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drawing back his hands. To bind you,' answered the wretches.
To bind me,' said the King, with an indignant air, “No! I shall never consent to that, do what you have been ordered, but you shall never bind me.' The guards insisted, they raised their voices, and seemed to wish to call on others to assist them.
Perhaps this was the most terrible moment of this most dreadful morning; another instant, and the best of Kings would have received from his rebellious subjects, indignities too horrid to mention-indignities that would have been to him more insupportable than death. Such was the feeling expressed on his counteinance. Turning towards me; Ive looked at me steadily, as if to ask my advice. Alas! it was impossible for me to give any, and I only answered by silence; but as he continued this fixed look of enquiry,
I replied, Sire, in this new insult, I only see another trait of resemblance between your Majesty and the Saviour who is about to recompence you.' At these words he raised his eyes to heaven, with an expression that can never be described. You are right; said he, nothing less than his example should make me submit to such a degradation.' Then turning to the guards, • Do what you will, I will drink of the cup even to the dregs.'
* The path leading to the scaffold was extremely rough and Difficult to pass, the King was obliged to lean on my arm, and from the slowness with which he proceeded, I feared for a moment that his courage might fail; but what was my astonishment, when arrived at the last step, I felt that he suddenly let go my arm, and I saw him cross with a firm foot the breadth of the whole scaffold; silence, by his look alone, fifteen or:twenty drums that were placed opposite to him; and in a voice so loud, that it must have been heard at the Pont Tournant, I heard him pronounce distinctly these memorable words. ' I die innocent of all the crimes laid to my charge; I pardon those who have occasioned my death; and I prity to God, that the blood you are now going to shed may never be visited on France;'
€ He was proceeding, when a man on horseback, in the national uniform, waved his sword, and with a ferocious cry, ordered the drums to beat. Many voices were at the same time, heard encouTaging the executioners. They seemed reanimated themselves, and seizing with violence the most virtuous of Kings, they dragged him under the axe of the guillotine, which with one stroke severed his head from his body. All this passed in a moment.
The youngest of the guards, who seemed about eighteen, immediately seized the heail, and shewed it to the people as he walked round the scaffold; he accompanied this monstrous ceremony with the most atrocious and indecent gestures. At first an awful silence prevailed; at length esome cries of. Vive la Republique !' were heard. By degrees the voices multiplied, and in less than ten minutes this cry, a thousand times repeated, became the universal shout of the multitude, and every hat was in the air." P.. 69.
This interesting volume is edited by Mr. Sneyd-Edgeworth, the brother of the Abbé, to nhom we offer our best thanks for these original memoirs, which we consider as no small addition to the history of the events of the present age.
Art. XIV. Succisiva Opera, or Selections from antient Writers,
Sacred and Profane, with Translutions und Notes, by the Rev.
AS the production of a worthy and respectable scholar of the
De which Ulysses at different times and under different circum-
«« *Ω σχέτλί, ώς σοι κρείσσον ήν μιμειν πάτρα
Some or ice, DOT marks of punca titten by of . ter EN DerVB
Art. XV. The Literary and Scientific Pursuits of Cambridge.
By the Rev. Laihum Huinewright, A.M. 8vo.
4s. Od.. Hatcbard. 1815. To those conceited sciolists, avho imagine that an University education only cramps and contines the energies of the mind, the treatise before us will afford an ample, reasonable; and most convincing answer. Other systems indeed may act with greater power as forcing houses to the intellect, pushing it on to an un-' natural and an unprofitable maturity, but it is this alone that progressively expands and invigorates the faculties, ripening them gradually into beauty and strength. If the student is desirous of being tauglit to discuss with fluency and to argue with sophistry upon subjects which he neither does nor will understand, let him go farther north for his instructions. In our English Universities be will be taught to ascend the bill of science with slow and measured steps; with every incitement to honest industry and laborious l'esearch, he will still find that within their venerable walls there is no præmium held out to the Hippancy of precocious talent, or the slang of superficial discussion.
We strongly recommend this excellent publication to all those who are desirous of acquainting themselves with the real state of
education at Cambridge, which is described in language equally animated and clear. The account of the lectures, &c. is comprehensive and satisfactory. The following is the description of the aanual examination for the degree of B. A.
