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Motives for declining the Invitation to become a Member of an Aua iliary Society, to the British and Foreign Bible Society, by the Rev. Dr. Abauzit. . . . A System of Physiological Botany, by the Rev. P. Keith, in two octavo volumes with plates, drawn and engraved by Mr. Sowerby. - ... . A Dictionary of English Synonimes, by Mr. Crabb. A compendious Astronomical and Geographical Class Book for Tamilies and young Persons, by Mr. Bryan. Paris, during the interesting Month of July, 1815; a Series of Letters, by W. D. Fellowes, Esq. illustrated with plates.

Leisure Hours, or Speculations on various Subjects, by John Mackenzie. - -_Travels in Poland, Austria, Bavaria, Sarony, and the Tyrol, by Baron D'Uklanski. - Discourses partly Doctrinal and partly Practical, by the Rev. John Morley, in an octavo volume. - Some Account of the Mediterranean, 1810 to 1815, political and scientific, literary and descriptive, by Arthur Busrow, Esq. late travelling Fellow to the University of Cambridge, and D. A. Commissary-General in the Mediterranean. In royal quarto, with engravings. Oulines of the Philosophy of Life; which has for its object the diffusion of a more general knowledge of the fundamental facts of Physiology, - *. A Picture of Italy, including a complete Guide to all the Curiosities and Antiquities of that country. By Mr. Core: Illustrated with maps and plates. Dialogues will be appended in English, French, and Italian. --Aosopi Fabula. Selecta, with English notes, for the use of schools. By E. H. Barker, Esq. Trinity College, Cambridge.

Cicero de Officiis, with English notes, critical and explanatory.

The text from the best edition. For students at college and schools. - - , Ovidii Metamorphoses Selecta, et in usum Scholarum expurgatae; cum notis Anglicis. By the Rev. C. Bradley. . On the plan of his Phadrus, Eutropus, &c. . . . . . ." The Naval Monitor; containing Hints for both the Public and Private Conduct of the Young Gentlemen in or entering that Profession, in all its branches; in the course of which, and under the remarks on Gunnery, are some Observations on the Naval Actions with America : also, a Plan for improving the

Naval System, as it regards that most useful set of petty officers,

the midshipmen. By an Officer in the Navy. *

BRITISH CRITIC,

FoR SEPTEMBER, 1815.

ART. I. Sequel to Ecclesiastical Researches, in which the Ori.

gin of the Introductory Chapters in Matthew and Luke is brought to lightoff. Josephus; and in which the peculiar Articles of the Orthodox Faith are traced to the System of

the Gnostics, who opposed the Gospel in the Days of Christ and his Apostles. By John Jones. Mawman. 1813.

THE vain or fanciful theorist who undertakes the subversion of
opinions, which have the sanction of immemorial prescription,
must at least possess a becoming confidence in his powers. But a
double portion of this quality, which has been seldom friendly
to the discovery of truth, must have fallen to the lot of that lite-
rary adventurer, who engages in an open attack upon established
religious opinions. -
However mankind may differ in their notions of the truth
which was originally imparted to the church, and delivered with
the solemn injunction that it should be preserved uncorrupted;
they must at least allow that the church has “ contended for the

faith” with that pertinacity which proves her to have been in ear

nest. The successive persecutions which she sustained, during

the probationary period of nearly three centuries, which pre

loeded the full and formal declaration of her opinions, in the first |General Council, place this point beyond controversion. We shall not, at present, insist on the few inducements which existed to lead her to err in her integrity, as a proof of the purity of her testimony. The sentence which she then delivered, contains in its uniformity, that internal evidence of its truth, which must ever baffle the efforts of the sceptic to account for it; on any other grounds, than by admitting, that the sacred deposit was transmitted in that purity in which it was originally delivered. * - For vol. Iv. SEPTEMBER, 1815.

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For, let the possibility of as error in the testimony of so many wit-
nesses, as met in that council, be granted: there is yet a coin-
cidence in that error, which is wholly inexplicable, on any prin-
ciples with which we are acquainted.
But these diffic tities, though sufficiently discouraging, consti-
tute but an inconsiderable part of the obstacles which impede
the success of him, who engages in the desperate undertaking,
of the equally obscure and presuming individual whose endea-
vours now call down our animadversion. Though the sentence de-
livered by the first general council on the important points, on
which he has obtruded his opinions, without a solitary qualification
to fit him for discussing such questions, had surely been sufficieut
to oppose to the dogmatism of that sect in which he has enrolled
himself; it contains but a small part of the evidence which we can
summon in the defence of those truths, on which he has com-
menced an attack, which is, to speak of it in the softest terms,
characterized as much by its impotence as its malevolence.
The documents by which the opinions of the primitive church
may be accurately traced, are so various and numerous, that we
cannot pursue our researches in any direction, without acquiring

