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the? 434 Chalmers's Evidences of the Christian Religion. of the fault coinmitted by a bayonet or a bullet. Before we . part with hiin, we must advise him, and we do it in perfect sincerity and kindness, to beware that his principles do not ulti. mately exclude not only all " levity," but also all feeling of comfort from his mind, and involve it in profound and irremediable “ gloom.” We fear that he niay not be quite as safe from such a tremendous infliction, as perhaps be himself will iimagine. Art. IX. The Evidence of Authority of the Christian Re

ligion. By the Rer. Thomas Chalmers, Minister of Kilmany,

Edinburgh. 8vo. 266 pp. 73. 64. Longman. 1814. THE contents of tliis volume have already been presented in part in the public, under the article CHRISTIANITY, in the Edinburgh Encyclopædia. We are happy to see it republished in its present form, as we are persuaded that it cannot be read

iru h of that holy religion which it is designed to defend. The evidences of Ciristianity are so numerous and overpowering, that po one writer can enter at large upon every ground of defence, but eachi man takes that departnient, to which the natural tendency of his mind peculiarly directs him. Mr. Chalmers dedicates the chief part of his labours to the exposition of the historical evidence, and the ground which he has thus chosen is defended both with accuracy and with skill.

The work is divided into ten chapters. I. On the Priuci ples of Historical Evidence, and their Application to the Truth of Christianity. II. On the Authenticity of the different Books of the New Testament.; III. On the internal marks of Honesty and Truth to be found in the New Testament. IV. On the Testimony of the Original Witnesses to the Truth of the Gospel Narrative. V. On the Testimony of Subsequent Witnesses. VI. Remarks on the Argument from Prophecy. VII. Remarks on the Scepticisin of Geologists. VII. 'On the Internal Evi. dence and objectious of Deistical Infidels. IX. On the Way of Proposing the Argument to Atheistical Infidels. X: On the Supreine Authority of Revelation.

The distinguishing feature of this volume is the calm and convincing manner in which it speaks to the common and practical sense of the reader, We trust that it will have its due share of readers, who cannot fail of deriving much useful and satisfactory knowledge from its perusal, Mr. Chalmers is a clear-headed man, and understands the laws of evidence well, but we could wish that he had not decried the mode of defence pursued by



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Dr. Clarke' and the reasoning school. The attacks upon Christianity a priori, are much more formidable and much more numerous than those which are made upon its historical evidence; they require, therefore, at least as zealous and as able defenders. Until a man be made convinced of the reasonableness of a revelation, and the necessity of a Redeemer, he will trouble himself very little with an examination into the historical evidence of their existence,

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Art. X. Sermons on the Lord's Prayer, and on several

Subjects. By the Red. E. Scobell, Å. B. Chaplain 10 the Directors and Guardians of the Poor of St. Marylebone. 8vo. 424 pp.

12s. Lloyd. 1815. MR. SCOBELL informs us that this volume is his first production, we are happy, therefore, that it is in our power to offer him the encouragement which he so justly deserves. His ductrines are sound, and his language powerful and aniinated, and we doubt not that if these serinons were to be delivered in the same energetic manner in which they are written, they would bave a strong practical effect upon a large and mixed congregation.

The comparison of the pilgrimage of life with that of the Israelites through the wilderness is drawn with much sweetness, and in a' njanvier that reininds us of Bishop Horne himself.

“ It is true we suffer beneath the yoke of sin and Satan, heavier by far than even Egyptian rigour, more cruel and destructive than earthly task masters. It is true we are placed in a land of sha. dows, subject to tribulations, to pains, and death. But God forsakes not his people. The sighings of bondage, and the cry of affliction come to the throne of heavenly mercy. He hears out groaning, and remembers his covenant. Like the Jews to Moses, we are pointed to a guide and leader, and that friend is Jesus Christ. He is, to us, the voice of one crying in the wilderness, “

Prepare ye the way of the Lord. make his paths straight." He is a lamp to our feet and a light to our goings. Safe under his protection, the children of earth may pass, not only safely, but with gladness, through the rugged mountains of the world, and go on their way." rejoicing in hope." He refreshes their fainting hearts with the hidden manna'. of immortality, and to the thirsting soul he sheweth" the pure river of the water of life," of water « clear as chrystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.". Sorrows may come, or adversity oppress, but let their night of affliction be ever so dark, He pierces it with the cheering beams of his Holy Spirit; He erects the pillar of sacred flame within the heart, and whispers to the trembling mortal, pardon and peace. Ff 2

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“ Nor is this all. While he calms with power the wind and the tempest here, he leaves us not in doubt about the scenes of an hereafter. He points our eyes to a celestial country, of joy and plenty, of liberty and light. All its treasures are open to our pos: session; all its blessings extended to our enjoyment. We are in, vited, encouraged, intreated, urged to enter into this everlasting Canaan, that we may eat the fruit thereof, and the goodness thereof;" and that when all the dangers of our probationary journey are finished and gone, when the waters of salvation clean passed over," we may be refreshed with the dews of heavenly favour, and rest amidst the tranquillity of the eternal Sabbath." P. 327.

