« PreviousContinue »
Villain, thine owo band yields thy death's instrument.
(Snatching a weapon, and killing one. Go thou, and fill another room in hell.
[He kills another, then Exton strikes him down. That hand shall burn in never-quenching fire, That staggers thus my person.—Exton, thy fierce band Hath with the king's blood stain'd the king's own land. Mount, mount, my soul! thy seat is up on high ;
Wbilst my gross flesh sinks downward, here to die.
Both have I spilt; 0, would the deed were good !
SCENE VI.-Windsor. A Room in the Castle.
Enter BOLINGBROKE and YORK, with Lords and Attendants.
BOLING. Kind uncle York, the latest news we bear
Is, that the rebels have consum'd with fire
Welcome, my lord: what is the news ?
The next news is,- I have to London sent
At large discoursed in this paper here.
And to thy worth will add right worthy gains.
[Presenting a paper.
Fitz. My lord, I have from Oxford sent to London
The heads of Brocas, and sir Bennet Seely ;
That sought at Oxford thy dire overthrow.
Right noble is thy merit, well I wot.
Enter PERcy, with the BISHOP OF CARLISLE.
With clog of conscience and sour melancholy,
Thy kingly doom, and sentence of his pride.
Choose out some secret place, some reverend room,
Enter Exton, with Attendants bearing a cofin.
Exton. Great king, within this coffin I present
Thy buried fear; herein all breathless lies
Richard of Bordeaux, by me hither brought.
A deed of slander, with thy fatal hand,
Upon my head, and all this famous land.
Nor do I thee; though I did wish him dead,
SCENE I.--"Hast thor, according to thy oath “ These three that hardy challenge took in hand,
For Canace with Cambel for to fight; and band ?"
The day was set, that all might understand, The appeal of Hereford against Mowbray was
And pledges pawn'd, the same to keep aright." to be decided by a “ trial by combat.” This practice was very ancient, and traces of it are found in the fifth century.
* SCENE 1.—“Eight thousand nobles."
The “oath and band” of John of Gaunt were the pledges that. The following is a representation of the gold he gave for his son's appearance. Thus, in the noble of Richard II.
Faery Queen' of Spenser :
3 SCENE I.—“Then, Bolingbroke." existed within a few years, was situated near Henry of Lancaster was not called Boling
the Thames, almost close to the Strand end of broke, or Bullingbrook, till he had ascended
| Waterloo Bridge. This was anciently the seat the throne. This name of Henry IV. was de
of Peter, Earl of Savoy, uncle to Eleanor, queen rived from his birth-place, Bolingbroke Castle,
of Henry III. Upon his death it devolved to in Lincolnshire. The last remains of this an
the queen, who gave it to her second son, Edcient edifice crumbled over their base, in May,
mund, afterwards Earl of Lancaster. From 1815. ("Gentleman's Magazine,' vol. lxxxv.)
that time the Savoy was taken as part and
parcel of the earldom and honour of Lancaster, • SCENE I.—“Our doctors say, this is no month and was used as the London palace of the earls to bleed."
and dukes of that house. John of Gaunt marMalone says, “This alludes to the almanacs of ried Blanch, the daughter of Henry, the firs the time, when particular seasons were pointed duke of Lancaster. Blanch was a co-beiress out as the most proper times for being bled." with her sister Matilda to the vast estates of In an English almanac for 1386—the earliest this duchy: and by the death of Matilda withknown (and which has been printed, 1812)—we | out issue, John became subsequently possessed have full directions for blood-letting. (See of all the property, in right of his wife, and was • Companion to the Almanac, 1839,' p. 55.)
himself created Duke of Lancaster. We have
given an ancient view of the Savoy, which was - Scene II.-"Duke of Lancaster's Palace.” endowed as “The Hospital of the Savoy,” by The Savoy Palace, of which some remains | Henry VII.
(The Suvoy.) • SCENE II.—" Duchess of Gloster.”
? SCENE II.—“Edward 8 seven sons." The following is a portrait of Eleanor Bo
The seven sons of the great Edward III. were,
1. Edward of Woodstock, the Black Prince; 2. hun, widow of Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of
William of Hatfield ; 3. Lionel, Duke of ClaGloster.
rence ; 4. John of Gaunt; 5. Edmund of Lang-
• SCENE II.—“ Unfurnish'd walls.” “The usual manner,” says Percy, in his preface to the Northumberland Household Book,' “ of hanging the rooms in the old castles, was only to cover the naked stone walls with tapestry, or arras, hung upon tenter-hooks, from which they were easily taken down upon every removal."
10 SCENE III.—“Lord marshal.” Mowbray was himself earl marshal of England; but the Duke of Surrey officiated as mar. shal on this occasion.
1 SCENE III.—"A umerle."
| your duty "we banish with yourselves.” Hobbes The eldest son of the Duke of York was cre- and Puffendorf held this opinion ; — Cicero ated Duke of Aumerle, or Albemarle,-town
thought differently. in Normandy. He officiated as high constable at the lists of Coventry.
13 SCENE III.—“The frosty Caucasus."
“In the language of the Calmuc Tartars, 1 SCENE III.—“Our part therein we banish."
C'hasu signifies snow," according to Mr. Wil. The king here alludes to a disputed question ford, in the sixth volume of 'Asiatic Researches.' amongst writers on public law :-Is a banished There are two papers in the 'Censura Literaria' man tied in his allegiance to the State which of Sir E. Brydges, which refute this notion of exiled him? Richard requires them to swear the origin of the name of Caucasus.-Vol. iv. by their duty to heaven; for “our part” in p. 412; vol. v. p. 87.
HISTORICAL. Shakspere’s ‘History of Richard II. presents, that of King John. In the King John,' for the in one particolar, a most remarkable contrast to purpose of securing a dramatic unity of action,