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and fruits, of which we saw so rich a versity premises, and the adjoining variety. Brother Dron and myself church, where repose the ashes of had two or three pleasant walks these two celebrated men. through these delightful gardens and vacation in the university, and all pleasure grounds, much to our refresh- there was silent as the grave-yard. ment and comfort.
Much of it has been rebuilt. I had I addressed the brethren and no guide, but finding, through brother citizens of Banff on two successive Dunn and the Sexton, the tombs of evenings, and had a large and a very these two men of renown, I sat me attentive audience. The church there down and transcribed from their is not very numerous ; but they are plain monuments the following inchoice spirits. We had one love feast scriptions with the brethren assembled from the
Memoriae Sacrum town and country ; and from all I
Georgii Campbell S. S. T. D. Collegii could see and learn, a purer and Marischallani apud Abrædonensis; more devoted company of disciples, of
Praefecti Theologiae Professoris
Verbique Divini Ministri, qui VI primitive simplicity and fervent piety,
Die Aprillis, Anno MDCCXCIII mortem I met not any where in Great Britain.
Obïït Annos natus LXXVII quin et, Brother Ingles and brother Cameron Gratiae Farquharson uxoris, are the leading men of the church in
Vitae Functae die Febuari
XVI mo Anno MDCCXCIII tio town, and they appear to be altogether
Aetatis LXII do. worthy of the place they hold in the
This inscription was upon a plain affections and esteem of the brethren. Some truly excellent spirits from the marble slab, which, in our language, country round, for twenty miles, at- is equivalent totended our meetings, and never did a
Sacred to the memory
Of George Campbell, Doctor of Divinity, purer, or more undissembled godly sincerity, and honesty of purpose to
Principal Professor of Theology
And Minister of the word of God, cleave to the Lord through good and At the Marischal College of Aberdeen; evil report, appear to my view, than Who, on the sixth day of April 1796, amongst these and many other Scotch
Departed this life, brethren. Whether from the pure Also sacred to the memory of Grace Farquharson,
Aged 77 years. air of latitude 57° 40, or the less
his wife, fertile soil of Banff county, or a more Who finished her life on the 18th of February, religious education, or other more Onethousand seven hundred and ninety-three, propitious circumstances, I speculate
In the sixty second year of her age. not; but all of these may have, to- After much research, and through gether with the grace of God, con- the aid of the veteran sexton, we found tributed something to the perfection also the sepulchre of the distinguished of their Christian character.
Dr. Beattie. On his tomb we found From Banff we returned to Aber- the following inscription: deen, in the same manner by the same
Memoriae Sacrum route, and were again gladly received
Jacobi Beattie L.L. D. by the brethren in that city. From
Æthices this excursion to Banff, and from In Academia Marischallana hujus urbis
Per XLIII annos several baths in the Northern Sea, I
Professoris Meritissimi felt much invigorated. I felt a strong
Viri impulse to visit the two universities
Pietate, Probitate, Ingenio atque Doctrina of that city, the Marischal College ;
Praestantis honored by the lives and labors of the Scriptoris elegantissimi pætæ Suavissimi justly celebrated Professors—George
Philosophi vere Christiani.
Natus est V Nov. Anno MDCCXXXV Campbell and James Beattie. I
Obit XVIII Aug. MDCCCIII made an excursion through the uni
Omnibus Libris orbus
Quorum natum Maximus
that I have ever seen. Indeed, the Jacobus Hay Beattie
quarries of granite, in its immediate Vel a puerilibus annis Patrio Vigens Ingenio
vicinity, are of the most beautiful Vel novumque jam addens Paterno color, and of the most compact and Suis carrissimus patriæ flebilis
solid character. It has hitherto been, Lenta tabe consumptus
and still is, a very considerable artiPeriit
cle of trade, both at home and abroad. Anno Ætatis XXIII
The city of Aberdeen may be called We thus translate it :
a beautiful city. Many of its streets Sacred to the memory
are, indeed, not only neat, but grand. Of James Beattie, L.L. D.
