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reserving to my next some other philanthropy which makes no distincreminiscences of a city through which tion between the doves and the seryou passed so hastily, still dear to me pents of the human race ; the benefrom many a pleasing association. volence which blends all principles Your affectionate father,
into one general mass of confusion ; A. CAMPBELL.
or attempts a cordial coalition between light and darkness, truth and error,
Christ and Belial. Neither Christ MODERN CHARITY, nor his Apostles have taught us this
We shall not learn it in WisSINCERITY, & LIBERALITY.
dom's school ; and CHARITY itself (From a Public Journal.)
prohibits its practice. I add, with SIR,—The letter from “ONE WHO your Exeter correspondent, “ that I HAS SEEN,” which appears in this day's have nothing whatever to say against Journal. on the subject of “The Ro- individual Romanists.” That there man Catholic Religion” out of Eng- are, and have been, clergymen in the land, is a testimony of great worth to Roman Catholic church who in their the British public. Last week I social characters, separate from their received a letter from a friend who clerical claims, have been ornaments has spent some time on the Continent: to society, and an honor to humanity, he says—“England is, after all, the is most readily conceded.
The Apoland of liberty, of bibles, of philan- calyptic prophecies concerning Antithropic institutions, of missionary en-christ relate not to personal characterprise, of Sabbaths, and the home ters, but to the nature and spirit of of religion. She is the refuge of the their religious connection. For, as a oppressed, the sanctuary of justice, man may be a very good neighbour, and the guardian of morality. Of her and in other respects an estimable comparative righteousness we are member of society, while yet he is a never so convinced as after a few rebel against his sovereign ; so a weeks travel on the Continent, where clergyman, whether a Catholic or you will see vice rampant in nearly Tractarian, may have
amiable every shape.” These witnessess are and estimable qualities, and yet be a true ; and the whole British nation member of Anti-christ ; by which is may rely upon it, that Dr. -spoke not meant merely the power of the the genuine sentiments, and expressed Pope, of the conclave of cardinals, or the ardent wishes, of every papist's of a general council ; but as including heart in Ireland, and doubtless in all that power which the priesthood England also, when he so pathetically have assumed over the persons, propredicted the rapid approach of the perties, or consciences of men. This period which should give to the Bri- explanation of my meaning I think it tish empire “ a Catholic King, a necessary to premise, and trust it may Catholic Parliament, and a Catholic not be overlooked or disregarded in Church.” Heaven forbid, therefore, any future papers from my pen, that we should countenance, and on the subject of “ROMANISM,” or much less caress the destructive prin- Tractarianism. ciples of popery.
Neither charity As the stream is first in the founnor patriotism-neither justice nor tain, so are all the meanderings of piety, requires this ; yea, it would be error in one great mistake ; and as a breach of both, to cherish the ene- men recede from the fountain of truth my of God and man in our bosom and they grow in the world's esteem, home. I neither understand, nor ap- and in catholic charity. The most prove of the indiscriminating liberality, charitable writer in these days of so fashionable in the present day; the “Christian liberality" is he who in
MODERN CHARITY, SINCERITY, AND LIBERALITY.
