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proportion to their admiration of in their respective works given of the scholar, whose writings they their admiration of P. and of their were impatient to peruse, yet it will attachment to those pursuits which not be considered of unreasonable formed the subject of his latest duration, when we are told that thoughts, we were led to hope that other avocations, continued and ur- every publication consecrated by gent, have claimed the greatest share the hand of P. would be studiously of the editors' time and attention, sought after and diligently exand that even much of what they amined. Had these hopes been could devote to this object was oc- realised, we should have found cupied in decyphering, transcribing, some additions to the series of and arranging the notes of P. written Emendations of Athenæus, supplied in an extremely minute character, from a perusal of his collation of and in an infinite variety of places. the Harleian MS. of the Odyssey, This excuse pleaded by the editors and of his communications to Robert to extenuate the appearance of de- Walpole, recorded in that editor's lay, we doubt not will be readily collection of Comic Fragments. To acknowledged by all genuine scho- dwell, however, on these omissions, lars, more pleased to express their which we confess are not numerous, obligations for such a gift, than seems unnecessarily captious, and disposed to impute blame for the we pass on to other subjects which tardiness of the donation. With as the perusal of the Preface suggests. little cause will the editors have to Towards the close of it we fear any reproach for having inju- learn, and gladly echo the report, diciously produced what the pru. that among the still unpublished dence of P. would bave with held: papers of P. are to be found refor after an attentive examination of marks on the prose writers of Greece, the volume we scarcely find a single and on Latin authors of both kinds, passage liable to such an imputa- together with an infinite number of tion; although it must be confessed corrections of the remaining Comethat his exertions have not on all dies of Aristophanes, besides egreoccasions been crowned with equal gious specimens of critical skill in success. But whatever difference the emendation of Hesychius and of opinion may exist on this point, other Lexicographers. That soine all will be ready to applaud the res of these precious proofs of Porson's solution of the editors to present, genius may yet be given to the pubas often as possible, the very words lic, is more than hinted at; particu. of P., and to use a studied brevity larly the notes on Aristophanes; in their own language, whenever which the editors state, may perthey found it necessary to add any haps, on a future day, give occa. thing with the view of elucidating sion to a new edition of that facehis memoranda. And here we re- tious poet. Of the publication of gret that the editors have neglected the rest we scarcely feel ourselves to state to which of them these oc- warranted in holding out very strong casional remarks belong, as we are hopes; since it is an event which in consequence unable to attribute the editors themselves rather wish a proposed correction of Euripides to take place than bid us expect. Electr. 1081. to its rightful owner. In this wish we fervently join. For
From the public testimony which if there be one work capable of in. Messrs. Monk and Blomfield have creasing our knowledge of the best writers of Greece, and of affording subject, within which we originally us often the only means for frequent intended to confine ourselves, we restoration of numerous corruptions, have exceeded the due bounds of that work is the Lexicon of Hesy- moderation; we therefore proceed chius; which, though groaning to the second topic, which, however, under the weight of interpolations will not detain us long, respecting the of ancient and modern times, and means adopted for the preservation debased by the errors of tran- of the Porsoniana. scribers, editors, and printers, in During the life of Porson, reevery form of mutilation, addition, ports were circulated that he mediand transposition, will nevertheless, tated editions of Æschylus, Aristowhen freed from the mist which phapes, and the Lexicon of Photius. now surrounds it, be able to throw Whether these reports originated light on many passages, whose ob- with himself, or were the innocent scurity we might, by other means, tricks of his friends, played off with vainly attempt to dispel. We con- the view of inducing him to underjure, therefore, the rulers of Trinity take what they felt conscious none College, by the names of Pearson, could execute so well as he, we Bentley, and Porson, whose de- know not. Were we to estimate votedness to Greek Literature was what his intentions were from his equalled only by the unbounded ex. published or inedited works, we tent of their acquirements in it, and should say that he had totally who have all given the best proof of laid aside all thoughts of giving the estimation in which they held Æschylus or Photius to the world : Hesychius by the attention which for had such undertakings been they bestowed upon him, not to uppermost in Porson's thoughts, we suffer the labors of Porson on that hardly conceive but that much more Lexicographer to slumber in obli- would have been found amongst his vious dust, on the same shelf with papers thereto relating, than apthose of Bishop Pearson, to whose pears to be recorded. But as Porson unpublished notes, from the speci- had not obscurely hinted that he men sent to him, and afterwards had committed a great variety of incorporated into his edition, the remarks to paper; some of which, venerable, the learned, and guileless it was thought, were connected with Alberti has paid a not inconsiderable one or all of the above-mentioned tribute of applause. Distant, how- · objects; and as it was known that ever, as is the probability of such he did not indulge in the habit of an event taking place, it is possible speaking an untruth, or of writing that our appeal may be anticipated, what had not been well digested, it and our most ardeut wishes grati. was naturally expected that his pafied, ere this be dismissed from pers would be numerous and valu. the compositor's rule; much in the able, same way as the classical lamenta. His friends (and the contents of tions of the editors, for the non-pub- the present volume prove them the lication of the late MS. Lexicon of friends also of mankind) determined Photius, were hushed, ere the sen- to use their best endeavours to se. tence expressive of their sorrow was cure a safe asylum in the library returned to them in the shape of a of a learned society, for the matchwet proof-sheet.
