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Pole, passage by the north, a scarce and curious work on, 1. , Scottish tradition of Morillo Calder, 371.

“The bloom that grac'd the rose is filed,” 360.
Polite literature, 25—see Literature and Criticism. Sculpture and architecture, 109.

Theatrical and putting critiques, 46msee Liverpool
Politeness defined, 425.
Scythes, of a singular description, 309.

penses in 1765, 46.
Political economy, papers on, 335, 343, 351, 367, 378, 405, Sea-bathing, remarks on, 29-Sea, dangers of the, modes " The fairest flower,” &c. by Alcander, 61.
422, 442.

of preventing, 207-Sea-water, distillation of, 207. “There's a magic in thine eye, love,” 300.
Pompeii, antiquities of, 407, 434.

Season, compliments of the, to King, Lords, and Com- Thermometers, remarks on, 207, 260.
Popes, mode of electing a, 83— Homage paid to, 311. mons, 220.

Thoroughfares, public, 409.
Population and health, 19, 27, 407.

Secrets, how to keep, 163—Secret letter-writing, 222. Throat, sore, gargle for a, 204–Remedy for, 243.
Port wine analyzed, 283.
Self-taught student, 62.

Tide, singular phenomenon of, 215.
Portraits, some from L'Hermite de la Champée, &c. 232. SEPULCHRAL INSCRIPTIONS-see Epitaphs.

Tide tables, Liverpool, blanks in the, 8, 15, 39, 55.
Potatoes, how to cook, 160—To preserve, 309.

Sepulchre, holy, visit to, 262.
Power, love of, a good anecdote, 236.
Sermon in Lent season, 163.

Time-piece, miraculous-see Miraculous.

Toads in a rock, &c. 38, 61, 399, 407.
Preacher, the accommodating, 62.--Priests, African, 311. Serpent, on the, 377–Serpents, curious facts respecting, 167. Tombstone, lines written on a, 316.
Primrose, lines to, by G. 172.

Servants, female, letters respecting, 176, 183, 189, 190, Tongue, female, split at the root, 24.
Printers, Liverpool annual meeting of, 29.

193-Editor's remarks, 176.

Towns, magnitude of, 361.
Printer's punning song, 28.-Printing-press, new, 53. Shakspeare, folio edition of, 406.

Traill, Dr. experiments by, 198.
Printing, expensive in former times, 264.
Shawl, history of a, from the French, 270.

Translations, whimsical, 55, 288-see Garretl-Orig
Promotions, royal, 274.
“ She vicd not, meek flower," 326.

- see Hermite and Homo.
Pronunciation, queries respecting, 15, 56, 136.
Shilling and tumblersee Experiment.

TRAVELLER, the, 22, 26, 34, 52.
Proof positive, 435.- Prophecy of Poor Robin, 308. Ship, narrow escape of a, from being run down, 318. Travelling in coaches in 1750, 13.
Prophet, wonderful, 214.—Prospect-hill, farewel to, 352. Ships, enormous, of the ancients, 77.

Tree, Miss M. critique on, 56.
Proverbs, very popular with our ancestors, 119.
Shipwreck and extraordinary narrative, 195.

Tristan de Cunha, 387.
Punctuation, 31–Importance of, 40–Reasons for the Shoemaker and elves, 325—Shoes, to render waterproof, 377. Trocadero, in Spain, description of, 85.
omission of in law instruments, 69.

Shops, in Edinburgh, formerly closed at mid-day, 387. Truth, inquiry into, from Weeland, 254.
Puns, 69, 275, 287, 319, 319-A good article on, 74- Shot, patent, 163.

Turkish love of Literature, 13-Notions of decency,
Apology for, 212—see Vive la Bagatelle.
Signs, whimsical, 19, 62, 78, 152, 236, 244, 377_see

Punishment, horrible, 262_Corpora!, reflections on, 319. also Orthography.
Purple dye, accidental discovery of, 223.
“Sin, born in, and the child of wrath,” 287.

Ugliness, anecdotes of, 27.-“ Unco great" (verses) 37
Puzzles and solutions, 8, 28-sce Vive la Bagatelle. Singing, and musical expression, editorial remarks on,

Usury laws, letters respecting, 331, 343.
Puzzling irons, with an engraving, 222.
280—Letter on, 346.

Sirloin, derivation of the term, 244.

Vaccination, 236, 302–The test of, 367.
Quack doctor, letter to a, 311.
-Quadrillery, verses on, 140. Sismondi's. View
of Literature, translated by T. Roscoe, 47. Valentine's day, 264, 268, 276–Vampire of the ocean, 1

Quails trained to fighting, 126.

Varnish, Teddy O', critique by, 136.
Quaker dress, consistent, 183.- Quinn's tour in Spain, 26. Skating on dry land, 53.
Skeleton, lines to a, 132-Shylock, literary, 287.

Vegetation, early or extraordinary, 147.
Racing or trotting matches, 406.
Slaughterhouses in France, a model for ours, 267.

“ Venite par me,” by G. 188.
* Radiant, the Moon,” &c. by G. 424.

Slave auction, 27–Market, in Africa, 46–Trade, letters Verdicts, whimsical, 216, 387.
Raft, immense, constructing in America, 126.

on the, 199, 291.

Vince's astronomy, query respecting, 136.

Vinegar, mode of preserving, 343.
Rail-roads and steam-waggons, 377–With engraving, 390. Sleep walking, 130.—Sleepers reproved, 163.
Smiths, valuable information to, 319.

Virgin Mary's house, travels of, 311.
Rain, usual prognostics of, 126—Sigos of, in verse, 290.
Ranters and Roarers, 389.
Smoking, Turkish, 35-Apology for, 351.

Vive la Bagatelle, puzzles, enigmas, &c. 205, 212, 2%
Raphael, the painter, anecdote of, 78.
Snow, dreadful fall of, 61—Houses, of the Esquimaux, 153.