211 cludes most persons in the way to as the better, for being sincere. Paul heaven. He who widens the gate of was the worse, or more violent perlife and broadens the way thither, so secutor, because he was sincere in it; as to admit all the religionists of every and the Roman Catholic Church is creed and every practice, is the the more to be dreaded because of paragon of charity, and possesses the her “infallibility,” and the sincerity most “Christian spirit.” Hence the of those in her communion who mainChristian Deist calls for catholic tain this figment. There appears to be charity as due to moral virtue, more as much virtue in sincerity as there is honorable to our nature, and more in the Propitiation itself, if the praises beneficial to society, than “the obe- daily offered to this idol are to be dience of faith.” The Socinian pleads taken as proof of the esteem in which for catholic charity on the footing of she is held by many. Sincerity saves sincere obedience to the Gospel, as all ; and, like the altar which sanctithe best system of moral virtue, with fies the gift, it makes acceptable the the best motives and helps to the rites of the worshippers of Mahomet practice of it ; and this in opposition —the oblations of the Hindoo, the to the divine person and the atone- Jew, and sectaries of every name. ment of the Son of God. And even It has brought salvation to the votaries Antinomians now cry up catholic of every creed ; and finds Jehovah in charity, while they boast of grace and Jove, and Jesus in Saturn, and all the imputed righteousness, and make little graces of the Spirit in the Queen of account of the institutions and com
I can, therefore, pay no mands of the Lord Jesus, and of those homage in this temple of the goddess works without which faith is vain, and Sincerity, because she cannot make a profession but " sounding brass, or a truth out of a lie ; and as God saves tinkling cymbal.” The “ Plymouth men by " the belief of the truth,” as Brethren, too, are building their one Apostle affirms (2 Thess. ii. 13), house on the sand in making what the sincere belief of a lie will not conthey call charity the bond of union, stitute any man righteous in God's instead of “THE TRUTH,”, without sight, nor save his soul from death ; which there can be no true charity. and it is evident that the insincere Men may allow one another the acknowledgement of truth is as valuemerit of sincerity : this, however, is a less as the sincere belief of a lie : virtue of but subordinate value. There therefore the truth must be sincerely are sincere Turks, Jews, and sceptics believed, or there is no value in it. I of every school-sincere Catholics had a few. counterfeit bank notes, and Protestants—sincere Wesleyans which I once sincerely believed to be and sincere Calvinists. But so long genuine ; but my sincerity availed me as sincerity will not convert error into nothing when they were presented at truth, nor truth into error, it has but the bank. They were not worth a little efficacy upon the heart, and is, farthing in the pound. therefore, no means of salvation. We Charity, then, “ rejoiceth not in all allow a hypocrite does great homage iniquity, but rejoiceth with the truth.” to the truth ; for he feigns a regard It delights in the character of the for it, though it be contrary to the true God drawn in the Bible, and has bent and inclination of his heart. He no regard for any other, though drawn is, therefore, a despicable character. by the wisest of men, and applauded No man can, indeed, be a good man by multitudes. Surely no man of unless he be sincere or honest in his common sense can imagine that the pretensions ; but yet goodness and God of John Wesley and the God of sincerity are not convertible terms ; John Calvin are the same God. And for a man may be the worse, as welí he that fancies that the God of the
Orthodox and the God of the Uni- every person, be his creed what it tarians are one and the same divinity, may. Whereas apostolic charity decan easily believe in transubstantia- spises all the little singularities of tion, and the other heresies of the parties, and bears good-will to all men, Church of Rome. The profession of and is ready to do them good as opcharity must proceed on some pro- portunity presents ; but its joy is confession of the faith. Anciently, men fined to those in whom the truth were acknowledged as Christians, or dwells. The charity of the Gospel is objects of charity, on what they had the imitation of the divine goodness, to say of Christ, or, on their calling breathing nothing but benevolence Jesus, Lorn. The Ethiopian eunuch towards friends or foes. God show's was acknowledged for a Christian, kindness to all
, making his sun to rise when he believed in the heart, and on the evil and on the good, and send. confessed with the mouth, that JESUS ing his rain on the just and on the CHRIST IS THE SON OF GOD (Acts viii. unjust ; but he taketh pleasure in them 37, 37 ; Rom. x. 9, 10.) But now that fear him, in those that hope in the expression of mutual charity pro his mercy. No action, then, however ceeds on
some such profession as commendable, no character, however this :-“I sincerely consider you a i.ighly esteemed, that is not formed good Christian ; and I presume you upon the love of the truth, can be can think no less of me.” Thus the well-pleasing to God.