For durability and comfortable resiA most meritorious Prosessor of Ethics in the dences, it would seem, to a stranger,
to be equal to any town of the same A man pre-eminent in piety, probity, genius, population in Great Britain. There and learning.
are now two colleges in it ; and these A most elegant writer, a most delightful poet ; two institutions are, no doubt, one
In truth a Christian philosopher. He was born Nov. 5th, in the year 1735, and principal cause of its growth and died ug. 18th, 1803.
prosperity. My stay was, indeed, Deprived of all his children, but very short in this, as well as The eldest of whom, James Hay Beattie, many other towns of considerable While yet a boy abounding in native genius, rank. Our brethren there are very Or already adding new grace to the paternal; Most dear to his country, lamented by his zealous, and very circumspect in the relatives,
discharge of relative duties, as far as Consumed by a protracted decay, I could learn. There is also a Baptist Died
church in it, of considerable respectaIn the 23rd year of his age.
bility as to number and character. While reading the inscription on Our excellent Brother Dunn, our this plain monument, I was forcibly kind host, with several of his truly reminded of that beautiful poem, amiable daughters, are members of it. “The Hermit," written by the elder May grace, mercy, and peace, be with Beattie, the last stanza of which for- them all ! cibly came to my mind :
From Aberdeen we departed on the 'Tis night, and the landscape is lovely no more; 19th for Montrose. We had another I mourn, but you woodlands I mourn not pleasant coach ride, at the rate of for you!
some twelve miles per hour. Stages, For spring is returning your charms to restore, in every part of Great Britain, owing Perfumed with fresh fragrance and glittering with dew.
partly to good roads, more especially Nor yet for the ravage of winter I mourn,
to good drivers and good horses, Kind nature the embryo blossom shall save ;
travel about twice as fas as most of But when shall spring visit the mouldering urn our American stages. Ah! when shall it dawn on the night of At Montrose we had one meeting. the grave!
The placards there first anticipated The anti-slavery placards arrived us, and called for some short notice. at Aberdeen during our visit to Banff. We disposed of them with as few But only at these two points did we words as possible, by reading some of anticipate them. So that only in the our writings on the subject, and decity of Aberdeen and Banff, had we livering our views on some points an unprejudiced audience, so far as alluded to in the placards. We had that species of prejudice could avail an attentive hearing by only a portion against us. The city of Aberdeen is of the audience. Some were supernow distinguished into New and Old excited and came rather to hear us on Aberdeen. The new city is mostly the subbject of American slavery built of the most beautiful granite than on the gospel.
We did not
however, gratify them, having a par- SINCERITY IN ERRONEOUS amount object in our eye.
OPINION. joying the hospitalities of the brethren, at Montrose, during the night, next
“ It is a favorite notion with morning we departed thence for Dun- many, that it is of little consequence dee, via Arbroath, on the Firth of what one's opinions are, provided Tay, a mere landing places for the they are sincere ; and the point is steamers running between Edinburgh frequently admitted by good people, and Aberdeen.
