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Living Authors, Patentees, &c. wbose Names occur in the following Volwene.
Abiche 364 Carnot
276, 512 Jenner, Dr.
473 Jervis, Sir J. 145,514
347 Jones, W.
320, 474, 475
540 Gleig, Dr.
349, 399 Kershaw
314, 512 Gold, Capt.
4 Knox, Dr.
474 271, 433, 202
392 Laland, de
59 Hay, Dr.
312, 392 Helme, Mrs. 474 Lewis, G. M. Efg. 145
222, 518 Hill
144510 Homer, Dr. 518 Levizac
178, 536 Horsey, Rev. John 94 Løchtenau 313
32 Lloyd 54, 221, 272
222 Hull, Dr.
312, 534 Loft, Capel
426, 267, 380, 346
2, 374 Edgeworth
221 Macdonald, Lord 320
522 Hutton Dr. 437 Mackintosh 53, 144
517 Ireland, Sam.
519 Ivernois, Dr.
576 Saville, D. 16 Venturi
145 Vince, Dr.
58 Wakefield, G.
393 - Pinkerton
179, 265, 285, 399
313 426, 483
520 Walker 474, 538. 542
Sheffield, Lord 393 Watkins, Dr.
403 10, 261, 363, 462
104, 488 Warner
262 312, 354, 517 Smith, Dr. 221, 522 Weft
145, 535 Willich, Dr.
145, 312, 392
320, 473 Willemin
65, 316 Will
221, 391, 538 Taylor, Major 146 Williams, Miss 462
474, 515 Wilson, Ć. H.
323 Wilson, J.
2, 12), 201,
392 Wood, ) 59, sur
233 Woodville, Dr.
141 Trotter, Dr. 53, 312 Wyvill
227, 317 Turnbull
Remarkable Perfons deceased, of whom Biographical Memoirs are given in
Afton, H. efq. 566 Cobby, Mrs. 86 Hewerdine
84 Hotham, Sis Richard Roberjot
251 Rencon, Capt.
246 Howard, John 335 Rous, Capt.
417. Scandella, Ds.
416 Seddon, Miss
83 Shadwell, Col.
245 Lambert, Sir John 496 Sinclair
163 Livermere 86 Summerland
86 Macqueen, Right Hon. Talle
506 Towers, Dr.
82 Gamble, Capt. 168 Merry
255 Wales, W.
36 White, James
338 Young, F.
MONTHLY MAGAZINE .
ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. stated the cost of the poor at Norwich in SIR,
provisions, at 25. Iod. and at Shrewsbury I
Should not trouble you with any fur- at 3s. I each, per week. It appears,
ther observations relative to Mr. however, that the poor at Norwich were Good, if the point in discullion between actually supported the last year us, did not appear to me to be one in id. each ; and, I am enabled to add, are which the public are at this time parti- now supported in the Shrewsbury House, cularly interested. Mr. Good allerts, for is. gd. each, per week. Mr. Good that it is impoilible to peruse the Shrews- may perhaps be inclined again to “debury account, without deducing the ex- duce extraordinary conclusions” from this traordinary conclusion, that the poor there assertion. It is neceffary therefore I should are fupported, upon terms incomparably support it by a deduction of particulars. lower than in any other part of the And, however lightly Mr. Good may kingdom.-Surely this is dilingenuous! hold attempts to deceive or mislead the -The fact I stated was, that the poor public :--for he cannot “ trace any sevewere fupported here in 1791, for one rity” in bringing forward such a charge hilling and lixpence halfpenny each, per against me.--I trust your readers will week; and I stated this fact in that very year give me credit, when I assure them, that I 1791, when the first edition of the account regard all such misrepresentations with of the Shrewsbury House was published. the utmost abhorrence. Aster dwelling much at large, on the cir We have a contract with the butchers, cumstance relating to the mortality of our by which they ftipulate to serve the house children, Mr. Good again adverts to this (a certain number each week by rotationcharge, and observes that in the year 1794, with meat at 2d, per pound; to be in) it appears from the accounts, that our Spected by the directors ; and for that purpoor cutt us in provisions upwards of two pofe fent up on the mornings of the board thillings each per week; notwithstanding days : such as is not approved of, to be which, he says, Mr. Wood now attempts returned. As the board.day falls out two once more to state the certainty with days after the market-day, they have an which the poor are maintained, at the advantage in disposing of such meat' as weekly rate of one filling and sixpence is left upon hand provided it be of good halfpenny each.-All this may, for ought quality. The inspection of the directors I know, display Mr. Good's great skill in operates as a check upon all attempts to the arts of a Controversialist ; but it is fend in improper meat, and the publicity that kind of acumen, which I do not feel of the transaction, imposes caution upon the least ambition to acquire, or the least the butchers, who would suffer in their inclination to exercise. "I have asserted, reputation by any abuse. Whenever that and I do now again assert, that this fact, is attempted, the meat is always returned. respecting the cost of provisions for our To this contract, twenty-seven of our poor in 1791, was “ correctly stated from butchers have affixed their signatures. actual experiment, made by very intelli. We buy our corn at 6s. 8d. per bushel of gent gentlemen then in the direction.'
