clonallan, and is rich in extreme breadth, 24. Area of the West Narragh wood, general decoration, and both home and distant and Rheban section, 1,921 acres, 34 perches; of the scenery. The castle overhangs the river at a point Kilkea and Moone section, 2,114 acres, 1 rood, 5 where the stream is contracted by a projecting rock; perches; of the East Narragh and Rheban section, it is supposed to have been built, in the 17th cen6,234 acres, 2 roods, 25 perches. Pop. of the whole, tury, by the Duke of Ormond; it consists principally in 1831, according to the Census, 3,191, but accord- of a massive, square, battlemented tower ; and, ing to the Ecclesiastical Authorities, 3, 125; in 1841, though converted to the inglorious uses of succes2,895. Houses 457. Pop. of the West Narragh sively a salt-work and a dog-kennel, it forms a picand Rheban section, in 1831, 305; in 1841, 442. turesque feature in the vale of the river, and comHouses 69. Pop. of the Kilkea and Moone section, mands a noble view of the gorgeous basin of Lough w 1831, 307; in 1841, 333. Houses 51. Pop. of Carlingford, overhung by the mountains of Carling

mon.

ford and Mourne. A regular ferry exists at Narrow- by the limpid waters of the Delvin river, is a picturWater, and connects Dundalk, Carlingford, and esque glen, screened by a chain of expressively-feaFlurry - Bridge with Warrenpoint, Rostrevor, and tured hills, overbung at the height of about 150 feet the road leading to Castlewellan and Downpatrick. by the Castle of Naule, enlivered with the cascade

NASH, a village in the parish of Owenduff, bar- of the Roches, and enriched in scenic power and ony of Shelbourne, co. Wexford, Leinster. It romance, with the intersection of rocks, and the stands 45 miles south-south-east of New-Ross, on perforation of numerous cavities and caverns, tle the road thence to Tintern. Fairs are held on June constant resort of the fox and the hare. The Castle 24, Aug. 15, and Nov. 20. Pop. not specially re- of Naule boldly crowns a rocky and precipitous turned.

height, and forins a striking feature in the landscape. NATENANE, or NANTENANE, a hamlet in the This pile was probably erected by the Anglo-Norman parish of Kilcoleman, barony of Trughenackmy, co. family of De Genneville, who obtained from Hugh Kerry, Munster. Post-town, Milltown. Fairs are De Lacy, Lord of Meath, large grants of land within held on Whit-Tuesday and Wednesday. Pop. not his ample principality; it passed by marriage, in the specially returned.