less productions of that man, whose But in thus wandering from the hints are often of more real service
than the labored and lengthened Of his Inaugural Oration on Eueffusions of a whole herd of Span- ripides, the editors have deservedly heims and Heynes. Among these spoken in high ternis of commendanoble spirits, the friends of Porson, tion. To its elegance and perspiand of Grecian literature, the first cuity is joined an á énerci truly in influence and exertion was Mat- Euripidean, and perfectly in unison thew Raine : whose name will ever with the unaffected language of be breathed, by all who knew him, that poet, who formed the subject in accents of love for the amia- of his discourse; and never have ble qualities of his heart; the we witnessed an equal chastity of grander features of whose character taste, except in David Ruhnken, have been acknowledged by the who, from a singular gift of Nature, voice of loud and general applause, improved by art, was able to infuse in testimony of his tried and steady an air of Classicality through his attachment to the calls of freedom writings, which no time, no labor, and friendship in distress. His could of itself attain. memory will be embalmed in the Of the Observationes Variæ, hearts of the wise and good, longafter which, it is conceived, were possibly the clamor of bigotry, which would intended for a specimen of a Miscel. have vilified his faith, shall be hush- lanea Critica, the greater number ed in silence, or subside in contempt.' Porson on different occasions sub
This humble tribute to the memo- sequently published, as the editors ry of one, whose exertions, exhor- have partly observed. tation, and recommendation, caused Some of the Notule on the trathe Porsoniana to be collected, gedians have likewise since his purchased, and edited, will not be death been given to the world by thought out of place in the notice different scholars, who have either of a volume, for the appearance of had access to the papers and which so much is due to Matthew books from which this collection is Raine ; of whom not to have made made, or to similar copies, or are insome mention would have been debted to those friends to whom unjust.
Porson made frequent communica. Before we dismiss this subject, tions. Professors Gaisford and we must express our regret that the Monk have published the Notes on editors have omitted to state whe- the Hippolytus, Supplices, and two ther the report, wbich was circulated Iphigenias of Euripides : and Mr. by Dr. Raine himself, and which Blomfield the Notes on the Promewe suppose reached their ears, had theus, and S. C. Thebas of Æschy. any foundation, respecting the ex- lus. Of the Notes on these two istence among the Porsoniana of a tragedians, those on the plays just complete collection of the Comic mentioned are the most valuable, Fragments: an undertaking which and in point of number those on the was peculiarly adapted to the ge other works of the same dramatists nius of Porson, whose extent of are trifling, with the exception of reading and felicity of conjecture the remarks on the Bacchæ and would have enabled him to rival, Electra of Euripides. In all, howif not surpass, his great predecessor ever, there are neat and certain Bentley, in his celebrated collection restitutions to be found, more so of the fragments of Callimachus. than in the Notes on Sophocles,
* For a short Biographical Sketch of Dr. Raine, see Classical Journal, No. XI.
which consist chiefly of references Rev. GEORGE HAY DRUMto authors ancient or modern, MOND. London, Scatcherd. 1812. where a various reading or conjec- · 12mo. pp. 129. Pr. 2s.6d. ture is to be met with: to which, however, must be added the colla- Our readers will undoubtedly retions of two Fiarleian MSS. con- gard the performance of church mutaining the Trachiniæ and Philoc- sic as an important part of public tetes, Ajax, and Electra. But worship, and we are therefore happy though this volume contains a very to second the views of the editor by few of Porson's conjectures on So- diffusing the publicity of this little phocles, the editors inform us (and volume. To give extracts from the the truth of their observation is Psalms that are included in the body testified by Gaisford's Notes on of the work appears unnecessary ; Hephæstio) that P. had corrected but a part of the Preface will exvery many passages of Sophocles, plain whatever it is requisite to nosome of which he communicated to tice. his friends: but of the rest Death has deprived the learned world : a
PREFACE TO THE FOURTH EDITION. loss, which they who are best acquainted with that beautiful, but
The necessity of a reformation in
the performance of Congregational corrupted poet, will most feel
Psalmody, and the means proposed to ingly deplore, especially since the effect it, have been strongly enforced chance of discovering better MSS. in the Preface to the Music of this Sethan those which Aldus had access lection, by quotations from the writto, is, we think, extremely small. ings of Dr. Watts, Dr. Browne, Dr.