75 po!ınds : each bushel yields from 58 And if the poor at Norwich (where fome to 60 pounds of fine batch flour. The of the prime neceffaries are confiderably present consumption is 30 bushels per dearer than with us) were maintained, as week. We brew our own beer, of two is undeniably proved by the report of the forts; the imall beer lies us in 3d. per guardians, the tuft year, for one shilling gallon, the better fort in rod. per gallon. and eleven pence each per week; the dit. The amount of each week's consumption ference surely will not appear to very ex is 134 gallons of small, and 22 gallons of traordinary, when the considerable' ad- better drink. Tevo days in the week, the vance on provisions that has taken place poor drink skimmed milk in the winter, fance 1791, is taken into the account; and at their dinners, and in the summer whey: also, that one third of our poor in that the produce of our own dairy. The year, were young children.
weekly allowance of skimmed milk, is But the fact in which the public is 156 gallons. We sell the butter made chiefly interested, is this. Mr. Good from the cream; and estimate the skim. MONTHLY MAG, No. XLI.
med milk at 20. per gallon. Potatoes lists. This is not that liberal discussion coft us is. 3d. per bushel of 95 pounds, which in my poor opinion can alone be and the quantity now ufed, is 18 bushels gratifying to liberal minds, or profitable per week. Peas, oatmeal, falt, and grow to the public. In questions of political ceries coft us the last year, with a larger æconomy, such artifices are peculiarly family, il. 55. per week. A general store improper. book is regularly kept, wherein is enter İf I had knowingly attempted to de. ed in separate columns, the consumption ceive or mislead ;-nay, if I had not been of each article for every day in the week, particularly cautious not to be myself deat the end of which, it is calt up, ba- ceived or misled; before I comn. ted mylanced with the itock of each article re- self by the statement of any fac s fo inmaining upon hand, examined and signed teresting to the community; I had inby a director. From that store-book, the deed deserved the lash of Mr. Good's cri: following account has been taken by my- ticisms. He, can trace no feverity felf; and I pledge my veracity for the I conceive, that neither Mr. Good, nor accuracy of the itatement.
any other man, could, on such a subject, Weekly consumption of Provisions in have advanced an accusation more severe. the Shrewíbury House of Industry for four Should he regard such an attempt to deweeks, from Dec. 2, to Dec. 30, 1798. ceive as a venial offence, we must conti
ki's. d. nue to differ; for I regard it as a capital Butcher's meat, 560 lb. at 2 d. 5 16 8 crime. Here, however, my conscience Flour, 1736lb. the produce of 30
tells me, I have nothing to fear. bushels of corn at 6s. 8d. perlb. 10
Mr. Good enlarges much, on the cir18 bushels of potatoes, 95 lb. to cumstance of my having stated that out of the bushel, at is. 3d.
91 children born in the house, not one '1 34 gallons of small beer, at 3d.
had died within the month. To state the per gallon
1 13 6 whole paragraph would not so well have 22 gallons of better beer, at iod. answered his purpose. My words were, per gallon
0 184 “ that of these (95) only two had died in 74 15. of cheese at 3 d. per lb. 17 the house, and two more out at nurse, all 155 gallons of skimmed inilk and
at the age of two months.”—The fact b. of butter
90 is simply this. The directors of the Peas, oatmeal, salt, and groceries i 50 Shrewsbury House serve for three years,
and then retire. Soon after I had quitted Weekly cost of Provisions £.23 67 the direction, I published my account of
this Establishment ; and, in consequence The number of our present family is of the correspondence it produced with 274, and Mr. Good will find that the Mr. Howlett, I searched the books, and above fum, divided by 274, does not a- ftri&tly questioned the secretary. There mount to 15. gd. cach. He will also find, was no register of any deaths, but those I upon comparing the above quantities with stated ; and the secretary assured me there our dietary, as he himself has stated it, were no other, I had no reason then, to that we continue the same liberal allow- doubt his assertion ; but various proofs ance of provisions to our paupers ; recol. have since arisen, that he was inaccurate, lecting, as he likewise observes, page 62 and negligent in his accounts; and he has of his Dissertation, that a contiderable lately been removed. I do therefore now proportion of them are children. Will believe it possible, that he may not have Mr. Good now fay, that-my“ error, kept a correct register. In iny last letter, though not so enormous, is rendered more I admitted this, and might have hoped, palpable and conspicuous than before ?" that Mr. Good would have given me creor that-- the error he at first suspected, dit for the admission. I can, however, is now confirmed beyond all poflibility of fay on my own knowledge, whilst twice denial.”-It really requires a ttretch of in the direction, that in consequence of candour to conceive, that he could him- the advantages enjoyed by the mothers, self be the dupe of his fallacious reason- and the tender attention paid to them ing. But, if he presumes, that the public during their lying-in month, the mortality is to be iinposed upon by round and of the children has been remarkably small: confident assertion ; or, that the dagger much, very much less than in the old workaimed at a man's reputation, will inflict houses, or among the poor of the town in no wound when it is dipped in oil; I their own dwellings. "I believe no doubt must beg leave to say, that he is not the has for a long time been entertained of the wan with whom I would with to enter the falubrity of our House of Industry.