14th century, to Sir Robert Cruise of Grallagh and NATHLASH (St.), or Nicholas (St.), a par- Tyrrelstown, the descendant of a Danish family; it ish in the barony of Fermoy, 14 mile south of Kil was forfeited, in 1641, by Christopher Cruise, Esq., dorrery, co. Cork, Munster. It contains the village the descendant of Sir Robert; and the manor conof RockMILLS: which see. Length and breadth, nected with it afterwards became the property partly each 1 mile ; area, 1,024 acres. Pop., in 1831, 869; of the Hussey family of Westown, and partly of the in 1841, 899. Houses 151. Pop. of the rural dis- Tennison family of Castle-Tennison, in co. Roscomtricts, in 1841, 438. Houses 68. The surface con .-This parish is a vicarage, and part of the sists of good land; and is drained by the river Fun. benefice of HOLLYWOOD [which see), in the dio. of cheon, and traversed by the route of the projected Dublin. The vicarial tithes are compounded for railway from Dublin to Cork. This parish is a rec £16 83. 2d., and the rectorial for £130 15s.; and tory, in the dio. of Cloyne. Tithe composition, the latter are impropriate in William Dutton Pol. £120. The rectory of Nathlash and the vicarage of lard, Esq. The church is of unknown date and KILDORRERY (see ihat article], constitute the bene cost. Sittings 100; attendance 20. The Roman fice of Nathlash. Length, 5 miles; breadth, 11. Catholic chupel has an attendance of 500; and, in Pop., in 1831, 2,848. Gross income, £279 lls. ; | the Roman Catholic parochial arrangement, is united nett, £253 2s. 31d. Patron, the diocesan. The in to the chapels of Hollywood and Clonmethan. In cumbent holds also the benefice of Ahern, in the dio. 1834, the Protestants amounted to 14, and the Roof Cloyne ; and is non-resident in Nathlash. A man Catholics to 744; and a pay daily school had on curate receives a salary of £69 4s. 7 d., and an its books 20 boys and 25 girls. allowance of £13 6s, lid. for a house. The church NAVAN (Lower), a barony of the county of was built in 1812, by means of a gift of £738 93. | Meath, Leinster. It is bounded, on the north, by 27d. from the late Board of First Fruits, and was Upper Kells and Morgallion; on the north-east, by interiorly fitted up at the private expense of the late Upper Slane ; on the east and south-east, by Skreen ; Richard Aldworth, Esq. Sittings 100; attendance on the south, by Upper Navan; and, on the west, by 50. There is a Roman Catholic chapel in Kildorrery. Lune and Upper Kells. Length, south-east wara, In 1834, the Protestants of the parish amounted to 84 miles; extreme breadth, 6; area, 25,835 acre , 62, and the Roman Catholics to 831 ; the Protes- l rood, 38 perches,-of which 82 acres, 1 rood, tants of the union to 90, an th Roman Catholics 17 perches are in the river Boyne.

The surface to 2,880; a Protestant Sunday school in the parish is a low, fat, and prevailingly fertile portion of was usually attended by about 27 children ; and 2 | the great plain of Meath. The Boyne flows along daily schools in the parish—one of which was sal- the eastern boundary:- This barony contains part aried with an unreported sum from subscription- of the parishes of Balrath - Boyne and Donaghhad on their books 44 boys and Il girls.

patrick, and the whole of the parishes of ArdNAUGHAVAL. See NouGHAVAL.

braccan, Ardsallagh, Churchtown, Donaghmore, NAULE, a parish, containing a village of the Dunmoe, Liscarton, Martry, Navan, and Rataine. same name, on the north border of the barony of The only town is the chief part of Navan ; and the West Balrothery, and of the county of Dublin, principal village is Bohermeen. Pop., in 1831, Leinster. Length, southward, 3 miles; extreme 16,234 ; in 1841, 15,873. Houses 2,572. Families breadth, 2; area, 2,627 acres, 2 roods, 21 perches. employed chiefly in agriculture, 1,708; in manufacPop., in 1831, 758; in 1841, 756. Houses 126. tures and trade, 763; in other pursuits, 365. FamPop. of the rural districts, in 1831, 542; in 1841, ilies dependent chiefly on property and professions, 539. Houses 89. The surface consists of middle-60; on the directing of labour, 1,055; on their own rate land. A height, whose western declivity is manual labour, 1,567 ; on means not specified, 154, within the eastern boundary, bas an altitude of 586 Males at and above 5 years of age who could read and feet above sea-level. The Delvin river divides the write, 2,670; who could read but not write, 1,312; parish from co. Meath. The seats are Westown who could neither read nor write, 3, 166. Females at and Reynoldstown. See WESTOWN. The road and above 5 years of age who could read and write, from Drogheda to Dublin, by way of Nagg's-Head | 1,264 ; who could read but not write, 1,537 ; who and Ballyboghill, passes through the interior. The could neither read nor write, 4,162.–Lower Navan village of Naule stands on this road, on the river lies partly within the Poor-law union of Navan, and Delvin, and on the road from Garristown to Bal- partly within that of Kells. The total number of briggan, 34 miles east-north-east of Garristown, and tenements valued is 2,743 ; and of these, 1,844 were 4 west-south-west of Balbriggan. Area, 16 acres. valued under £5,—3:23, under £10,-146, under Pop., in 1831, 216; in 1841, 217. Houses 37. £15,-91, under £20,-90, under £25,-45, under Fairs are held on March 16, April 26, May 21, Oct. £30,-68, under £40,-25, under £50,—and 111, 2, and Sept. 8. At the village are the parish-church, at and above £50. The annual value of the proa Roman Catholic chapel, an old castle, and a police perty rated is £28,734 11s. 3d. ; and the sum levied barrack. The adjacent country is beautiful and under the grand warrant of summer, 1811, was £913 romantic in its scenery, and rich and sylvan in its 18s. dress. The vale of Naule or the Roches, traversed NAVAN (UPPER), a barony of the county of

