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bated regard. That distinguished circle in which the old már so much delighted even to the last, still meet at stated periods in honour of their departed friend; and to these have been added; from time to time, many new members, eminent for their learning and worth, who, although they kuew not the person, still hold in affectionate veneration the character and the principles of NOBODY.
Here then we should conclude our account of this interesting little volume, did we not observe that by the generosity of its author, the gross receipts of the whole inipression are dedicated to the Episcopal Furid in Scotland. To this fund Mr. Stevens was a large contributor, and to tlie Scotch Episcopal part of the volume before us is that perhaps which details the History of this venerable body. Ardent in their attachment to the unfortunate, family of the Stuarts, they were debarred from the pablic exercise of their worship, and it was not till 1792, that they were relieved from the severity of the penal statutes. The existence of this Church, wholly independent of a state estabJishinent, is surely the strongest answer that can be given to the worn out objections of modern dissenters, that establishment is essential to the existence of a Church. We cannot place this matter in a clearer point
of view than by giving the reader the sentiments both of Bishop Horsley and of Mr. Stevens upon this head:
· Mr. Stevens's general opinion was that notions réspecting the Church were very fallacious, and that people did not sufficiently distinguish between the Church connected with, and not connected with, the State. Thus in a letter of the 1st of May, 1797, to. Bishop Skinner, he says:
** I observe what you say of Mr. Jones's Šermions on the Church, Perhaps, from your situation, you are more upon your guard, and more correct in your language than you would otherwise possibly think necessary. Mr. Jones certainly thinks as you do on the subject, and when he speaks of Christians in the Church, and out of the Church, it is only in compliance with the custo„mary way of speaking, calling all who profess to believe in Christ indiscriminately Christians. Making establishment necessary to the existence of the Church, as many are apt to do, is a grievous mistake ; but to be sure it is a convenient appendage; and there is mo harm in Kings being nursing fathers, if they will nurse it properly,
6. He seems in this letter to have accorded fully with the very learned. Bishop Horsley, who in a more detailed manner in the House of Lords, in answer to the Lord Chancellor Thurlow, stated the point thus:
666 My Lords, *** There Episcopalians take a distinction, and it is a just dison
and regard. Maintainin?
tinction, between a purely spiritual and a political Episcopacy, A political Episcopacy belongs to an established Church, and has no existence out of an establishment. This sort of Episcopaey was necessarily unknown in the world, before the time of Con stantine. But in all the precedings ages there was a pure spiritual Episcopacy, an order of men set apart to inspect and minoge the spiritual affairs of the Church, as a society in itself totally unconnected with civil government. Now, my Lords, these Scotch Episcopalians think, that when their Church was cast off by the State at the Revolution, their Church in this discarded, divided statę, · reverted to that which had been the condition of every Church in Christendom, before the establishment of Christianity in the Roman Empire, by Constantine the Great:--that losing all their political capacity, they retained, however, the authority of the pure spiritual Episcopacy within the Church itself; and that is the sort of Episcopacy to which they now pretend: and I, as a Churchman, have respect for that pretension. This opinion entertained by Bishop Horsley was exactly the same as that of Bishop Horne, mentioned by Mr. Jones in his Life of that venerable Prelate, 2d edit. p. 149, et subs. for he had considered that there is such a thing as a pure and primitive Constitution of the Church of Christ, when viewed apart from those appendages of worldly power and worldly protection, which are sometimes mistaken, as if they were as essential to the being of the Church, as they are useful to its sustentation."*" P. 136.
It is with the highest sense of veneration and esteem that we take this opportunity of paying our just tribute of respect to the learning, the piety, and the wortis of this depressed but genuine branch of the Christian Church. Fostered by no hand but that of private generosity, supported by no endowments but the rich treasures of secular as well as of sacred knowledge, armed with no power but that over the hearts and the affections of its children, the Scotch Episcopal Church stands ou an eminence no less exalted than our own. In its doctrine and discipline, in its articles and liturgy the same as our own, it de. mands, as a Church, our protection, as a depressed suffering member even of our own body, while in the persons of its clergy it enforces a still stronger claim upon our veneration its dignity and rank, and by its moderation and worth extorting from every generous member, even of its established rival, the just tribute of esteem, it is both veperated and beloved. Its bishops stand distinguished alike for active piety, and extensive erudition, nor are its inferior clergy in any way unworthy of their spiritual rulers. Among those whose characters and writings have reached us in the south, are the names of Bishop Skinner, Bishop Sandford, and Bishop Gleig, men, whose deep and va
ried learning, united with the most judicious zeal in their holy
To the constitution and the government of their country
“ Notwithstanding all the exertions of the Committees in both countries, and notwithstanding the liberal donations of many of the dignified Clergy in England, and a vast body of the laity, yet the funds have only enabled the Managers to allot £100 per annum to the Bishop residing in Edinburgh, £60 to the Primus, and £50 to each of the other Bishops, £15 to a very few, and £10. to also a very few of the inferior Clergy. But the Committees, both in London and Edinburgh, do not remit their zeal and ardaur: they attribute much of the backwardness to subscribe, which they discover, to the situation of the Scottish Episcopal Clergy not being known, and if known, not understood; and to the very quiet and unobtrusive manner in which the subscription has been, and must be carried on. They still trust, and earnestly hope, that the great, the rich, and the virtuous part of the community will enable them to do much more for those who stand in so near a relation to the Founder of our Holy Faith ; and they rely confidently at least, that all those who stand in the same relation to him in the Church of England, and who have the means, will recollect that though the outward splendour and territorial possessions of Scottish Episcopacy are no more, yet in soundness of doctrine, in solidity of learning, and in innocency of life, her Clergy are still a burning and shining light amidst a crooked and perverse generation; and although by the sure word of prophecy, the gates of hell shall not prevail against the Church of God, yet in the inscrutable dispensations of Providence it may hereafter be. asked, where is the Church of England? As we now say, where is the Episcopal Church of Scotland? Let them consider these things and act accordingly.” P. 150.