1799.] Mr. Wood in reply to Mr. Good on the Poor.
3 What “right" Mr. Good had to pre- and busy fancies, and serves only to mark fume, that the number of our poor dimi- how far men may he milled by groundless nished annually, it is above my humble prejudices, hastily adopteil, and obftinately capacity to comprehend. I thould have retained. Such practices have no place in entertained a presumption directly the re- any well. regulated house of industry verse. The circumstances of the times; throughout the kingdom. They are as the stagnation of many branches of ma- incompatible with sound policy and paronufactures; the vast number of families chial economy, as they are abhorrent to belonging to soldiers, militia-men, and every principle both of justice and humaSailors, thrown upon their parishes ;--in nity. The inestimable advantages derived my poor judgment, would have led to the froin these institutions may be obtained, opposite conclution. Is Mr. Good to learn, and at the same time, the condition of the that the amount of the poor's "rates have poor really ameliorated. The aged, who prodigiously increased ? At Birmingham, have relatives or friends disposed to take the sum raised for the support of the poor proper care of them, may be relieved at in 1787, was 11,1321. 165. gd.di in thole dwellings which long habit, and ten1794, 24,050l. 145. id. q. I stated in der connection have endeared to them: my last, that the amount in 1789 at Nor- the fick and infirm, more liberally allifted wich, was 17,4861. 195. uid.--in 1797, in seasons of temporary distress, from the 25,5161. 75. 8d. Yet, with this fact ita produce of that fund which is created by ring him in the face, Mr. Good says, he resisting the claims of the idle and proflihad a right to presume that their poor gate: the offspring of illicit amours; the were diminished. It appears also from the orphan bereaved of its parent; and fuch printed Norwich accounts, that the num others of the young poor whom the labour ber of their poor in 1792, was 1141; in of their parents cannot maintain ; may be 1794, 1406but here again Mr. Good trained up in these parochial seminaries to conceives, that it was natural to expect virtuous dispositions, and industrious hathe reverse ; and states such diminution to bits; and, at the same time, by allowing have taken place at Hamburgh -At of mutual intercourse, occasional visits to Hamburgh, where there is no legal prović their parents or friends, and such other fion for the poor, and where the diminu- prudent regulations, as a board of respectation was naturally produced, by taking a ble directors will not fail to adopt, those hundred families per annum from beggary, objections which have been stated by Ipeand, by the admirable regulations of their culative theorists, ignorant of the practical benevolent establishment, putting them in management of these establishments, may a way of supporting themselves.
be completely obviated, or at least all reaIn all well-regulated houses of industry, sonable ground of objection be removed. the residents principally consist of invalids; But, to support these assertions, it would the old poor; and children. Of these be necessary to exceed those limits to which there is a continued succession: and in communications for your truly valuable these classes -Mr. Good will not say, he has miscellany ought to be confined. I have a " right to expect" an annual diminution. some thoughts of entering at large into The great utility of these establishments this argument, by way of introduction ta confifts in eir furnishing a very comfort- a fifth edition of my little pamphlet which able asylum for the aged, and disabled is now in the press. poor; a useful seminary for the young, Mr. Good complains, that the published where they are trained up to habits of in. accounts of the Shrewsbury House are imá dustry and virtue ; and the only effectual perfect. I admit the fact, and will tell check against the frauds and impositions of him the true reason. The prosperity and the idle and profligate, who can no longer flourishing state of this establishment for extort undeferved relief, by the pretence the first leven years, excited in the then that they cannot procure employment. Board a very mistaken idea ; that our fuice The vehement declaimers against there in- cess was chiefly owing to the exertions of ftitutions, who represent them as flaugh- our domestic officers, This produced a ter-houses, and expatiate upon the cruelty false confidence, and the management of of compelling the poor indiscriminately to the internal concerns of the house was requit their own dwellings, and thus destroy- signed into their hands. The consequence ing all the tender sympathies of social
and was (as it always will be), increased ex. domestic life, and all the endearing affini. pence, and growing neglect. Many inet. tiep of parent and child, filter and bro. fectual struggles to resume the reins ensued. iller, have conjured up a phantom which So true is the observation of my excellent çxills no where but in their own disturbed friend M. Voght, one of the benevolent