All love to spirit of the world, which always the truth is influenced by the Holy fortifies men in a sense of their own Ghost, the Spirit of the truth, who is importance, worth, and excellency, therefore likewise called the Spirit of speaks "peace” to thousands walking love. And thus we see the true difin the broad way to destruction. And ference betwixt the Spirit of God, and this spirit of pride, under the borrowed the spirit of falsehood, by which men name of charity, always opposes the fortify themselves in their disobedience truth, and charges the love which is of to the word of God, and flatter one it with some malignant disposition. another down to eternal perdition. All historians who record the suffer- It follows, then, that Christian ings of the first Christians, under charity has no affection for error or Nero and Domitian, and even Trajan, iniquity ; it expresses none.
It restate that the cause of all those perse- monstrates, expostulates, reproves, and cutions was the want of a truly catho- rebukes in all zeal and benevolence. lic spirit. One said they condemned It flatters not the wicked, and cennot only all the religions, but ridiculed sures not the righteous. It loves the all the gods of the Pantheon. Another truth, and will tell the truth without called this uncharitable, obstinacy to disguise, and without a mixture of the government; and with Trajan error. This, sir, with me is true said, " If for no other cause than this charity and a Christian spirit. He they deserve to die.” And others that censures me for the exercise of it affirmed that these Christians would mistakes either the thing itself or my acknowledge no intercommunity of meaning, as much as he who censured religion with any but those who his neighbours for telling him that his acknowledged Christ as the only Sa- house was on fire, and if he did viour, and kept his commandments. not escape from it he must be conThus Catholic charity with the Pa- sumed ; or he who told the physician gans and with the moderns is pretty he was cured, because he said his much the same thing. It is not the patient must die if he took not bis love which is of God--the fruit of medicines. the belief of the truth”—but the
In true charity, expression of a favorable opinion for
LETTERS ON ROMANISM. the efficacy of the bishop's blessing
continues only a year, or whether the
oil used must be blessed on that day. DEAR SIR:-Agreeably to the pro- It has what is called in rhetoric, mise made to you in closing my last a squinting construction. As the letter, I now proceed to a statement bishop is paid for blessing it, it is of the additional reasons which yet probable that he blesses but little at prevent my return to the pale of your once, and that he gives it efficacy but church, in which I was born, baptized, for a limited time. and confirmed. I shall begin with The effects and fruits of this anointyour sacrament of Extreme Unction. ing are these ; it remits sins, at least As but few of your own people, and such as are venial : it heals the soul yet fewer Protestants understand it, of its infirmity and weakness ; and I hope you and my readers will bear helps to remove the debt of punishwith me even if I should occupy this ment due to past sins ; it strengthens letter with its consideration. When the soul to bear the illness of the body, rightly understood it is a terrible and to repel its spiritual enemies; sacrament. I will strive so to ex. and “if it be expedient for the good plain it as to bring it to the level of of the soul, it often restores the health every mind, and from your own of the body.” I wish you, sir, and standard authors which lie before me. my readers to ponder the sentence
The name of the sacrament explains, quoted. Its meaning is this ; if the it; it is anointing by holy oil of a person is restored, it is a miracle sick person when recovery is extremely wrought by extreme unction ; if he doubtful. This, and the fact that it dies, restoration would not conduce is supposed to be the last act of re- to the health of the soul ! ligion, give it its name.
The manner of administering this of this anointing is thus explained by sacrament is as follow :the doctors of Trent:
If the time permit, certain pre“ The devil is always busy in seek- scribed prayers are said—the confiteor ing to destroy the souls of men, yet it is repeated, and absolution is granted is at the hour of death that he most —then the priest making the sign of vehemently exerts all his power; and the cross says : “ In the name of the the object of this anointing by holy Father, and of the Son, and of the oil is to fortify the soul in the dying Holy Ghost, may all the power of the hour against the violent attacks of its devil be extinguished in thee, by the spiritual enemies, and to enable it to laying on of our hands, and the inmake a holy death, and to secure a vocation of the holy angels, archanhappy eternity."