234, 235, 240, 249, 260, 268, 272, 284, 304, 312, 3
Rat, incendiary, 345.
Soap, economy and safety, 377.

322, 340, 348, 372, 377, 389, 400, 404, 420, 428.
Rats devour fruit, 135—In Jamaica, 163.
Song, “I'll come to thee," &c. 52.

Viviers, Cardinal, anecdote of, 27.
Sonnet, to Miss A. B. 308-Sonnets, 12, 140, 230.

Volcano of barren islands, 62-Said to have ariser
Razor-strops, paste for, 183.-Redbreast, sonnets to, 52.

Aleppo, 319.-Volcanoes, table of the numbers of,
Rents near Genoa, 183.–Resemblance, striking personal, 19. Southport, walk through, 5-Praises of, in verse, 290.
* Resignation," by G. 344.-Retaliation, fair, 119.
Spain, tours in, 23, 26.

Voyages of discovery, 130, 282—see Polar, and Parry

Reviviana, or republication of scarce works out of print- Speech, fluency of, Swift's saying on, 236.
sce Micro-cosniographie.
Spelling backwards, singular facility in, 185.

Waits, musical, 234.
Rheumatism, alleged remedy for, 140, 183, 183, 329.
Sperans, letter from, 444.

Waldegrave, Leigh, original verses by, 12, 20.
Ricardo lectures-sce Political Economy.
Spiders, singular account of, 16, 33, 58.

Wallasey, letter of a warning voice respecting the pr
Rings, custom of wearing, 19.
Spirited wite, or reformed husband, an original transla-

bility of the sea breaking over, 292.
tion, 430—Sporting, in America, 19.

Warming pans, bad effects of, 329.
Ringworm, remedies for the, 110.
Robinson, Bishop, anecdote of, 189.
Stage, introduction of women on, 135.

Warning voice-see Wallasey.-- Washing linen white,
Roscoe, Thomas, translation from Sismondi, 47.
Stains, in mourning dresses, how to remove, 243.

Watches, extraordinary, 42.
Rose, the (verses) 68.
Stanhope, Lady Hesther, a heroine, 361.

Water-spout, 53—Water on fire, 531.
Roman town discovered in Fifeshire, 208, 215.

Stars, double, 115~Falling, theory of, 182–Southern mo. Waterloo waltz, beautiful lines on, 148.
Rome, reflections on the history of, 375, 393.

tion of the, 274–Stoves, Italian, 207.

Waterton, Mr. his method of preserving specimen

birds and beasts, 245.-Waverley, author of, 106.
Ronan's Well, the new novel, 216–Extracts from, 217– Steam-engine, Perkins's, 9, 87, 115–Revolving, 21–
Critique on, 231.

Feeding of the boilers of, 40 see Perkins.-New, 197. Weather, on praying for a change of, 95.
Rot, dry, pyroligineous acid recommended for, 291.
Steam-vessel, address to, by Joanna Bailey, 102.

Week, query which is the first day of the ? 184.

“ Weeping willow,” the, by Nathan, 146.
Round, musical, for three voices, 248, 256, 265–Original, Steam-vessels and steam-navigation, 36, 43—Description

of the Mountaineer and Emerald Isle, 45.

Weights and measures, 61.
Royal promotions, 274.—Royal Society of Literature, 336. Steam sublimities, Little Beelzebub's letter, 49–Won- Welsh Literary Society, 241—Indians, 301.
Rudder, temporary, how to construct, 309.

ders, 77—The powers of, 138, 244–Towing out vessels West, Benjamin, letter from, on picture-dealing, 99.
Rufus, William, curious particulars respecting, 142.

by, 160-Miscellaneous remarks on, 244, 258, 274, 282, West Indian females, character of, 147.
Ruse de guerre, 324.

282-Guns, 338— Waggons, 390_Boat in India, 406.

Western world, speculations on the, 209.
Russia, letter from, of an English manufacturer, 335.
Steel, cut by means of sott iron, 207–Engraving on, 62.

Whales on the Irish coast, 12.
Russian clergy, ignorance of, 163.
Stevens, George, letter of, 75.–Stock, profits on, 378.

“ What means this new pain ?" song and music, 328
Russian discoveries in the Polar Seas, 282.
Stoicism, from L'Hermite en Prison, 261.

Wheels of carriages and waggons, 93.

White, Kirk, verses written after perusing his works,
Russians persecuted and massacred on account of beards, Stonehenge, conjectures respecting, 111.
55— Mode of salutation, 78.
Story, melancholy, 170.

Widow, Turkish, whimsical story of, 162.
Strawberries, good for the teeth, 67.

Wind claimed as a property, 35.
Ryley's forthcoming volume of the Itinerant, 354, 369.

Suicide, arguments against, 346.-Sun, spots on the, 208. Wine, currant, recipe for, 67-Old, 147, 163.
Sunday—see Sabbath.

Witches in Macbeth, costume of, 326.
Sabbath, the first or seventh day? 184.

Superstitious customs, notions, &c. 19, 133, 190, 203, Winter, lines on, 156, 172.Witchcraft in India, 11
Sadler, Mr. ascent of in his balloon, 116–Song on, 120 309, 310, 311, 371, 372, 387, 405.

“ Withereil rose" (verses) by G. 52.
From Derby, 152 From Nottingham, 166–From Swine, sagacity of, 246.-Swiss cotton-mills, 244.

Wilson's travels, extracts from, 262.
Rochdale, 404--Sonnet on, 404.
Swithin, saint, 35.-Syrup in tarts, 23, 24.

“ Woman's Friendship," by G. 44" Woman, k
Sage, Le-sec Gil Blas.


(verses) 230.-Wooden leg, a good story, 177.
Sailor, perilous adventure of, 272 Sailor-boy's Dream, 325. Tale, melancholy, 170.

Worms in the face, cure for, 200.
Salopis, farewel to (lines) 44.