Meath, Leinster. It is bounded, on the north, by town in Bective. In 1834, the inhabitants of the par. Lower Navan; on the east, by Lower Deece; on ish consisted of 192 Churchmen, 6 Presbyterians, and the south, by Lower Moyfenragh ; and, on the west 5,163 Roman Catbolics; the inbabitants of the union and north-west, by Lune. Length, eastward, 77 consisted of '270 Churchmen, 6 Presbyterians, and miles; extreme breadth, 5; area, 17,651 acres, 37,585 Roman Catholics ; 12 daily schools in the par. roods, 29 perches,--of which 92 acres, 2 roods, 33 ish had on their books 423 boys and 251 girls; and perches are in the river Boyne. The surface is low 16 daily schools in the union had on their books 506 and flat, but fertile and ornate. The Boyne traces boys and 317 girls. One of the schools in the parish most of the southern boundary, and all the eastern was partly supported by an estate in Queen's co., boundary. The prevailing soil of the land is a rich worth £600 per annum, and bequeathed by Alderman earth of various depths, on a substratum of lime- Preston, for the support of this school, and of one at stone gravel, limestone rock, and in some places Ballyroan; each of two was salaried with £15 a-year ferruginous clay and gravel. But the lands along from the National Board, and one of these two with most of the immediate banks of the Boyne, down- £15 from collections in the Roman Catholic chapel ; ward from Trim, consist chiefly of a cold clay; and one was a Roman Catholic boarding and daily school; though they might be greatly and very facilely im- and one was attached to a convent, and taught by proved by intermixture with the immediately subja- the nuns. In 1842, the Navan National male school cent stratum of limestone gravel, they are allowed was salaried with £23 from the Board, and had on to remain in too cold and retentive a condition.-- its books 305 boys; the Navan National female school This barony contains part of the parish of Trim, was salaried with £21 from the Board, and had on and the whole of the parishes of Bective, Clonmac. its books 256 girls; the Navan Commons National duff, Kilcooley, Moymet, Newtownclonnun, and school' was salaried with £14 from the Board, and Tullagbanoge. The only town is part of Trim. had on its books 113 boys and 97 girls; and the Pop., in 1831, 4,857 ; in 1841, 4,860. Houses 836. Navan Workhouse National school had on its books Families employed chiefly in agriculture, 599; in 20 boys and 26 girls. There is also a Roman Cathomanufactures and trade, 170; in other pursuits, 90. lic diocesan seminary at Navan. Families dependent chiefly on property and professions, 28; on the directing of labour, 243; on their