- See a Sermon of Bishop Hørsley." Let these things be considered well by the dignified Clergy of our Establishment, and by all those who feel a sacred attachment to the doctrine and discipline of the Church of Christ. We trust that for every reason this volume will have an exten
sive circulation, and particularly because the whole receipts de rived from its salé are applied to so excellent a purpose by its generous anthor, from whose exertions and munificence the Episcopal Church of Scotland has already experienced such extensive advantages.
ART. VII. Some Remarks un the Unitarian Method of In
terpreting the Scriptures, as lately exhibited in a Publication, under the assumed Title of an improved Version of the New Testament; to which are added, Considerations on the Manner in which the Gospel should be preached, to be rendered effectual to its intended Purpose. Partly delivered in a Charge, in June, 1315. And the whole, with the Notes, respectfully addressed to the younger Clergy. By the Reo. Charles Daubeny, Archdeacon of Sarum. 8vo.
Rivingtons. 1815. THERE are few divines of the present day, whose zeal and activity in the cause of our Church has been more conspicuous than Archdeacon Daubeny.. We are happy therefore to pay that early attention to his labours which they so justly deserve. The Charge before us was delivered at his last Visitation, and embraces many important points, which demand the attention of the Clergy at large. The first question which the Archdeacon discusses is that of the well known Curates' Bill, upon which he speaks with equal moderation and justice.
" Since I last had the honour of meeting you, my Brethren, an occurence has taken place, in which the Clergy are particularly interested. This occurrence, to which it is incumbent on me to direct your notice, respects the Bill which has lately passed into a law, for the more effectually securing the residence of Parochial Ministers. To some of the provisions of this Bill strong objections have been made. And admitting the respectable character of the framer of the Bill in question, his good intention, together with his regard for the welfare and prosperity of the Church and it's Clergy, of which no possible doubt can be entertained; still it is the opinion of many, that a Layman was not the best qualified to frame the Bill in question: because it was not to be expected that he should see the complicated subject before him in all it's bearings; not being, from his station in life, sufficiently acquainted with all the different circumstances under which the Clergy may be placed, to render a Bill, in itself well-designed, the most unexçeptionable to the parties, on whom it was to operate.
56 With +
“ With this opinion the public mind appears at length, in a great degree at least, to have coincided; if we may judge from the circumstance which I am authorized to communicate'; that a Committee of Bishops has been appointed, with the approbation of Government, to consolidate in one Act all the statutes relative to the residence of the Clergy. “And when to this circumstance I have added the further information, that the Committee in question consists of the Bishops of London, Lincoln, and Peterborough, I feel persuaded in my mind, that had the Clergy been left to have chosen for themselves on this occasion, they could not possibly bave selected advocates, from whose soundness of principles, judgment, and professional regard they could have more to expect. When then it is considered, as in this case it ought to be, that every regulation of discipline for the Church has in view the more effectual promotion of that great object for which the Church was originally instituted ; together with the most probable means of counteracting, as far as may be, that growing separation from our Establishment, which every true friend to the Constitution of his Country cannot but most earnestly deprecate; there is every reason to conclude from the respectable character which the Clergy, as a body, bear in society, that they will at all times cheerfully comply with those dispositions of order, which on mature reflection shall have received the sanction of those governors, in whose hands the exercise of ecclesiastical discipline has been placed ; and to whose paternal authority they are in consequence professionally bound to submit;" P. 2.
In a subsequent part of the Charge, the Archdeacon calls the attention of his Clergy to a subject of the utmost importance to the Christian Church, the right interpretation of the Scriptures.
The principal objects of his animadversion are the bold and unjustifiable methods to which the Unitarians have lately had. fecourse, of perverting the meaning and corrupting the text of thie New Testatient in a publication, termed
an Improved Version." The arbitrary interpolations and omissions, the ungrammatical and irrational constructions which appear in every page of that work, have already been opposed with so mueh sliccess, that little more need be written upon such a subjectá We are of opinion, however, that the Archdeacon bas with much seasonable caution directed the minds of his Clergy to a review af the controversy, and to a serious attention to what has already been written, and written so well. No exertion on the part of the Unitarians is spared to disseminate their destructive principles, by appealing to the pride of half-instrueted ignorance, and to the perversity of self-important conceit.' It becomes the duty, therefore, of the Clergy at large, particularly in the more remote and populous districts of the country, to meet the enewywith activity and power, to arm themselves with those