Tea making, the theory of, 102–Perfumed at Petersburg, Wykeham, William or, and his crosier, 3.
Saltcellar, splendid, made by Benvenuto Celini, 27.

155-High price of, 331-Mode of flavouring, 435.

Wyatt, the late Mr. of Liverpool, a song compos
Salutations and salutes, origin of, 287.
Tears of separation (lines) 92.

327-Editor's remarks on, 332.
Sang-froid, whimsical instance of, 119, 435.
Teeth, white, singular remarks upon, 19–Mole of clean.

Saw, newly invented, 77-Scalds and burns, remedy for, 67. ing, 200.

Yankee story, 324.-Year, on the closing, 230.
Schools, infant, reconimended, 445.
Telegraphs, amazing expedition of, 93.

Youth's first introduction to Liverpool, 39.
SCIENTIFIC RECORDS, in almost every number-sec also Telescopes, discovery of, 223.
Natur-1 History.

Telescope, new reflecting, immense, 21.
Scotch Antiquities, 45-Scotch not cannibals, 56.
" Tell us, thou glorious star,” 376.

Pinted, published, and sold, by E. Smith and (
Scott, Sir. Walter, and Lord Byron, 12-Letter respect. Temperance, effects of, 406.

Lorü-street, Liverpool, and may be had gratis o
ing, 75--Scott, Sir Walter, sts,
Thaines, proposed tunnel under the, 347.

agents in town and country.


Literary and Scientific Mirror.


bismillar Miscellany, from which religious and political matters are excluded, con'nins a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending Literature, Criticism, Men and Manners Az e dent, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Fashions, Natural History, &c. &c. forming a handsome Annual 5:12, vith an Index and Title-page.---Its circulation renders it a most eligible medium for Literary and Scientific Advertisements. Regular supplies are forwarded weekly to the Agents, viz. OSON-E. Maribor Bradford J. Stanfeld; Doncaster--C. & J. White; Hull-J Perkins;

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... 158.-New SERIES.

TUESDAY, JULY 8, 1823.

Vol. IV.-Price 3 d.

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Scientific Records.

A Brief DISCOURSE of a PASSAGE by the land Ship that Summer) told him that their

NORTH POLE to JAPAN,CHINA, fc. pleuded Ship went not out to Fish that Summer, but Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or ImproveDents in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin

by three Experiments ; und Answers to ull Objec, only to take in the Lading of the whole gular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, Phi. tions that can be urged against a Passage that sophical, Botanical, Meteorological and Mineralogical

xuy. As, 1. By a Nanigution from Amsterdam Fleet, to bring it to an early Market &c. Pnefonena, or singular Facts in Natural History, Vuxeration, &c; Antiquities, &c.; to be continued in

into the North-Pole, and two degrees beyond it ;-But, said he, before the Fleet had caught a series through the volume.)

2. By a Navigation from Japan towards the fish enough to lade us, we, by order of the

North-Pule;—3. By an Experiment made by the Greenland Company, Sailed into the North THE POLAR REGIONS.

Czur of Muscovy, whereby it appears, that to the Pole, and came back again. Whereupon

Northwards of Nova Zembla is a free and open | (his Relation being Novel to me) I entred The fate of our enterprising countryman, Captain Sea as far as Japun, China, &c. arty, and bis gallant comrades, excites universal sym.

Moxon, Hydrographér to the King's Most Excel discourse with him, and seem'd to question athy; and the eyes of all Europe are eagerly watching $ return from the dreary and hitherto unknown regions

lent Majesty. London: printed for Joseph Moron, the truth of what he said. But he did ensure hich it was the object of his expedition to explore. At

and sold al his shop, at the sign of Allas, on Lud. me it was true, and that the Ship was then th a period, every thing connected with the subject, gate hill, 1674.

in Amsterdam, and many of the Seamen betich may enable us to form conjectures as to the ultiše success of the enterprise, will be perused with the

Among the many Essaies that have been longing to her, to justifie the truth of it: And pest interest. The politeness of a friend enables us made to find a near Passage to Japan, China, told me moreover, that they sailed 2 degrees day to present to our readers a curious tract on the &c. the most probable and likely hath as yet beyond the Pole. I askt him, if they found

He piece of the Polar regions, published a century and a (in my opinion) been over-seen, or at least no Land or Islands about the role? 22The title and the whole work we have literally not attempted. And therefore I shall hereby

told me No, there was a free and open sea ! bained the original pamphlet. We have also literally communicate my Conceptions to Publick ap- deal of Ice? He told me No, they saw no

I askt him if they did not meet with a great lored the orthography, which is pretty fair, considering probation or censure. It is that a Passage time when the work was written.

Ice. I askt him what Weather they had The most common-place opinion, on the subject of may very probably be about the North Pole.

there? He told me fine warm Weather, sching the Pole, is, that it is impossible on account of And the Reason inducing me to conceive

immense and impenetrable masses of ice with which its is, That we have no certainty from all the such as was at Amsterdam in the Summer inity must abound; and this opinion is natural enough, Discoveries that have been made of any Land time, and as hot, I should have askt him to admit that the temperature does not always de lying within 8 degrees about the Pole : But more questions, but that he was ingaged in Beras we approximate the Pole; from which we are on the contrary, that I have credibly been in- discourse with his Friend, and I could not in ized to admit, that it is not necessarily colder in the formed by a Steer-man of a Dutch Greenland modesty interrupt them longer. But I beerity of the Pole, than it is in lower latitudes. We Ship, that there is a free and open Sea under lieve the Steer-man spoke matter of fact and de produce abundance of testimony such as it is to the very Pole, and somewhat beyond it. And truth, for he seem'd a plain honest and unte :wo or three degrees of the Pole; but we shall lay I for my own part give credit to his Relation, affectatious Person, and one who could have tena upon the evidence of old log-books, or the stories and do conceive that any sober ingenious Man no design upon me. tris, who sometimes see strange things. We shall would do the like, did he know in what an