“ In the month of January of every succesive year, all who have completed this required residence, and have kept the appointed exercises in the philosophical schools, are called upon to undergo a general and public examination before they can offer themselves for admission to the degree of Bachelor of Arts. This examination takes place in the Senate House, and commencing on the first Monday in Lent term, continues, with scarcely any intermission, for five days. The candidates, it should be observed, are previqusly divided into classes, each class consisting of those whose proficiency appears to be nearly upon an equality, as far as can be a certained from their former disputations in the schools. :-. There a e three orders of distinction, termed honours, held out to the ambition of these literary competitors, and in each of these divisions or orders are contained from fourteen to eighteen individuals, though they are not restricted to any precise number ; nor ean any thing be better regulated for the excitement of emulation, and the complete developement of the mental powers. The examiners principally consist of those Masters of Arts who have presided at the disputations in the schools, and who, at the same time, are inost distinguished by their experience as preceptors, by their attainments in science, and by their acknowledged impartiality of con, duct; and so scrupulously attentive are they to the duties of their arduous and, in many respects, ungrateful office, that it rarely er never happens that any real objection can be discovered to their decisions, in estimating the comparative merits of the numerous rivals for pre-eminence. Four days are appropriated to questions and problems in Natural Philosophy, and the various branches of ma. thematical science, commencing so low as with examples in vulgar and decimal fractions and the Elements of Euclid, and at length extending to the most difficult parts of Newton's Principia, Cotes's Harmonia Mensurarum, the analytical works of Dr. Waring, and to the more intricate propositions of the Fluxionary Calculus *
* * In the much-admired critique upon La Place's Méchanique Céleste contained in the XXIInd Number of the Edinburgh Re: view, one of the conjectural causes assigned for the limited pro. gress which has, for several years past, been made in this country, in the highest departments of mathematical science, is the mode of studying this subject, pursued in the University of Cambridge, When the reviewer asserts that certain portions of Newton and other writers who treat of pure and mixt mathematics in the syn. thetic method, are required to be so completely learned, and są thoroughly impressed on the student's mind, as to enable him to
The remaining day out of the five, which, in point of order, is now always the fourth, is occupied by examinations in moral and political philosophy, natural theology, logic, and metaphysics. One very excellent regulation takes place in these examinations, to which. I have already adverted, and which I cannot but consider as in many respects superior to the mode adopted by the sister University; and that is, that every answer is required to be given in plain unperplexed writing, even in those cases which admit of oral explanation. This method, while it removes the perpetual obstacle arising from embarrassment, is certainly conducive to a greater degree accuracy, and at the same time creates no impediment to that readiness of reply which, though it is in many cases an indication of quickness of mind, is frequently nothing more than the result of undeviating application. To whichever plan the prefer, ence be given, it is obvious that he who answers with precision the greatest number of questions in the same portion of time, must be entitled to the honourable distinction of precedence. These written replies are respectively subscribed with the writer's name, and, at the close of each day, they are submitted to the careful perusal of the examiners, who keep an accurate register of the labours of the several candidates, accompanied with their appropriate marks of merit. At the conclusion of the fifth day, after a laborious investi
E can be
answer, with the utmost readiness, the interrogations which may be offered to hini, he certainly does not widely differ from the truth; but when it appears, by the succeeding remarks, that he considers this to be the whole which is required at the general examination for degrees, his statement becomes liable to the imputation of incorrectness. It is well known to those who are familiar with our mode of proceeding, that no inconsiderable part of the exercises in the Senate House, consists in the solution of problems which are framed by the examiners, with the express design of directing the student's exertion to questions which have not occurred in his former pursuits, or which, at least, have not appeared in that precise shape. But, in addition to this, those amongst the questionists who aim at being included in the two first lists of honours, Wranglers and Senior Optimes, when the Senate House examination for the day is terminated, are afforded another trial of skill at the Moderators' private apartments, on two successive evenings. On these occasions a number of problems are placed before them of a more difficult nature, and which presuppose a inore intimate acquaintance with fluxions and the higher parts of algebra. These questions necessarily vary every year, because they are generally framed "by those who fill the office of Moderator for the time be ing, and they are certainly calculated to call forth all the ingenuity and invention of whieh the student is possessed. I have ventured to say thus-much, because the observations of the reviewer, howe ever just in other respeets, appear, in this particular, to be founded on partial information."