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cause of those gloomy periods of doubt rience in these things, your reply will, and despondency. I have sometimes I doubt not, be most useful to me; attributed them to want of diligence although I cannot think that you have in following up advantages already ever experienced that sinfulness of gained over the enemy of souls. I heart over which I have so often have thought I became remiss in reli- mourned. Would to God I were gious exercises, not by neglecting relieved from it, and that I might atthem, but by attending to them with- tain to some assurance of hope, to out a proper feeling. At other times some unwavering confidence that I I have supposed that the peace and have at least some interest in the salsatisfaction I felt upon my return to a vation of Christ ! May I ask the “right spirit” were apt to slide into favor of hearing from you soon ? self-righteousness, and an overween

With much esteem I remain, yours ing self-confidence by which the sincerely,

R. Tempter succeeded in gaining an ad

- to R. vantage. I have thought, too, that I could enjoy the happiness of religion

Fortress of Perote, September 12. much better if I were in the country.

Dear Sir-Yours of the 4th instant Living in a city, it seems to me, is has afforded me a gratification which unfavorable to Christian enjoyment. words cannot express. I now see the You know my predilection for the folly of that timidity which restrained charms of Nature, for retirement, for me from speaking freely to you upon meditation. Some one, I believe, has a subject in which 1 perceive you said, “ Man was made erect that he were so deeply interested. I feared to might view the heavens, the abode of confirm prejudices which I fancied to the just, and be led to direct thither exist, or to mar by controversy the his thoughts and aims.” He could pleasant intercourse we enjoyed. Yet not have meant that man in a city I was happy to observe, that with was made erect for this purpose. marked intelligence and varied natural Pent up, as it were, in a narrow gifts, you possessed the “ fear of the prison-house, and surrounded on all Lord,” which is indeed “the beginsides not only by the works of men, ning of wisdom ;" but is no less its but by their pernicious example, and true and proper end. the insinuating influences of vice, how

Now, however, you present yourlittle does he feel this advantage !

self to me in a new light-as

who has been “known to God ;" who “ Virtue, for ever frail as fair, below. Her tender nature suffers in the crowd,

has been diligently seeking a personal Nor touches on the world without a stain. interest in the salvation of Christ; The world's infections, few bring back at eve who has already Christian experience Immaculate, the manners of the morn. and Christian character. Something we thought, is blotted ;

- we then really, my dear friend, looked resolv'd, Is shaken; we renounc'd, returns again. upon the “face marred,” the form Each salutation may slide in a sin

insulted ? Have you indeed eaten Unthought before, or fix a former flaw, the flesh and drank the blood of this Nor is it strange : light, motion, concourse, Man of Nazareth ? Am I to regard

noise, All scatter us abroad

you as one “born again ?" Are you We see, we hear with peril; safety dwells physically and mentally consecrated Remote from multitudes; the world's a school to God? If so, why this confusion Of wrong, and what proficients swarm of which you speak ?--this ebb and around.”

flow of religious feeling ?--this darkAnd now I hope you will excuse ness, doubt, and despondency? me for filling my sheet with matters Permit me, my dear R. to say, relating to myself. From your expe- with the frankness which the subject