NAVAN, own manual labour, 583; on means not specified, 5. Males at and above 5 years of age who could read A post and market town, one of the chief towns of and write, 725; who could read but not write, 418; Meath, and formerly a parliamentary borough, partly who could neither read nor write, 1,021. Females in the parish of Athlumney, barony of Skreen, and at and above 5 years of age who could read and partly in the parish of Donaghmore, barony of Lower write, 364 ; who could read but not write, 517 ; who Navan, but chiefly in the parish of Navan, barony of could neither read nor write, 1,243.–Upper Navan Lower Navan, co. Meath, Leinster. It stands on lies partly within the Poor-law union of Trim, and the rivers Boyne and Blackwater, on the road from partly within that of Navan. The total number of Mullingar to Drogheda, and on the mail-road from tenements valued is 836; and of these, 516 were Dublin to Enniskillen, 6 miles south-west of Slane, valued under £5,–104, under £10,-37, under £15, 6 north-north-west of Trim, 9 south-east by east of -30, under £20,-16, under £25,-12, under £30, Kells, 9 north-north-west of Dunshaugblin, 9 east-22, under £40,-13, under £50,—and 86, at and north-east of Athboy, 91 south by east of Nobber, 10 above £50. The annual value of the property rated north by west of Summerhill, 12+ west-south-west is £16,763 2s. 6d. ; and the sum levied under the of Drogheda, and 22 north-west by north of Dublin. grand warrant of summer, 1841, was £567 7s. 6d. General Description.]-The surrounding country

NAVAN, a parish in the barony of Lower Navan, is an expanse of low and fertile land, considerably co. Meath, Leinster. It contains the greater part beautified by georgical improvements and demesne of the town of NAVAN: see next article. Length, decorations. In the vicinity of the town are the north-westward, 31 miles; breadth, from 3 to 24; area, seats of Athlumney, Peter P. Metge, Esq.,3,544 acres, 3 roods, of which 20 acres, 2 roods, í Greenmount, the Rev. Robert Thomson, —the villa perch are in the river Boyne. Pop., in 1831, 5,292; of John Metge, Esq., -Blackcastle, Richard Ruxton in 1841, 6,834. Houses 1,174. Pop. of the rural dis- Fitzherbert, Esq., – the well-wooded demesne of tricts, in 1831, 876; in 1841, 1,847. Houses 352. The Swinartin,— Ardmulchan, Robert Taafe, Esq.,Boyne traces the whole of the eastern boundary. The and various agreeable villas and minor mansions ; land is, for the most part, low, flat, and of medium and several press quite close upon the town, while quality. The principal rural seats are Belmount, Fair. others stretch out such sheets of wood, as to render view, Leighsbrook, Brady's - Building, Millbrook, the environs pleasing. The town stands at the conBlackcastle-house, and Petersville. The mail-road fluence of the Blackwater with the Boyne; and has from Dublin to Enniskillen, and the routes of the rail- a small section on the right bank of the Boyne, a ways projected by the Public Commissioners from larger section on the left bank of the Boyne and Dublin to Enniskillen and Armagh, pass through the left bank of the Blackwater, and its principal section interior.–This parish is nominally a vicarage, but on the left bank of the Boyne and right bank of the practically a rectory, in the dio. of Meath. Tithe Black water. The three sections of the town may composition, £275; glebe, £65s. The nominal vicar. be designated, in reference to their mutual position, ages, but practical rectories of Navan, DonaghMORE, respectively the eastern, the north-western, and the and ARDSALLA (see these articles), constitute the south-western divisions; and they are conveniently benefice of Navan. Length, 63 miles; breadth, 53. connected by bridges across both of the rivers. The Pop., in 1831, 7,713. Gross income, £728 15s.; eastern division consists of a very small but regu. nett, £657 5s.6d. Patron, the Crown. A curate larly aligned cluster of lanes, along the terminational receives a salary of £75. The church was built in part of th canal hich completes to Navan the navi. 1818, by means of a gift of £553 16s. lld, and a gation of the Boyne. The north-western section conloan of £1,015 78.54d. from the late Board of First sists principally of one street, extending 450 yards Fruits. Sittings 300; attendance 130, exclusive of north-north-eastward from the bridge across the military. The Roman Catholic chapel has an at- Blackwater, and another extending 180 yards westtendance of 3,000; and, in the Roman Catholic paro- north-westward from the middle of the preceding chial arrangement, is united to the chapel of Robins. The south-western division, or main body, consis

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