Among the notes on the Comic Vincent, and Dr. Burney. Another Fragments are some extremely hap
extract on the subject of psalmody,
from the present Lord Bishop of Lonpy conjectures; specimens of which,
don's Charge to the clergy of the dioand of the remarks on Athenæus, it
cese of London, at his primary visitawas our intention to produce, but tion this year, may be deemed sufficient. where all is excellent selection is His lordship has pointed out the diflicult, and we are unwilling to necessity of a reformation in the anticipate the pleasure which the performance of parochial psalmody, critical scholar will feel in fastening
and recommended many excellent ex
pedients for that purpose; and also upon and devouring the dainty fare
« That a selection should be made of which this volume offers.
proper portions of the Psalms from the We had almost omitted to state new version.” that the volume is a beautiful spe Of such importance is the cultivacimen of typography. We wish we tion of psalmody, not only in the opicould say as much for the engraving
nion of this eminent divine, but of the of Mr. Fiutler, The bust, from
clergy and public in general; which, which the head was taken, deserved
indeed, is fully shown by the different
editions of this work that have been a better fate.
sold in the short time it has been pubAn Index Auctorum, with another lished. By the use of this book, conIndex Rerum et Verborum, are sub gregations will know the psalms and - joined at the conclusion.
tunes that are to be sung for every Sunday throughout the year: and as only those words are here printed which are to be sung, they will have
no need to seek in their Prayer-books Select PORTIONS OF THE New
the different, and often distant stanzas VERSION OF PSALMS. By the of a psalm.
The WORKS of THOMAS OTWAY. strained his appetite of intemperance ; With Notes, Critical and Explan and that every step he made to win
the favor of his patrons, he receded natory, and a Life of the Author,
from decency and virtue. pp. xiv. xv. by THOMAS THORNTON, Eso. London, Turner. 1812. 3 Vols. He spent some time in a course Svo. Pr. 11. 16s. bds.
of dissipation, and at length roused
himself to attempt dramatic compoThe admirers of original talent sition. His first production, intitled will be happy to renew their acquaint Alcibiades, was written in the heance with some of the brightest roic couplet, and had some success, ornaments of the English drama, although it gave no promise of fuwhich are here presented to their ture eminence. His abilities were notice, under the advantage of ele- probably repressed by a compliance gant typography and appropriate with the absurd custom, inappliillustration. We proceed to abstract cable to the English language, but the editor's biographical account of at that time popular, of comhis author.
posing in thyme ; a style first in
troduced in compliment to the Thomas Otway was born, March
depraved taste of the king, who 3d, 1651, at Trotton, near Mid
allowed himself to be too much hurst, Sussex, upon the borders of
swayed by continental influence, the river Arun ; being the only son both in poetry and politics. Don of the Rev. Humphrey Otway, rec- Carlos, written also in rhyme, was tor of Wolbeding, in the same perforined the next year, and met county. He was educated at Wicke- with uncommon encouragement; ham school, Winchester, and ori- less owing to intrinsic merit, than to ginally intended for the church. At
ch: A the patronage of the Earl of Rothe age of 18, he entered at Christ
chester, who was led, at that peChurch College, Oxford, early in riod, by some capricious motive, to the year 1669. His connexions
bestow his favor on Otway, in ophere appear to have been highly re
position to Dryden, although he spectable; but the narrow circum
afterwards lampooned the former. stances in which he was placed by
In the next year, 1677, he produced the sudden death of his father, com
Titus and Berenice, and the Cheats pelled him to leave the university,
of Scapin. The first of these pieces without taking a degree. In 1671,
was imitated from Racine ; the lathe came to London, unprovided ter from Molière. with any regular means of subsist
Mr. Thornton here makes the ence. After an unsuccessful essay
following remarks: . ou the stage, he sought the patron
The encouragement which French age of men of rank and fashion, to
literature received during the reign of whom his social qualifications ren
Charles II. was not, probably, benedered him highly acceptable. Among ficial to our own, since it repressed his friends were, the young Earl of the exertions of native genius, and Plymouth, a natural son of the imposed upon the nation, especially king, and the notorious Earl of in dramatic composition, a taste not Rochester. The editor concludes,
congenial with its character. English
audiences were oftener indebted, for That where vice was recommended theatrical entertainment, to Racine, by double attractions, namely, his Corneille, or Moliere, than to Shakinterest and inclination, he seldom re- speare, and our other early dramatists; VOL. I.