With the following sentiments respecting liberality; or the re, ligious apathy of modern times we were much pleased,

“ If by liberality be meant a general spirit of philauthropy, a charitable compassion for the failings of humanity, a backwardness to impute unworthy metives, modesty of behaviour, lenient judgment, and an indulgent toleration--the principle is heavenly; it is the morning star of the Gospel; it is the pure effluence of the fountain of mercieş. But if, on the other hand, it be intended by this term to insinuate that all religions are alike, that doctrines are non-essential; that present sincerity is, under every opportu. nity, to compensate for corrigible errors : that a chain of spiritual union is to subsist between opinions diametrically and physically opposite ; that creeds are of little or no importance, provided the life be correct, or in other words, that works without faith are safe and acceptable--against this, in whatever shape it appear, the Christian minister, in word and in deed-with moderation, but with firmness, is bound unequivocally to protest." P. 209.

We can safely pronounce these sermons to be hortatory and as Christian discourses, untainted by any fanatical cant. Should Mr. Scobell publish again we should recommend rather more attention to inethod, and rather less exuberance of expression. These, however, are errors which we have no doubt but that his own good judgment will correct.

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AT. XI. A Dictionary of all Religions, &c. By Thomas

Willians. '16mq. 336 pp. 7s.6d. Williams and Son, WE are sorry that we cannot compļiment Mr. Williams either upon the principles or upon the execution of the work before us. Let us take for the example his account of the Church of England.

"EŅglish Church. The Church of England is Episcopalian, and boasts a regular succession of Bishops from the time of the



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Apostles, conveyed to them through the Church of Rome. The Churches of England and Ireland were united by the Union of 1801, and form a grand national establishment; but with a free toleration of Dissenters in their principles and worship, without admitting them to any of its emoluments, and excluding them from many offices in the state.”

Now we should be happy to know what information any stranger to the doctrines and discipline of our Church could derive from such a description. Mr. Williams in truth has given us a very neagre and confined performance, and inferior to ouie or two others, whose principles indeed are no better than his own. The best part of the volume is the print preceding the title-page, which is taken from the celebrated picture of the meeting of the Reformers with tlie Bible before them, and the Pope, the Cardinals, the Monks, and the Devil, attempting to blow out the candle.

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Art. XII. - Poems and Imitations, by Daniel Cabanel, Esq.

of Lincoln's Inn. Svo. pp. 192. 10s. Bickerstaff. 1814, THE two first poems in this volume have been published bea fore, and have received, as we think they deserve, a favourable notice. The poetry of the Tocsin in particular is entitled to commendation. The thoughts are elegant, and the general flow of the lines harmonious. Of these and the subsequent poem's we can now, in our turn, speak in terms of praise : the translations from the Italian are pretty, and the lines written at different places through which the author has passed in his travels are generally pleasing. We shall cite, in confirmation of our opinion the two last stanzás from an Address to Hope.

Indulgent Power thy aid impart!
With chasten'd raptures fill my heart-

Thy soothing Heralds send !
Teach me the


of Love and Peace;
Bid sublunary sorrows cease,

And Earth's delusions end!
And on the confines of the Grave
When Heaven resumes the life it gave,

And claims my forfeit breath;
Be Faith thy Seraphi Sister nigh!
With thee. to waft me to the sky

And charm the shaft of Death!" P. 119

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ART. XHI. Advice on the Study and the Practice of the Law,

addressed to Atiorujes' Clerks. By W. Wright. 8vo.

180 pp. Taylor and Hessey. 1815. This volume is addressed to a class of men, who of all others, are most in need of an adviser and a guide. There are few situations more perilous to the young man than a clerkship to an attorney, whether in town or in the country. - So very little labour is necessary-lo acquaint him with the routine of his ordinary business, and so very little ingenuity required to attain and to exercise the little low and dirty artifices which characterise tuo many of his profession, that he may pass through the time of his articles in idleness and profligacy, and at the conclusion of that period, set up for hinself with as good pretensions as most of his neighbours. Even to those, who pursuie

with more steadiness their professional studies, much, very much is wanted to open and enlarge their mind, to give it right and honourable .views, and to elevate it above the meanness and roguery

which is so incidental to their calling. We are, therefore, happy in tinding a volume which may safely be recommended to every clerk at an attorney's desk, as a clear, concise, and useful guide to those studies and pursuits which will make him the better attorney and the better man. It will open to his mind various sources of information, from which, during the period of his clerkship, he may derive the most important advantages ; and it will teach him the most apt and judicious method of pursuing them,

One deficiency alone we are sorry to remark, which in another edition we trust will be supplied. We find no exhortation to the young man, either to hold fast the faith, or fulfil the duties of our lidly religion. No man will prove the worse lawyer for being a Christian; and we are mistaken indeed, if he will not prove much the better. Let a short chapter upon this important point be added, and the volume shall have our best wishes.

ART. XIV. An easy Introduction to the Mathematics. By

Charles Butler, Oxford. 2 vols. 8vo. ll. 11s. 6d. Longman. TO those, who may be desirous of entering upon mathematical studies by themselves, without the assistance which a private tutor or a lecture-room can afford, these volumes will be found a useful and satisfactory publication. Mr. Butler possesses to a very considerable degree the art of explanation, and of rendering the first steps of science accessible to young and ardent minds, The work is divided into ten departments. The first treaty of

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