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bated regard. That distinguished circle in which the old man
so much delighted even to the last, still meet at stated periods
in honour of their departed friend; and to these have been added, from time to time, many new members, eminent for their learning and worth, who, although they knew not the person,
! still hold in affectionate veneration the character and the prin
ciples of Nobody.
Here then we should conclude our account of this interest
.ing little volume, did we not observe that by the generosity of
its author, the gross receipts of the whole impression are dedicated to the Episcopal Fund in Scotland. To this fund Mr.
Stevens was a large contributor, and to the Scotch Episcopal College he was ever a zealous friend. The most entertaining part of the volume before us is that perhaps which details the
history of this venerable body. Ardent in their attachment to
the unfortunate, family of the Stuarts, they were debarred from
the public exercise of their worship, and it was not till 1792, that they were relieved from the severity of the penal statutes.
The existence of this Church, wholly independent of a state estab
lishment, is surely the strongest answer that ean be given to the worn out objections of modern dissenters, that establishment is
essential to the existence of a Church. We cannot place this matter in a clearer point of view than by giving the reader the sentiments - both of Bishop Horsley and of Mr. Stevens upon this head:
“Mr. Stevens's general opinion was that notions respecting
the Church were very fallacious; and that people did not suff
giently distinguish between the Church connected with, and not connected with, the State. Thus in a letter of the 1st of May,
1797, to Bishop Skinner, he says:
“‘I observe what you say of Mr. Jones's Sermons on the Church.
Perhaps, from your situation, you are more upon your guard, and more correct in your language than you would otherwise
possibly think necessary. Mr. Jones certainly thinks as you do
on the subject, and when he speaks of Christians in the Church, and out of the Church, it is only in compliance with the custo...mary way of speaking, calling all who profess to believe in Christ
indiscriminately Christians. Making establishment necessary to
the existence of the Church, as many are apt to do, is a grievous
mistake; but to be sure it is a convenient appendage; and there
is no harm in Kings being nursing fathers, if they will nurse it
- learned Bishop Horsley, who in a more detailed manner in the
the point thus:
tinction, between a purely spiritual and a political Episcopacy. A political Episcopacy belongs to an established Church, and has no existence out of an establishment. This sort of Episcopacy
was necessarily unknown in the world, before the time of Con
stantine. But in all the precedings ages there was a pure spiritual Episcopacy, an order of men set apart to inspect and mānage
the spiritual affairs of the Church, as a society in itself totally un
connected with civil government. Now, my Lords, these Scotch
Episcopalians think, that when their Church was cast off by the
State at the Revolution, their Church in this discarded, divided
state, reverted to that which had been the condition of every Church in Christendom, before the establishment of Christianity in the Roman Empire, by Constantine the Great:--that losing alf their political capacity, they retained, however, the authority of the pure spiritual Episcopacy within the Church itself; and that it the sort of Episcopacy to which they now pretend: and I, as a Churchman, have respect for that pretension.” This opinion entertained by Bishop Horsley was exactly the same as that of Bishop Horne, mentioned by Mr. Jones in his Life of that venerable Prelate, 2d edit. p. 149, et subs. ‘for he had considered that there is such a thing as a pure and primitive Constitution of the Church of Christ, when viewed apart from those appendages of worldly power and worldly protection, which are sometimes mis
taken, as if they were as essential to the being of the Church, as
they are useful to its sustentation.” P. 136. .
It is with the highest sense of veneration and esteem that We
take this opportunity of paying our just tribute of respect to
the learning, the piety, and the worth of this depressed but
- genuine branch of the Christian Church. Fostered by no hand but that of private generosity, supported by no endowments
but the rich treasures of secular as well as of sacred knowledge,
armed with no power but that over the hearts and the affections of its children, the Scotch Episcopal Church stands on an emi
Bishop Sandford, and Bishop Gleig, men, whose deep and va;
mence no less exalted than our own. In its doctrine and dis
cipline, in its articles and liturgy the same as our own, it de
mands, as a Church, our protection, as a depressed suffering member even of our own body, while in the persons of its clergy it, enforces a still stronger claim upon our veneration and regard. Maintaining even under the depression of poverty its dignity and rank, and by its moderation and worth extorting from every generous member, even of its established rival, the just tribute of esteem, it is both venerated and beloved. Its bishops stand distinguished alike for active piety, and extensive erudition, nor are its inferior clergy in any way unworthy of their spiritual rulers. Among those whose characters aud writings have reached us in the south, are the names of Bishop Skinner, ried learning, united with the most judicious zeal in their holy cause, would have done honour to any age of the Christian Church. There are others of the Episcopal College, who, though little known perhaps to the English reader, stand no less
distinguished in their own country both as Christians and scho
lars; and of the inferior clergy there are many whose talents and attainments want only the opportunity to be displayed in their proper power. To such men we could heartily wish that the legislature would extend its bounty as worthy objects of its care. To the constitution and the government of their country they are attached, from the high principles of Christian obedience; they require no grants to bribe them into loyalty. Of the low state of those funds, which were formed by private maunificence for their support, Mr. Park gives the following account: - . .