through ignorance or disregard of its At no time, during my tour, did I effects. In this manner sincerity is seem to myself in such visible danger often made a cloak for doctrines of of life as in making this landing. The the most radical and destructive chacoast was rocky, the port narrow and racter. Error of opinion or sentiment difficult to attain. Add to this, the is the plague spot of the mind sea was quite rough, a good breeze, disease in greater or less malignity, as and some forty-five of us, with con- fatal in its tendency as a disease of siderable baggage, let down from the the body. Whether the notion be steamer, crowded into an open boat, advanced in religion, morals, politics, some half mile from the shore. The or any other matter, that error is enboat was greatly crammed till within titled to our charity, because it is una few inches above water, with one important; and thus sincerity will unmanageable sail and a pair of oars. sanctify all sorts of opinion, if they It looked like tempting the Lord. We are but sincerely held, is extremely failed, on the first effort, in making corrupting in its influence, and proport. We had again to put out to sea, motes licentiousness, not only in opinacross the waves, and, with much dif- ion, but in practice." ficulty, got ourselves about a mile
Be thou like the first Apostlesfrom shore, and then took a new course Be thou like heroic Paul : in hopes of striking the little harbor. If a free thought seek expression, With much dexterity and great effort
Speak it boldly-speak it all. we succeeded, by a few yards only,
Face thine enemies--accusersin making the desired haven. The
Scorn the prison, rack, or rod;
And if thou hast truth to utter, slightest indiscreet movement, on the
Speak, and leave the rest to God. part of the super-excited passengers while in the trough of the billows, or on the back of a wave, would evi
THE CONTRAST. dently have capsized the boat and THERE is nothing, in this world, of consigned us to the deep. But we equal importance, with that of an acare often just as safe in an ark of countable moral agent, formed for bulrushes, daubed with slime, as in a eternity, understanding clearly his man of war, begirt with the oaks of state and condition before God. That Bashan, under the vigilance of him no one may be mistaken or deluded “who maketh the winds his chariot,” on a matter so serious, this state is “who rides upon the storm” and presented to us in the New Testament “manages the seas." To him be all by way of contrast. Let us notice it. the praise. Affectionately yours, The state of a sinner is contrasted A. CAMPBELL. with that of a disciple of Christ. One
is described as being of the worldReligious KNOWLEDGE is not intuitive. It while of the other it is said, “ They must be sought by patient inquiry, and the hu- are not of the world, even as I am mility of faith. True devotion does not take not of the world.” One is born of full possession of the heart until it has long and the flesh (father and mother) — the often breathed earnest supplications into the ear of the Most High.
other is born again : born of God by
CONSIDERED IN THEIR RELATION TO
his truth and institutions. Moses , looking for that blessed hope, namely, terms the creation of the world, but the appearing of the glory of the especially of man—the generations of Great God, and of our Saviour, Jesus all things. When men come under Christ, who gave himself for us, that the government of the Lord-Messiah, he might redeem us from all iniquity, they are re-created : created anew in and purify unto himself a peculiar Christ Jesus regenerated : old people, zealous of GOOD WORKS. things pass away, and all things be
J. W. Sinners are in darkness : under Messiah they are illuminated —they are light in the Lord. In the THE QUESTIONS OF THE one state they are condemned ; but,
PRESENT AGE, as servants of the Lord they are justified. Sinners are said to be unclean, unholy in mind, character, and
(Continued from page 79.) condition : the great change effected NO. III. -THE STATE CHURCH. by the faith and obedience of the
FUNCTIONS OF CHURCH OFFICERS. gospel is called sanctification, or redemption through the blood of Christ, The Apostle Paul, in his farewell even the forgiveness of sins, accord- address to the elders of the churches ing to the riches of his grace. Sinners at Ephesus and Miletus, gave them are aliens from God : the saints are this charge—“ Take heed, therefore, said to be adopted ; the former are unto yourselves, and to all the flock, afar off, the latter are brought nigh. over which the Holy Ghost has made In the one state they are enemies, in you overseers, to feed the church of the other they are reconciled—those God, which he hath purchased with are lost, these are saved. One party his own blood ; for I know that after is in sin—the other has obtained the my departure, grievous wolves shall remission of sins, having been turned enter in among you, not sparing the from darkness to light, and from the flock. Also, of your own selves shall power of Satan unto God, that they men arise, speaking (diest rammena) might