gels, &c.” Then dipping his thumb The only person who can administer in the holy oil he ancints the sick this sacrament is a bishop, or priest. person in the form of a cross, upon You admit a midwife, or a layman the eyes, the ears, the nose, the mouth, to baptize ; but a priest only can the hands and feet ; at each anointadminister Extreme Unction. The ing making use of this form of prayer: reasons for this will appear in the Through this holy unction and sequel.
his own most tender mercy, may the The oil used in this sacrament must Lord pardon thee whatever sin thou not be common oil. That the effects hast committed by thy sight. Amen.” intended may be produced, it must be And the same prayer is repeated, oil of olives, “solemnly blessed by the adopting the form to the several senses. bishop every year on Maunday-Thurs- The requisite dispositions in the day.” I quote from Challoner ; the receiver are, faith in the sacrament, sentence leaves it doubtful whether 'a pure desire for the health of his
soul, and of his body if expedient, The cures wrought by the anointing resignation, repentance, devotion. of James were for the establishment
In cases of recovery and relapse, it of the claims of the gospel ; yours for may be repeated, and as often as the the purpose of establishing the ghostly person relapses.
authority of your priesthood. That And your Scriptural authority for text above quoted is confessedly the all this you find in James v. 14, 15, only one on which you build your which you thus translate :-“ Is any sacrament; and that text must be sick among you ? let him bring in mistranslated, and utterly tortured the priests of the church, and let them out of its sense, and meaning, and end, pray over him, anointing him with oil even to afford a pretext to the use in the name of the Lord ; and the which you make of it. And this is prayer of faith shall save the sick but one of the many instances in man, and the Lord will lift him up, which your church has changed and and if he be in sin, his sins will be perverted the original meaning of the forgiven him.”
scriptures, and forged them into chains Such is your extreme unction as to bind men to your system of delusion. described by the council of Trent, Having thus swept from your exChalloner, and the poor man's cate- treme unction the only Scriptural chism. Although abridged, you, at authority claimed for it, and hung it least, will say that it is a perfectly up as a commandment of men, I have fair abridgment. Let us now ex- a few questions to ask in reference amine it in the light of Scripture and to it.
Is it so that God's people need the I ask you to look at your Greek oil of Olives, blessed on MaundayTestament, and then to answer me Thursday, to be placed upon their on what authority you thus translate eyes, and nose, and ears, and tongue, a portion of the 14th verse of James and hands and feet, to secure the v. “let him bring in the priests of the remission of their sins, and to heal church ?” Ah! the priests, the priests; the maladies of their souls, and to this sacrament is for their benefit ; enable them to repel their spiritual and by a mistranslation, the power of enemies? If this oil can do it, what anointing and praying must be con- need is there of the blood of Christ ? fined to them !
If the blood of Christ, and the presence But does the text afford the shadow of his Spirit can do it, what is the of a support to the sacrament ? No, need of this olive oil ? not even the shadow.
You utterly But again : you require in the repervert the meaning of the apostle. ceiver of this sacrament the disposiThe anointing and prayer of James is tions stated above. Those are truly for the life of the sick, your anointing Christian dispositions, bating a few is for their death, and is never ad- things in your manner of stating ministered whilst there is any hope of them. If these dispositions are poslife. The anointing of James is for sessed, will not the soul of the person the cure of the body ; yours is for be saved without your olive oil ? If the cure of the soul, in reference to not possessed, will your olive oil save which the text gives no direction. them ? The saving of the sick, and forgive- Again : among the effects of this ness of sins, are in consequence of the sacrament, as stated in the poor
man's prayer of faith. Can none but a priest catechism, p 329, is this, “it brings offer that prayer? The anointing of him (the sick man) in safety to the James and the prayers to be offered port of happiness. Now, sir, does were to be followed with miraculous extreme unction save from purgatory? recovery, yours with speedy death. This
y! If not, then
will not say