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Account of the French Metre.
For the Monthly Magazine.
ACCOUNT OF THE NEW METRICAt. syst E M of FRANCE*, with its exACT REDUCTION TO ENGLISH MEAsure, AND its ADAPTATION To se
V E R A L PRACTICAL PURPOSES. HIS is a new set of measures, both for lengths, surfaces, capacities, and weights, which the French nation has been
stance of the measurements and operations that have been carried on for this end, is contained in several memoirs that have been lately presented to the National Institute at several meetings; and a great number, it appears, of the most learned men of different nations have been occupied in completing this grand business; some in performing the numerous and delicate experiments; and others in making the mecessary calculations and dedućtions; and others in arranging the results and drawing up the reports. The result of the whole is contained in a report made to the Institute the 17th of June, 1799; the abridgment.
of which is as follows. The first object was to fix upon a standard of length; from thence to deduce the measures of all the other kinds abovementioned.
* See Page 435, of No. 18, Vol. iii.
Meridional quadrant = 2565370 modules = 6213.74 miles.
Mean circumference of the earth = 1 oz.69176 modules 7899.72 miles. Equatorial diameter = 327 1230 modules
Polar axis = 32614.36 modules
*.*. Further particulars on this very interesling and important subječi will be given in
ANECDOTES OF EMINENT PERSONS.
Memoirs of count Bruhl.
(From the German of M. von Zach.)
OHN Charles Count von Brühl, Privy Counsellor to the Ele&tor of Saxony, Envoy Extraordinary from that prince at the court of Great Rritain, and Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, was born on the zoth of December, 1736, at Wiederau, in the Ele&torate of Saxony. His father, Fred. William Count von Brühl, of Martinskirch, Bedra, and Wartenburg, who died in 1760, was likewise Privy Counfellor to his Majesty, the King of Poland and Ele&tor of Saxony, and Intendant of a Province. The beautiful ode by Gellert, on the fourteenth birth-day of the young Count, then a student at the University of Leipzig, and likewise the epistolary correspondence that passed between him and Gellert, till the death of the latter, evince the great expectations even then formed from his talents and charaćter. In his 19th year, 1755, he went to Paris, where, till 1759, he had an important share in transacting the ambassadorial affairs of his court; and there chiefly supported his country onen, whom the war had driven to take refuge in that city, and to apply for assistance from him. In 1759, he was called to Warsaw, where he was made a Chamberlain, and appointed Intendant of Thuringia. From the confidential regard and credit which his excellent character and multiplicitous