one

Have you

demands, that you look too much to of good avails, unless accompanied by yourself for assurances of an interest love to Christ. in the salvation of Christ. Were it It is God's love for us presented in wise in the mariner on the wild At the gospel facts, which inspires the lantic to fix his eye upon the waste of soul with love to him. It is the diwaters around him ? or even upon his vine character herein presented which own driving bark ? No! The perfec- becomes the model for our own. The tion of his art consists in looking at gospel, therefore, is the great moral objects out of the earth altogether-instrument for delineating his image the sun, the moon, the stars, and in upon our hearts—for transforming our shaping his course accordingly. Look souls anew. Do you, then, believe off to Christ, then, my dear lad. Be the gospel ? It is "the power of God not anxious to derive your happiness for salvation to every one who believes from any degree of self-complacency, it.” Care not for your feelings, but but seek it in the high, the holy con- follow your faith. - This is the vicsideration that “the blood of Him, tory that overcometh the world, even who, by an eternal Spirit, offered our faith.” Our feelings can give himself without spot to God, is su- us no such victory : on the contrary, premely fitted to cleanse the conscience they are ever opposing our faith. from a sense of dead works, to serve Rest assured, my dear R. there is no the living God.” The source of a more pernicious error than the supChristian's joy lies not within, but position that our feelings should without him. Having embraced govern and constitute our religion. the gospel, he is assured of pardon ; Nothing is more uncertain, inconstant, and believing on Jesus, he rejoices or deceitful than they. The truth, with "joy unspeakable and full of on the other hand, is immutable and glory.”

eternal, and the belief of the truth Your alarm at the “ebb and flow” gives stability and permanency to of your religious feeling is the sheer religion. The firm conviction upon result of inexperience. Read the indubitable testimony that “Christ scriptures ; model your enterprize by has died for our sins, and has risen the finished specimens of Christian again for our justification,” is an character found there ; be filled with anchor to the soul “both sure and the spirit of the ancients, and clothe steadfast.” Let not your own feelings, yourself with their renown, who, but Christ, be your joy and hope. through faith, “wrought righteous- He is the true Physician for the soul. ness, subdued kingdoms, obtained "To him, then, bring your wounded promises, stopped the mouths of lions, heart. To him tell your anguish. quenched the violence of fire, escaped Earth has no sorrow that Heaven the edge of the sword.” Be in no cannot heal.” wise afraid ; the High God is your I have much to say upon this subrefuge ; you need not fear what earth ject, but shall not at this

time present or hell can do. You would keep a to you any other point than the one “diary" of your progress! Would of which I have already spoken—the that Heaven did so, too, and that you importance of trusting to the word could compare notes at the end of God, rather than to the inward of the first week! Could you answer emotions of the soul. I hope to be him for one of a thousand ? My son, love permitted to speak to you more fully Christ: the three times important hereafter on these matters, and in question in the gospel is, “Lovest thou the meanwhile will be happy to hear

Let me refer you to the from you. Apocaylpse, where you may see how

Farewell. little our aversion to evil, or our love

E.

me !"

THE QUESTIONS OF THE shall hear thee thou hast gained thy PRESENT AGE,

brother; but if he will not hear thee,

then take with thee one or two more, CONSIDERED IN THEIR RELATION TO DIVINE TRUTH.

that in the mouth of two or three

witnesses every word may be estabNO. V. -THE STATE CHURCH.

lished : and if he shall neglect to hear (Continued from page 257.)

them, tell it unto the church ; but if THE CRIMINAL LAW OF THE CHURCH he neglect to hear the church, let him

-OFFENCES TO BE PUNISHED WITH be unto thee as heathen man and a EXCOMMUNICATION.

publican,” (i. e. have no fellowship “ But now I write unto you, not with him) Mat. xviii. 15-17. to keep company, if any man that is

THE LAW REGARDING HERESY. called a brother be a fornicator, or

" A man that is an heretic after covetous, or an idolater, or a railer, the first and second admonition, reor a drunkard, or an extortioner, with ject” (Tit. iii. 10.) such an one, no, not to eat; there

“ Now I beseech you, brethren, fore, put away from among yourselves mark them which cause divisions, and that unclean person” (1 Cor. v.)

offences contrary to the doctrine which “ Be not deceived, neither fornica

ye have learned, and avoid them, for tors, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor they that are such serve not our Lord effeminate, nor abusers of themselves Jesus Christ,” &c. (Rom. xvi. 17-18.) with mankind, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor

THE LAW CONCERNING THE RESTORAextortioners, shall enter the kingdom

TION OF A PENITENT CRIMINAL. of God” (1 Cor. vi. 9-10.)