obtain the remission of sins, perverse things, (or, properly tranand an inheritance among them that slated, “ distorted doctrines") to draw are sanctified (set apart) by faith away disciples after them. Therefore which is in Christ Jesus. In fine, watch” (Acts xx. 28, 20, 30.) the church of God is described-(in So, then, God's inspired ambassacontrast with Judaism, false philoso- dor said that the elders of the churches phy, all human institutions, and na- were to be, tional establishments)-a holy nation, 1. The overseers of the congregaa royal priesthood, a peculiar people, tion. a spiritual house, the temple of the 2. To feed (or teach) the congreHoly Spirit. Reader, have you vo- gation—the food or instruction being luntarily entered this temple by faith, the doctrines of Christianity. and immersion into the name of the 3. To be watchful, so that no elder Father, of the Son, and of the Holy or brother should teach the disciples Spirit ? If so, happy are you : all“ “perverse things,” or more properly, past sins are blotted out, and the con- distorted doctrines : by that exprestrast of your former, with your pre- sion meaning doctrines which, though sent state, is clearly defined in the they contained a portion of truth, emquotations which we have given from bodied a portion of error. Therethe word of God. You are exhorted, fore, it is the duty of elders to forbid then, to live soberly, righteously, and any disciple to teach doctrines congodly, in this present evil world ; taining error, even though there be a
portion of truth ; and, as a conse- labour in the word, and in doctrine.” quence, any disciple or disciples So, the apostle says, that the elders blaming the elders for obeying this who labour in the word, as well as positive command, presume to ques- in doctrine, are worthy of double hotion the wisdom of the Apostle Paul. nour ; thus showing, that as the pro
The Apostle Peter gives a similar clamation of the gospel by an elder charge to the elders of the Eastern is followed by an increase of honour, churches :-“The elders which are preaching to the world, and fulfilling among you, I exhort. Feed the flock the duties of an elder, are two distinct of God which is among you, taking offices : for, if the two offices were the oversight thereof, not by con- conjoined, the proclamation of the straint, but willingly. Neither as gospel would have been enjoined by being lords over God's heritage, but God, as the duty of an elder, which as examples to the flock.”
it was not, since we have shown from Paul addresses Timothy, a bishop, the Scriptures that the elder's funcin the following words :-“Give at- tions were only four-ruling, exhorttendance to reading, exhortation, and ing, teaching, and discipline. doctrine.” The difference between We shall present still further eviexhortation and doctrine is, that ex- dence, that the elder's functions did hortation - implying imperfection— not necessarily include the proclamawas the entreating the disciples to tion of the gospel. Paul, in his Second lay aside all foibles and evil practices Epistle to Timothy, gave him many -while doctrine implied the instruc- exhortations, among which are the tion of the disciples in the principles following :-“ Preach the word : be of Christianity. He also says: instant in season, out of season ; re
1. “ Them that sin, rebuke before prove, rebuke, exhort, with all long all, that others also may fear,” 1 Tim. suffering and doctrine, for the time
will come when they will not endure 2. “ Wherefore, rebuke them sound doctrine, but after their own sharply, that they may be sound in lusts, shall heap to themselves teachthe faith,” Titus i. 13.
ers having itching ears ; and they So, then, the Scriptures declare shall turn away their ears from the that the functions of the elders are of truth, and shall be turned unto fables ; the following character :
but watch thou in all things, endure 1. Ruling
afflictions, do the work of an evan2. Exhortation.
gelist, make full proof of thy minis3. Teaching.
try," (2nd Tin. iv. 25.) Now, the 4. Discipline.
word evangelist signifies a preacher From these portions of Scripture of the word ; so that the exhortation we have demonstrated, that the pro- preach the word,” shows the duty clamation of the gospel is not one of of the evangelist. The other exhorthe functions appended by God to the tations in these verses, such as “reelder's office ; though an elder may prove, rebuke, exhort — watch thou voluntarily engage in that employ- in all things,” were the duties of the ment, in order to add to his own eter- bishop's office, which Timothy alnal reward. The responsibility of ready held. Paul, in this his fareproclaiming the gospel rests upon well address to Timothy, whom he such of the disciples as are able to so deeply loved, exhorted him to fulfil the duties of an evangelist, or “do the work of an evangelist,” to preacher of the word.
add this office to the one he already The Scriptures say, “Let the elders held. So, then, the Scriptures that rule well, be counted worthy of showdouble honour, especially they who 1. That no elder violates God's