But though I believe this story, yet mepar sate a few well-known and admitted facts, to show $ we could does not always, if ever, increase in intensity honest manner, and by what an un-interested thinks I hear many object against it, and are E approach the Pole. We shall confine ourselves to one accident I happened to hear it; For thus it apt to urge three seeming Reasons to prove here, which we shall select from Crantz's History of was : Being about 22 years ago in Amster. it false, or at least some particulars of his Eazd; reserving our further illustrations for a future | dam, I went into a Drinking-house to drink Relation. And first, That it cannot be warm "Iz the sinter of 1739 and 1740 (says this writer) the a cup of Beer for my thirst, and sitting by under the fole, because that about Green* *2* so keen in France, that the centinels froze to the publick Fire, among several People there land, and many other Parts less Northar their stations, and the birds fell down dead. The hapned a Seaman to come in, who seeing a erly, the Sca is so full of Great Bodies of Ice, *** arched over, so that people travelled from Co: Friend of his there, who he knew went in the that Ships can hardly sail for it. Secondly; et Dantzig like a turnpike ; yet all the salt Ha Norway was open, and the birds (contrary to Greenland Voyage, wondred to see him, be- Or if warm, yet not so warm as at Amster. :> WENT NORTH TO FIND OPEN WATER! cause it was not yet time for the Greenland dam in the Summer time, because the farther Vorway first had the swan and many other water- Fleet to come home, and ask'd him what ac- Northerly the colder Weather. Thirdly, Or

** accounts falso say that 1763. was extremely cident brought him home so soon : His Frieod if they were under the Pole, that they could beraghout all Europe, yet in Greenland it was as summer, page 45."-Edits. Kal.

(who was the Steer-man aforesaid in a Green. not tell how to come back, but that they

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might as well go farther from, as return | Argument, though when I was parted from sage found by the Russians this last year, i nearer to home, because the Needle pointing him I was sorry I did not. But it is easie to it came to the hands of the Secretary of th always North, they must needs lose them- apprehend how to guide a Ship either for. Royal Society from Amsterdam, by a Corre selves in the North Pule, where it must in- ward or backward by an Observation of the pondent of his; which in Transact. Num differently respect all points of the Horizon Sun a little before you enter the Pole : for 101. run in these words: alike, by finding in or near what Meredian it is, or A Letter, and Map, not long since sent to the Publishu

by an Experienced Person resiling at Amsterdam, it One Answer may serve to the first and second upon what part of the ship it bears, wliether

taining a true Description of Nova Zembla, togeti objection ; That it cannot be warm under the on Head or Stern, on Starboard or Larboard,

with an intimation of the advantage of its shape a North-Pole, &c. If we consult the Experience you may measure time near enough with a position. of Travellers and Navigators, we are told Glass, to know several daies after in or near Sir,- I herewithi send you what I haver that between the Tropicks, nay under the what Meridian the Sun is at any known or ceived out of Muscovy, which is a New Maj Equinoctial is generally as moslerate Weather).estimate time, and consequently know how to of Nova Zembla and Weigats, as it hath bei

discover'd by the express order of the Czas as here in ingland in Summer time. Why proceed forwards, or come back with your and drawn by a Painter, called Panelapoet si may it not then be as warm under the Pole, Ship. Or if the Moon have North Latitude who sent it me from Mosco for a Present: / as here or at Amsterdam in the Summer you may do the same by the Moon. But if wbich it appears, That Nova Zembla is n. time? The small height the Sun hath there the Pole were Traded, in short time it might an Island, as bitherto it hath been believed can be no exception, for then we having the be found by Variation of the Needle, for be; and that the Mare glaciale is not a Se Sun in its Suminer Solstice in leszer Altitude there is doubtless Variation in it; and in all but a Sinus or Bay, the waters whereof a

sweet, which is the same with what the Ta than between the Tropicks, it must needs be the Meridians about it several Variations.

tars do also assure us, who have tasted tho much colder here, which is contradicted. Thus far it appears there is a free and open waters in the very inidst of the Sinus. The as But on; Reason why it is as warm here as Sea in Summer time (at least) about the mojeds as well as the Tartars do unanimous between the Tropicks, is, because between North-Poie. But I shall add another relation affirm, that passing on the back of Nova Zer the Tropicks the Sun remains scarce above of one James Ben, whose Father lived about bla, at a considerable distance from the shor 12 hours of 21 above the Horizon to five years ago in Crown-Court in Russel. And tis a great fault in the English ar

Navigators may well pass as far as Jopu warm it, when as here it remains almost 17 street, in Covent Garden, and himself lives Dutch, that seeking to get to Japan on ti hours of 24 above the Horizon, and therefore now in Wapping. This Mr. Ben sailed to South side of Nova Zembla, they have almo leaves a greater impression of heat upon it: Japan, with the Dutch as a Carpenter of the always passed the Wrigats. The letter 0 And the farther Northward we go the longer Ship, and he told me that that Year viz. 1668, the great River Oby marks the place of it remains above the Horizon, and less under he was newly come home from Japan: 1 Cataract or Fall of waters. The letter the Horizon every 24 hours, till we come askt him how long they were under way home denotes the conjunction of Zembla with tl within the Arctick Circle, where the Sun from thence? He told me he could not well ward Chinn, called Kitaie: which is not even

Continent. The River marked L, runs te remains for half a year together, viz. all the tell, because when they set out from where navigable, by reason of the rocks ar Summer above the Horizon, and never sets: the Captain commanded the Steer-man to other inconveniencies that obstruct the

pas And therefore though his beams are not so sail due North, and they did sail from thence ing of Vessels. Wergats itself is very difficu perpendicular yet they must needs cause a about 400 Dutch Miles, which is almost 27 to pass, because of the great quantity of Io great degree of heat upon the Horizon. degrees due North. I askt him whether they continually falling into it out of the Riv

Oby, whereby that strait passage is stopp And if it be argued that it is so cold about met with no Landor Islands? as I had done be.