“ But if any have caused grief, he “ Now the works of the flesh are hath not grieved me but in part ; manifest, which are these-adultery, that I may not overcharge you all, fornication, uncleanness, lascivious sufficient to such a man is this

puness, idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, va- nishment, which was inflicted of riance, emulations, wrath, strife, se- many, so that contrariwise ye ought ditions, heresies, envyings, murders, rather to forgive him, and comfort drunkenness, revellings, and such him, lest perhaps such a one should like, of the which I tell you before, as be swallowed up with overmuch sorI have told you in times past, that row. Wherefore, I beseech you that they which do such things shall not ye would confirm your love toward inherit the kingdom of God” (Gal. v. him ; for to this end also I did write, 20.) As persons committing any of that I might know the proof of you, these crimes can never inherit the whether ye were obedient in all kingdom of God, it follows as a con- things. To whom ye forgive any sequence, that persons committing thing, I forgive also ; for if I forgive any of these crimes must be excluded anything, to whom I forgave it, for from the church.

your sakes forgave I it, in the person

of Christ” (2 Cor. ii. 5-10.) THE MANNER OF EXCOMMUNICATION.

And now what can the State do “ Them that sin rebuke before all, here? Can the executive or legislathat others also may fear.” A pub- tive members of the State, enforce lic rebuke is to precede excommuvi- the practice of any or all these porcation.

tions of criminal law ? No! because, THE LAW REGARDING PERSONAL if they are unbelievers, God does not

permit them to enjoy any of the privi" Moreover, if thy brother trespass leges of his church. But if they are against thee, go and tell him his fault disciples ? Why, then they will never between him and thee alone : if he' attempt to introduce an Act of Par

OFFENCES.

liament among the laws of their Hea- gives the swiftest progress, inasmuch venly Ruler. The State, then, can as the members of each church choose do nothing here, and both God and their own rulers ; while the number man can dispense with its assistance. of those rulers is unlimited, in order

that all consecrated intellect may be THE BALANCE OF PRINCIPLES.

united in the service of the church, Having, in a former part of this in- and the regeneration of the world. vestigation,* shown that in every go- Yet it contains no admixture of evil, vernment there can be at most only for the evils of democracy are extinthree principles — despotism, aristoc- guished by the operation of the other racy, and democracy : and having iwo principles. In a democracy the also shown the natural properties and citizens are always prone to pull down tendencies of these principles, both as their rulers from the legislative or absolute or in combination

-we shall
executive chair, as soon

as those now show that Christianity contains rulers run counter to popular wishes the whole of these principles, equally or prejudices. In the Christian sysbalanced, and without

any
of their

tem this is obviated, inasmuch as the concomitant evils. The Christian

rulers of a church cannot be displaced system contains the despotic princi- because they may refuse to cater to ple, which gives intense energy ; for the whims and caprices of a congreChrist himself is a despot, since he

gation. The Great King says that enacts laws for the regulation of his the peers of his kingdom shall not be kingdom, and appends punishments displaced for anything but crime. In to those laws. And those laws are

And those laws are a democracy the people generally to be implicitly obeyed : they are not elect those who flatter their foibles subject to the revision of his subjects, and pander to their passions ; but this nor had they any share in enacting evil is obviated in the Christian kingthem. But the despotism of Christ is exempt from the evils of human dom, by the king's ordaining

that no

man shall be elected unless he possess despotism, inasmuch as Christ is a certain qualifications — those qualifiruler omniscient, immaculate, and cations being such as prevent their full of love to his subjects. The

possessors from having any wish to Christian system contains the princi- | adopt the career of the demagogue. ple of aristocracy, which gives stub- The equal balance of the three prinborn energy and endurance, because ciples of despotism, aristocracy, and all the dignitaries or peers in Christ's democracy, is the cause of Christikingdom, when once chosen, can anity's adapting itself to every form never be deposed from their high po- or stage of society. If Christianity sition, unless the king, in his decrees, spread in a nation under despotic gosignify a wish that it should be so.