“Notwithstanding all the exertions of the Committees in both countries, and notwithstanding the liberal donations of many of the dignified Clergy in England, and a vast body of the laity, yet the funds have only enabled the Managers to allot #100 per annum. to the Bishop residing in Edinburgh, 660 to the Primus, and se50 to each of the other Bishops, £15 to a very few, and £10. to also a very few of the inferior Clergy. But the Committees, both in London and Edinburgh, do not remit their zeal and ardour : they attribute much of the backwardness to subscribe, which they discover, to the situation of the Scottish Episcopal Clergy not being known, and if known, not understood; and to the very quiet and unobtrusive manner in which the subscription has been, and must be, carried on. They still trust, and earnestly hope, that the great, the rich, and the virtuous part of the community will enable them to do much more for those who stand in so near a relation to the Founder of our Holy Faith; and they rely confidently at least, that all those who stand in the same relation to him in the Church of England, and who have the means, will recollect that though the outward splendour and territorial possessions of Scottish Episcopacy are no more, yet in soundness of doctrine, in solidity of learning, and in innocency of life, her Clergy are still a burning and shiming light amidst a crooked and
- perverse generation; and although by the sure word of prophecy,
the gates of hell shall not prevail against the Church of God, yet
in the inscrutable dispensations of Providence it may hereafter be
asked, where is the Church of England? As we now say, where
is the Episcopal Church of Scotland? Let them consider these
things and act accordingly.” P.150.
sive circulation, and particularly because the whole receipts derived from its sale are applied to so excellent a purpose by its generous author, from whose exertions and munificence the Episcopal Church of Scotland has already experienced such extensive advantages. - -
ART. VII. Some Remarks on the Unitarian Method of Interpreting the Scriptures, as lately evhibited in a Publication, wnder the assumed Title of an improved Persion of the New Testament; to which are added, Considerations on the Manner in which the Gospel should be preached, to be rendered effectual to its intended Purpose. Partly delivered in a Charge, in June, 1815. And the whole, with the Notes, respectfully addressed to the younger Clergy. By the Rev. Charles Daubeny, Archdeacon of Sarum. 8vo. 65 pp. Rivingtons. 1815.
THERE are few divines of the present day, whose zeal and activity in the cause of our Church has been more conspicuous than Archdeacon Daubeny. We are happy therefore to pay that early attention to his labours which they so justly deserve. The Charge before us was delivered at his last Visitation, and embraces many important points, which demand the attention of the Clergy at large. The first question which the Archdeacon discusses is that of the well known Curates' Bill, upon which he speaks with equal moderation and justice.
“Since I last had the honour of meeting you, my Brethren, an occurence has taken place, in which the Clergy are particularly interested. This occurrence, to which it is incumbent on me to direct your notice, o: the Bill which has lately passed into a law, for the more effectually securing the residence of Parochial Ministers. To some of the provisions of this Bill strong objections have been made. And admitting the respectable character of the framer of the Bill in question, his good intention, together with his regard for the welfare and prosperity of the Church and it’s Clergy, of which no possible doubt can be entertained; still it is the opinion of many, that a Layman was not the best qualified to frame the Bill in question: because it was not to be expected that he should see the complicated subject before him in all it’s bearings; not being, from his station in life, sufficiently acquainted with all the different circumstances under which the Clergy may be placed, to render a Bill, in itself well-designed, the most unexceptionable to the parties, on whom it was to operate.
“With “With this opinion the public mind appears at length, in a great degree at least, to have coincided; if we may judge from the circumstance which I am authorized to communicate; that a Committee of Bishops has been appointed, with the approbation of Government, to consolidate in one Act all the statutes relative to the residence of the Clergy. “And when to this circumstance
When then it is considered, as in this case it ought to be, that every regulation of discipline for the Church has in view the more effectual promotion of that great object for which the Church was originally instituted; together with the most probable means of counteracting, as far as may be, that growing separation from our Establishment, which every true friend to the Constitution of his Country cannot but most earnestly deprecate; there is every reason to conclude from the respectable character which the Clergy, as a body, bear in society, that they will at all times cheerfully. comply with those dispositions of order, which on mature reflection shall have received the sanction of those governors, in whose hands the exercise of ecclesiastical discipline has been placed; and to whose paternal authority they are in consequence professionally bound to submit.” P.2, -
o I have added the further information, that the Committee in queso tion consists of the Bishops of London, Lincoln, and Peterborough, o I feel persuaded in my mind, that had the Clergy been left to have. ! chosen for themselves on this occasion, they could not possibly o have selected advocates, from whose soundness of principles, judgo ment, and professional regard they could have more to expect. o
In a subsequent part of the Charge, the Archdeacon calls the attention of his Clergy to a subject of the utmost importance to the Christian Church; the right interpretation of the Scriptures. The principal objects of his animadversion are the bold and unjustifiable methods to which the Unitarians have lately had ". recourse, of perverting the meaning and corrupting the text of the New Testatuent in a publication, termed “an Improved Version.” The arbitrary interpolations and omissions, the ungrammatical and irrational constructions which appear in every page of that work, have already been opposed with so much success, that little more need be written upon such a subject. We are of opinion, however, that the Archdeacon has with much seasonable caution directed the minds of his Clergy to a review of the controversy, and to a serious attention to what has already been written, and written so well. . No exertion on the part of the Unitarians is spared to disseminate their destructive. principles, by appealing to the pride of half-instructed ignorance, and to the perversity of self-important conceit. It becomes , . the duty, therefore, of the Clergy at large, particularly in the more remote and populous districts of the country, to meet the enemy with activity and power, to arm themselves with those - - approved