that evidence of its fidelity, as a witness and preserver of the

faith, which derives invincible strength from the collateral proofs by which it is supported. Whether we appeal to history, or to tradition; to the works of divines, or to the sentence of councils; whether we proceed upon the concession of the Jew, or on the testimony of the Heathen, the success of our researches is in all instances alike. From an examination of the testimony which they respectively bear to the truth, that accumulation of evidence arises, which the sceptic may indeed resist, but cannot

easily subvert. - When we descend from merely general remarks, to an induc

tion of particulars, and submit the point in debate to the touchstone of truth, the first voucher to which an appeal may be

made, is the testimony of history. At an early period the ec

clesiastical annals were examined, by one who was distinguished above all his contemporaries, by his learning and industry; and

who possessed every facility of research, in the libraries of Jeru

salem, in which the authentic records of the primitive church were deposited from the earliest period *. After a careful examination of those documents, he has stated the result of his inquiry: and it could have been scarcely less strong in our favour, had it been invented to answer our purpose. “Thus much,”

vid. Euseb. Hist. Eccl. Lib. VI. cap. xx. p. 284. 20 ed. Capt. 1720. -

“the

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the historian declares”, “I have learned from the monuments of
ancient writers, that until the siege of Jerusalem, under Hadrian,
a succession of fifteen bishops had presided in the church of
Jerusalem: all of whom, being Hebrews by origin, embraced
the doctrine held on the person of Christ in its genuine purity.”
Had we been at any loss to determine in what sense this de-
claration should be understood, the historian by whom it was
made might be taken as his own interpreter. The account.
which he has given of the Ebionite heresy will clearly evince
in what sense he conceived, that the doctrine relative to the
person of Christ, was held by the Church of Jerusalem. As he
pronounces their doctrine impious who denied the incarnation,
though they acknowledged the divinity of the Logosi : there
cannot be room for a cavil, against the consequence, that he
considered nothing short of a plenary confession of the God-
head of Christ, an admission of the genuine doctrine.
To the testimony thus delivered by history the most ample
confirmation is superinduced by tradition. Without insisting on
the evidence of the fifteen bishops who succeeded St. James
in the Eastern Church of Jerusalem; the testimony of twelve
bishops who succeeded St. Peter in the Western Church of

Rome, may be confidently cited in support of the orthodox :

cause. This testimony has been collected by a primitive writer f, who, in the line of succession, was but one remove from the Apostles; having enjoyed the intimacy of a disciple of the last surviving Evangelist Ş. In what sense he understood the testimony thus born by that primitive church to the person of Christ, it must be superfluous to state when his testimony is produced ||.

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In the same chapter in which he declares that God would judge the Ebionites, who of all the primitive heretics, exclusively considered our Redeemer a man born like themselves; he asserts the divinity of our Lord ; and states this to be the doctrine, which had descended traditionally to the church in whatever regions she had published the gracious terms of the Gospel *. The testimony of history thus confirmed by tradition, derives still further corroboration from the evidence of that succession of writers, who have followed each other, in a long line commencing with the age of the Apostles. On the first attempt which was made to impeach the integrity of the church as a witness of the truth, the vindicators of her testimony supported her defence on the concurrence of the Sacred Text, and the in: terpretation of the ecclesiastical writers+. They maintained,

that previously to the age in which this novel charge was ad

vanced, many had written in defence of the truth, against the heathens and hereticks; and that all of them asserted the orthodox doctrine of the divinity of Christi, in terms the most full and explicit. These writings were examined at an early period by a person fully competent to appreciate the weight of their testimony Š; but they were found on experiment to justify the stress which was laid on their authority. The principal part of these works exist either wholly or partially at the present day; and a learned prelate of our church, equally distinguished by the extensiveness of his erudition and the strength and comprehensiveness of his mind, has carefully examined their evidence || ; but the result of his inquiry has been the production of accumulating proof in support of the orthodox doctrine. By a full induction he has unanswerably demonstrated, that but one opinionprevailed in the church on the person of Christ from the earliest period; and that this opinion corresponded, even in the minutest. respect, with the plenary sentence which was passed on the question before us in the first general council T. As the body of evidence which we thus quote in defence of the peculiar doctrines of Christianity, is full and connected; it may be easily proved to be universally held, and this from the earliest

ages. In the next succession after the Apostles, a curious and

learned enquirer, visited the principal churches, dispersed

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