vernment, it gradually mitigates the Hence this principle in Christ's king-evils of that government, for it imdom contains none of the evils inhe plants in the mind of the nation the rent in its existence in human govern- principles of aristocracy and democment; for, as these rulers are, by racy, and while it renders them better divine ordinance, the purest, the

subjects, it presents to their minds the wisest, the most intellectual men, pattern of a perfect government ; and there can be no dissatisfaction or re- finally substitutes the government of volutionary principles, because every opinion for that of force, and thus Christian knows that his true freedom

gradually assimilates all government consists in obeying these pure and ta- to its own nature. If Christianity is lented rulers. Christianity contains planted in a nation under aristocratic the principle of democracy, which government, it implants a knowledge * Vide previous numbers.

of the nature and workings of the

principles of despotism and democ- of the church, and one temporal head racy, giving to the nation intense of the church : they have allowed the energy, and steady and rapid progress, earthly head to make laws for the as is the case in England. If Chris- spiritual kingdom, and having added tianity is planted in a nation under to the government of an omniscient democratic government, it implants and perfect Ruler, a joint ruler who is in the mind of the nation the princi- human, fallible, and capricious, they ples of despotism and aristocracy, have destroyed the power of both, thereby creating in the national mind because the members of the state that reverence for law and order church are in a state of divided allewhich have never been the characte-giance. And to make the matter ristic of a democracy. It also gradu- worse, the state has elected diocesan ally assimilates that government to bishops as deputy despots, who have itself, in proportion to the purity of the power of appointing the pastors of the Christianity there propagated, as the churches, but not of removing well as the number of its votaries. them if they are lukewarm, idle, or And in addition to these Christianity spiritually dead; and these pastors possesses a still more remarkable are sub-deputy despots over their characteristic. Unlike other systems, congregations, but yet bave no power it builds up, while it is pulling down to excommunicate any members of the social fabric: it is both construc- their congregation, for any offence tive and destructive, whereas a state whatever, without a tedious and exchurch stands as an opponent both to pensive trial in a secular court. So construction and destruction. The that while they have destroyed the connection of the state with the church democratic and aristocratic principles, not only destroys the balance of the they have preserved the principle of principles previously mentioned, but despotism with all its evils, and none it actually destroys one of them. The of its corresponding benefits. Hence democratic principle is destroyed, in a state church has not a progressive asmuch as the congregation in a state influence on society, nor yet does it church is never allowed to choose its cause society to remain stationary : own rulers ; and moreover, as there its sole tendency is to drag society is only one pastor to each congrega- backwards. Which was the wiser tion, and all the other members must man — Tiberius, who attempted to be silent, the talent the church con- stifle Christianity by connecting it tains is not brought into action, but with the state-or Constantine, who either stagnates, or is directed to tem- attempted to advance Christianity by poral pursuits. As the principle of the same method ? Truly, Tiberius progression is destroyed, the state was the wiser man, and the world church has been, in every age, the has seen few like him. To those who, champion of “ things as they are”- in the face of these facts, can still denot of “ things as they ought to be.” sire the union of the church and The state church has ever been the state, history is indeed nothing but an antagonist of every national move- old almanac. ment; and on account of this, most of And now, oh, faith! give us thine the talented men of the world, who, eye, that we may pierce the veil from ignorance of the true principles which separates us from the spiritual of Christianity, regarded the state world-give us thy ear, that the anchurch as its representative, have en- gelic harmonies may become audible ; deavoured to sweep it away as a piece and if thou dost give them, we hear, of useless lumber. And this is ex- welling through the depths of space, plained by the fact, that state church- a song from voices that are solemn men acknowledge one spiritual head from the consciousness of eternity, and

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