up. The Sanajeds go every year a fishi Greenland, fc. and the Seas so full of Ice fore the Dutch Greenland Steer-man : He told upon the said sweet Sea and that on No that Ships can hardly sail for it, yet cannot me No, they saw no Land, but that there was a Zembla's side. Tliis Map of Nova Zembla that Argument prove that it is so about the free and open Sea so far as they Sailed, nor here omitted, because here is set forth a M Pole : Because the Ice is made about shoars any sign of Land appeared. I askt him why

of all the Lands nearest about the Nor

Pole. of Land, but never in open Sea, and comes they sailed so far Northward ? He told me there only by strength of Currents, or high he could not tell, only the Captain com- ACCOUNT OF THE IRON.MINES OP PRESDEI Winds, which does indeed carry it some small manded it, &c. But I suppose the East

BY DR. CLARKE.- JUST PUBLISHED.) distance from the shoar. But as this Relatór India Company commanded the Captain said there is under the Pole a free and open either to make a Discovery of Land 10 en with a degree of wonder wiicit amounts to awe,

, filling the mind spect Sea, &c. and consequently void of Ice, in Sum- crease Trade, or to satissie themselves with no vlace where human labour is exhibited under cis mer time at least. Besi:les, experience tells the knowledge of an open Sea, that when stances more tremendously striking As we drew ne uz, that all Laril-briezes are colder than those they saw reason they might expedite their yawning caverns and prodigious macl:inery prepared i that come from Sea, and therefore it may be Voyages between Holland and those parts gulpl whence the ore is raised, and ventured to iecká coll about Greenland, because of the Land, that way. I was thus Inquisitive with him, standing upon the verge of a sort of platform, constri and yet warm under the Pole, where the sea because ever since I heard the former Rela-over it in such a manner as to command a view of the

opening as far as the eye could penetrare amidst it be is open &c.

tion of the Greenland Steer-man, I harped at depths; for, to the sight, it is bottomless. Inn The third Objection is, that if they were a Passage through or about the North Pole down ; and we could perceive iaiders sering wler the Pole, they could not tell bow to to Japan, China, &c. and by these two Dis ward precipices, upun which the work-people (reduc come back, because of the indifferency the coveries it appears very probable there is so, scending. Far below the utmost of these figures, a

and gaping gulph-the mouth of the lowermost pil Neest!e should bear to every point of the Ho- and that it is passable in Summc7 time.

by its darkness, rendered rnpervious to the view. rizon.

I come to u third Relation, not only of the spot where we stood, down to the place wher examined not my Relator upon this the probability, but of the certainty of a Pas- five fathoms ; and, as soon as any of these buckets ein

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the gloomy carily we have mentioned, or until they!, If we could have heard what she said, we should not Address of a letter, copied (verbatim et literatim) from the ned it in their descent,

they were visible, but below have comprelvended a syllable; but as several other Parca, original, exhibited (for the purpose of finding an owner) in point they were hid in darkness. The clanking of the equally Gorgosian in their aspect, passed swiftly by us, the window of the packet-office, Gibraltar: iss, the groaning of the pumps, the hallooing of the fastening tumultuously towards the entrance, we began

“With ane inclosure inside, es, the creaking of the blocks and wheels, the tramp- to perceive, that if we remained longer in our present situ.

For Mr. LAWRENCE O'KEEFE, Esquire, of the horses, the beating of the hammers, and the ation, Atropus might indeed cut short the threads of our

Garishon of Gibiralter, and frequent subterraneous thunder, from the blast. existence; for the noise of the hammers had now ceased,

Gibiralter or Elsewhere, of the rocks by gunpowder, in the midst of all this and a treinendous blast was near tbe point of its explosion.

By Dublin." e of excavation and uproar, produced an effect which We had scarcely retraced,

with all speed, our steps along trusger can behold unmoved. We descended with two the level, and were beginning to ascend the ladders, when

SEPULCHRAL INSCRIPTIONS. de minets and our interpreter into this abyss. The lad- the full volume of the thunder reached us, as if roaring n, instead of being placed like those in our Cornish mines, with greater vehemence because pent amongst the crashing mo series of plaiforms, as so many landing places, are rocks, whence being reverberated over all the mine, it

COMPRISING CURIOUS EPITAPHS, MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS, &c. etagether in one unbroken line, extending many fa- seemed to shake the earth itself with its terrible vibrations.

WHETHER REMARKABLE FOR SINGULARITY, ODDITY, OR BEAUTY, sms; and, being warped to suit the inclination or curva

Selected from various sources, expressly for the Kaleidoscope. of the sides of the precipices, they are not always per

“ Hushi, ye fond flutterings, hush! while here alone, dicalar, bet hang over in such a manner, that, even if a

Chit Chat.

I search the records of each mouldering stone." son beld fast by his hands, and if his feet should happen

Pleasures of Memory. ip, they would fly off froin the rock, and leave him

"I talk of graves, of wornis, of epitaphs,

And that small portion of the barren earth, paded over the gulph. Yet such ladders are the only

We give the following singular letter from the Times : That serves as paste and covering to our bones." eins of access to the works below; and, as the labourers To the Editor of the Times.-SIR,-If you think the

Shakspeare. ut accustomed to receive strangers, they neither use following facts of sufficient interest to insert in the Times,

precautions por offer the assistance usually afforded in when public news may not press, I send them exclusively 02.—On the monument erected to the memory of Sir Isaac Newton, more frequented mines. In the principal tin-mines of to you, and as original. I will give you the names of the

Knt. in Westminster Abbey. Drzwall, the staves of the ladders are alternate bars of parties, which will prove to you that there is no deception;

Here is deposited od and iron ; here they are of wood only, and in some but I must request you to withold them from the public

Sir Isaac Newton, Knight, Erts rotten and broken, inaking us often wish, during our eye, as well as my own name:

Who, by the light of mathematical learning, scent, that we had never undertaken an exploit so haindows . In addition to the danger to be apprehended of a French lady residing in Bouverie-street, has been af" Superstition the best Doctor.-The eldest danghter

And a force of mind almost divine,

First explained the motions and figures of the planets, rom the damaged state of the ladders, the staves were flicted with a most severe and excruciating nervous com

And planetary orbits, stered with ice or mud, and thus rendered so cold and plaint for the period of 18 months. When she attempted

Paths of the comets, and tides of the ocean; lippery, that we could have no dependence upon our be- to leave her bed, the depending posture of the legs pro

Discovered what no one before ever suspected, uurbed fingers if our feet failed us. Then, to complete duced the greatest agony in the stomach and bowels : and

The difference of the rays of light, Eur apprehensions, as we mentioned this to the miners, after the attempt, she would lie for several hours, suffering

And the distinctions of colours thence arising: Es said, “ Have a care! It was just so, talking about under acute bysterical flatulence, distention, and violent

He was a diligent, penetrating, faithful interpreter se saves that one of our women fell, about four years ago, head-ache. In short, her agcny was extreme, and she

of nature, of antiquity, and the Holy Scriptures. she was descending to her work.”,“ Pell," exclaimed became completely bed-ridden. She was constantly be

By his philosophy, he asserted the majesty of God, Swedish interpreter, rather simply; "and pray what dewed with clammy perspirations ; her face was exan

The greatest and most glorious of all beings; scence of her?" "Became of her!".continued the fore- guine, her body emaciated. The most emitent physician

And, by his morals, expressed the simplicity of the gospel. Host of our guides, disengaging one of his hands from the in this city attended this young lady; by expostulations

Let mortals congratulate themselves kter, and slapping it forcibly against his thigh, as if to and entreaties he endeavoured to rouse her to exertion

That there has been so great, so good a man, lastrate the inanner of the catastrophe, "she became by medicines and diet, to correct the deranged state of

The glory of the human race. pankaka) a pancake."

Born, December 25th, 1642; Died, March, 1726. As ve descended farther from the surface, large masses last visit, he received a long letter from this young lady, the human system, but to no purpose. Six days after his

63.-On Stephen Little, a noted Fiddler. f ice appeared, covering the sides of the precipices. Ice stating herself to be perfectly recovered. She had written

Stephen and Time raised in the buckets with the ore and rubble of the to Prince Hohenlohe. He ordered her to say mass thrice,

Are now both even; pe; it has also accumulated in such quantity, in some and pray for him ; at the same time he would pray for

Stephen beat time, the lower chambers, that there are places where it is fif. her, and after the third mass she would be restored to per.

Now Time's beat Stephen. e fathoms thick, and no change of temperature above fect ' health. The attempts to kneel down at the two first

64.-On Sir Phillip Sydney. events its increase. This seems to militate against a no masses were prevented by the tortures usually experienced a now becoming prevalent, that the temperature of the upon trying to quit her bed. Dread and apprehension

England hath his body, for she it fed; kin mines increases directly as the depth from the surface, lest she should lose the chance of recovery, enabled her to

Netherland his blood, in her defence shed;

The heavens hath his soul, sing to the increased temperature of the earth under the perform genuflexion at the third mass, though her attempts me circumstances, and in the same ratio; but it is ex. to quit bed were equally excruciating. She rose quite well

The arts have his fame, laised by the width of this aperture at the mouth of the froin her last devotions.

The soldier his grief,

The world his good name. lite, which admits of a free passage of atmospheric air.

"". In conformity with the wish of the writer, we our Cornish mines, ice would not be preserved in a solid withhold his name: he is, however, an eminent physician,

65.—On Mr. Joseph King, late at any considerable depth from the surface. After much fatigue, and no small share of apprehension, of two other physicians of the very first rank.”—T'imes.

Here lles a man, than whom no better's walking, and he has given, as vouchers of his statement, ihe names

Who was, when sleeping, even always tall-king ; le at length reached the bottom of the mine. Here we

A King by birth was he, and yet was no king, ad do sooner arrived, than our conductors, taking each of “What now,” said Conde to his aide-de-camp, on the In life was thinking, and in death was Jo-king. s by an arm, hurried us along through regions of thick eve of a battle,'" what now would I give for a quarter of 66.-In Wisbeach Church-yard, Cambridgeshire. ibbed ice" and darkness, into a vaulted level, through an hour's conversation with the ghost of Turenne !"

Here lies Elizabeth, the wife of Roger Martin, bich we were to pass into the principal chamber of the ine. The noise of countless hammers, all in vehement A Dutch lover of the celebrated Mrs. Behns, in an

And a good wife she was to Roger—that's sartin. tion, increased as we crept along this level ; until, at epistle which he addressed to her, considers her as "a 67.-The following is taken from a stone in the churchyard

of High Ercall. (Those who are fond of the sublime will bgth, subduing every other sound, we could no longer goodly ship, under sail: her hair, as the pennants; her

cer tainly rejoice over this precious morccau.) for each other speak, notwithstanding our utmost efforts. forehead, the prow; her eyes, the guns; her nose, the this moment pe were ushered into á prodigious cavern, rudder," &c. He desires

to be the pilot to steer her, by Elizabeth, the wife of Richard Baarbamb, passed into eternity berite the sounds proceeded; and here, amidst falling the Cape of Good Hope, for the Indies of Love."

on Sunday, the 21st of May, 1797, in the 71st year of her age. estumbling rocks, steam, ice and gunpowder, about uiters were in the very height of their employment. Elizabeth, it appears from a MS. inventory in the British To prove how little the arts were valued in the reign of When terrestrial, all in chaos shall exhibit effervescence,

The celestial virtues, in their most effulgent, brilliant es. beenitude of the cavern, over all parts of which their Museum, dated 1588, of the effects of Dudley, Earl of beas vere going on, was alone sufficient to prove that Leicester, at Wanstead, in Essex, that three portraits of Shall, with beaming, beauteous radiance, through the ebuliren ere is not deposited in veins, but in beds. Above; Henry the Eighth, Queen Mary, and Queen Elizabeth,

lition shine, 17, every side, and in every nook of this fearful with thirty-six others, were sold for £11 188. 4d.

Transcending to glorious regions beatifical sublime, arca, glimmering tapers disclosed the grim and anxious

Human power absorbed deficient to delineate such effulgent tenances of the miners. They were now driving bolts The crosier of William of Wykeham, bequeathed by lasting sparks, son into the rocks, to bore cavities for the gunpowder him in 1403 to New College, is now in high preservation. Where honest pleibians ever will have presidence o'er am. desting. Scarcely had we recovered from the stupe. It is six feet to the crook, and six inches more to the top, biguous great monarchs.

Hot seasioned by our first introduction into this Pan. rich in ornament, and exquisitely wrought. mutiam, when we beheld, close to us, hags more hor.

68.On Sophocles. Etikan perhaps it is possible for any other female figures


Wind, gentle evergreen, to form a shade Frar, holding their dim quivering tapers to our faces,

Near Warertree-lake is a board affixed to a tree, with Around the tomb where Sophocles is laid; Gioving in our ears. One of the same sisterhood, the following inscription : " This House to Lett, Enquire Sweetivy, wind thy boughs, and intertwine,

With blushing roses, and the clust'ring vine; Eg a lighted splinter of deal, darted to the spot where Within:” , with eyes infiamed and distilling rheum, her hair At No. 2, Gradwell-street, in a window : “Mrs. Tip

Thus will thy lasting leaves, with beauties hung, rith mud, breasts naked and pendulous, and with ping removed here from Park-lane, and Mount Pleasant, Prove grateful emblems of the lays he sung, Sce, and such hideous yells, as it is impossible to For curing bad Heads and the


Whose soul, exalted like a god of wit,
In Johnson-street, Great Crosshall-street: “ Edward

Among the muses and the graces writ. att stood, as night-fierce as ten furles-terrible as Holt, Slater and Plasterer, Slap-dasher, and Water-co- Leeds, Junie 27, 1823

AUGUSTUS lourer, Rooms done here."





INVOCATION TO THE FATES. Spirits of ill! that drain the source of life,

And press with heavy hand the sinking heart, In pity end this slow-consuming strife,

And bid me from the scene of woe depart.
Spirits of ill! from out your lurid cave,

Where night and desolation ceaseless relgn;
Ye darksome imps that haunt the murderer's grave,

Ye fiends that revel in the madman's brain;
Spirits of 111! inexorable fates!

In pity once your purpose stern forego, Wide ope, pale Atropos ! thy prison gates,

And bid me joyful d'er their confines go. For Disappointment, wrapt in sable veil,

Companion chill, relentless still pursues, Still, still remorseless joys in sorrow's wail,

Still o'er my couch her poisoned arrows strews, Hope's trembling hand, alas ! is ley cold,

And Joy to distant regions far is fled ; Love's angel smile no more may I behold,

His torch, extinguished, rests among the dead. Weave, weave no more your adamantine spell,

Ye Parcæ dread that destiny control; Au! cease your fitful woederlding yell,

And shake no more the terror-stricken soul. Spirits of in! ye fatal sisters list!

In pity list your weeping suppliant's prayer ; Oh! listen to her sole, fond, last request,

And from her heart the cord that binds it tear. Deep in some grassy nook which yew-trees shade;

Wheré bending willows graceful shadows fling, Soon be my couch my earthy pallet made,

While Chaos spreads ofer me her viewless w ing. No stone, recording, o'er my ashes raise,

No chiselled art the lowly mound adorn;
For me no 'scutcheon'd emblems useless blaze,

No funeral vanities my relics own:
Grant but the tear of pity, glistening bright,

Upon the green sward, lustrous gem, appear;
Grant but beneath the solemn lamp of night

Loved Friendship's form be seen to wander near; Grant but the child of want lamenting shed

One drop compassionate upon my bier ; Grant but the orphan droop its hapless head,

The fatherless and widow linger there. A richer trophy mine than human art

E'er raised Mortality's dark bourne upon: The precious tablet of the sensate heart,

More dear than polished verse, or laurelied urn. Liverpool

Than if proud Babylon had never been.

Round morning cap of sprigged net satin, and primrose. To doubt, in Christian, were accounted sin

colour gauze riband; border of British Mechlin lace, Most deep, thy devastation's origin.

plain in the front, and in large puffs on each side. PrimThe voice of God in scripture doth declare,

rose-colour kid shoes and gloves. 'Mongst fa rest cities, Babylon most fair;

Ball Dress.—British tulle dress worn over a white Before her armies did earth's nations bow:

satin slip; the corsage composed of white satin bands,

branching from the front; each band corded and trimmed Where, Queen of empires! oh, where art thou now? with narrow blond; two bands continue over the shoulder, Perish'd in dust, whence first thy tow'rs arose,

and renew the same trimming at the back: the sleeve is At length a victim to more pow'rful foes.

of the melon form, with sprays of satin confining the Yet though victorious was the assailers' might,

tulle; in the centre is a circular space, occasioned by the 'Twas God who merged thee in eternal night.

omission of the satin, and a cluster of China roses is in

troduced, which has a novel and elegant effect. The Nought in that hour had Persian arms prevaild, tucker is of fine blond, surmounting a satin band Though thrice their numbers had thy walls assail'd; of French folds ; from the waist decends a succes No foemen-bands had levelld thee with dust :

sion of small oval baskets of tulle, edged with white The God of battles-terrible but just

satin, each containing a China rose and leaves; three From highest heaven thy deeds unhallow'd view'd,

rows of the same light tasteful baskets are continued

round the bottom of the dress, which is finished with And mark'd each soul with blackest guilt embued. a broad white satin rouleau; white satin sash, with Long he forbore—but patience was in vain

double bow behind. Milanese head-dress, composed of His voice was seoff?d at, and his prophets slain.

thirteen pins, two stationary and que pendant ball; the That haughty monarch, who had sway'd the world,

pins are of gold, with the heads of patent pearl, and are To graze with oxen from his throne he hurld.

stuck circularly in a plaited band of the hind hair: this is

a very pretty novel head-dress, and accords with the grace The King was humbled and besought the Lord, of feminine beauty and youthful fancy. Necklaces, earWho soon relenting, his lost power restored.

rings, and bracelets of embossed gold and pink topazes Years still roll'd on; new kings the sceptre swayed,

interspersed. White kid gloves, with quilling of blond And Heaven's high mandates still were disobeyed :

at the top; white satin shoes, and a rose-bud introduced

in the centre of the satin rosette.
Their priests and Magi dared the avenging rod;
Debasing nature, and defying God.
What is ambition ?-What is mortal's pride ?

Or what is any thing on earth beside ?-
What life itself?-All bubbles, sunshine-yes!

Eclipse of the Sun.—There will be a very small eclipe

of the sun to-morrow morning (Tuesday) the 8th instant, All less than atoms in their littleness!

beginning at Greenwich (and consequently a little latera One night, exalted on his ivory throne,

places are more westwardly situated) 5h. 13m. 49s. ; middle A fatal night it was—Belshazzar shone.

5h. 27m. 2s. ; end 5h. 40m. 278. Dígits eclipsed, Od. 22.00 The feast was spread, 'twas rich in every part;

the sun's northern limb. The solar defect will be so small

that some astronomers think there will not be any eclips Unearthly splendour flashed across his heart. "Why turns thy cheek so pale, Belshazzar, say? "Nay, think, it is thine idol's natal day!"

The celebrated Beethoven, according to a recent letter Still does he gaze—till on Almira's breast

is become so completely deaf that he is entirely lost to al

society. Nevertheless, he has but lately finished two gres, The guilty monarch sinks, by terror pressed.

works: a mass which was bought for Berlin ; and a ne Each eye is rivetted upon the wall,

symphony for the Philharmonic Society of London.
Hush'd is the wassail through the banquet-hall.
No Magi now, nor sage, have power t'explore

The Drama.
The liquid fire—it baffles all their lore.
But Daniel, servant to the God of heaven,

Proclaims that Babylon that night is riven
By hostile swords, by Persia's bloody might,

We wish it to be understood that we are not at
Doom'd thence to sink in everlasting night.

identified with the writer or writers of this department Nor vain the prophet's words;-ere morning's sun,

the Kaleidoscope, whose opinions are, in many instane, Darius' reign in Babylon begun. Poor wretched city! in thy mightiness

very much opposed to our own, although the editor

"We" is assumed throughout. We think that is Thou little dream'dst of such an hour as this ! The fear and envy of each distant state,

writer of the following critique is, in some instances, mu Long time she lived, pre-eminently great ;

too severe; and we happen to know that he is opposed God spake_and Babylon has pass'd away;

opinion to many very judicious persons, not only in No trace of her remains; no stone, to say,

estimate of the general merits of Mr. Vandenhoff, a " Here Babylon once stood, but where is she to-day?"

Miss Kelly, but of other performers introduced in his cor Liverpool


ments.-Edit. Kul.

"_Good, my Lord, will you see the players well bestora u Fashions for July.

My Lord, I will use them according to their desert." EVENING Dress.-Dress of plain jaconet muslin : June 30, Monday, Country Cousins; with Monsieur Tons the corsage made high, close to the shape, and fastened July 1, Tuesday, Romeo and Juliet-Juliet, Miss Kelly: w behind. The elegant fashion of ornamenting the front of

The Sleep Walker--Somno, Mr. Yates; and ballet

of cinderella-The Prince, Mr. St. All the skirt has become very prevalent; that most in use has

---Cinderella, Madame Fearle–Santasia, Mad. G a pagoda trimming, formed by bands, edged with cord, and narrow trimming of work decending gradually and 2, Wednesday, Merchant of Venice-Shylock, Mr. Ya

--Portia, Miss Kelly; with Cinderella, and L regularly till it reaches the bottom, where there are four

don Stars--Peregrine Plural, Mr. Yates. narrow worked flounces, each headed by flat corded bands,

3, Thursday, Jane Shore-Jane Shore, Miss Kelly; w the upper one surmounted by a row of delicate insertion

London Stars, and Cinderella. work, the same as is introduced on each side of the pagoda 4, Friday, Venice Preserved-Pierre, Mr. Yates-pel

dera, Miss Kelly; with Cinderella, and the si trimming. The corsage is nearly covered with similar

Walker-Somno, Mr. Yates. bands, corded, trimmed, and arranged on clear book mus.

5, Saturday, Othello-Othello, Mr. Mathews-In lin, narrow at the waist both in front and back, but ex

Mr. Yates-Desdemona, Miss Kelly: with tending the whole width on the shoulder; falling collar of

Prize-Lenitive, Mr. Matthews--Label, Mr. Ya worked muslin leaves; long sleeves nearly tight; worked ruffle, and small pagoda trimming at the wrist, where it is Judging from the overflowing houses attracted by tied with primrose-coloured riband, drawn through a Mathews, we should pronounce his several engagema narrow puffing of book muslin: the epaulette is divided universally satisfactory, both to himself and to the publ in the centre, and tied at the top with a bow, and trimmed individually, indeed, we are reluctant

to cavil abou with a row of puffed book muslin and narrow work. agreeable a repetition of amusement, but must unequi

Pride of Assyria! Asia's boasted theme!
Must we believe-or is belief a dream?
Where are thy hundred gates, thy massive walls,
Thy marble palaces, and banquet-halls?
Where thy famed gardens-once a haughty boast ?
All, all, alas ! in sad oblivion lost !
No trace remains of thy colossal pride:
Thy blasted might no mouldering walls deride.
Where'er I wander, nothing more is seen,

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